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Publication numberUS2375891 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 15, 1945
Filing dateDec 19, 1941
Priority dateDec 19, 1941
Publication numberUS 2375891 A, US 2375891A, US-A-2375891, US2375891 A, US2375891A
InventorsBolley Herschel C
Original AssigneeH A Douglas Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Resistance switch
US 2375891 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 15, 1945. H C, BOLL'EY 2,375,891

RESISTANCE SWITCH Filed Dec. 19, 1941 BY y /e/WATTORNEY Patented May 15W, 1945 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE RESISTANCE SWITCH Herschel C. Bolley, Bronson, Mich., assgnor to H. A. Douglas Mfg. Co., Bronson, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Application December 19, 1941, Serial No. 423,619

13 Claims. (Cl.'20148) This invention relates generally to electric switches and more particularly a rather small manually controlled rotary switch having a resistance element associated therewith.

More specifically, the switch is of a character adapted to be mounted on the instrument panel of an automotive vehicle for controlling the amount of illumination directed to the various instruments carried by the panel.

One object of the invention is to provide a switch having improved means for securing a part of the switch mechanism to the operation means or knob so as to assist in maintaining a part on said mechanism in an axial position within the switch casing or frame.

Another object is to provide an improved carrier of insulating material and means for securing the resistance element thereto.

A further object is to provide an improve contact carrier, including the contact means associated therewith, and the means employed for attaching the contact carrier with respect to the switch frame.

A still further object is to provide a switch consisting of a very few parts, which may be easily and quickly assembled, and economically manufactured on a production basis.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear after considering the description hereinafter set forth in conjunction with the drawing annexed hereto.

Referring to the drawing wherein one embodiment to which the invention is susceptible is illustrated:

Figure 1 is a horizontal view in elevation of the switch, certain parts of which are shown in the section for the purpose of clarification Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional view ofv the switch clearly illustrating the switching mechanism and parts related thereto;

Figure 3 is an end View of the switch looking to the right in the direction of the arrows designated 3-3 in Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a section taken substantially on line lI- of Figure 2, showing the switch in its complete on position;

Figure 5 is a transverse section similar to Figure e, showing the switch in an intermediate on position with the resistance in the circuit;

Figure 6 is a similar section, showing the switch in the cli position;

Figure 'Z is a section taken substantially on line I-l of Figure 2, illustrating the means employed for limiting the rotative positions of the switch;

Figure 8 is a section similar to Figure '7, showing certain of the switch parts in a different position;

Figure 9 is a horizontal View in elevation of the carrier of insulating material or insulator to which is connected the resistance element; and

Figure 10 isa fragmentary view of a support such as an instrument .panel having an opening therein for receiving the switch.

Theswitoh, among other thingsincludes a casing or frame I, switching mechanism 2, a Contact carrier 3 supporting contacts 4 and 5, and operating means G in the form of a knob for moving the mechanism 2 with respect to the contacts 4 and 5 to control the circuit. The switching mechanism includes an insulator to which is connected a resistance element l', which element functions to control the amount of electric current passing through a line tothe lamp or lamps which control the illumination directed to the various instruments carried'by the instrument panel of an automotive vehicle. Obviously, the switch has applications other than that just mentioned.

The switch casing i is preferably in the form of a generally tubular U-shaped frame. The generally parallel sides of the frame include portions 3 and 9. The portions 8 are preferably of a greater circumferential extent than the portions 3 and form a housing for the switching mechanism. The portions 9 are preferably elongated continuations of the portions il and receive the contact carrier 3.

The generally circular end wall I of the frame I integrally connecting the sides of the frame together is provided with a cap member II of a diameter somewhat greater than the diameter of the end wall It. A reinforcing member in the form of a circular washer i2 is preferably arranged in the frame and engages the inner surface of the end wall Ill. The wall I ii and the washer I 2 are each provided with an aperture of corresponding size, and the cap member Il is provided with a protuloerance I3 which extends through` the apertures just referred to, and is flanged over against the inner surface of the washer I?. for securing the cap member and washer to the wall Ill of the frame. The cap member I I is preferably made concave or dished so as to receive the end wall Ill and the washer I2, and is also flanged outwardly as indicated at I4 to engage the front side of a support or instrument panel I5, as clearly illustrated in Figllre 1.

