US 2383592 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 28, 1945. R. DAVIS QUILTED BED COVERING l Filed March 8, I1944 Z/ENTOR.
n .n n n Patented Aug. 28, i945 rs rrN'r frricE 3 Claims.
This invention relates to bed coverings.
Objects of the invention are to provide an improved bed covering having the following advantages and features:
l. To afford a relatively heavy bed covering having sufficient warmth 'for cold weather;
2. To afford a light-weight bed covering satisfactory for moderate weather;
3. To readily change the bed covering from one to another o-f the conditions mentioned by the used of a. removable filler member, which facilitates handling and cleaning ci the parts;
4. To provide for the division of the principal mass of a unitary bed covering into separable parts at least one of which can be used as a complete bed covering, which parts when united include air spaces therebetween for increased insulation effects;
5. To provide a bed covering having an attractive quilted structure, which bed covering is expansible to receive an inexpensive filler member;
6. To provide a bed covering having separable quilted sections partially confined in relation to each other and having anti-slip contact to restrain one section from shifting on the other;
7. To provide a bed covering wherein a filler receiving casing is provided with a padded, quilted wall lying on and restraining the filler in the casing;
8. To provide a bed covering wherein a filler receiving casing includes a quilted wall and a plain wall affording a smooth soft bottom face for the latter;
9. To provide a quilted bed covering comprising a reversible filler receiving casing for difl ferent color effects;
10. To provide a bed covering wherein releasable closure means for the casing coacts to anchor the ller, and is thus operative in different reversible positions of the 'bed covering.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the specification proceeds. y
With the aforesaid objects in view, the invention comprises the novel features, combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter described in their preferred embodiments, pointed out in the subjoined claims, and illustrated in the an- Fig. 2 is an end view looking at the mouth thereof.
Fig. 3 is a sectional View taken on the line i--S of Fig. l.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on line intl of Fig, l.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view showing the casing member embodying the invention.
Fig. 6 is a plan View of the filler member.
Fig. 'i is an enlarged fragmentary sectional View taken on line l-'i of Fig. 1.
The advantages of the, invention as here outlined are best realized when all of its features and instrumentalities are combined but, use ful embodiments may be Aproduced involving less than the vhole.
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art y to which the invention appertains, that the same may be incorporated in several different constructions. The accompanying drawing, therefore, is submitted merely as showing a preferred eXenipliiicati-on of the invention.
Referring in'detail to the drawing, ib denotes a bed covering embodying the invention. The same may include a generally rectangular casing ii consisting of opposed walls i2, i3 deiining a chamber ifi. The latter is open at i5 at one end of the casing and is otherwise closed by marginal seams i6 of any suitable character interconnecting said walls. The size of the chamber ifi is substantially coextensive with that of the walls and sufficient to receive therein a removable filler member il hereinafter described. At least one of these walls, such as the wall i2 consists of inner and outer Wall sections i9, 2Q marginally seamed together throughout, as at 2i to form a compartment that contains a suitable padding material 22, such as cotton, wool, or down, or mixtures thereof. Interconnecting the wall sections i9, 2E! through the padding 22 is a eld of stitching occupying the entire area of the wall E2; this field of stitching may comprise spaced lines of stitching 23. Thus the wall i2 may be regarded as a quilted member, while the wall i? is preferably a single sheet of any suitable textile fabric such as cotton or` the like. The outer wall section 2li may be made of a material like that of the wall i3 and Iboth may be printed with dierent or contrasting designs. However, the inner wall section iii preferably consists of unbleached muslin of the ordinary commercial type because this material is not attacked by moths, and primarily, because it affords a suitable frictional surface for contact with the filler member il to restrain shifting movements thereof Within the chamber I4. Considered as a Whole, `the casing II is highly flexible, and pliant. In normal use it is placed on a bed with the quilted Wall I2 uppermost for its decorative effect, whilejhe wall I3 aords a smooth and comforting contact with the body of the person covered thereby. Any suitable releasable closure means may be provided for the mouth I5; such closure means may consist of tie cords, b-uttons, snap fasteners, or the like.y Thus spaced fastener elements 2li may comprise ribbon or cord portions connected to the Walls I2, I3. Desirably, the mouth I5 is shorter than the casing, as the opposed walls of the same are permanently interconnected up to the points 25 to assure that the corners of the filler member I'I will be properly retained and concealed.
