US 2375726 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
` ,May 8, 194.5- l J. BALES v 2,375,726 V WOODEN SHELVING Filed Nov. 2l, 1942 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 .M Umvd WM 3 U:
`May s, 1945. 7 J-REALES, 2,375,726'
WOODEN SHELVING Filed Nov. 21, i942 5 sheets-sheet 2 May 8, 1945. J. E. BLES 2,375,726
WOODEN4 SHELVING l Filed Nov. 2l, 1942 5 Sheets-Sheet y3 INVENTOR.
I n MfS/37M" Y May 8, 1945. J. E. BALES A 2,375,726
' wooDEN SHELVING 5 sheets-sheet 4 Filed Nov. 2l, 1942 INVENTOR.v
May 8, 1945.l
2 J. E. BALL-:sr
WOODEN SHELVING Filed Nov. 21, 1942 5 shears-sheet 5 INVENToR; jamai/513W Patented May 8, 1945 v uouTEpl STATES PATENT OFFICE 4 `woonNwsJn2iLvmc t James E. Bales, Anrora,1ll., assigner to Lyon Metal Products, Incorporated, Aurora, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Application November 21, 1942, Serial No. 466,403 9 Claims. (Cl. 211-l48) This invention relates to cabinets and shelving and especially shelving made of wood.
Among the objects of the present 'invention are to provide a simple, economical, assembled construction embodying adjustable shelves, which yis composed of one or more assembled unitswhich are capable of flexibility as toassembly and arrangement, and yet are quite rigid and vdevoid of any substantial lateral sway; to propactness for knockdown purposes, packing and shipping; to provide a wooden construction of the foregoing type wherein the top portions of the shelving are detachably keyed to the corner upright members; to provide an improved construction for adjustably supporting the individual shelves, and particularly,` which construction includes an end bearing member extendingfrom from;V to back of the shelving and supported by adjustable lugs; to provide an improved bottom construction of the shelving, providing a sup, porting framework to support the cornerposts and partitions in rigidly supported upright relation, and which likewise provides rigidity, easy assembly and quick detachability. for knockdown purposes: to rovide acommercial stockroom type of shelving made of wood and capable of being assembled at the place of installation and wherein the parts may be-interiltted and ar-V vopen construction, the rear panel being omitted.,
there being substituted Wooden bracing bars.
Figure`3 is a modiiied type of construction, lower in height, ,wherein the uppermost shelf provides a table top or counter.
Figure 4 is still`another type of wooden shelving wherein a drawer is incorporated.,
Figure 5. is a fragmentary perspective view of the shelf arrangement with various portions broken away to disclose the construction.
Figure 6 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 6-6 of Figure 1 and having the central portion of the view' broken away.
Figure 'I is a vertical cross sectional viiew taken on the line 1-1 of Figure 6 showing only the left hand end of the construction.
Figure 8 is a plan view partially in section,
being taken on the line 8-,8 of Figure '1, showing a shelf construction at various levels.
Y a shelf divider and means for supporting Figure 9 is a fragmentary perspective view of it in certain of the shelf adjusting holes.
Figure 10 is a fragmentary perspective view of one of the end uprights having the openwork panels. f
Figure 1l is a perspective view of the associated parts of Figure 10 which when assembled make ranged so that iiexibility in storage space andvariation in shelving .compartments are pro- -vided, and whereby ruggedness, strength, quick` ness in assembly, and a maximum efficiency in `construction and maintenance are secured; to provide an improved divider construction including means for adjustably positioning the divider in spaced relation on the shelving portions of .the cabinets or similar members; to provide these and other objects of invention as will be'apparent from a perusal of the specification when taken in connection with the v.accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a front perspective view of an openV face typeV of wo'od shelving showing solid back and end panels,
Figure 2 is a fragmentary perspective .view of the left hand Vportion of wherein the side panels are shown as being of the wooden shelving i 55 up one of the open panel uprights, and also in addition thereto are shown end portions of the bottom frame members which cooperate with the uprlghts.
Figure 12 is a vertical cross sectional view of the left hand end of the structure shown in Figure 2, and being taken on the line |2I2 thereof;
Figure 13 is a vertical sectional view taken onthe line |3--I3 of Figure 4 showing the drawer and bin arrangement.
