US 2375444 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 8, 1945 H'. scHwATz RAZOR Filed March 1o, 1944 INVENTOR.
/fymm Jmwa/fz Patented May` 8, 1945l Hyman ilschviartgl Los Angeles, Calif.` z Miplication.March 10, 1949i, Serial No. .525,845 v I (Orfeoem y This invention-.hesite Adcwith @razor @een isi# ya. general object of gthe invention to providefa"l` razor construction ,that is simple, inexpensive,
and practical and'whichserves'ltc materially improve the eiiiciency andaction of `the device.
Razors of the general type 'cornmonly known as :l safety razors are :characterized .by a frame or holder, which carries a blade and, in. use," the razor istdrawn )overa surface,of the skin thatchas been lathered with .the result thatjthe blade .engages ,thebeard andre'rncv'es git. The .,blde Vholding frarneis usually designed'tofgve .reason ,ablesi'pport and tofshieldthe cutting edge of the llaladeandat' the same time shed, as far asD'OS- lsible, the. hair, ,that'fis 4.cut "by Vthe blade. `In
, practice ,the shedding accenni theordineryreaor lisriot satisfactory, .with theresult that aftera .livr'nited use .of the razor it is `necessary to .Wash `itoutin ,orderto dislodge the cut hair. This maybe required ahnumber yof times "in `the vccnirse o'foneuse of the razor.
It is general'object of 'mypresent"inventionftoA provide-a razor construction whichoperates to f 1 effectively shave Without becomingclogged Ywith -.thecuthai'r inthemanner characteristic yof ordifnarysafk'ety,razors.` jwith the constructionv of the ilprese;itinvention the razor Willoperatefor acon- ,cuttingsin a manner to impair orvinterfere with.
, the .proper actiorrof the. blade. i Since ythe iconsiderable lengthof time Without' a'cc'zur'niilalting s to have thedesired softening acticnon thebeard.
Another object of thepifesent invention is to provide an attachment for a conventional orcrdinary safety razor construction operable .i 0 increase the` eilciencyand improve the action of thevrazor. The present invention Kprovides a Wa,-
`ter-carrying device applicabletc `an v( )rdinary razor construction, which carriermay be made to actin an ordinaryl or common safety razor as an attachment .thereto .c s
The varioueobieolts and ieatues of .invention will ybe fully understood from the following detailed descriptionV of typical preferred forms endapplioations of thehinvention, throughout which` description reference is made to the accoxnt panying' drawing, whioh .1 ,ofthe drawing is a' .perspective view of a common or popular type'of safety vrazor embodyingthe construction of my invention. Fig.j2 is an enlargeddetailed ,transverseseetional view ofthe `razor vconstruction shown in Fig. V 1, being ay view taken byline 2-.2. on 1. Fig. 3 is a perspec` tive viewkof thewater carrier provided by' my invention and which is incorporated in the razor,
as shown Iin Figs. I1 and 2,shoyving it detached fronrthe other parts` ofthe construction. yFigil isa lperspective View ofrjanother type `of yrazor construction showing the present invention em- "bodied, therein, Athe .renewing .opened outrv to sltructioniof" the presentinvention does not.`b.e` ,V dl corne,.clogged Withihair orcuttngs it will operate forja .considerable .period `of time Without the necessity of Washing itor cleaning it, andthus-it senr-ves` `tc materiallyfsave time "and l.the rvincon-A Aiv,enelooiel incidental ,toA frequent ywashina i Anothcrpbjectof my inventionis to-.providealr l razor .construction .wherein the life oflthejblade; or outtingeose of; the bledee meterielllrprololiged- By the construction of` the. invention they .,blade operates under-an. idealconditionI so thattheedge l .is/,maintainedvthus prolongingthe life of the f yblade.arid. assuring satisfactoryroperetionzover a .elengtperodlof time A Y y ,Another Object of my invention-ais i .to n provide :a
lrazorblacie construction ,wherebylthe cutting edge i of the blade is lubricatedas they razorsisk operated,
,lgcient and eliminating. the ,f harshness often ex- =.periencedfwith razors. ,Withthe construction of kept Wetsojhat the edgeiof the blade itself Iworks pthetpresence of a .liquid-.or moist condition lubricates it .whilethe lather etzthef. point v zcuttinezaction is takinsipleoes wetted the presenti invention: the cutting `edge is f always illustrate their arranlgementan relationship@4 Fig.5 is asectionalviewsimilar to Eig. y2`illust'rating the .form ofthe, invention shown in 1ig.4v and beingzaI View takfen substantially as indcated'by line 5``5 on Fig.4. Fig. 6 is a View showing the watercarrieremployed in Figs. 4tand 5, showing it deteohedirom.theotherrerts ,ofthe construe-- tion. u' a .The construction ofthepresent inventiomand more specicaily ythe Waterfcarrier provided by the present inventonfis,.applicable.,generally;to
4.safety razors, thatiaitymayibe viz1corpcrated in or applied toltheustial forms;iorftypesyofsafety b razors. Flor-purpce of example; `h'bavegchosen toillustrate theinventionfgapplied to. or incor Vtorete@ in two ytyloieal and common-forms of safetyrazcrs but .,Iidonot wish Atc thereby have it understood thatthe invention ,is limited'to `these particularsiuations. 'l In the .formjotgtheojliltttonillustrated in f f1 Figs. 1.,to..3',inclusivetlie razorplperinciudes,
generally, a. bod-y. l0 whohlseryos t0 Support the" razor bladeilira retainer lZLWhichacts ,toclanip v the blade tothe badhand hlldle'4 I3 projecting i fi'oma the other parts A.to be v readily. grasped .by .tneuserg` 'y n The. body I of the razor serves, primarily, as a support or carrier for the blade.