The instrument panel I more clearly illustrated in Figure l0, is preferably provided with a circular aperture it of a diameter slightly greater than the diameter of the frame or casing so as to receive the latter. The aperture is provided with oppositely disposed outwardly extending notches 1. The side portions 8 of the frame are preferably provided with integral outwardly extending spring tongues or lingers |3, having angular in-turned abutments. Ell-at their free ends. The tongues and abutments 2|] are so constructed and arranged that when the switch is inserted rearwardly into the aperture I5, the tongues I8 will contract and when the, Harige' l'ffl on the cap engages the front side of the, support I the tongues I8 will snap outwardly to a position whereby the angular abutments 2t' will engage the arrises formed by the notches Il to detachably hold the switch against rotation with respect to the support.

The switching mechanism 2 includes, among other things, a generally cylindrical insulator 21|", which supports the resistance element l. This insulator 2| is preferably rotatably supported within the switch frame by a. bifurcated member 22.. This bifurcated.' member is similar tothe frame I, and isv comprised of a pair of rather narrow legs. 23.' which engage the; sides of the. insulator 2|. Thev legs 2.3 are integrally connected together by a generally circular end portion 24|v as illustrated in Figures 2 and 7,. The portion 24 is provided with an outwardly extending projection 25, and the washer l2', above referred to, is preferably provided with axially extending stops'ZE and 21 between which the projection 25 is adapted for movement to limit the rotative positions of the switch.. all of' which will be described more in detail' later..

The circular wall portion 24 of the bifurcated member 22 supporting the insulator 2lI is: preferably provided with a generally central aperture, and one end4 of a shaft 28 projects through this: aperture and is flanged. over against the inner surface of the wall as clearly indicated at 29 in Figures 2 and 7. As indicated by the dottedA lines in Figure '7, provision is madey to prevent rotation between the shaft and member 22'. This shaft is preferably provided withy an enlarged but rather shortcylindrical portion 3|) which` fits within the protuberance I3 of the cap in. order to provide a better bearing surface, and the outer extremity of the shaft is preferably providedl with a serrated or knurled portion 3|, which is firmly pressed into an aperture provided therefor in the knob. The knob B is preferably made of a material of sufficient duc*- tility to permit the shaft to permanently seat itself into the aperture.

In order to improve the action of the switch and assist; in holding the switching mechanism in its various rotative positions, a dished spring disk 32 is carried by theI shaft 28, and is adapted to engagev the wall portion- 2.4 of member 2 2 and the washer l2. This disk also functions toV prevent-vibration between the various parts and at the same time permits very slight axialmovementof the knob: E, member 22, and insulator 2| as a unitwith respect tothe switch frame.

Referring now tov the insulator 2| and re sistance carried thereby, it will be evident that the opposite sides of the insulator are preferably at and recessed asindicatedi at 33 and 34, which recesses receive the legs 23 of the. bifurcated member' 22 whereby to prevent rotation of the insulator 2| with respect to the member. A rivet 3,5 passes through the insulator and the legs 23 for permanently securing the member 22 to the insulator. The curved side wall 33 of the insulator 2| between the recesses 33 and 34 is provided with longitudinally extending grooves. The opposite side wall 3l is made rather flat and is also provided with similar grooves. These grooves spirally receive the wire resistance element 1 to maintain the convolutions of the wire in spaced apart relation. In other words, the wire is wound longitudinally about the sides and ends of the insulator. As clearly illustrated, the end 38 of the wire is electrically connected to a yieldable contact arm 3@ by means of a contact rivet 40 passing through they insulator and a metal washer 4|. The end Tfil is preferably located in the recess 34 of the insulator and is caught around the rivet and under the washer 4|. Thus, it will be evident that current may pass from the wire through the Contact rivet fnl to the yieldable contact 39, or vice versa. One end of the yieldable. contact is seated within the recess 33v provided on the insulatorl to prevent rotation of the contact with respect thereto, and its opposite end is arranged to. engage the insulator when the contact. is depressed beyond certain. limits. It will be noted that this contact is circumferentially arranged about a part of the insulator, and is arched in order to clear the resistance wire The other end of the wire is secured to the insulator by means of a rivet 42, the ends of which are coun tersunk as clearly illustrated in Figures 2 and D in order to prevent a short circuit between the wire and the remainder of the switch. It will be noted that the sides of. the insulator are spaced apart from the switch frame and its ends from the wall portion 24 oi member 22 and the carrier 3. This arrangement has been found very desirable for the reason` that it permits the air toy circulate through the open sides of the switch frame and about the resistance to coo'. the latter and prevent undue heating of the switch parts. rings such as |700 are. preferably secured to the insulator 2| between the rivets 35v and 40, which rings more or less slidably engage the inner walls of the switch frame in order to assist in centering or positioning the insulator axially within the frame.