Figure 14 is a fragmentary cross sectional view taken on the line Ill-i4 of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is a fragmentary plan sectional view taken on the line I5-I5 of Figure 13.
Figure 16 is a modified type of arrangement wherein two shelf units of g either the low or high type of construction may be connected back to back to form a double shelving unit and being open .at both front and back.
Figure 1'1. is a detailed perspective view of a tie clip whicli'attaches the two shelf units together as shown in Figure 16. It is understood that in this modiiication the two shelf units may be placed back to back with er without the rear panels.
Referring now to the invention as disclosed particularly in- Figure 1, andin detail in Figures 5, 6, 7 and 8, which figures show only one of the many dilerent adaptations of the iex'ibilitylinconstruction of the present inventiomit will be seen that the invention primarily includes a plurality of posts or uprights, whether they be four in number or more than four in number. In theat the top each corner post is provided with notches 6 and 8 which are opposed one to the other and which notches are for the purpose of interconnecting with top members hereinafter set forth. In addition, the confronting inner sides of each post, at their tops and bottoms, are provided with rabbets or cutouts I and I2. In addition, the lower ends of each pair of upright posts are provided with a vertically extending groove or slot I4 which extends upwardly beyond the rabbeting portions I2. These grooves I 4 occuron opposite sides of the bottom portion of each post 2. Upper and lower pairs of side rails or bars I6 and I8 have their ends disposed in the-rabbets I0 and I2 `of the posts 2, both' at the top and bottom of these posts, on either side of the grooves 4. The slots I4 provide bearings at the posts laterally of the center line of each post whereby denitely to set the posts. That is, the slot I4 is placed in such a. location that the tongue 26 on the rail 22 definitely places that rail in alignment with the surface of the upright s o that the front face of the rail, for instance such as 22, is flush with the front face of the post 2, for instance, and furthermore the iiange 32 is formed at the proper angle t0 keep the post definitely from canting. Hence when this post is drawn up, it definitely brings the rail and post into position exactly at right angles without any field cutting or tting. Y The foregoing members, when assembled in conjunction with the panel provide a rigid, rugged frame therefor comprising the twol vertical uprights 2, the two upper side cross rails or bars I6 and I8 at the top, each with its ends assembled in the rabbets I0 of the uprights 2, the lower side cross rails or bars I6 and I8 at the lower ends of the bar likewise assembled in the rabbets I2, and the panel 28 having its vertical edges raised within the vertical slots 4 on the inner confronting faces of the corner posts 2. In this manner there is provided a rectangular rugged frame bordering the vertical andx horizontal peripheral 'edges of the panel, the upper side cross rails or transverse bars I6 and I8in addition forming rigid seats for shelving hereinafter described. In addition, the bottom transverse bars I6 and I8 provide means `to which corner metal bracing brackets are attached, the other portions of said brackets being attached bars running at right angles thereto.
This u nit above described is assembled lin accordance with the best mill practice, in closed upright assembly, for instance these parts may be glued together in such closed upright assembly..