. than the 'blade so that itsl longitudinal edges project Aslightly beyond :the cutting edges I4 of the blade. The longitudinal edges or edge portions of the body I0 Vare provided with notches I5 which are uniformly spaced and extend int,o 4 the body at right angles to the edge, leaving fa lthus vrecessing the body the construction will accoximodate a sponge that is comparatively thick yor, ,has considerable body and thus operates to hold a substantial quantity of water.
*out't'he present invention the notches I5 provided inithe yedge vportions ofy the body are extended plurality of teeth-likeparts I6. @In accordanceH with conventional safety razor construction the edge portions of the body or', in other words', the toothed portions thereof, are formed soithatgthe ,teeth present iaconvex or curved surface II immediately ahead ofL thecutting edgesld', the 'construction: being such that the teeth,v generally, curve'4 f orward'from the, cutting 'jedges"asy is clearly `shownin Fig. 2of thedrawing. i'
:razor blade, with'its longitudinal'edges I'lI-'sharpL erred, is arrangedjonrthe bodyjlll' sof'that'jthe edgesfoccur immediately behind 'the lingers I6. The'retainer I2is in'theformlof ajjclamp which s 'jtli'atits edges Ill'are in' proper relati'onlto'-thc toothed edge portions of theb'ody.` The 4construction, provides 'means for securing'fthe re v tainer in place soit properly holds' thebladef `In theform of the invention'under consideration 35' 'them'ounting means forfthe retainerv involves a"s'tem 20 projecting from `the retainerIZ'to pass Al2 2, in'the bodyand into'a threadedopening 23;
lthe handle I3. The portion of thegsteniwhich sponge to pass the stem and side openings 3| are provided to pass or accommodate the lugs 24.
When the sponge is formed as above described it is suitable for arrangement between the blade Il and the body I0 of the structure above described, and is in the nature of an insert.
".mediate the edge portions of the construction.
However, inV accord-ance Vwith myv invention I prefer, whenmaking a razor to carry 'out the invention to provide definite recesses 35. longitudinally in the blade-facing side of the body 'v inward of the toothed edge portions, as will be apparent from Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing.' By
Further when constructing therazor to carry deepjnto the bodyfrom the edges'so'that lthey extendfto points well, into the recesses= and Q thuswth'e notches are in' f 1.111 communication with "partsfof the'sponge'whichare thick and thus .have'considerable capacity.
'f` Fro'ni vthe foregoing description it willbe apparent'how the'water carrier or sponge A prov'i'ded'byL the present invention'as shown in Fig. V3, may be incorporated in the razor construction as shown' in Figs. `1 and A2,'s`o that'itoccurs between thev bodyland theV blade. lIn use the razor assembled asfshowninFigs. 1"'and 2 is dipped in Water'or is, thoroughly wettedwith t he result thatfthe water carrier A becomes'laden'with wa- `ter. The carrier orsponge A will readily absorb a, substantial `quantity of watery and, although it may be in theformofja waferwhendryk and initially insta1led,"jit quickly absorbsjwater and throughan 'opening 2I'in the b1a'de,' an' openingw entersthethieaded opening 2 3 is 'threadedlso j'tlat vw'he'nfthe handle is "rotatedontoth'e s te'm 4 itfs'erfves to draw the Stem through hebody and,. thus 'draw the. retainer I2 against 'the blade."
I VIn' the particular construction illustrated" the oriented relative Vto the bladejand holds ftheblade. 'in place' ras 'the ',handlejis tightenedonto the retainer "I2, ha's'spaced'guide lugs' l24 projecting from' it 'at eitherr iside of, the stem. 20 which lujgs pass through openingsl in` tlfieblade,` nn'd 1are, 'gtiidedjby openings 25 in'the'bodyLv This construction' 'serves 'to keep the retainer properly general'construction-'thus rarsdescribed isl characteristic" of" one common type Vofsafety razor. v In accordance with' my present invention :I
provide a water carrier A in connection Withthe partsphereinabove described, and vI locate the Y carrier. so that it serves to keep the cutting edgesv ofthe blade wetted or lubricated. The carrier A which fis the distinct, novel element of trie case under'consider'ation thecarrier or sponge isy formed as a rectangular body'corresponding generally, to the shape 'of the blade Il: In the particular'case illustrated the sponge may be of the vsame length as the blade'but is slightly narf rower than the blade so that itV does no tjovery hang or interfere with the cuttingedge"portion"` thereof, An opening 30 is provided in the.
