US 2384097 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. KLAzKlN sept. 4, 1945.
MATTRES S Filed March 25, 1945 Patented Sept. 4, 1945 UNITED f STATES FTENT l'OFFICE '1* f Y 2,384,097 y MATTRE'ss .I Y Alfred-Klamm, Brooklyn, N. Y. ApplicationV March 2.5, 1943', Serial'No. 480,426 (C1. 5-345) Myinvention relates to an= improvement in mattresses and its novelty consists in the Ycombination, adaptation and arrangement of parts as will'be' more fully hereinafter pointed out.-
The innerv spring mattress was a definite ad'-v vance over the old solid hair or fibre mattress because of the approach to conforming ofthe inner spring mattress to the body of the person lying on it. But the inner spring mattress has several important and inherent defects. 'I'he springs are unevenly spaced and therefore uneven in springv support and become detached and therefore topple over sidewise and cause a greater unevenness which is most uncomfortable. The metal of said springs also sweats under regular conditions of use and rusts and rots the fastenings and fabric in contact with them.
My invention overcomes all of these weaknesses inherent in the inner spring mattress and also furnishes for the first time a mattress that is always uniformly and evenly springy and resilient throughout its entire body. This is because an absolutely even spring tension is always maintained throughout its entire body. The metal springs common to the inner spring mattress are eliminated in my mattress and thereby the weaknesses and defects of said metal springs are not found in my mattress.
My invention also avoids the use of a substantial amount of critical war material by eliminating the use of steel springs yand this is important during this present Global War.
Referring to the drawing,
Fig. 1 is a perspective of my mattress with a portion of the outer covering cut away to show the inner construction;
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal cross section of-my mattress with one type of tensioning device;
Fig. 3 is a front View of my mattress with a portion cut away to show a second type f tensioning device;
Fig. 4 shows the portion of my mattress cut alway in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a side enlargement of Fig. 4 showing the inner connection in dotted line.
In the drawing, 6 are two side lwooden frame members having a pair of wooden end members I secured together by nails or screws in the usual well known manner at the joining corners to form a frame 8.
Over the top and bottom of said frame 8 are tightly stretched and secured cross webbing strips 9 which are fastened over the upper and lower edges of the side members 6 at II) and longitudinal webbing strips II are stretched and fastened over the upper and lower edgesY of the end members 'l being `fastenedv at', I2v and also Ibeing mounted so as to be interwoven with the cross strips 8.
One set of ends of the longitudinal strips 'I'I may be securedover the edges of a tensioning boardS mounted adjacent one end' 1v of frame 8 by means of guide rodsA I4 rigidly secured to 'l and passing through aligning holes in 1 and' rby three tensioning screw bolts I5 having three screw heads I5a encased in metal casings I5b embedded in the tensioning board I3 so that the heads of said bolts I5 are accessible externally and passing through I3 and an embedded threaded nut I6 in end 'I whereby the turning of said screw bolts I5 by means of regular slotted heads will as desired vary the relative position of I3 from 'I thereby adjusting the tension of said longitudinal strips I I fastened thereto as may be desired.
This tensioning form is shown in Figures 1 and 2 and another form for accomplishing this same function is shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 5.
In the tensioning form shown in Figs. 3, 4 andr 5 a lpair of rollers I1 and I8 are rotatably mounted in brackets I9 and 20 a pair of which are rigidly secured through 'I' at 2| and 22 at each end of 'I' and the ends of the longitudinal strips I'I are secured to said rollers 'I1 and I8 so as to be rolled thereon for tensioning. 4
Said rollers I1 and I8 have handles 23 and 24 rigidly secured to their outer ends and pawls 25 and ratchets 26 of usual construction are mounted to operate on said rollers I'I and lI8 just inside of said handles '23 and 24 so as to hold said rollers against the tension of strips II. Also the ends of the longitudinal stripsV [I pass over and around guide rods 32 which are rigidly mounted `between the sides 6.
Around said frame 8 and the par-ts as described mounted therein is placed a filling of cotton, sisal or hair 21 over all of which is secured a ticking 28 in the usual Imanner with tufting obtained by stitched talbs 29 and looped handles 30 are secured to the stitched edges 3| for the ready han dling and turning over of said mattress.
In the use of my mattress it will be found that because of the uniform tension of the interlaced strips 9 and I I throughout the entire top and bottom surfaces of the mattress that on either side of the same as the user lies on same the mattress will actually conform perfectly to the form of the users body.
If any of the strips 9 and II tend to sag because of long use or abuse this can be readily adjusted by adjusting the screw bolts I5 in the construction of Figures 1 and 2 by means of a screw driver insertedV Ithrough grummets 33 mounted in the side o-f ticking 28 adjacent the tensioning board I3. The adjustment of the tension of strips H in this manner will also correct the tension of strips 9 because they .are inter-l laced with l I. f i
In the structure shown in Figs. 3, 4 and l5, the turning of the handles 23 and 24 will adjust the tension of strips Il and thereby also strips 9 and the paxwls 25 will lock in the usual manner in ratchets 26 to hold the rotated rollers Il and Il 8 in tightened position.
Many variations may be made in the material used and in the adaptation and arrangement of parts .without departing from the spirit and intent of my invention and such Variations are comprehended in the scope of' the specication and claims of this application.
What I claim is:
1. In a mattress, the combination of an oblong rigid frame, cross interlacing webbing strips secured crosswise and lengthwise to both the top and bottom of said frame and a single means for increasing the tension of the lengthwise webbing elements uniformly on the top and ,bottom respectively at one end, comprising two rollers mounted inside one end of said frame, each roller ed around said frame and ilexi'ble strips, a mattress ticking secured in a xed position around Y said filling and a single means for increasing the Y tension ofthe lengthwise webbing elementsV uniformly on the top and bottom respectively at one .end comprising two rollers mounted inside one end of said frame, each rollerV having one end projecting from the frame with the other end disDOVSed interiorly thereof to each of which one set of lengthwisewebbing elements is secured, turning handles` secured to the projecting ends of said rollers, a ratchet and a pawl mounted on said frame adjacentsaid handles for securing said rollers against release as the lengthwise elements are tightened thereby.
' Y ALFRED KLAZKIN.