After the first end panel, which is shown at'the left in Figure 5, is assembled in the foregoing j manner, the next similar panel is, inthe same manner, assembled. This next panel may be the intermediate' or central upright panel of Figure '1 or it may be an outside panel like that shown in Figure 16 r Figure 4. If, for instance, there vare three of -these* assembled panels, as shown vto additional transverse in Figure 1, they are set up inthe manner hereinbefore described, whereas if there are two assembled'panels then only the two are set up. After these two similar panels with their corner posts and transverse posts are so set up, theA bottom, front and rear cross bars or frame members22 and 24 are placed in position. The opposite ends of these members 22 or 24 are provided with vertically disposed tongues 26 and 28 which enter the vertical slots I4 of the corner posts 2 wherebyl to provide a rigid assembly. This tongue and groove exactly positions the frame members 22 and 24 with respect to the uprights 2 so that the front Y surface of the frame members22 and 24 and the front face of the uprights 2 are uslL Means is provided for clamping the front rear rails to the p ost and to the side rails, and for maintaining a square set between the side rails and front and back rails and the vertical posts. These means comprise the corner brackets 38, the bolts 38 and 44, slots 8 and tongues I4, and the manner of positioning these various elements with respect to one another, including the manner in which the tongue 4,0 engages the side rails I8 and wherein the intermediate portion of the tongue between the leaf 34 and the tongue 48 does not clampingly engage the corner posts.' When thus positioned, the rigid corner brackets are attached. These corner brackets 30 are substantially Lshaped; vIn order to permit the frame members 22 and 24 to be attached to the corner posts 2, their opposite ends lare countersunk as at 32 so that one leg 34 lies vertically resting within the countersunk portion and directlyagainst the inner wall 36 of this countersunk portion. The portion 34 of the corner bracket 30 shown in Figures 5 and`8 is positloned along the center line of the front and back rails. This is accomplished by the cut-.out 32, thereby getting the pull directly on the center line of this bottom rail. 24 and also on the approximate center line of the post, due to the fact that' the tongue 29 enters the slot' I4 to the rear of this center-line. Bolts 38 passing through the legs 34 and through a registering opening in the frame members 22 and 24 whereby vertically to bolt thesebrackets 30 to the bars 22 and 24. It i will be noticed that the lower horizontal edge of this leg 34 rests upon a horizontal shoulder formed by the countersink positioned at 32 Vwhereby not.
extends at right angles tothe leg 34. It is provided, as shown in Figure 8, with a laterally offset end 42 so that the major portion of this leg outstands from the inner face of the bars I8 and I8. By thus oifsetting'the leg 40 of the bracket, the boltr 44 which passes through the opposite brackets, as shown in Figure 8, will tend to draw the ends of the frame members 22 and 24 snugly against the vertical posts 2 in a resilient clamping manner so that a snug right angle t will be effected. 4 It will thus be seen thatthebrackets 30 may connect the corner posts 2 t0 the lower frame members 22 and 24. It will be seen that by having the heel 4 8 on the lower'clamp (see Figure 8) engaging only the ixmer face I8 of the bottom side of the rail as at 48 and not engaging the vertical wall of the front or back post, wherethe bolt passes through the post and clampingly. engages theintermediate portion of this c lip, thebolt pulls the four corner posts and` dovetail is prevented from inner walls of the post, as distinguished from a construction wherein if the heel40 were not present, the front rail would bepulled diagonally backwardly .with relation to the front post, which would not produce av square Vfit and a proper asa sembly of the structure. The clamp hole which engages the bolt 44 of thez'clamp does so at the portion of the lclamp which does not engage the vertical wall of the post, and hence this construction automatically squares up without any kind of fitting or manipulation of they upright mem-' bers, whereby they can be set up in a series of spaces and whereby alignment of all posts is maintained without mechanical field work or fitting.
A top is provided for In the form shown in Figures l and 5. the top preferably comprises the two pieces 46 and 48 which are provided Vwith overlapping flanges 48 to provide a staggered or overlapping joint. These top pieces 46 and 48 extend from the extreme left hand corner-posts shown in Figure v to the central posts 2 shown at the extreme right of Figure 5. The edges of the top members 46 and 48 rest upon the bars I6 and I8 in which position they are xed by screws 5I] (see Figure 6) These screws prevent the top pieces from being lifted off. In
addition, the ltop pieces 46 .and 46 are provided with means for keying into the corner posts 2. To
this end, thecorners of the top pieces 46 and 48 are provided with the outstanding tongues 52 which engage within the correspondingly shaped grooves 6 and8 of the corner posts 2. This construction provides for-rigidity and ruggedly holds the two top members in rigid reinforcing relation whileat the same time permitting of their quick assembly or detachment. By forming'the top ofthe members 46 and 48 identically, border constructions may be provided with the dovetalled' projections 52 'and with identical overlapping flanges 48. VIt will be noted that the screws 50 which connect the side of the shelf or the top reinforce the dovetail to the post so that the splitting,v but in addition these screws 5I) lend rigidity at the corners and produce a definite spacing between the uprights and assist in maintaining that spaced relation. It will also be noticed that by forming the top in two pieces with vide means so that if there be small variations in dimensions of the distances between the dovetailsy either one of the two top pieces comprising the single'top can 'be used in place of the other.. In other words, they are interchangeable and this provides a -simple means for eliminating the dimculty in spacing the dovetails to match exactly section of the top portions with the dovetail slots inthe uprights, due to the\ expansionor contraction caused. by humidity in the various members of the wooden structure. Therefore, byhaving the overlapping sliding fit in the two cover-portions a little variation in spacing, due to expansion or contraction, is immaterial,
'The posts 2 are provided with vertically spaced holes 54 to accommodate somewhat Z-shaped brackets 56, the inwardly projectingfree ends 56 of which are adapted to support bearer members 60.. The bearer members 60 are provided with holes 62 to receive pins 64, these pins being inserted through holes in the shelves 66 so as to line up the shelves 66 with the bearer members 6I) and therefore position the edges of the shelf in flush relationship with the front surface of .the structure. Grooves 68 are provided upon both front and rear edges of the bearer members 6D to prothe shelving construction@ l an overlapping` junction I prolowermost shelf member is with the upper portion of the rail I8 not only help to .55 in the holes 54 the 'ment After the bearers are member 48 and the lower and 24 and the floor.
