US 2384165 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 4, 1945.
J. A. GOLDFARB ETAL 2,384,165
SHORTS 1944 2- Sheets-She et 2 Filed May 1,
WOVEN FABRIC KNITTED FABRIC woven FABRIC IHVEHTORS, Jac'ob A. Goldfarb,
'EVereii J'. 10ore, WW4 mm Patented Sept. 4, 1945 SHORTS Jacob A. Goldfarb, Frankfort, and Everett J Moore, Bowling Green, Ky., assi'gnors to Union Underwear (30., Inc., Frankfort, Ky., :a corpora- .tion of Kentucky Application May 1, 1944, Serial No. 533,482
This invention relates to an undergarment and particularly to shorts, having for a primary object the incorporation of means therein for the utmost comfortby maintaining fit with ample elasticity, all by a minimum number orv parts readily and relatively cheaply produced and assembled. v i V Other important; objectsand advantages of the invention will become apparent'to those versed in the art in the following description of one parorder form as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which I Fig. 1 is a view in rearelevation of a garment embodying the invention; Y
Fig. 2, a view in front elevation with the right hand leg of the garment raised'to a horizontally disposed position; 1 7 Fig. "3, a view in disassembled relation of parts forming the garment beltj and L a view in disassembled relation of the parts forming the garment and to beattached to the belt of Fig. '3.
Iiike characters of reference indicate like part throughout the several views the drawings. T Referring toFigQ 4, two main sections l and I are formed to have the safne dimensions-and contour, and are made out of woven fabric having substantially no elasticit in any direction. Since .both pieces T0 and H are identical, the de scription 'of one piece, such as piece In, will :be sufficient to describe both. flt'is understood, however, that the ,pieces "land [I are ineflect left and right pieces respectively. Referring to the piece 10, the lower edge AB will, upon being hemmed, be the major part of the lower end of the left leg section of the garment. The line AC will represent substantially half the length of a hem extending across the crotch of the garment. While the remainder of that edge portion, CD, will be the distance from that hem up to the underside of the front belt piece [2, Fig. 3. Then from the point D, the section has an upper edge directed upwardly in a curved manner to follow the contour of the lower line of the belt piece l2, and from the end of that piece I2, this top edge of the piece In continues in a straight line diverging upwardly slightly to terminate at the point E, inclining from a parallel line in reference to the lower edge AB. Between the points B and E, the piece In is defined by a straight edge.
A central panel I3 is formed out of a knitted material having a high degree of elasticity in horizontally disposed directions and a lesser degree of elasticity in vertically disposed directions. For example, in the case of one pa ticular piece of knitted material made of cotton only, the vertical stretch of the panel l3 for its entire length for a given force would be approximately one inch in comparison to a stretch through the major width of the panel under the same force of about two inches. This panel I'3 is generally triangularly shaped to have aside edge FG' equal to the edge EB of the piece I, and a side edge 'HJ equal to .theedge .EB of the piece H. The top edge of the. panel ['3 is defined by the short line 'FH being reduced to approximately 1% inches on the finished garment. The lower end of the panel 13 is defined b the lines GK and .JL sloping inwardly and downwardlyrespectively from 'the points G and'J to connect with the line KL parallel to the 'top' lin FH.
Referring to Fig. 3, the .left hand .Iront .belt, section I2, i matched by a corresponding right hand belt, section l4, and these two sections 12 and 11 are 'in the finishedjgarment inter-connec'ted by 'their rearwardly disposed narrow ends by the rear belt portion I5 consisting, in the .present form, of a woven fabric material stitched to have parallel top and bottom edges. Both the frontb'elt sections 12 and l 4 are likewise made of woven fabric material. The finished belt to all intents and purpose is one continuous line and substantially non-stretchable. To provide for variations in the length of the finished belt, eyes or slots '11 are provided Jin the adjacent ends of the respective belt portions, through which openings a ribbon 18 may be inserted to reduce the effective length, allin .the well known .and usual manner. 1
In forming the. garment, [the panel l3.is. stitched along its ledges'FG and HJ to the respective edges EB of the two sections I'O and H. The combined lengths of the lines ABGK and ABJL form the respective hem lines of the lower ends of the legs of the garment. Each of the sections In and I l is slit from the point C to the point M, and the portions of the edges DC above the line CM are folded back to form the hems of the fly opening of the garment. The edge CM is folded downwardly along some line, such as indicated by the dash line thereunder and the outer edge (shortened) CA is stitched along the line KL with the point A being matched with the point K in the section II), and the point A of section II being matched with the point L. The combined lengths of those edges CA of the two sections l0 and II will cause the points C in each instance in their turned down condition to overlap centrally of the line KL as indicated at l8, Fig, 2. This line KL then comes within the hem extending through a e if ends of the belt sections l2 and I4 are provided with complementary fasteners'herein indicated as the customary glove fasteners. Buttons, of
course, may be provided if desired along the matching edges of the fly opening down the front of the garment.