The Iille;` member I 'I includes opposed Walls 2B, 2 seamed together in any feasible manner to provide an enclosure which is stuffed with padding or filling material 28 consisting of cotton,
Wool, down, or mixtures thereof.l Interconnecting the walls 26, 2T through the lling material is a held of stitching comprising lines of stitching such as 2Q. The spacing between the lines 29 is substantially greater than `that between the lines 23 to produce a greater degree of softness and flufliness than is present in the quilted Wall portion I2, and the mass of the filling 28 is preferably several times that of the filling 22, Whereby such softness is readily obtained. The walls i6, Z'I consist of unbleached muslin as in the case of the Wall section I9, and the filler member Il' is of such size as to fairly snugly. fill out the chamber 'I4 of the casing II. Preferably the stitching 29 extends in a different direction from the lines of stitching 23, as shown, to thus promote the frictional engagement which is afforded by the unbleached muslin, and thus to resist slippage of the ller member. Desirably, however, the ller member I'I is anchored to the casing at least at one end, as by the provision of a Aseries of loops 3B connected to the ller member and disposed in alinement with individual fasteners 24. Accordingly, a pair of the fastener portions may be engaged through an adjacent loop 3G so that the filler member is anchored simultaneously with. the closing of the opening I5 and released simultaneously with the disengagement of the fasteners 24 to open the chamber I4.
When the casing II and the filler member I1 are assembled together to produce the article I0, a bed covering results that has numerous features of noveltyand advantage. Among other things, the insulating quality is better than that of the ordinary comforter of equal weight and quality. This is due to the fact that considerable quantities of air are maintained Within the bed covering, as will be readily appreciated on observing Fig. 7. Here it is seen that the ller member II and the casing Wall I2, by reason of their quilted structure, afford numerous ridges and grooves or furrows, resulting from the tension of the stitching 23 and 29 againstlthe soft body filling therein. These air spaces are especially effective between the quilted structures, because they will not permit circulation of air such as may occur through any ordinary cotton sheeting `or covering textile. More particularly referring to the quilting recesses 32 and 33 of the respective members II and I2, theseare seen to provide therebetween air spaces 34. Since the recesses 32, 33 extend in different directions, there is the tendency to restrict any free flow of air, and also these spaces are fully maintained because the ridges of one member cross those of the other, In Fig. 7 the section is taken at an oblique angle to show the recesses and ridges of both members. Highly important is the chamber Ill enclosing the ller member to close the air spaces 34 at the margins of the bed covering II) to assist in retaining the air in the spaces 34. Ihe utilization of air as an additional and effective insulating medium is very important, and has not been accomplished, to my knowledge, heretofore, being obtained in appreciable degree only in expensive down fillings.
The ridged or groove like structure discussed alsovfrictionally assists in restraining shifting of the ller member so as to maintain it lying uniformly in the casing II. The nature of the material used aids in obtaining ample friction. The non-slipping position is also maintained by the overlying quilted wall I2, Which possesses substantial Weight, uniformly applied on the filling member I1, to hold it in position and to realize the frictional engagement referred to.
If desired the casing member IVI may be made reversible by making the Wall I9 of a printed or decorative fabric like that at 20.
It will now be seen that the device I0 affords a bed covering satisfactory for rather cold Weather, while the element II affords a light Weight bed covering for moderate weather. When the element II is used alone for this purpose, Without the filler member I'I, its mouth I5 may be closed by the fasteners 24. This double use is afforded not merely by the provision of a removable filler member but by the judicious division of the principal mass of the device I0 so that a substantial part forms a permanent section, such as the quilted Wall I2, of the casing member, the rest forming the filler member I1. And it is highly advantageous herein that this mass embodied in the casing member is largely concentrated in one Wall such as I2, adapted to be decoratively quilted, and to overlie and hold down the filler member when the same is in use. The filler member may be very cheaply made and is easily replaceable by llers of better quality.
.1. A rectangular bed coveringincluding a casing having opposed walls permanently interconnected along three edges, said Walls being interconnected along the remaining edge solely adjacent to the corners of the bed covering to provide an opening less than the Width of the covering for releasably retaining adjacent corner portions of a removable filler member, only one of said Walls having two sheets of cloth with a soft filler material therebetween, the sheets of material being interconnected bya eld of stitching coextensive with said wall so that the latter is quilted in structure, a removable filler member in the casing, said ller member having sheet elements and a soft filler element between the sheet elements, the said elements being interconnected by a field of stitching so that the filler member is quilted throughout, and closure means at said opening comprising a series of separate loops connected to the adjacent edge portion of filler member and a series of pairs of separate cords connected to the casing at the edges of said opening and being knotted together through said loops.
2. A rectangular bed covering according to claim l wherein the quilting stitching in the filler member is at an angle to the quilting stitching in the casing for frictional engagement between the ller member and casing.
3. A rectangular bed covering including a casing having opposedwalls permanently interconnected along three edges, said walls being interconnected along the remaining edge solely adjacent to the corners of the bed covering to provide an opening less than the width of the covering, for releasably retaining adjacent corner portions of a removable filler member, only one 10 of said Walls having two sheets of cloth with a soft filler material therebetween, the sheets of material being interconnected .by a eld of stitch-