' ent ones of these with vide a space wherein the Z brackets 66 are 1ocated. By adjustably positioning the Z brackets positioning of the shelf memebrs 66 is accomplished and they may be positioned in any desired level to accommodate whatever space is needed for articles to be placed therein. There may be any number of shelves spaced along the entire vertical height of the uprights, as shown in Figure 1 wherein the shelves shown in the left hand portion of the sgure are positioned with different distances than those shown in the right hand compartment of the cabinet. The bearers for the shelf 66 are not assembled as part of the shelves but are shipped separately. At the point of assembly these bearers are placed in position so that the grooves 6B in the ends of these bearers register with the vertical portions 51 of the Z-shaped brackets with the underside of the bearers 60 resting upon zontal inwardly projecting portions 58 of these Z- shaped'brackets whereby tioned against lateral and also vertical movethus adjustably the horithese bearers areposiplaced in position, depending upon which holes 54 the Z-shaped brackets are inserted into, then the shelves 66 themselves are positioned with the holes 65 inthe shelves registering with the other portions of the pin 64 carried by the bearer 6l).
Disposed upon the supporting bars I6 and I8 is a bottom or lowermost shelf 10 which forms a bottom for thek shelf cabinet. This bottom or constructed exactly as the 'other shelf members hereinbefore mentioned such as the intermediate shelves 66. The opposite ends of the intermediate shelf 66 and the lowermost shelf 16 areformed with a cut away portion 12 which is so formed as to provide a space or clearance for the vertical uprights 2. terlocking the shelves 66' with the supporting bearing member by means arrangement is effected'whereby the shifting of Vthe shelves from one level to another may be easily accomplished.
; shelf case a one piece plywood panel 14 is ,at-
tached to the upright members 2, the upper top frame member 24 by means of wood screws 16, as shown in Figure 6. Particular attention is directed to the arrangement of the lower frame members 22 :and 24 and the end bars I6 and I8 wherein they are shown spaced slightly above the lowermost portion of the uprights 2 so thatv there will be a slight space below the undersurface of the frame members 22 This is arranged in this manner so that the entire weight of the shelf cabinet is supported by the upright members 2 and not by the frame members 22 and 24 or the end bars I6 and I8 which may have a tendency to shelves. The distance on this somewhat Z- shaped bracket from the center of one horizontal leg-to the other horizontal leg is a predetermined distance that can be varied by supplying differlonger or shorter distances between the legs. Referring to Figures 5 and 6. it willv be noted that the vertical portion 51 of the bracket, in cooperation with the groove 68 of the bearer member 60, keeps the bracket member from pulling away from the vertical upright 2. At the same time this groove 68 keeps the fastener or bracket so that the bearer bar cannot be pulled laterally andthe pin 64 in the bearer bars passing through the holes inthe shelf 66 holds the upright members so that the shelf constructions be:
By inof pins- 64 an assembly s Figure 1 is shown in come rigidinterconnecting means between the up,- right corner posts intermediate the top and the bottom. In addition, the dovetails at the top and bottom denitely space the`top and bottom rails and the top, and furthermore the pin S4 and the screws 50 reinforce the dovetail.
