|Publication number||US2384697 A|
|Publication date||Sep 11, 1945|
|Filing date||Oct 18, 1944|
|Priority date||Oct 18, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2384697 A, US 2384697A, US-A-2384697, US2384697 A, US2384697A|
|Original Assignee||Peter Riccardi|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (38), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept.'l1, 1945. p cc p 2,384,697
UMBILICAL CLIP Filed oct. 18, 1944 INVEN TOR. P5759 6 cvzeo Patented Sept. 11, 1945 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE UMBILICAL CLIP Peter Riccardi, Los Angeles, Calif.
Application October 18, 1944, *Serial No. 559,144
My invention relates to an umbilical clip, of the particular type disclosed in U. S. Patent No. 2,307,377 issued to me Jan. 5, 1943, and the principal object of my present invention is, to generally improve upon the structure of my patented clip and arrange at the end of one of the jaws thereof an ear or lip, which, when the jaws of the forceps are closed to clamp the clip upon the cord, is engaged by the corresponding jaw of the forceps, and bent downwardly over the end of the other jaw of the clip, so as to effectively maintain said clip in closed, cord clamping position.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, my invention consists in certain novel features of construction and arrangement of parts, which will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. l is a perspective view of the clip.
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the clip positioned upon the jaws of the forceps.
Fig. 3 is a side elevational view showing the clip upon an umbilical cord.
Referring by numerals to the accompanying drawing which illustrates a preferred embodimerit of my invention, I and I I designate respectively, the upper nd lower jaws of the clip which are connected at one end by a half loop I2 and said jaws being formed from a strip of thin sheet metal or plastics having a certain degree of resiliency.
Fonmed integral with the edge of upper jaw I0 and overlying same, is an open loop I3, adapted to receive one of the forceps jaws and formed integral with and underlying the lower jaw II, are similar open loops I4 for the lower jaw of the forceps.
Formed on the side edges of upper jaw ID are small depending teeth l5 and similar teeth I6 project upward from the side edges of the lower jaw II.
The forward portion of the material forming the lower jaw is extended forwardly to form a short lip or ear I I, which, when the clip is formed and shaped projects upwardly and rearwardly at an angle of approximately 45 degrees, with the upper edge of said lip occupying a position slightly in advance of the forward end of upper jaw ID.
If desired the forward end of upper jaw I0 may be bent or curved downwardly to a slight degree as designated by w so as to facilitate passage of the forward end of jaw Ill below lip Il, when the clip is closed and clamped upon a cord.
To apply the clip, the jaws of the forceps F are inserted through the loops I 3 and I4 as shown in Fig, 2 and after the cord has been positioned in the clip, the jaws of the forceps are closed, thereby closing and clamping .the jaws of the clip on the cord.
As this closing and clamping action takes place, the forward end of the upper jaw ID of the clip passes the upper end of lip I! and immediately thereafter the upper jaw of the forceps engages the upper end of said lip and bends same downward so as to overlie the forward end of upper jaw, thereby securing the jaws in closed, cord clamping position (see Fig. 3).
Thus as the jaws of the clip are closed, the retaining lip I1 is simultaneously bent downward over the end of the lower jaw and thereby maintain the jaws in closed position.
To remove the clip from the cord it is only necessary to lift lip I1 and then spread jaws I0 and II apart.
Thus it will be seen that I have provided an umbilical cord clip which is simple in structure, inexpensive of manufacture, and very effective in performing the functions for which it is intended.
It will be understood that minor changes in the size, form and construction of the various parts of my improved umbilical clip may be made and substituted for those herein shown and described without departing from the spirit of the invention, the scope of which is set forth in the appended claims.
I claim as my invention:
1. An umbilical clip comprising a pair of jaws connected at one end, means on said jaws for receiving the jaws of a pair of forceps and a lip extending from the forward end of one of said jaws toward the forward portion of the other jaw which lip is slightly inclined toward the connected ends of said jaws.
