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Publication numberUS2379801 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 3, 1945
Filing dateMay 3, 1943
Priority dateMay 3, 1943
Publication numberUS 2379801 A, US 2379801A, US-A-2379801, US2379801 A, US2379801A
InventorsWalter Henry Ralph
Original AssigneeHamilton Watch Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of producing stepped wire
US 2379801 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 3, 1945. R, w. HENRY 2,379,801

METHOD OF PRODUCING STEPPED WIRE Filed May 3, 1943 FIG. 6.

FIG. 5.

FIG. I.

FIG. 2.

INVENTOR. RALPH W. HENRY ATT Y.

I Patented July 3, 1945 METHOD OF PRODUCING STEPPED WIRE Ralph Walter Henry, Manor Township, Lancaster County, Pa., assignor to Hamilton Watch Company, Lancaster, Pa.

Application May 3, 1943, Serial No. 485,501

2 Claims.

This invention relates to a method and apparatus for producing stepped wire. The object of the invention is to produce a wire having several difierent diameters.

A further object is to produce a wire that will be divided into lengths of different cross-sectional area.

A further object is to produce a wire having a series of sections arranged in gradually increasing diameters.

A further object is to provide a wire having a series of equal central sections with relatively larger end sections, said sections being arranged in increasing diameter.

The invention is illustrated to support the method in the drawing in which:

Fig. 1 is a plan view of the apparatus.

Fig. 2 is a front view of the same.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged section on line 33 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is an end view of the slide.

Fig. 5 is a plan view of the slide.

Fig. 6 is a view of the die.

The invention as shown is manually operated but the method could be easily adapted to com-- plete automatic operations and is not herein limited to the apparatus here shown and described.

Referring to the drawing a table or bench l supports a base 2 on which are fixed end sections 3 and 4 and central sections 5. The end sections are two or more times the length of the central sections for a purpose hereinafter disclosed, Each of the central sections is approximately two feet long which length is essential.

The end section 3 is formed with a cut out portion 6 having a reduced portion 1 and an enlarged portion 8. The base I under the enlarged portion is also cut away to make room for a. die holder 9. This die holder has a base Ill with upturned sides ll having a central slot l2 formed therein. This die holder is similar to the die holder ill of the slide l4 and whose parts are numbered accordingly.

The slide it is formed with a base It: and a downwardly projecting guiding edge l6 and is largeenough to bridge the spaces l1 between the sections 5. The slide l4 carries a wire drawing die IS in the die holder I3.

Located at the end 4 of the apparatus is a reeling standard l9 having a spool 20 carried thereby and a crank 2| to turn said spool. A ratchet mechanism (not shown) or any suitable stop is used to prevent the spool turning except in one direction.

A die receiving trough 22 is mounted on a base 23 which rest on the table I between the end 4 and the standard IS. A ramp 23 leads from the table level to the trough which is on a level with the spool.

In the carrying out of the method by the apparatus shown it is, of course, necessary to have a number of dies equal to one less than the number of graduated steps desired in, the finished wire. The dies must, of course, be of different size openings and used in order, largest first. The wire is measured for the desired length, secured to the spool and stretched the length of the apparatus. The end is tapered by holding the wire between two pairs of pliers and'manually drawing back and forth across the trithe die holder 9, the 'wire being drawn farther through the die until the wire is taut. The die is then lifted from the die holder 9 and dropped into the die holder IS on the slide, which is positioned adjacent the cut out portion 6, and the end of the wire secured in thevise. The slide is moved manually across the sections until it reaches a mark 25 on section 4.- This mark is calculated for the stretch 2B in the wire 21 due to drawing, which stretch over the entire operation varies from one-tenth the length of the wire to the entire length of the wire.

In calibrating for stretch as many stop marks may be used as there are wires of different diameters drawn. For convenience only two stopping marks are shown. The last section is left untouched as the wire is selected fora diameter equal to the desired largestdiameter.

The die is then removed from the holder and dropped in one of the spaces I1 and the slide moved to the vise end to repeat the operation has been drawn along the wire, the wire with its accompanying dies is rolled off the sections onto the table, the wire being then wound on the spool, the dies 28, 29, 30, 3| and 32 being shown in place in the die receiving trough, while die 33 is shown (Fig. 3) being drawn along After the last die the ramp towards the trough. This reeling operation automatically stacks the dies in order. As the dies have only to be withdrawn the short length of a single section before the reduction in diameter clears the die there is practically no further stretch in the wire.

Wire formed by this method may have varibeing threaded successively and each die completely carried through its operation before the next successive die is threaded on the wire, anchoring one en of the wire, moving the die having the largest diameter substantially the full length of he wire, retaining a short length of the wire of original diameter, moving the next die in decreasing order of diameter size along the length of the wire, terminating the movement of said second mentioned die at a distance from the end of the wire suflicient to retain a portion of the wire of a diameterequal to the first mentioned die, moving a third die in decreasing order of diameter along the wire a distance to leave a predetermined amount of wire equal in diameter to the diameter of said second mentioned die, moving a fourth die in decreasing order of diameter along the wire a distance to retain a length of wire equal to the diameter of the third mentioned die, moving a fifth die along the wire a suflicient distance to retain a portion of the wire equal to the diameter of the fourth mentioned die and moving a sixth die along the wire a distance sufficient to retain a portion of the wire equal in diameter to the fifth mentioned die and an additional portion of the wire equal in diameter to the sixth mentioned die, spooling the wire from the large end, the dies being arrested by a trough, the wire being drawn completely through the dies, leaving said dies in graduated position in the trough.

2. A method of drawing wire consisting of threading a plurality of dies having gradually decreasing diameters on said wire, said dies being threaded'successively and each die completely carried through its operation before the next successive die is threaded on the wire, anchoring one end of the wire, moving the die having the largest diameter substantially the full length of the wire, retaining a short length of the wire of original diameter, moving the next die in decreasing order of diameter size along the length of the wire, terminating the move- .ment of said second mentioned die at a disdistance to retain a length of wire equal to the diameter of the third mentioned die, moving a fifth die along the wire a suflicient distance to retain a portion of the wire equal to the diame- {161 of the fourth mentioned die-and moving a sixth die along the wire a distance sufficient to retain a portion of the wire equal in diameter to the fifth mentioned die and an additional portion of the wire equal in diameter to the sixth mentioned die, all of said portions of the wire of different diameters being substantially of equal length, spooling the wire from the large end, the dies being arrested by a trough, the wire being drawn completely through the dies, leaving said dies'in graduated position in the trough.

RALPH WALTER HENRY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2900073 *Mar 16, 1954Aug 18, 1959Scovill Manufacturing CoWire coiling machine
US4805434 *Aug 10, 1987Feb 21, 1989Schumag AgMethod for straight-line drawing of round material
US5001825 *Nov 3, 1988Mar 26, 1991Cordis CorporationCatheter guidewire fabrication method
Classifications
U.S. Classification72/316, 72/343, 72/281, 72/276, 72/285
International ClassificationB21C37/04, B21C37/00
Cooperative ClassificationB21C37/045
European ClassificationB21C37/04C