By use of the elastic pane1 l3, in the manner described, it is to be seen that this panel being attached at its top end bya relatively narrow width to the belt extends downwardly in gradually increasing width entirely around and up to 'ited in effect by the edge'por-tions GK and JL being hemme'df whereby" the stitching of the hem prevents undue stretching of the .panel material. Thus the, elasticity of this panel is provided to be at its maximu m'through' the seat portion of the garment and yet'held within control by reason of its shape and its attachment not only to the belt said belt and spacing apart said portions at said belt, said panel having straight side edges attached to opposing rear straight edges of said leg portions, and having a vertical length extending beyond that of said rear edges, said extended length sloping inwardly on each side to have a straight line edge therebetween substantially parallel to said upper panel end; the lower edges of each of said leg portions plusth'e adjacent sloping edge of said panel forming the lower marginal opening of a leg of the undergarment, whereby a length of the knitted fabric is included in the marginal edge with the Woven fabric; said straight line of the extended portion of the knitted panel being joined one half to an equal length extending upwardly from said leg opening of the straight edge opposite said rear edge of one leg portion, and theother half to a corresponding edge of the other leg portion to form an arcuate juncture line parallel to and forwardly and upwardly of the central transverse median line of the crotch of the undergarment.
,2. An undergarment comprising a pair of right and left leg woven fabric portions, each substantially trapezium shaped, a belt, to which the top ends of said portions are attached; :a knitted fabric back-panel having its upper end attached to said belt and spacing apart said portions'at but also throughout the entire vertical dimension of the sections forming theleg parts'of the garment.
VWhile reference has 1 been made above to a cotton knitted material for the panel l 3, the composition of the material is not necessarily limited thereto, since the essential characteristic is one of elasticity, rather than the limitation of use of cotton, wool, rubben'an'd synthetic rubber, and the like. It is desired however, to have a limited elasticity inv the vertical direction with ajconsiderable'degree ofielasticity'provided in the horizontal directionf j ,While the invention'has herein beenjshown and'des'cribed in the one precise form, it is 'obvious that structural changesmay'be embodied,
particularly in the construction of the fabric'portions ofthe garment, and it is, therefore emphasized that the invention is not to be limited'to that precise form beyond'the limitation as may I I be imposed by the following claims.
' Weclaim: v f 1. An'undergarment comprising a pair of right and left leg woven fabric portions, each substantially trapezium shaped; a belt, to which the top ends of'said portions are attached; a knitted fabric back panel having its upper end attached to said belt, said panel having straight side edges attached to opposing rear straight edgesfof said leg portions, and having a vertical length extending beyond that of said rear edges, said extended length sloping inwardly on each side to have a straight line edge therebetween substantiallyp'arallel to said upper panel endythe lower'edgfes of each of said leg, portions plus the adjacent sloping edge of said panel formin th lower marginal opening of a leg of the undergarment, whereby a length ofthe knitted fabric is included in the marginal edge with the woven fabric; .said straight line of the 1 extended portion of the knitted panel being joined one half to an equal length extending upwardly from said leg opening of the straight edge opposite saidrear edge of one leg pontion, and the other half to a' corresponding edge of the other leg portion to form an arcuate juncture line parallel to and forwardly and upwardly of the central transverse median JACOB 1A.. 'GQLDFARB. EVERETT J. MOORE.