The'carrier 3 supporting the axially extending yieldable contacts 4 and 5 will now be described. The carrier 3 is7 preferably generally cylindrical in shape and the contacts 4 and 5 are preferably diametrically arranged in spaced apart relation adjacent the inner extremity of the carrier and project in a direction whereby to receive the inner extremity of the insulator 2| and resistance element T. The base portions of the contacts 4 and. 5 are preferably seated with' in a transverse recess 43 whereby to prevent rotation of the contacts with respect to the carrier. The longitudinal side walls on the carrier 3 are preferably provided with shallow grooves 44., one

ofv which is shown in Figure 3. These grooves receive the continuations 9 forming a part of the switch frameto prevent' rotation of the carrier with respect to the frame. The outer extremity of the carrier is preferably provided with a generally rectangular outwardly extending boss or projection @5. A tubular member or ferrule 4G, as clearly illustrated in Figures 1 through 3, surrounds the continuations 9 and the carrier 3. The end wall of the ferruleis provided with an opening 41 which receives the boss. 45' whereby to assist in preventing rotation of the carrier with shall ow One or more annular insulating respect tothe switch frame.' The end wall is also provided with a pair of oppositely disposed apertures 48, one of which is shown in Figure 3. Lugs 4Q pro-vided on the continuations 9 project through these apertures and are' bent :overl against the end wall of the ferrule to secure the same in place. As clearly shown in Figure l, the junction between the portions l8 and 9 of thc frame are provided with inwardly extending stop portions G which engage the inner end of the carrier 3 whereby to maintain the carrier in a predetermined position with respect to the switching mechanism. The junctions also provide shoulders or abutments which are engaged by the inner end of the ferrule,

The yieldable contacts 4 and 5 carried by the carrier are bowed outwardly, inwardly and thence outwardly. The inwardly extending portions are preferably provided with indentations so that there is at least a single point of contact between the yieldable contact 4 and the resistance wire.

The carrier 3 is also provided with a pair of spaced apart longitudinally extending cylindrical pockets 5l and 52 which receive plug conductor receptacles and 54, clearly illustrated in Figures 2 and 3. These receptacles 53 and 54 are preferably split and tubular in form and of a length somewhat than the depths of the pockets so that thel outer exremities of the receptacles are positioned inwardly with respect to the outer surface of thel boss 35. This arrangement is desirable because the plug terminals such as 55 will not be exposed for contact with some other part of' the automobile to cause a short circuit. A rivet 55 passes through a part of the carrier 3 and through the base portions of the receptacles 53 and contact 5 to secure the latter to the carrier, and a rivet 5'! likewise secures the receptacle 56 and contact 4 to the carrier.

Referring now to the operation'of the switch, it will be apparent by reference to Figures l, 2 and Ll, that the contacts 4 and 5 are in engagement with the opposite ends of the rivet contact 40 carried by the insulator 2i. In this position the resistance element is not included in the circuit because the current will pass directly between the yieldable contacts 4 and 5 through the intermediation of the rivet 4B. In' other words, the lamp or lamps employed to illuminate the various instruments carried by the panel support will be completely illuminated and not dimmed. This position of the switch is predetermined by the projection 25 on thev end wall portion 24 of the bifurcated member 22 which engages the stop 26 formed on the washer I2, as evidenced in Figure 7. When the insulator 2l and wire are rotated in an opposite direction to the fullest extent so that the projection 25 will engage the stop 21, the switch will be in a completely off position so that currentl will not pass between the contacts 4 and 5 to the receptacles 53 and 54. In this oir position, it will be evident, by reference to Figure F, that the free extremity of the arched contact 39 engages the contact 5 carried by the carrier 3, and that the contact 4 engages a wall of the insulator 2i. When the insulator 2l and wire are rotated to one of its intermediate positions, between the positions just referred to, as illustrated .in Figure 5, the lamp or lamps used for illumination will be dimmed about ifty per cent. Thus, the illumination may be increased or diminished as desired. It will be noted that the contact 5 is at all times in contact with the rivet contact 40 or the arch contact 39, and that when contact 4 is not engaging the rivet 40, it is either in contact with the resistance element or the insulator.

Having thus described my invention, it .is obvious that various modiiications may be made in the same without departing from the spirit of the invention; and, therefore. I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the exact forms, constructions, arrangements, and combinations of parts herein shown and described.

