US 2381860 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- 'E. w. BAGGOTT LINKS AND ORNAMENTAL FABRIC THEREFROM Aug. 14,1945.
Filed NOV. 27, 1944 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 E. W. BAGGOTT LINKS AND ORNAMENTAL; FABRIC TnEREi'RoM Filed Nov. 27, 1944 3 Sh'eets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY Zlo E, w. BAGGOTT 2,381,860 LINKS AND ORNAMENTAL FABRIC 'THEREFROM I Filed Nov. 27, 1944 3 She ets-Sheet s J CVYINVENTOR. Mum M BY 777M0- ATTORNEY Patented Aug. 14, 1945 UNITED.
LINKS AND ORNAMEN'I'AL FABRIC THEREFROM Edmund W. Baggott, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Ideal Novelty & Toy 00., Long Island City, N. Y.,' a corporation of New York Application November 27, 1944, Serial No. 565,32!
My invention relates to. a new and improved assembled body, and -to new and improved structural units for making such assembled body.
The assembled body may be used for making a wall of a hand-bag and fornumerous additional purposes.
According to my invention, the assembled body consists of rigid interlocked units which are con-.
nected and held assembled in turnable relation by rigid interlocking means to form a mesh -structure, so that said units cannot separate from each other, and they can turn relative to each other, in order to provide a flexible assembly. Said, units are also connected to each other by a single series of flexible members, which may be wires, cords, tapesor the like, thus eliminating the necessity of using two such series, in which the members of one series are perpendicular to the members of the other series.
Numerous additional objects of my invention are stated in the annexed description and drawings, which illustrate a preferred embodiment thereof. For convenience, it is assumed that the units are assembledto form horizontal rows and vertical rows, each unit being located in a re- :pfctive vertical row and in a respective horizona row.
which is used at an end of an intermediate horizontal row.
Fig. 10 is an outer plan view of another corner end-unit.
Fig. 11 is an outer plan view of a top endunit which finishes a respective intermediate vertical row.
Fig. 12 is an outer plan view of another corner end-unit.
Fig. 13 shows the assembly, utilized to form the walls of a hand-bag.
Fig. 14 is a diagrammatic view which shows I how the respective connecting members are in- I terlaced with the units. a
Fig. 1 is a plan view at the outer or exposed which is usedat one end of a horizontal row which is located .between the top and bottom horizontal rows.
Fig. 6 is an outer plan view of an end-unit I. which is' located at a corner of the assembly.
This end-unit is located in the bottom horizontal row.
P18. 8 is Fig. 7 is an outer plan view of an end-unit which is used at the end of a vertical row which is located between the edge vertical rows.
Fig. 8 is an outer plan view of another endunit which is located in a corner of the assembly,
in the bottom horizontal row.
118.9 is an outer plan view. of an end-unit a section on the line 5-8 of Fig. 3.
For convenience, the invention is described -with, reference to a hand-bag structure B, in
which each unit is located in a horizontal row or series, and also in a vertical row or series. Fig. 13 shows a top horizontal edge-row 22, a bottom horizontal edge-row 23, a left vertical edge-row 24, a right vertical edge-row 25, and intermediate rows 26.
Each of the intermediate rows 26 comprises a plurality of intermediate structural units i.
, The top horizontal edge-row 22 comprises a left corner-unit I5, a right corner-unit, and additional top-units l6. I
The bottom edge-row 23 comprises a left corner-unit [8, a right comer-unit I1, and additional bottom units It.
The left corner-units I 5 and [8 are the top and bottom units of the left vertical edge-row 24, which has additional edge-units l0. The
right corner-units l4 and H are the top and bottom units of the right vertical edge-row 25, which has additional units 20.
The respective units are made of metal, plastic, or any other material. They are rigid or resilient. It resilient, they are suillciently rigid to keep them in predetermined normal shape.
Each unit has a face-wall 2. Said face-walls 2 are of square outline in this embodiment. The face-walls 2 of the respective units are identical in area. Each face-wall 2- has a planar .outer face.
Each intermediate unit I is of general cup shape. It has lugs 4 and -6, and flanges 3 and 5. Figs. 1-12 are to full scale and reference is made thereto for further details. The flanges 3 and 5 are integral at a respective corner of the unit I.
The intermediate uni-ts i are identical. The
lugs I. and 6 of each intermediate unit -I have respective lug-slots I and la, ot'rectangular shape. The width of each lug-slot 1 and la is less than its length. Y
The flanges 3 and 5 of each intermediate unit I have respective flange-slots 8 and 8a. Respective walls of said flange-slots 8 and 8a have respective recesses 9 and'Qa. These recesses 9 and 9:: may be omitted. They facilitate the insertion of the connecting members 2|.
The free edges of the lugs 4 and 6 and of the flanges I and 5 are in the same plane, which is parallel to the plane of the outer surface of the face-wall 2.