2. An umbilical clip formed from a single strip of flexible material bent double to form a pair of jaws, means on said jaws for receiving the jaws of a pair of pliers, a lip projecting from the forward end of one jaw toward the other jaw and the forward end of said other jaw being curved slightly toward said clip.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2498372 *||Oct 4, 1946||Feb 21, 1950||Kortlucke Jr Frederick F||Clamping device|
|US2598901 *||Mar 10, 1950||Jun 3, 1952||Mather Garland||Clamp for constricting flexible tubular elements and the like|
|US2626608 *||Dec 8, 1949||Jan 27, 1953||Mather Garland||Clamp for umbilical cords and the like|
|US2635238 *||Jul 11, 1949||Apr 21, 1953||Mather Garland||Apparatus for clamping umbilical cords and the like|
|US3006344 *||Feb 24, 1959||Oct 31, 1961||Isaac J Vogelfanger||Surgical ligator and cutter|
|US3175556 *||Jul 26, 1960||Mar 30, 1965||Peter B Samuel||Dissector-obstructor apparatus|
|US3867944 *||Oct 27, 1972||Feb 25, 1975||Wood Ernest C||Hemostatic clip and applicator therefor|
|US3926195 *||Apr 23, 1973||Dec 16, 1975||Bleier Waldemar||Clip, clamping jaw and assembly for the interruption of the urogenital system|
|US4414721 *||Nov 7, 1980||Nov 15, 1983||Hufnagel Charles A||Occlusive clip and applicator for constricting flexible tubular members|
|US4576161 *||Mar 22, 1984||Mar 18, 1986||Mikkelson Vernon E||Instrument for use in obstructing the vas deferens|
|US4648401 *||Oct 29, 1984||Mar 10, 1987||Mattson Philip D||Surgical instrument for severing an umbilical cord|
|US4870965 *||Mar 4, 1988||Oct 3, 1989||Jahanger Mohammed S||Umbilical cord cutting and clamping device|
|US4919152 *||May 18, 1988||Apr 24, 1990||Ralph Ger||Method of closing the opening of a hernial sac|
|US4944443 *||Apr 22, 1988||Jul 31, 1990||Innovative Surgical Devices, Inc.||Surgical suturing instrument and method|
|US5009657 *||Dec 14, 1989||Apr 23, 1991||Mohammed S. Jahanger||Umbilical cord cutting and clamping device|
|US5125553 *||Mar 12, 1990||Jun 30, 1992||Stryker Sales Corporation||Surgical suturing instrument and method|
|US5127915 *||Jul 20, 1988||Jul 7, 1992||Mattson Philip D||Surgical instrument for severing and clamping an umbilical cord|
|US5156609 *||May 3, 1991||Oct 20, 1992||Nakao Naomi L||Endoscopic stapling device and method|
|US5220928 *||Jan 31, 1992||Jun 22, 1993||Stryker Sales Corporation||Surgical procedure for joining tissue in an internal body cavity|
|US5222961 *||Jan 8, 1992||Jun 29, 1993||Naomi Nakao||Endoscopic stapling device and related staple|
|US5462555 *||Dec 30, 1993||Oct 31, 1995||United States Surgical Corporation||Umbilical cord clip and applicator|
|US6494886||Jun 22, 2000||Dec 17, 2002||Granit Medical Innovation, Inc.||Off-set clamp mechanism and associated method for minimally invasive surgery|
|US7122041||Apr 15, 2003||Oct 17, 2006||Wilson-Cook Medical Inc.||Clip device|
|US7458600 *||Dec 9, 1998||Dec 2, 2008||Berke Joseph J||Cart and bag carrier|
|US8152822||Nov 28, 2007||Apr 10, 2012||Cook Medical Technologies Llc||Combination therapy hemostatic clip|
|US8425412||Jul 11, 2007||Apr 23, 2013||Cook Medical Technologies Llc||Papilla spreader|
|US8764774||Nov 7, 2011||Jul 1, 2014||Cook Medical Technologies Llc||Clip system having tether segments for closure|
|US9375219||May 22, 2014||Jun 28, 2016||Cook Medical Technologies Llc||Medical devices with detachable pivotable jaws|
|US20040092978 *||Apr 15, 2003||May 13, 2004||Surti Vihar C.||Clip device|
|US20070250065 *||Apr 20, 2007||Oct 25, 2007||David Efron||Method and apparatus for the control of hemorrhage from major vessels|
|US20070282355 *||May 30, 2007||Dec 6, 2007||Wilson-Cook Medical Inc.||Release mechanisms for a clip device|
|US20070293875 *||Mar 5, 2007||Dec 20, 2007||Wilson-Cook Medical, Inc.||Clip device and protective cap, and methods of using the protective cap and clip device with an endoscope for grasping tissue endoscopically|
|US20080015416 *||Jul 11, 2007||Jan 17, 2008||Wilson-Cook Medical, Inc||Papilla spreader|
|US20100016873 *||Nov 28, 2007||Jan 21, 2010||Gayzik Caroline M||Combination therapy hemostatic clip|
|US20110029016 *||Oct 5, 2010||Feb 3, 2011||Yeung Jeffrey E||Elastic tissue closure with elastic staple|
|DE1280468B *||May 26, 1966||Oct 17, 1968||Edward Brian Mcdermott||Gefaessklemme|
|DE1296299B *||Mar 27, 1965||May 29, 1969||Samuels||Haemostatische Klammer und Vorrichtung zum Setzen der Klammer|
|WO1986002541A1 *||Oct 28, 1985||May 9, 1986||Mattson Philip D||Surgical instrument for severing and clamping an umbilical cord|
|International Classification||A61B17/12, A61B17/122|