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Publication numberUS2385408 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 25, 1945
Filing dateJan 20, 1943
Priority dateJan 20, 1943
Publication numberUS 2385408 A, US 2385408A, US-A-2385408, US2385408 A, US2385408A
InventorsEngstrom Birger
Original AssigneeEngstrom Birger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Thread protector
US 2385408 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

P 1945. B. ENGSTROM I 2,385,408

THREAD PROTECTOR I Filed Jan. 20, 1943 2 Sheets-Sheet l AL, nrroemsxy.

Sept. 25, 1945. B. ENGSTROM 2,385,403

' THREAD PROTECTOR Filed Jan. 20, 1943 2 5116815 5118612 2 a [All/I110, :l..

Patented Sept. 25, 1945 f UN TED STATES OFFICE THREAD rnoriio'ron Birger Engstrom, Pittsburgh, Pa. Application January 20, Serial No. 472,971 I i 7 Claims. (cures-' 9s) 1 "This inventionrelates to pipe thread protectors, and more particularly to'protectors for pipes having tapered threads.

A taperedpipe thread, which is understood in this art to be a thread encircling a frusto-conical J surface; has an imperfect portion or runout at its inner end caused by the thread-cutting tool -as it gradually leaves the pipe. This imperfect thread is not used in screwing pipes together, and therefore its condition is f little importance, As used herein,;the word pipe should be interreted broadly enough to cover couplings by which pipes are connected together because the problem of protecting the tapered thread is the same in either case. Although a great many different types of pipe thread protectors have been proposed, very few have met with much commercial success, chiefly because they are complicated, or do not protect as well as they should, or are too expensive to manufacture. V

It is among the objects of this invention to provide a pipe thread protector which is simple in construction, inexpensiveto manufacture, and satisfactory and dependable in use.

'In accordance with this invention the thread protector consists of a generally cylindrical metal shell having a radial portion at its outer end adapted to overlie the end of a pipe having a tapered thread. The inner end portion of the shell is provided with an imperfect thread adapted to register only with the imperfect portion of the pipe thread when the protector is in position. The wall of the sleeve between its thread and the radial portion at its outer end is spaced from the perfect portion of the pipe thread, whereby no metal engages the portion of the pipe thread that it is intended to protect. In the case of my outside thread protector, the radial portion at its outer end is preferablyin the form of an end plate provided with a member that projects into 'the pipe into frictional engagement with its inner surface to aid in maintaining the protector centered on the pipe and also to restrain it from unscrewing. In my inside protector the radial portion at its outer end is in the form of a flange. With either type of protector, if desired, a gasket can be compressed between the radial portion of the protector and the end of the pipe in order to seal the pipe thread.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 is a longitudinal section through an outside thread protector mounted on a pipe; Fig. 2 is a reduced end view of the protector; Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section through the protector thread and the imperfeet portion of the pipe thread; and Figs. 4, 5, and 6 are views similar to-Figs. 1, 2, and 3, respectively, of an inside thread protector.

"Referring to Figs. 1, 2, and 3, a pipe I is providedat-its end with a tapered outside thread the-lastfew turns 2 of which at the inner end areimperfect or incomplete in cross section. In accordance with this invention the thread protector that is mounted on the threaded end of the pipe consists of a generally cylindrical metal shell 3 that is closed at its outer end by an integral flatend member 4. Such a protector is formed by pressing a flat circular metal plate into the cup-likeshape illustrated. The major portion of' the sliell i's of greater diameter than the perfe'ct portiont of the pipe thread which it is intended 'to protect so that there is no metal-tometalcontact between that portion of the thread.

and the protector; Howeventhe inner end por. tion of the shell is reduced in diameter and provided with an imperfect inside thread 1 that registers-with the imperfect portion 2 of the pipe thread, and with that portion only. Consequently, the protector is screwed ontothe pipe and is 'held'in place by-threaded engagement with that portion of the pipe' thread which is not used when-the'pipes are screwed together, so that it is more or less immaterial whether or not that portion of the pipethread becomes damaged due toitsdirect' contact with the protective metal shell. The reducedinner end of the shell is connected to the expanded outer portion by a gently tapered portion Bthatdeflects axial blows against the, protector at that point and permits other pipes to slide over the protector without knocking it off :the pipe. s} It will also be noted that the wall thickness of the inner end of the shell is reduced so that the diameter of the protector at its inner end is only slightly greater than the diameter of the pipe. This helps other'pipes piled on this one to slide over the inner end hf the protector without catching' on it or knocking it off.

The end wall of the protector is provided with a plurality of instruck 1ugs*9, preferably disposed radially of the pipe, which engagethe inner surfaceof the pipe. These lugs prevent lateral blows against the protector from canting it on the pipe, and they also, by their frictional engagement with the pipegrestrainithe protector from accidentally unscrewing from the pipe. To assure this frictional engagement in case the spacing between the lugs is not accurate or is otherwise such that they would not engage the inner surface of the pipe, the outer edge ll of one of the lugs is inclined outwardly so that a wedging effect is obtained when the protector is screwed onto the pipe, as shown in Fig. 1.