- Each lug 4, 6 and each flange 3, 5 is of con-.
vexo-concave shape. Said lugs and flanges are substantially perpendicular to the face-wall 2 of the respective unit.
Each intermediate unit I is interlocked with the next adjacent vertical unit and with the next adjacent horizontal unit by a respective lug and flange. Each lug is located in a respective lugslot when the units are assembled, thus providing a turnable connection between each pair of adjacent intermediate units. Each intermediate unit is thus held against lateral or horizontal displacement, and also against vertical or transverse displacement. Th'e assembled units thus form a flexible assembly, in which each unit can be turned through a substantial angle relative to the next adjacent unit, without releasing the connection which is provided by the interlocked lugs and flanges. The edges L of the face-walls 2 limit said relative turning movement of the units. Said edges L abut the adjacent flanges, when the relative turning movement is at the predetermined maximum limit.
Assuming that each assembled wall of the handbag Bis ma vertical plane, the assembled units in each said wall can turn horizontally inwardly or. outwardly relative to eachother, through predetermined maximum angles, without releasing the connection of the lugs and slotted flanges.
The units are also connected by means of bendable connecting members 2|, which can be wires, or cords,-or heavy yarns. Said connecting memberilcan be made of any bendable or flexible materi As shown inFig. 2, each connecting member 2| has successive connecting legs 2|a, which are.-
equally inclined to a horizontal line.
The successive legs 2 la are arranged in zig-za relation. I
At the junction between two successive legs 2 la in an intermediate unit, each connecting member 2| is passed through a respective lug-slot and a respective associated flange slot. Intermediate its ends, each leg 2| is passed through another respectiv'eiug-slot and also through its respective associated flange-slot. Each respective intermediate unit I is thus connected to each of the next adjacent four units. The connection which is provided by the members 2| is inoperative per se to provide an assembled mesh structure, since it is necessary to use the interlocking lugs and flanges.
By using said interlocking lugs and flanges, I can use cylindrical members 2| of small diameter. Said members 2| can be sufliciently stiff and sufllcient in diameter,- to fit tightly in the respective pairs of registering lug-slots and flange-slots, so that it is impossible to release the lugs from the flanges when the members 2 lare in position, unless excessive stress is imposed.
The members 2| can be substantially non-elastlc or they can be'more, or less elastic. The ordinary cord or'thick sewing thread has some elas ticity, sufllcient for the purposes of my invention.
Said members -2| are maintained under ten- In thi embodiment, the members 2| form a single series. Each member 2| is associated with two horizontal rows of units.
The comer unit |5 which is shown in Fig. 10,
' has a single lug E, a single slotted flange 3, and
additional perforated flanges F. These flanges F are identical with flanges 3 and 5, save that flanges F have perforations I2, instead of being slotted. The lugs are identical in all the units.
The corner unit |8 which is shown in Fig. 5, has the two slotted lugs 4 and 6, and two flanges F.
The corner unit H which is shownin Fig. 12, has two slotted flanges 3 and 5, and two unslotted and perforated flanges F.
The corner unit l5 which is shown in Fig. 10, has a single slotted lug 5, a single slotted flange 3, and two flanges F.
The corner unit I! which is shown in Fig. 8, has a single slotted lug 4, a single slotted flange 5, and two flanges F. A
Each top unit I6 of the top edge-row 22, as shown in Fig. 11, has a top flange F, slotted flanges 3 and 5, and a single slotted lug 5.
Each bottom unit IQ of the bottom edgerow 23, as shown in Fig. 7, has slotted lugs 4 and 8, and a slotted flange 5, and a single flange F.
Each unit In of the left vertical edge-row as, as shown in Fig. 4, has slotted lugs 4 and 6, a single slotted flangei, and a single flange F.
Each unit 20 of the right vertical edge-row 25, as shown in Fig. 9, has a single slotted lug 4, two slotted flanges 3 and 5, and a single flange F.
The respective flanges F are identical. Each flange F is identical with a slotted flange 3 or 5. save that flanges F are unslotted, and each flange F has one or more holes.
In each unit, the free edges of its flanges and of its lug or lugs, are located in a square outline, said square outline being identical.
The units are of equal depth. Hence, if the outer planar faces of their face-walls 2 are supported on the same horizontal planar support, the free edges of the lugs and flanges of said units will be located in a common horizontal plane.
In making'a hand-bag structure, each'assembly of units is flxed to a backing Fa. This backing Fa may be made of fabric or any material. The backing Fa may be rigid or resilient or freely bendable.
The finished article is not limited to any method of assembly.
The preferred method is to assemble the units in interlocking relation upon a common horizontal' planar support, so that the outer planar faces of the face-walls 2 rest upon said support.
Each edge of the assembly has a continuous succession of flanges F.
As an illustration, Fig.- 13 shows six horizontal rows of units, each row having nine units.