Referring to Figures l, 8 and i?,v there are shown evenly spaced holes I8 in the shelves lliti and l0, which holes provide a means for locating metal clips 80 which are seated in the holes 78. These clips80 support and hold in position dividers 82 which may be positioned at any place along the surface of the shelf to provide compartments. The clips 80 have extending ends 83 which are inserted into holes 18, and also resiliently formed spaced apart upstanding ears 85 into which the division plates 82 are resiliently gripped. Y
In lieu of the full panel type of construction shown in Figures 1 and 5 the open or discontinuous type of panel shown in Figures 2 and ll may be used. In this latter .construction the posts 2 follow the exact construction of the posts shown in Figure 5. The dierence, however, lies in the utilization of short panels 84 in lieu of the panels 20, which panels 84 .may beofany desired type and maybe spaced apart as desired, for instance as shown in Figure 2. In this open type of construction, the rear panel may 'be eliminated. substituted in its place is a pair of wooden bracing bars 15. These are angularly disposed, being attached to the rear of the shelving at the corner post 2, and extend diagonally across the rear of the shelving vand are fastened by a pairof ordinary wood screws to the adjacent uprights. In utilizing the open short panel construction a different type of ',top and bottom rail is utilized. For instance, therail 88 is provided with, on each side, integral bearing bars '90 and these bearing bars are formed integral wi'th the rail 88 of the ends, as rail can 'enter the vertical slots 4 in the corner posts. So also the bottom rails 96 have integral projections 98 and |00 outstanding from each side, which bearing barsterminate short of each end of the rail 96, so as to permit the ends thereof to enter the vertical slots 4. In this type of arrangement vertical spacing bars |02 and |04 are utilizedy which bars enter the vertical slots 4 and abut the top and bottom surfacesof the panels 84 and the upper and lower rails 88 and 96 whereby to space the panels the desired distances' from the top and bottom rail. Any change in the spacing of the panels 84 is necessarily accompanied by a change in the length of Athese spacing rails |02 and |04. Except for these changes the construction of the open panels is similar to that of Figures 1 and 5. It
except that they terminate short is understood, of course, that the projections 90 and |00 from the rails 88 and- 96 support the top and also. a portion of the shelves, just as in the construction n Figure 5.
A modification of the construction shown in Figure 3. In this construction the shelving is used as a low type of counter and the arrangement of the parts is identical with that shown in Figure 1 except that the vertical `posts and panels are relatively short', or waist high, and except that, as shown in Figure 13 in, detail, the usual top members 46 and 48 have fitting thereover a nished extra top |05, preferably of presswood, linoleum, or other material which may be cemented and nailed to the upper part of the multipart top members 48 at 92, sO-that the-ends 9aA of the the closed panels shown inand 4. In addition there is a binding strip |08 for the counter top formed about the periphery of the counter top |06 and depending therefrom to provide a complete finish.
In the construction shown in Figure 4 the invention is disclosed as forming a cabinet having a drawer H0. This is shown particularly in Figures 13,. 14 and 15. The construction of Figure 4 may take various forms.` It is preferably counter high. as shown in Figure 3, the difference mainly being that in lieu of superimposed shelves the pull-out drawer ||0 is provided, the front panel ||2 of which is adapted to close at front upon the upper shelf member 66. In fact, there may be three drawers vertically superimposed, each resting upon its own shelf, as shown in Figure 13. This would provide an excellent iile cabinet type of construction. In this construction the side panel H4 of the drawer ||0 (see Figure 14) will contact at its upper .portion one of thebearing rails yI8 of the panel` 20 and the bottom portion of this side wall of the drawer will slide upon the shelf 66. The drawer ,may be provided with partitions H6 which vertically slide in slots in the side walls I4 of the drawer, and th'e front is provided wi'th any type of handle ||8. So also, in this type of construction, the bottom shelf may be utilized as'a bin by providing the front of the shelf 66 with a vertical bin board |20 which is adapted to screw into the corner posts'2 as at |22 and |24. It will be noted that the lower portions of the structure are broken away in Figures 4' and 13, such lower portions being similar, for example, to the structures shown in Figures' 1 and 3. n
Figure 16 shows a double arrangement lof shelvingwherein two shelf cabinets are arranged back tov back with two of the corner-posts 2 v clamped together by means of the clamp shown in Figure 1'7` which is composed of a first clamping'member |26 having a rightangle ange |28 A cooperating clamp and elongated slots |30. |32 has a right angle ange |34 and an offset wing |36 which likewise has bolt holes adapted to register with thev slotted holes of the first mentioned clamp |36. Wood screws 38 are adapted topass through the openings of the two clamps. In addition, the clamp member |32 has a hole through which a Wood screw |39 to thread into the upright 2' just as do the screws |38 lwhich thread into the upright 2'. Otherwise the posts 2' are identical in construction with the posts 2. By means of these upper and lower clamps two. identical shelving cabinets may be placed back to back with their abutting corner posts clamped together. In this type of construction a. complete top |06' is provided, being of the same type of construction as shown in connection with Figure 3 and Figure 4. `If desired, two cabinets having back panels may be connected in the same manner. y
Obviously the invention is not limited to the specic forms disclosed herein but is capable of other modications'and changes without departing from the spirit and scope of the claimsv appended hereto.
