|Publication number||US2382573 A|
|Publication date||Aug 14, 1945|
|Filing date||Mar 3, 1943|
|Priority date||Mar 3, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2382573 A, US 2382573A, US-A-2382573, US2382573 A, US2382573A|
|Inventors||Arlington Moore George|
|Original Assignee||Arlington Moore George|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (17), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 14, 1945. G. A. MOORE CONTAINER Filed March 3, 1943 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 RS S .QERSQ 1M E .mi
66019@ @f/Qian #00729, BY V Aug. 14, 1945, 2,382,573
G. A. MOORE CONTAINER Filed March 3, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN V EN TOR. 'eofed/-Z fora M0076,
Aug. 14, 1945. G. A. MQoRE 2,382,573
. CONTAINER n Filed March 3, 1945 3v Sheets-Sheet 3 v INVENTOR A T T ORNE Y6.
Patented Aug. 14, 1945 UNITED STATES PATENT ori-'lcs 2,382,573 coN'rAmum George Arlington Moore, New York, N.`Y. Application March 3, 1943, Serial No. 477,821
. I Claims. Y (Cl. 93-36) The present invention relates to improvements in the packaging industry. More particularly it pertains to conversion of packaging materials into laminated and scored tubular formations to be erected into cartons, filled with a food commodity, or the like, and made into hermetically sealed packages readily usable by the ultimate consumer, and this is a principal object of the invention.
Acarton which has recently met with considerable favor in the industry is the folding box type in which various non-fibrous kinds of inner folded envelopes are either loosely deposited or otherwise suitably aiiixed therein. Such inner envelopes or containers may also be formed from a blank of material attached to an outer carton blank and formed when the latter is set up for use. However, many of these folding box types have certain undesirable features and disadvantages which develop largely as the result of their fabrication and this is particularly true with respect to the seam formation. Such cartons depend to a great extent on tongue and cover flaps and other multiple thicknesses and overlapping formations in reinforcing the outer carton sections. In the inner non-fibrous container multiple folds, as in the bellows or gusset type as well as the satchel type, are used, and these various essential folds produce multiple 'thicknesses of material in the seam structures that are conducive to the development of tiny apertures in the seams resulting in leaks with consequent impairment to hermetic sealing properties which is sought to be obtained.
A general object of the present invention is the conversion of packaging materials into a suitable tube formation which readily can be erected into container form and lled to provide an hermetically sealed package, such article being economic of manufacture, simple yet sturdy and durable of construction and which is well suited to the purposes for which it is intended.
More specifically, the present invention has for.
an object the conversion of suitable packaging materials into a tubular formation which is adapted to be erected into a carton wherein an outer web of cardboard reinforcing material is lined with a laminated structure consisting essentially of a suitable heat-sealing web and a layer of fibrous protective material with lthe heatsealable material exposed to the inner surface,
f and the brous protective layer being laminated to the cardboard reinforcing material, the resultprovision of a container which can readilyv be formed from such a tube having a similarly constructed bottom seam with respect to the longitudinal seam and wherein such a container after being filled with a suitable commodity, canl be made into a package by eiecting a closure at the t top thereof by means of a seam construction ing construction having suitable score lines defining various panels with the inner laminated structure extending beyond spaced apart edges of the cardboard reinforcement and being bonded together into a longitudinal seam amxed to one Wall of the resulting tubular structure.
A further object of the present invention is the identical with that of the bottom seam construction.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a container in which a cardboard reinforcing member is utilized to control the formationl of the folds of an inner laminated reinforced liner to form the closures of such a container in the development of a package.
Still another object of the invention is the provision of such an article comprising materials so produced and formed that the resulting panels serve the function of folding tools manually operated to form the container closures thereby providing a carton reinforced'on six sides, without the use lof folding machinery such as tubular arbors and the like.
Yet another object of the invention is the provision of such an article wherein a longitudinal seam is provided which consists of sealing marginal portions of heat-sealable surfaces of a laminated structure to itself in face-to-face relationship and subsequently-sealing the resulting seam to its reinforcement member.