The inside protector shown in Figs. 4, 5, and 6 is likewise in the form of a generally cylindrical shell it having at its outer end a radial flange Hi that overlies the end of the pipe I and either engages it or compresses against it a gasket [6 that encircles the shell for thread-sealing purposes. Adjoining this flange fora short. distance is an unthreaded portion I! of thesleevewhich engages a smooth unthreaded portion of the pipe cat is customarily found between the outer end of the pipe thread and the end of the pipe. The inner end portion of the shell is provided with an outside imperfect thread [8 that registers only with the imperfect portion IQ of the pipe thread; The'rest of the shell, that is, the portion between its thread and outer pipe-engaging portion I1, is reduced in diameter in order to space it from the perfect portion 20 of the pipe thread to avoid metal-to-metal; contact,

According to the provisions of the patentstatutes, I have explained the principle and construction of my invention and have illustrated and described what I now consider torepresent its best embodiments. I However, I desire to have it understod that, within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically illustrated and described;

I claim: I

1. A pipe thread protectorin the form of a cylindrical shell having a radial portion at its outer end adapted to overlie the end of apipe encircled by a continuous tapered thread having at its inner end a few turns that are incomplete in cross section, the inner end portion of the shell being provided with a continuous thread that is incomplete in cross section and is adapted to register with only said few turns of the pipe thread when the protector is in position, and the wall of the sleeve between its thread and radial portion being spaced from the perfect portion of the pipe thread. e

2. An outside thread protector in the: form of a cylindrical shell adapted to receive the end of a pipe encircled by a continuous outside tapered thread having at its inner end a few turns that are incomplete in cross section, the outer end of the shell being closed by an integral end member provided with a plurality of inwardly struck lugs for projecting into the pipe and frictionally engaging it to restrain the shell from unscrewing and to aid in holding the outer end of thesl'iell in centered position, the inner end portionof the shell being provided with a continuous inside thread that is incomplete in cross section and is adapted to register with only said few turns of the pipe thread when the protector is in position, and the'portion of the shell between. its thread and end member being enlarged to space it from the perfect portion of the pipe thread. i

3. An inside pipe thread protector in'the form of a cylindrical shell having a radial flange at its outer end adapted to overlie the end of a pipe having an inside tapered thread, the inner end portion of the shell being provided with an imperfect outside thread adapted to register with only th imperfect portion of thepipe thread when the protector is in position, and the portion of the shell between its thread and flange being spaced from the perfect portion of the pipe thread.

4. An inside pipe thread protector in the form of a cylindrical shell having a radial flange at its outer end adapted to overlie the end of a pipe having an inside tapered thread and a smooth unthreaded surface between the thread and end of the pipe, the inner end portion of the shell being provided with an imperfect outside thread adapted. to register with only the imperfect portion of the pipe thread when the protector is in 'posi'tionthe portion of the sleeve'adjoining said flange being adapted to engage said smooth surface of the pipe, and the portion of the shell betweensaid last-mentioned portion and its thread being reduced in diameter to space it from the perfect portion of the pipe thread.

An inside pipe thread protector in the form of a cylindrical shell having a radial flange at its outer end adapted to overlie the end of a pipe having an inside tapered thread and a smooth unthreaded surface between the thread and end of the pipe, the inner end portion of the shell being provided with an imperfect outside thread adapted to register only the imperfect portion of the pipe thread when the protector is in position, the portion of the sleeve adjoining said flange being adapted to engage said smooth surface of the pipe, the portion of the shell between said lastmentioned portion andits thread: being reduced in diameter to space it from the perfect portion of the pipe thread, and a gasket encircling the shell and. adapted to be compressed between said flange and the end of the pipe.

6} An outside pipe thread protector in the form of a cylindrical shell having a radial: portion at its outer end adapted to overlie the end of a pipe encircled by a continuous outside tapered thread having atits inner end a few turns that are incomplete in cross section, the inner end portion of the shell being provided with a continuous in side thread that is incomplete in cross section and is adapted to register with only said few turns of the pipe thread when the protector is in position, the portion of: the shell between its thread and radial portion being spaced from. the perfect portion of the pipe thread, and the wall of' the shell at its inner end being reduced in thickness and being connected to said spaced portion by a gradually diverging portion of the shell wall.

7. An outside pipe thread protector in the form of a cylindrical shell having a radial portion at its. outer end adapted to overlie the end of a pipe having an outside tapered thread, the outer end of the shell being closed by an integral end member provided with a plurality of inwardly struck lugs for projecting into the pipe and frictionally engaging it to restrain the shell from unscrewing and to aid in holding the outer end of the shell in centered position, theinner end portion of the shell beingprovided with an imperfect inside thread adapted to register with only the imperfect portion ,of the pipe thread when the protector is in position, the portion of the shell between its thread and radiai portion being spaced from the perfectportion of the pipe thread, and the wall of the shell at its inner end being reduced in thickness and being. connected to said spaced portion by a gradually diverging portion of the shell wall.

BERGER ENGSTROM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2627877 *May 6, 1950Feb 10, 1953Wedge Protectors IncThread protector
US2730136 *Nov 1, 1952Jan 10, 1956Wedge Protectors IncThread protectors
US4809752 *Apr 30, 1987Mar 7, 1989Wilhelm Strodter Maschinen- Und ApparatebauThread protector for screw threads, made of a deformable material with a complementary thread
US5706860 *Mar 21, 1996Jan 13, 1998Bunzl Plastics, Inc.Method and apparatus for protecting and manipulating pipe ends
Classifications
U.S. Classification138/96.00T, 220/288
International ClassificationB65D59/00, B65D59/02
Cooperative ClassificationF16L57/005, B65D59/02
European ClassificationB65D59/02, F16L57/00D