posts, ,each post having adjacent sides normal" Ato each other, said posts being spaced apart in rectangular formation, vertical confronting Walls of said posts being slotted,v upper and lower side rails interconnecting the topsand bottoms of paSSeS tangular upright rigid frames, front and back bottom rails disposed at the bottoms of said pairs of slotted posts, said bottom rails projecting transversely from said upright rigid frame, said front and back bottom rails at their ends having portions engaging in additional slots in the bottom portions of said slotted posts, and clamps Vhaving iianges of substantially L-shape, one for each end of said front and back bottom rails, each clamp having one leg fastened to one end of a front or back rail and the other leg spaced from Ybut fastened to aslotted post and overlying and pressing against an end of one of the lower side rails.
2. In' a wooden shelving construction the combination of at least six vertical wooden posts each havingadiacent faces normal to each other,
said postsbeing ldisposed in spaced rectangular formation in pairs, and the bottom of each post having one of said faces provided with a slot disposed laterally of the vertical center of said post, confronting upper and lower portions of the other face of each pair of posts being interconnected by rigid side rails, front and rear bottom rails, each of said rails having a portion engaging i'n the slot in the bottom portionrof saidpost of each pair of posts, fastening means for the botpairs of said slotted posts whereby to form recbearing members from lateral movement with v respect to said brackets, and means on said bearadjacent angularly disposed faces of the bottom portions of said post having vertical slotsthere- ,in disposed outwardly ofthe vertical center lines 4 of said posts, and horizontal basal frame memtom rails, 4each fastening means having anges disposed atright angles, one of the flanges of said fastening means being secured-to a side wall of one ofthe bottom vrails and thev other flange 4being secured to the adjacent side wall of one of the posts, a second bracket having angularly disposed flanges, one of said flanges of the second bracket being connected to the side wall of the next adjacent bottom rail, 'andv the other flange abutting the adjacent opposite wall ofsaid post, and the extreme ends *of said anges overvlyingly contacting the side wall portion of the bottom rail of one y of said panel members, and a single bolt passingthrough said post and engagbers interconnecting pairs of front and rear posts, said frame members at their outer ends being countersunk to provide a vertical wall substantially disposed at the horizontal center lines of said frame members and'providing an adjoining normally disposed countersunk wall, and substantially L-shaped metal bracket members having a rst leg disposed in a vertical plane and lying against Vsaid rst mentioned countersunk wall with the plane of the first leg lying substantially on the center line ofsaid front and 4rear posts and on the center vertical line of said upright posts, there being means for fastening said leg of said bracket to said countersunk wall of said Afront and rear posts, the second leg of said bracking the last mentioned flanges of each of said bracket members, fastening means for drawing said flanges towardsaid post whereby to assemble said Vbottom rails to said post.
3. In shelving, the combination of a plurality of spaced apart uprights, means to hold said up-4 rights in rectangular spaced apart position, shelves for said uprights, said uprights having vertically spaced horizontally disposed openings ,v in confronting faces, pairs of bracket members each having spaced parallel legs disposed in spaced apart planes interconnected by an integral portion at right angles to said legs, one of said l legs entering one of said horizontal holes with the intermediate portion extending parallel to the inner confronting wall of said post and the outer leg of said bracket extending outwardly horizontally, each shelf having a pair ofv bearing members on its underside and said bearing members being of sufficient width to lie between pairs ofv opstanding posts and rest upon said outwardly extending legs of the pair of bracket members.