It is also an object of the invention to produce a carton closure which comprises a varying multiplicity of layers of material whereby novel closure means and seals are employed to compensate for the varying thicknesses of folds constituting .the closure and to insure an hermetic seal throughout the resulting package,
Other objects of the invention will in part be obvious and will vin part appear hereinafter.
The invention accordingly comprises the several steps and the relation of one or more of such steps with respect to each of the others, and the article possessing the features, properties and the relation of elements, which are exemplified in the following detailed disclosure, and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the claims.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, reference should be had to the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic representation of a preferred method of continuously converting suitable packaging materials into blanks to be made into tubular formation for subsequent erection into containers andpackages;
Fig. 2 is a plan view illustrating a fragmentary portion of one suitable type of cardboard carton web formation with pre-spotted designs of a suitable adhesive and having cutout portions, the blank being held sectionally together by perforated segments;
Fig. 3 is a plan view similar to Fig. 2 illustrating a cut-out web formation having been adhesively amxed to another web consisting of a 1aminated sheet of liner material;
Fig. 4 is a `finally completed `single blank adapted to be formed into a tube;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary portion of a corner of a blank such as than; shown in Fig. 4 enlarged to show the relative lamina constituting the same; D A
Fig. 6 is a plan view of a blank such as that shown in Fig. 4 folded over upon itself along a median line;
Fig. 'I is an end pview of the folded blank shown in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 7 with marginal portions of the blank shown being thermally sealed together;
Fig. 9 is a plan view of the completed blank showing the sealed marginal portion folded over upon the reinforcement structure;
Fig. 10 is a further step illustrating the sealing of the marginal portion to the reinforcement structure;
Fig. 11 is an isometric view showing the tube in squared position;
Fig. 12 is a plan viewV of a fragment of the upper half of a container partly in section and illustrating the manual closure of an end thereof;
Fig. 13 is an isometric view illustrating a further development in the closing of a container to provide a completed package;
Fig. 14 is a side elevation of a package completely closed at the bottom with a portion thereof broken away and sealed but unfolded at the top:
Fig. 15 is a sectional end elevational view of a fragment of the upper half of the container shown in Fig. 12 taken along line line ll-'I 5 and further illustrating the manual closure of an end; Fig. 16 is an end. elevational view of afragment of the upper half of a container showing the relative position of the end fold and seam it will be noted that to the left there is depicted all as will more fully be Adescribed hereinafter. It will be understood that, depending on the results desired, these cut-out rollers become optional as to their size and rthe nature of the cutout configuration. As the web proceeds it passes over a similar applicator roll as that utilized in the printing and there is then applied a predetermined pattern or design of a hot melt adhesive -to the under surface of the web. Any suitable means of applying the design may be utilized. For convenience of illustration, an etched gravure cylinder is indicated herein having the usual doctor blade governing the application of the hot melt, but -it will be understood that other means of application, such as by passing the web around a drum immersed in the adhesive so as to secure the .desired application may be utilized if desired. Preferably, the web is next passed through a drier, if necessary, to dry the adhesive application.
In the meantime, another laminated structure is being developed. Either such a structure can be made independently or simultaneously run to I produce a laminated sheet. 'I'he laminated sheet consists preferably of a fibrous material, such. as paper or glassine run off a stock roll, to which there is applied a surface coating of a suitable laminating adhesive. This coating may also be applied by the utilization of an etched gravure cylinder wiper with a doctor blade, the cylinder revolving in the bath of laminating adhesive. Here again there has been shown the same type of applicator as indicated above. As this web progresses it Joins another web running off a stock roll and this web preferably is of a nonilbrous nature, preferably a thermoplastic -material or any suitablepmaterial which has been treated to provide heat-sealing characteristics. While such material as Plioiilm and Koroseal are desirable, it will be understood that in the event such materials are not readily available, a heatline through the various laminae. It will be I sealing Cellophane, for example. may be used. These two webs are Joined together in the bite of two laminating pressure rollers and the suitable laminated sheet is obtained. The laminated sheet passes around idler rollers and again is similarly given a coating on its fibrous surface, partially in a spot-printed design, and dried, al1 as morefully explained hereinafter. sheet then meets the untreated surface of the cardboard web and these two are likewise laminated together as they pass between laminating and scoring rollers respectively to eifect a score understood that the scoring operation -can be produced at an earlier point in the cardboardweb if desired, although for certain purposes and for certain containers it is desirable to effect thescore Y throughout all the laminae at predetermined a stock roll of suitable cardboard reinforcing.
material which is preferably first run over anV applicator roll, such asv-an etched gravure cylinder revolving in a -bath of suitable printing ink whereby the bottom portions, whererdesired.