I claim:

`l.` An electric switch including, a frame, contact means carried by said frame, switching mechanism and means for supporting same within said frame, a cap member engaging the outer surface of a wall of said frame, a washer provided with stops for predetermining the move- `ment of said mechanism engaging the opposite surface of said wall. a protuberance provided on said can member projecting through said wall of said frame and through said washer and ilanged over upon the latter for securing said wall between saidcap and said washer, means projecting through said protuberance and connected to said means for supporting said mechanism for moving the mechanism within the frame and with respect to said contact means, and resilient means disposed between said supporting means and said washer permitting slight axial thrust of said mechanism within the frame.

2. An electric switch including, a frame, switching mechanism disposed in said frame, means for operating said mechanism, a carrier of insulating material supporting contact means disposed in a part oi said frame, and means surrounding said part and said carrier assisting to hold said carrier within said part.

3. An electric switch. including, a frame, contact means carried by said frame, switching mechanism and means for supporting same within said frame, a cap member engaging the` outer surface of a Wall of said frame, a washer engaging the opposite surface of said wall7 said cap member and said washer each being provided with an aperture, means projecting through said apertures and `connected to said means for supporting said mechanism for moving the mechanism within the frame and with respect to said contact means, and resilient means disposed between said supporting means and said washer permitting a slight axial thrust of said mechanism within said frame.'

4. An electric switch including, a frame, contact means carried by said frame, switching mechanism and means for supporting same within said frame, a cap member engaging the outer surface of a wall of said frame, a washer engaging the opposite surface of said wall, a protuberance provided on said cap member projecting through said wall of said frame and flanged over and upon the' latter for securing said wall between said cap and said washer, means projecting through said protuberance and connected to said means for supporting said mechanism for moving the mechanism within the frame and with respect rto said contact means, and resilient means acting on said supporting means permitting slight axial thrust of said mechanism within said frame.

5. An electric switch including, a frame, contact means carried by 4said frame, switching mechanism and means for supporting same within said frame, a member engaging the outer surface of a wall of said frame, a washer engaging the opposite surface of said Wall, a protuberance provided on said member projecting through said wall of said frame and through said washer and hanged over and upon the latter for securing said wall between said member and said washer, means projecting through said protuberance and connecting to said means for supporting said mechanism for moving the mechanism within the frame and with respect to said contact means, resilient means acting on said supporting means permitting slight axial thrust of said mechanism within said frame, and a ring of insulation surrounding said mechanism engageable with said frame assisting to maintain said mechanism in an axial position within said frame.

6. An electric switch including, a frame, a generally cylindricalinsulator carrying contact means disposed within one end of said frame, switching mechanism and means for supporting same within said frame, a member engaging the outer surface of a wall of saidframe, a washer engaging the opposite surface of said wall, tubular means projecting through said wall of said frame and through said washer for securing said wall between said member and Y said washer, means projecting through said tubular means and connected to said means for supporting said mechanism for moving said mechanism within the frame and with respect to said contact means, means acting on said u supporting means permitting slight axial thrust of said mechanism within said frame, and means surrounding the said one end of said frame including said cylindrical insulator acting to prevent spreading of said end of said frame and at the same time retain said cylindrical insulator for said contact means within said frame.

7. An electric switch including, a frame, contact means carried by said frame, switching mechanism and means for supporting same within said frame, a cap member engaging the outer surface of a wall of said frame, a washer provided with stops for predetermining the movement of said mechanism engaging the opposite surface of said wall, a protuberance provided on said cap member projecting through said wall of said frame and through said washer and flanged over upon the latter for securing said wall between said cap and said washer, means projecting through said protuberance and connected to said means for supporting said mechanism for moving the mechanism within the frame and with respect to said contact means, resilient means disposed between said supporting means and said washer, and knob means engaging the outer surface of said cap member and connected to said projecting means in a manner whereby said mechanism is held substantially axially within the frame and at the same time permits slight axial thrust of said mechanism within the frame.