4. In shelving, the combination of a plurality of spaced apart uprights, means to hold said uprights in rectangular spaced apart position, shelving for said uprights, adjustable brackets sup,- ported by and mounted in said uprights, bearing members for the shelving, said brackets and bearing members having means whereby said shelving is supported solely on said 'bearing members along two opposed parallel edges to maintain said shelving'in a horizontal plane, means for locking said et having its outer end bent forwardly out of the plane of the intermediate portion of said second leg, whereby to contact only the outer end of the adjacent horizontal basal side rail, but wholly spaced from the adjacent wallof said post, and means' passing through said intermediate portion of said second leg and engaging said post for clamping the outer portion of said second leg against saidv side rail and for clamping said front 'and back frame members, said side rail and r said posts in rigid substantially exact rectangular position.l
6. A shelf construction comprising spaced pairs of uprights, said pairs of uprights having spaced registering horizontal holes disposed therein, a pair of ,brackets for eachpair of uprights, each bracket having oppositely extending, horizontally disposed free legs and an intermediate xintegral shank extending normally of the legs, one of said legs of each brackethorizontally extend.- ing into registering holes of a pair of uprights with the sidewall of the intermediate portion of the bracket contactingly confronting the ver- Vtical wall of the post into which said one leg projects, and a. support or bearer extending horizontally between each pair of vertical posts with the vertical ends of said bearer havingv means vertically to-receive the said vertical intermediate shank of each bracket whereby to prevent lateral play of said bearer, the free horizontal leg4 of said bracket underlyingly supporting the underside of said bearer at each end thereof, and
'shelf members supported by said bearers.
7. A shelf construction comprising spaced pairs of uprights, said pairs having spaced registering horizontal holes disposed therein, apair of brackets for each pair of uprights, each Ibracket having oppositely extending, horizontally disposed free legs and an intermediate integral shank extending normally vof the legs, oneA of said legs of. each bracket horizontally extending into registering holes of a. pair of uprights with the sidel wall of the intermediate portion of the bracket contactingly confronting the vertical wall of the post into whichl said one leg projects, and a supl port or bearer extending horizontally between each pair of vertical posts with the vertical ends of said bearer grooved vertically to receive the said vertical intermediate shank, of eachbracket whereby to prevent lateral play of said bearer,
the free horizontal leg of said bracket underlyingly supporting the underside of said bearer at each end thereof; and shelf members supported by said bearers,'th e upper surface of said bearers .having upstandin'g pins projecting upwardly therefrom and entering perforations in the shelves adjacent the ends of the bearers.
' a right angle, so that the cut surfaces engage normally disposed vertical walls of the post, and with the marginal portions of each shelf overlying a bearer, there being'vertical apertures in each end of the shelf and between parallel faces of certain of said vertical posts, brackets, each having a pair of spaced horizontal legs and an CTI ' a. In combination with four vernam posts disintegral intermediate shank disposed normally to the legs and lying in the groove of the bearer, one of the horizontal legs projecting into the vregistering hole in each pair of posts and the other horizontal leg projecting outwardlyaway from said post and supportingly underlying the adjacent end of the bearer horizontally to support thebearer, each bar having upstanding pins carried at its top surface adjacent the end thereof and lying within the vertical holes of the shelving. Y
9. An elongated post of square cross. section having one of the four faces provided with a centrally disposed, relatively narrow, longitudinal groove, saidv grooved face near each end of the post being intersected by relatively wider, transversely extending grooves, one end of the post,
on a face lying at right angles to said grooved face being formed with an elongated slot disposed laterally of the center of the width of said face and with a bolt hole therethrough and lying on the opposite side of said' center, and the opposite end of said post, at opposed faces lying at right angles to said grooved face being formed with dovetailedkey receiving notches, and the' grooved face of said post being provided throughout its length on each side of said lgroove with uniformly spaced holes. Y
-JAMES: E. BALES.