Y cardboard material suitable for the formation of of such a cardboard web can suitably be printed.
. Oneor more applicator lrolls can, of course. be
provided depending on the number of colors desired in the printing operation. progresses'it runs between suitable cut-out rollers which cut such a web into a plurality of blank sections held together in adjacent relationship by small uncut but perforated segments,
As the web.
areas. The combined structure then passes between suitable cutting Aor 'shearing knives where the web is cut into suitable blanks and thereafter folded and sealed into desired tubular' formations.
Referring now more particularly to Fig. 2 of the 4drmwlngs 'for a more detailed description, there is indicated generally at Il a web of reinforcing outer walls of cartons. I'he particularweb here indicated is free of any indication of display' printing' but there has been indicated a spotprinted design of a suitable adhesive, indicated generally at 2i. As heretofore described, the web passes through suitable rollers having knives, for example, which remove portions of the web as at 22 but leave small sments 2l holding the web This web or laminated together in a series of adjacently spaced apart identical blanks. These segments, where they join each of these b1anks,are preferably perforated as at 24.
As seen in Fig. 3 and as heretofore explained, the web of reinforcing material is next laminated to an already laminated sheet 25 and it will be observed that this sheet 25 is of a greater overall width than the web 20 so that each separated' blank comprising the web is surrounded by a marginal portion of the laminated sheet exposing the fibrous portion thereof and this marginal portion extends completely around the entire web, including the cut-out portions. It is, off course, necessary to keep the laminated sheet 25 as well as the cardboard web 20 in registration. As before indicated, printing of adhesive on the fibrous sheet of the laminated structure is also by means of an etched cylinder carrying a. suitable design necessary to give the proper application of adhesive to this web. Furthermore, the etched cylinder not only is equipped to apply a spot-printed design which is commensurate in area with each" individual blank of cardboard material to which it is laminated but, in addition, prints suitable spots of adhesive-26 in those areas appearing as marginal portions between the blanks as they register in the cut-outportions 22. The particular nature of the combined laminae may'more readily be observed by reference to Fig. wherein there is shown laminatedto the cardboard material 2|! a fibrous layer 21, such as paper or glassine,
and a thermoplastic material 28, or a material,
shown in this figure these score lines are of two kinds. Parallel score lines 30 denne the walls of the container as well as the end closure flaps together with triangular or diagonally .directed groups of score lines 3|. Preferably the score lines of the triangular formations should be embossed into the board oppositely to that of the straight or parallel score lines. In other words, taking Fig. 4 for example as the top face of the board, the parallel score lines are male on the top surface and female on the bottom surface, whereas the diagonal score lines are female on the top and male on the bottom. 'I'he lines when so scored facilitate the ready formation of the desired folds and insures the board surfaces making quick and ready contact in the completion of the end closures.
Referring now to Figs. 6 to 11, ift will be seen that a blank, such as that illustrated in Fig. 4,
, has been folded along a median line represented by one of the centrally disposed longitudinal parallel score lines so that the cardboard web is on the outside and the laminated sheet is on the inside with the heat-scalable surface in face-toface relationship.
As indicated by Fig. 8, where the marginal portions come together they are subjected to the action of suitable sealing irons which may be of either the pressure or the roller type and in this manner these marginal portions are thermally welded or sealed together. It should be noted that the operation of folding and sealing as heretofore indicated may be practiced immediately and as a part of the laminating process or may be performed subsequently and independently, depending on whichever method is most convenient.