8. An electric switch including, a frame, switching mechanism disposed in said frame, means for operating said mechanism, a carrier of insulating material supporting contact means disposed in a part of said frame, and generally tubular means surrounding said part and said carrier assisting to hold said carrier within said part, said generally tubular means being provided with an end wall engaging said carrier, said end wall being provided with apertures, and said frame being provided with means projecting through said apertures and clinched over and against the outer surface of said end wall for locking said generally tubular means in place 9. The structure defined in claim 8, in which the end wall of the generally tubular means is provided with an opening and the carrier is provided with projecting means received in said opening. Y

10. An electric switch including, an elongated generally U-shaped frame, a contact carrier secured within one extremity of the frame between the free ends of the legs constituting portions o-f the U, a pair of spaced apart yieldable vcontacts secured to the inner side of said carrier and extending forwardly longitudinally in the space between the legs of the U, an aperture provided in the base of the U receiving an 0perating member, a bifurcated member permanently secured to said operating member, the legs of said bifurcated member extending rearwardly into the frame, a generally cylindrical insulator of which one extremity thereof is secured between the rearwardly extending legs of the bifurcated member so that the insulator will be rotated with the operating member, a contact member secured to the free rearwardly extending extremity of the insulator, a pin passing through one end of said contact member and substantially diametrically through the said free extremity of the insulator, said yieldable contacts said contact member and said pin being so constructed and arranged that when the insulator is in one position one of said yieldable contacts will engage the insulator and the other yieldable Contact will engage the contact member in which position the switch is ofi, and when moved to another position said yieldable contact engaging said contact member will remain in contact therewith and the other yieldable contact will engage the pin whereby current may pass through the pin to close an electric circuit between the yieldable contacts.

l1. An electric switch including, an elongated generally U-shaped frame, a contact carrier secured within one extremity of the frame between the free ends of the legs constituting portions of the U, a pair of spaced apart yieldable contacts secured to the inner side of said carrier and extending forwardly longitudinally in the space between the legs of the U, an aperture provided in the base of the U receiving an operating member, a bifurcated member permanently secured to said operating member, the legs of said bifurcated member extending rearwardly into the frame, a generally cylindrical insulator of which one extremity thereof is secured between the rearwardly extending legs of the bifurcated member so that the insulator will be rotated with the operating member, an arcuate shaped resilient contact secured to and partially around the free rearwardly extending extremity of the insulator, a pin passing through one end of said arcuate contact and substantially diametrically through the said free extremity of the insulator, said yieldable contacts said arcuate contact and said pin being so constructed and arranged that when the insulator is moved to one position one of said yieldable contacts will engage the insulator and the other yieldable contact will engage the arcuate contact in which position the switch is off, and when moved to another position said yieldable contact engaging said arcuate contact will remain in contact therewith and the other yieldable contact will engage the pin whereby current may pass through the pin whereby to close an electric circuit between the yieldable contacts.

12. A control device for controlling the current transmitted through a circuit, said device comprising a frame having an oblong insulator therein, a resistance coil in said frame wound helically lengthwise entirely about said insulator, a yieldable contact carried by the insulator connected to the coil and having a part overlying a portion of the coil in spaced apart relation thereto, a contact carrier spaced axially from said insulator and having elongated contacts projecting into the frame whereby one of the elongated contacts is adapted for electrical engagement with said resistance coil and said yieldable contact, and means for moving said insulator and coil as a unit with respect to'said elongated contacts so that more or less of said resistance rmay be included in the circuit.

13. In combination: a switch frame provided with an opening, an oblong insulator mounted. in said frame, a resistance coil wound lengthwise on said insulator and engaging its ends, a carrier supported on said frame and spaced axially from said insulator, said carrier carrying contacts straddling said insulator, and means projecting through said opening connected to said insulator for rotating the insulator and coil with respect to said contacts so that at least one of said contacts will engage the coil to include the latter in an electrical circuit.

-ElftsCl-lllilL C. BOLLEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2451241 *Nov 21, 1946Oct 12, 1948Gen ElectricShielded volume control and switch
US2492286 *Oct 27, 1947Dec 27, 1949Ben F HermannCombination switch and rheostat
US2572294 *Feb 17, 1947Oct 23, 1951John W Hobbs CorpPlunger type switch
US3246320 *Feb 24, 1964Apr 12, 1966Jermco Engineering CoMounting for pilot light
US3273104 *Jul 21, 1964Sep 13, 1966United Carr IncElectrical connector unit with snap-in fastener means
US3697025 *Jul 1, 1970Oct 10, 1972Edwards Jones BNeck-mounted lighter socket
US4453059 *Jul 8, 1982Jun 5, 1984Sun Dengyosha Company, LimitedMounting device for switches or the like
Classifications
U.S. Classification338/150, 200/295, 439/699.1, 338/165, 338/184, 338/173, 219/267
International ClassificationH01C10/00, H01C10/36
Cooperative ClassificationH01C10/363
European ClassificationH01C10/36B