Fig-14 shows how said units are connected by ten connecting members 2|c, Zld, Me, 2, Mg,
2|h. 2|--l, 2|m, 2|n, and 2|p. Each said connecting member passes through a hole l2 in a respective vertical flange F. Each vertical flange F has three vertical holes. When two connecting member 25 pass through a single vertical flange F, said connecting members prelerably pass through the top and bottom holes ii of the respective vertical flange F. In Fig. 1a, the outlines of the units are shown in broken lines. The zig-zag legs of said connecting membets are arranged in respective assembled groum,
each unit is a member each group being square shaped, and connecting four adjacent units.
Each unit II and is has two? rig-zag legs locked in position by using any conventional lock sitich.
The top and bottom flanges F of the top and bottom rows of units are flxed in position by loops lib, which can be made of any flexible material, and which pass through or are otherwise flxed to the respective backings. Each middle hole ii of each vertical flange F can be provided with a similar loop.
Fig. 2 shows that a pair of connecting legs pass through each horizontal lug-slot and its associate flange-slot in crossed overlapping relation.
Fig. 2 also shows that 'the legs are vertically separated from each other, in'each vertical lug slot and its. associated flange slot. Due to the tension on the legs, the legs are separated from each other in each vertical lug-slot, the respective angular junctions between the leg being located respectively at the tops and bottoms of said lug slots.
The tension on the legs hold their portions which pass through the horizontal slug-slots, forced against the respective ends of said horizontal lug-slots. r
In the embodiment illustrated herein, the lugs are shaped so as to provide a continuous mesh structure, in which the edges of the units abut each other. v
The invention'is not limited to any specific shape iorthe bodies of the units, or to any of the details disclosed'herein, in order to show a single embodiment of my invention.
The members 4, i, 3,. and i of each. unit I, are generically designated-as the flange-portion of the unit. Said flange-portion has a pair of slots I and 8a, and a pair of lugs l and I, which have respective lug slots. Each flange-slot is alined with and it is wider than a respective lug-slot. The flange-slots are wider than the 1m The connecting members may be vertically disposed, instead of being horizontally disposed.
The invention is not limited to a wall in which each and every part consists of the units described herein. Hence, when I refer to a series of units I may refer to the construction'of the entire mesh structure or to only a part of said mesh structure. I
having flanges which have'flange-slots, said units also having lugs which are located in said flangelug-slots, connecting members passing through said flange-slots and through said lug-slots and preventing the withdrawal of said lugs from said flange-slots,-
3. A mesh structure which comprises a series of units, said units having flanges, said, flanges having flange-slots, said units having lugs, said 'lugs having lug-slots, respective lugs being located in respective associated flange-slots to in-' terlock said units, each lug-slot being in registration with the respective flange-slot with which it is associated, bendable connecting members, each said connecting member comprising a succession of connecting legs which are disposed in zig-zag formation, each said leg being located slots to interlock said units, said lugs having intermediate the ends of sald'leg in a lug-slot and in a respective registering flange-slot, the
Junctions between successive legs being located in a lug-slot and in arespective registering flange slot, said connecting members preventing the withdrawal of said lugs from said flange-slots. 4. A mesh structure which comprises a series of units, said units having flanges, said flanges having flange-slots, said units having lugs,- said lugs having lug-slots, respective lugs being 10- cated in respective associated flange-slots to interlock the said units, each lug-slot being in registration with the respective flange-slot with which it is associated, bendable connecting members, each said connecting member comprising a succession of connecting legs which are disposed in zig-zag formation, each said leg being located intermediate the ends of said leg in a lug-slot I and in a respective registering flange-slot, the
junctions between successive legs being located in a lug-slot and in a respective registering flangeslot, said connecting members preventing the withdrawal of said lugs from said flange-slots, said connecting members having end-portions which extend through the walls of the edge-units of said series.
5. A mesh structure which comprises a. series of units, said units having flanges, said flanges having flange-slots, said units having lugs, said lugs havinglug-slots, respective lugs being located in respective associated flange-slots to interlock said units, each lug-slot being in regis tra'tion with the respective flange-slot with which it is associated, bendable connecting members each said connecting member comprising a succession of connecting legs which are disposed in zig-zag formation, each said leg being located intermediate the ends of said leg in a lug-slot and in a respective registering flange-slot, the junctions between successive-legs being located in a lug-slot and ma respective registering flange- -1. A structural unit which has a flange-por 2. A meshstructure which comprises a series of a longitudinal row of units and of a lateral row of units. said units tion, said flange-portion having apair of flangeslot, said connecting members preventing the withdrawal of said lugs from said flange-slots, said mesh structure having a backing associated therewith, said connecting members having endportions which extend through the flanges of the edge-units of said series, said end-portions being flxed to said backing. additional connecting members which fix the ,flang'esof said edge-units to,
' said backing, said edge-units being held against movement in any direction relative to said back- EDMUND W. BAGGO'IT.