It should also be observed that one of theouter cardboard panels is somewhat foreshortened to an extent which is equal to the combined thicknesses of the laminated inner sheet, as indicated at 32. This permits ready folding of the marginally sealed portion to the adjacent marginal surface on .the cardboard reinforcing structure 20 and along the marginal application of the hot melt adhesive 2|. The seam is then heat-sealed to the cardboard surface 2| as indicated in Fig. 9 and there is thus provided a longitudinal seam secured to the carton body where it extends beyond adjacent edges thereof. 1
In a flattened or knocked down condition, how ever, the unopened .tube is ideally suited for shipment in large quantities from the factory of the converter to-the user, suitable for erecting the same into container formation. From Fig. 11
it will be observed that the tube has now fbeen` squared in condition to infold, for example, one end to form a container fbottom. After filling with a commodity, for example, food, the mouth of the container is similarly closed and an hermetically sealed package is provided.
By referring to the remaining figures o f the drawings, it will be observed that this infolding operation can readily be performed manually.
Briefly, the manual closure of such containers can rapidly be effected and the :construction is Thereafter the extension panels of the side walls are pressed down together and it will 'be seen that they do not overlap. 'I'he extending marginal portions, however, emerge from adjacent edges of the panels and after the panels are brought down into squared position, suitable sealing irons are brought to bear thereagainst and another hermetic' seal is effected. `This type of seam is illustrated in Fig. 14, shown completed as indicated at li, the parallellines drawn across the extended margin representing depressions ors flutes resulting from the use, for example, of a crimp sealing iron.
It win be observed that the hot melt adhesive 2| has been activated simultaneously with the pellicle of lining material and merged into the primary longitudinal seam. When using hleat-A -gins of the tuck-in fold is activated at the same and the tuck-in folds of the board material have been brought into folded relationship, the desired type of hermetically sealed container is produced.
It will thus be seen that the objects herein- 'before set forth may readily and efficiently be atltained and since certain changes in carrying out the above method and certain modifications in the article which embodies the invention may b`e made fwithout departing fromthe scope thereof, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
It is also to fbe understood that the following claims are intended to cover all of the generic and specific features of the invention herein described, and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall therebetween. l
Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. A method of making tubular Vformations to be converted into hermetically sealed packages after filling with a food commodity or the like, which comprises the steps of applying a spotprinted design of adhesive to one surface of a fibrous web of carton board material, providing a laminated sheet of a heat-scalable material and a fibrous reinforcing material, said laminated sheet being of a width greater than said fibrous board web. applying a laminating adhesive to the fibrous surface of said laminated sheet along an intermediate portion and marginally along predetermined portions thereof and laminating said web and sheet together leaving exposed the marginal applications of said adhesive on said laminated sheet, providing said resulting combined layers with a series of spaced apart score lines, cutting portions of said combined layers at predetermined points into blanks, folding each blank along a median line with the heat-sealable surface in face-to-face relationship, and heat-sealing together overlying marginal extensions of said laminated sheet to provide said tubular formation.
2. A method of making tubular formations to be converted into hermetically sealed packages.
after filling with a food commodity or the like, which comprises the steps of applying a spotprinted design of a suitable adhesive to one surface of a fibrous web of carton board material,-
cutting out portions of said web to provide a plurality of spaced apart connected sections, providing a laminated sheet of a thermoplastic material and a fibrous reinforcing material, said laminated sheet being of a, width greater than said fibrous board web, applying a laminating adhesive tothe brous surface of said laminated sheet and laminating the web and sheet together leaving exposed marginal applications of said adhesive, providing said resulting lamina with suitable score lines, cutting portions of said laminated sheet at predetermined points between said connected sections into blanks, folding said blanks along a median line with' the thermoplastic surface on the inside facing itself, and heat-sealing together overlying marginal extensions of said laminated sheet to provide said tubular formation.
3. A method of making tubular` formations adapted to be converted into hermetically sealed packages after filling with a. suitable commodity,
asegura which comprises continuously applying a printed design of a suitable adh'esive to one surface of a cardboard material, providing a laminated sheet of heat-sealing Cellophane and a fibrous reinforcing material, said laminated sheet being of a width greater than said fibrous board web, applying a laminating adhesive to the fibrous surface of said laminated sheet and laminating the web and sheet together leaving exposed marginal applications of said adhesive at predetermined points, scoring said resulting lamina with spaced apart male and female diagonal and parallel score lines, cutting portions of said laminated sheet at predetermined points into blanks, folding said blanks along a median line with the heat-sealing cellophane surface in face-to-face relationship, and heat-sealing together overlying marginal extensions of said laminated sheet to provide said tubular formation.
