US 2382614 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 14, 1945.
APPARATUS FOR MAKING HAND KNITTED GARMENTS Filed Oct. 30, 1942 awia'cwhovg Jill-n Manuel ale 2: Peria J. M. DE LA PENA Q 2,382,614
Patented Aug. 14, 1945 APPARATUS FOR MAKING HAND KNITTED GARMENTS Juan Manuel de la Pefia, Mexico City, Mexico Application October 30, 1942, Serial No. 463,928 In Mexico March 12, 1942 2 Claims.
Hand operated knitting apparatus have of course suffered accidental damages, especially of the needles, and often it is convenient to be enabled to remove for instance every second slidable needle, in order to operate the apparatus for ,certain class of knitting, but such removing and replacing of needles have required expert mechanical help.
This invention relates to an improved construction of slidable needles, and the manner of insuring a rapid removal and replacing of the needles, at home by the lady knitter.
In the drawing Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the apparatus.
Fig. 2 a side view of the needle guide board.
Fig. 3 a perspective view of a removable bar with double hooked needles.
Fig. 4 a top View detail showing slidable needles in extended position.
Fig. 5 a top view showing the slidable needles in withdrawn position, after making the interlocking loops.
On a frame I is mounted a needle guide board 2 of sheet metal, with an upstanding front edge 3 turned over to form a channeled flange 4, and a back edge 5 folded over into a raised hem 6.
The front edge has therein a row of perforations I, and the hem 6 a row of grooves 8, for the insertion of needles 9, each of which is formed alike of a length of metal wire or rod bent atone end to form a knee I0, and also intermediately to form a heel I I which merges rearwardly into a straight extension I2. The front ends of the needles with the knees traverse the perforations I, while the heels II are guided in slots I3 in the guide board 2, while the extensions I2 slidably rest in the grooves 8.
When all needles are assembled as explained, a locking wire I4 is inserted into the hem 6 from one end above the extensions I 2, so that they are held within their grooves. The needles are interchangeable by pulling out the wire I4.
A removable bar I5 with double hooked needles I6 is mounted in front of the support I and is held at its ends in slots I1 in brackets I I! which are clamped to the frame I by means of bolts with wing nuts H8. The bolts traverse a slot in each bracket whereby the brackets can be adjusted to locate the bar I5 at a variable spacing from the edge 3.
The distance between the rows of needles 9 and I6 is thus made adjustable. and spacing buffers I8, only one of which is shown, are mounted on the front wall IIJI of the frame I between said wall and the bar I5, said buffers being adjustable horizontally on the frame in any suitable manner, by means not shown.
After making loops I9 on so many needles I6 as the starting width of garment piece requires, a
corresponding number of slidable needles 9 are pushed forward between the stationary needles I 6, thereupon the yarn 26 is laid transversely over the horizontal extensions 2| of the needles 9, between the upstanding ends of said needles and the hooked needles I6. Anactuating ruler 22 with wedge shaped ends 23 is then pushed under the extensions 2|, one of said ends pushing on the heels II to draw the needles 9 inwardly forming an interlocking chain 24. The loops on the needles I6 are then lifted over the double hooks, the bar I5 is removed from the grooves I1, and after being turned with the opposite side toward the needles 9, it is again afiixed between the brackets so that a following row of loops may be made.
The loops I9 are required only at the beginning of knitting. They are lifted over the double hooks of the needles I6 by means of a known comb with teeth spaced exactly as the needles I6, so that each comb tooth will catch in a longitudinal groove in the front of the needle and slide up under a corresponding loop I9 making it possible with one single tipping movement of the comb to simultaneously slip all of the loops I9 off their needles I6. The bar I5 is now removed from the grooves I1, and by so removing the bar I5, the interlocking chain naturally is released from the needles 9.
After turning the bar I5 with the opposite side toward the needles 9, it is again mounted in the grooves II, so that a following row of loops may be made.
The bar I5 is removed so as to slip off all the loops of the interlocking chain 24 from the needles 9, and the bar I5 is turned so as to bring the work toward the operator after the work has been passed over the needles I6.
The second row of loops is formed by'folding the loops on the needles I6 over the end of the double hooks of these needles I6, either by means of a comb or simply by folding over the work. By lifting the bar I5 the interlocking chain 24 is forced to slip off the needles 9.
1. An apparatus for hand knitting, comprising a needle guide board with a raised front edge provided with a row of perforations, and a raised back end formed into a hem provided with'grooves, slots in the guide board and a number of removable needles having heels guided in said slots, one end of a needle being inserted in one of said perforations, and the other in one of said grooves,
and a locking wire in said hem on top of said needle ends.
2. An apparatus for hand knitting according to claim 1, comprising an adjustable spacing buffer between the needle guide board and an adjustable removable bar carrying hooked needles.
JUAN MANUEL DE LA PEfiA.