US 2379257 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. L. SCOTT June 26, 1945.
AERIAL BOMB Filed April 29, 1943 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Inventor Jme-s 5002 J. L. SCOTT AERIAL BOMB June 26, 1945.
Filed April 29, 1.943
3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Inventor a vzes scoff Atlofngy;
J. L; SCOTT June 26, v 1945.
AERIAL BOMB Filed April 29, 1943 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented June 26, 1945 AERIAL BOMB James Lloyd Scott, Gaston, N. 0. Application April 29, 1943, Serial No. 485,047
. 1 Claim.
The present invention relates to new and useful improvements in aerial bombs, and has for its primary object to provide, in a-manner as hereinafter set forth, a device of this character which, when it explodes, will be highly destructive to both life and property over a comparatively large area.
Other objects of the invention are to provide an aerial bomb of the character described which will be comparatively simple in construction, strong, durable, reliable in use, and which may be manuiactured at low cost.
All of the foregoing and still further objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from a study of the following specification, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like characters of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views, and wherein:
Figure 1 is an elevational view of an aerial bomb constructed in accordance with the present invention.
Figure 2 is a view in vertical section through the device, taken substantially on the line 22 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a horizontal sectional view, taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a detail view in vertical section, taken substantially on the line 44 of Figure 2.
Figure 5 is a detail view in elevation of the upper portion of the impact actuated plunger rod or stem.
Figure 6 is a View of a slight modification to be dropped in water, portions being broken away in section.
Figure 7 is an elevational view of the'lower portion of the modified plunger rod.
Figure 8 is a bottom plan view of the modified plunger.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, it will be seen that reference numeral I designates a are beveled on their inner ends to conform sub stantially to the corresponding ends of the barrels 4. Firing caps 8 are provided for the explois weighted, as at I5,
sive charges I. Arms 9-extend inwardly and downwardly from the lower portions of the barrels 4. Angular hammers Ill are pivotally mounted on the arms 9 for engagement with the firing caps 8.
Mounted in the upper end II of the shell I is a firing cap I2. An impact actuated plunger rod I3 extends slidably through the opening 3 into the shell I. It will be observed that the upper end of the plunger rod I3 is adjacent to but spaced from the cap I2. The plunger rod I3 is slldable in vertically spaced bearings or guides I4 which are provided therefor in the shell I. The substantially conical lower portion 2 of the shell I Above the weighted portion I5, the shell I contains an explosive I6.
Lugs II project from the plunger rod I3 adjacent the inner ends of the barrels 4. The lugs I! are beveled and engaged beneath the angular hammers I0.
It is thought that the manner in which the bomb functions will be readily apparent from a. consideration of the foregoing. Briefly, when the bomb is dropped, the weighted conical end portion 2 thereof causes the projecting end of the plunger rod ll3 to strike first. Upon impact, the plunger rod I3 is moved upwardly in the shell I and the lugs Il cause the angular hammers Ill to strike the firing caps 8 for igniting the charges 1 simultaneously in the barrels 4 for shooting the explosive projectiles 6. Immediately after this occurs, the plunger rod I3 strikes the firing cap I2 for igniting the explosive IS in the shell I. The lower portion of the plunger rod I3 is provided with a shear ring or collar I8 for preventing the bomb being exploded accidentally.
The bomb shown in Figures 1 to 5, inclusive, of the drawings is primarily for use on land. The embodiment illustrated in Figures 6, 7 and 8 of the drawings is intended to be dropped into water. Accordingly, the plunger rod I3 is provided, on its lower end, with a substantially concavo-convex striking head In to insure proper actuation ,of said plunger. rod upon impact with the water.
It is believed that the many advantages of an aerial bomb constructed in accordance with the present invention will be readily understood, and
although preferred embodiments are as illustrated and described, itis to be understood that further modifications and changes in the details of construction may be resorted to which will fall Within the scope of the invention as claimed. For example, an explosive may be substituted for the Weight I5 in the nose of the bomb and the upper or rear end thereof may be provided with stabilizing fins for directing said nose down wardly when the bomb is dropped.
What is claimed is:
An aerial bomb comprising a shell, an explosive in the shell, a multiplicity of barrels extending radially into the shell from the periphery thereof and having downwardly and outwardly beveled inner ends, projectiles in the barrels, explosive charges in the barrels behind said projectiles, containers, for said explosive chargesv beveled on the inner ends to conform substantially to the beveled inner ends of" the barrels, firing caps for the explosive charges, inwardly and downwardly inclined arms projecting from the barrels, angufiring cap for the first-named explosive in the otherend portion of the shell,v the plunger rod beingi engageablev withthe second-named cap for firing same after actuating the hammers.
JAMES LLOYD SCOTT.