4. A method of making a tube to be erected into a container and thereafter filled and sealed to provide an hermetically sealed package, which comprises the steps of applying a'spot-printed design of a hot melt adhesive to one surface of a cardboard reinforcing web, providing a laminated sheet of thermoplastic material and a fibrous reinforcing material, said laminated sheet being of a width' greater than said cardboard web, applying a laminating adhesivel to the fibrous surface of said laminated sheet and laminating the web and sheet together leaving exposed marginal applications of said adhesive, providing the re sulting lamina with a series of spaced apart score lines, cutting portions of said laminated sheet at predetermined points into blanks, folding said blanks along a median line with the thermov plastic material in face-to-face relationship, heatsealing overlying marginal extensions of said laminated sheet together to provide said tubular formation, and sealing said sealed marginal extension along one edge of the cardboard web to provide a longitudinal seam.
5. A method of forming a tube to be erected into a carton, which comprises the steps of applying a. spot-printed design of adhesive to one surface of a fibrous web of spaced apart sections of carton board material, providing a laminated sheet of a thermoplastic material and a fibrous reinforcing material, said laminated sheet being of a width greater than said web of carton board material, applying a laminating adhesive to the fibrous surface of said laminated sheet along an intermediate portion and marginally along predetermined lJortions thereof and laminating said web and sheet together leaving exposed marginal applications of said adhesive, providing said resulting lamina, with a series of score lines, cutting portions of said laminated sheet at predetermined points between said spaced apart sections of the web of carton board material to provide blanks, folding said blanks along a. median line with the heat-sealable surface in face-to-face relationship so that all but one side edge of each resulting blank when folded has a marginal extension of said laminated sheet along the remaining edge, heat-sealing marginal extensions to provide said tubular formation, sealing said resulting marginal sealed extension against the fibrous web of carton board material where it overlies a portion'of said spot-printed design to provide a longitudinal seam.
GEORGE ARLINGTON MOORE
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2496043 *||Jul 26, 1946||Jan 31, 1950||Marathon Corp||Leakproof package and method of making same|
|US2613025 *||Jan 2, 1947||Oct 7, 1952||Gardner Board & Carton Co||Package for frozen foods and the like|
|US2699285 *||May 5, 1950||Jan 11, 1955||Kraft Foods Co||Packaging|
|US2757855 *||Oct 12, 1950||Aug 7, 1956||Bemis Bro Bag Co||Bag closure|
|US2758520 *||Nov 6, 1951||Aug 14, 1956||Ici Ltd||Method for the manufacture of lined cartons|
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|US2954054 *||Feb 25, 1957||Sep 27, 1960||Pack Mfg Company||Reinforced multi-tube structure|
|US2970525 *||Jul 18, 1956||Feb 7, 1961||Lord Baltimore Press Inc||Sealed carton and method of forming|
|US2979252 *||Dec 30, 1957||Apr 11, 1961||Bergstein Packaging Trust||Cover lock box|
|US2984161 *||Jul 7, 1953||May 16, 1961||United Wallpaper Inc||Manufacture of carton blanks|
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|US4391366 *||May 5, 1981||Jul 5, 1983||Tokai Metals Company Limited||Foldable cup|
|US4550826 *||Feb 17, 1984||Nov 5, 1985||International Paper Company||Semi-rigid container with a bottom of improved stability|
|US4801078 *||Aug 25, 1987||Jan 31, 1989||Ab Tetra Pak||Arrangement on packing containers|
|US5941809 *||Sep 1, 1998||Aug 24, 1999||Frederick M. Wise||Method of producing a protective device for use with containers having handhold openings|
|US20040163768 *||Feb 22, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Nowicki James W.||Method and means for pre-applying an adhesive to a substrate|
|WO2011091067A1 *||Jan 19, 2011||Jul 28, 2011||BeerTag, LLC||Beverage bottle identification system|
|U.S. Classification||493/59, 229/5.81|
|International Classification||B65D75/26, B65D5/62, B65D5/42|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D75/26, B65D5/62|
|European Classification||B65D5/62, B65D75/26|