between the`I tend aconsiderable :distancemiito 'the body so that they communicate with al portion of the swells' to" occupy the; entire spaceI pr`c videdjV between the blade and body.
vLAS the razor is used the water drains from the 'sponge lkeeping the' cutting ledge portion'of the "blade wetandthoroughly lubricated. `The deep notches-' .Ij serve :to carry the water 'from "the eponge@ ihedgef With a supplybf. War'ithus Adeliver5 =,d to the cuttingedge the ,edge stays moist 'prlupricated d unnggits cuttingacnonan'q the Hcuttings` or' hair removedby the Yblade instead ofcloggingare washed or flushed away,`with the `,res ultQthat the bladey or edge stays clean *and is inaintainedfin condition toVV "cut eiectively. "-Shouldffthe cuttingsflodge'inf the construction they canffbe fushedfout JfustA as 'they' are in the ordinary razor, 1 However, in practice it has vbeen withthe water carrier present in the jco struction Athe necessaryy cleaning fof the'razor edilcediof-minimum I 1 -the form; of the yinvention sh'cn'lvnr inf Figs. 4,v 5
scribed, .is hinged to the body'through; suitabley 'onnections'at 4II.y V The blade in this type nasi a cutting ledge I Wand has edge'flwithgabinding '4'I, "The body IIIa nglefor-ward edge portion with a, plurality nieren 'f aceetne blade is preferably 'recessedr -depressed'- arrasa sq there isa substantial fs'p'a'ce' dy andthe blade'. to accommodate and el 'tneietainerf Izf'instead, of 'being detachi ab1e from lthe body', as 'itis inthe case abovedestructure Where the carrier A has a considerable thickness.
'I'he carrier A' is in this case, as in the other form of the invention, preferably -a sponge and is shaped te nu the space between the body and the blade. A retaining strip 60may be provided to extend longitudinally between the edge portions of the body over the sponge A'- to retain it in position in the cavity portion of the body. In this form of the invention the sponge is shown extended to a point very close to the cutting edge of the blade. tended to the immediate vicinity of the blade so that it actually serves to cooperate with the body in guarding or shielding the cutting edge so that it does not cut the user.
In the form of the `invention shownein Figsl and the body has 'an extension 10 to which the In practice the sponge may be eX- handle I3 is attached and variousfother features common to safety razor construction are included in the device.
From Figs. 4 and 5 it will be apparent how the retainer l2a can be swung to an open position, i
body Illa at will. When the device is in operation the sponge A' and the blade are arranged as` shown in Fig. 5 and the retainer Ila is in a closed position where its outer end portion bears-down against the blade holding the blade in place, the blade being effectively heldin the desired location against the ears or stops 50.
In the form ofthe invention just described the sponge acts as it does n the case illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing. When in use the razor is thoroughly wetted so that the sponge is loaded with water, and as the shaving operation progresses the water drains from the sponge keeping the cutting edge of the bladezwet, lubricated and ushed clean.
I-laving described only typical preferred forms and applications of my invention, I do not wish to be limited or restricted to the specific details.
herein set forth, but wish to reserve to vmyself any variations or modifications that may vappear to those skilled in the art or fall the scope of the following claims.` Having described myl invention, I claim:
1. A razor of the character described including, a body notched to lform. a toothededgefa blade arranged over the body so its edge is at `the toothed edge of the body, a retainer holding the blade at the body, and an element inserted between the body and blade to carry water and engaging the notched portion of the body.
2. A razor of theVA character described` including, la body, a :blade arranged over the body, means orienting the blade in a predetermined position relative to thebody, a retainer holding the blade at the body, and an element inserted between the body andblade to carry water and oriented by said means.
3. A razor of thechanacter described including, a body, a blade arranged vover the body, parts engaged between the blade and body orienting the blade relative to the body, aretainer holding theiblade at the body, and anelement inserted between the body and blade to carry water and engaged by said parts to be oriented relative to theblade and body.
4. A razor of the character described .including, a body notched to form a 'toothed'edge a blade arranged over the body so its edge is at the toothed edge of the body, a retainer holding the blade at the body, and an element inserted between the body and blade to carry water, there being a'recess in the body `for the reception of the element, which recess extends to the notched portion of 4the body. 1 Y
5. An insert for a, razor including a substantially rectangular thin sheet of sponge to supply water to the blade of the razor.
6. An insert for 'a razor including avsubstantially rectangular thin sheet of sponge to supply water to the blade of the razor, the sheet corresponding generally to the blade of the razor to be retained likegthe blade is retained.
HYMAN SCHWARTZ within'