US 2386134 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 2,1945, w. LIMIERMIS SURGICAL FIXTURE Filed July 31, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet. l
3a 5 7 WlLLlAM L. MERMIS ATIORNEY- Oct. 2, 1945. w; ME 2,386,134
SURGICAL FIXTURE ATTGQNEY.
4 And with theaboveand other objects in view, my invention resides the novel ieatures of form, construction, arrangement, and combina- In the accompanyingdrawings.(two sheetsl t .ner in which it may be placed .updnand Fig Patented Oct. 2, 1945 UNITED STATES PATENT -OFFIE r SURGICAL Frx'rUnn William IQ. Merinis, Youngstown, Ohio 7 Application July 31, 1944, Serial N6. 547,391 r sclai s. (01. 128 -1) a This invention relates in "general to surgical fixtures and, more particularly, to a fixture or holding device adapted to position and hold the head. neck, and shoulders of a patient during a nasal or throat operation, such as a tonsillectomy, sinus surgery, or bronchoscopy.-
The present invention has for its primary objectstheprovision of a device of the type stated which is simple and rugged in construction and can be quickly and accurately adjusted to the various desired positions in which the patient must be placed for the surgicalprocedures to be employed. Q I V 3 It is a further object of the present invention to provide a device-of the typestated whichwill securely hold theipatient'in the desired position and will not-accidentally shift during the course oftheoperation, A :It is an additional object of the presentinvention to provide-adevice of the type statedv; which is compactand entirely portable; so' that it may be used withequa} facility-in the hospital operating room as an-accessory to standard operating tables, in the Physician's oflice o'r examining room or carried into the private sickroom by rural-practitioners, forexample. a 4 5 tion of parts presently described andpointed out in the claims...
Figure 1 isa perspective view eta surgicalfixtureconstructed in accordance with and embodying the. present invention, illustrating the. manused withahpspitalb d;
F u e 2 i atop p an. v ew th su tsigalfix- W f 3is a dce cva 9nal view o thes rei- 4o ,ca fixtu eL 4 4 i an en elc t onal w the al.181-
93 xtur u le f i 6 a efv t qa 'dibfial iew te along t e lines. 51 5. an kt e r s i re .of Figure 2;
Figure '7 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 'l -'l'oflfiig ureffifaiid Figures 8 and 9am side"elevational and top v 4 plan views, respectively; bfa' preferred former '50 head support forming a part of vention.
Referring now in more detail and by" reference characters to the drawings; which' illustrate-"a preferred embodiment of the surgical fixture of the present invention, l designates a rectangular frame constructed preferably of steel bars of suitable gauge and thickness andconsisting of two spaced parallel side rails2. 3, and. twotransverse or cross rails 4, 5. The'cro'ss rail 4 isprovided with two equally spaced bossesfi; each of which is providedwith'a verticalborel for shiftably "accommodating sliderods 8, which are, in turn, provided: at their-upperends with a suitably padded back supporting panel '9. The cross rail 4 is further provided, midwaybetween the bosses 6, with a boss l0 vertically bored and threaded for accommodating a height-adjustment screw ll provided at its'upper endwith a swivel head [2 rotatably mountedin the back-supporting pane1'9, and at its lowerflend the height-adjustment screw l I is provided with a relatively large knurled knob l3 by which it may be manually "turned for raising [and lowering the back-supportingpanela 'witnrespect to"the frame I; It should; furthermore be noted in this connection "that the frame I" atits iour cornersflis provided withjshort" depending legs 14 having suflicient hightfto provide "adequate clearance for the screw-1 I "and sliderbds 8' when the back-supporting pane19 is in it'sflowermost position."
' j'slidablyinounted in opposed parallel ways l5 formed in the inner vertical facesof the side rails 12.3, is a head supporting" member l6 cupped or dishedsomewhat on its upper face. and suitably upholstered or padded ffor comfortably accommodatmg the headfif th'l'iatint'f Threaded ill Riveted "or otherwise "uponjthef Opposite outer side mees'orthe side rails 2, 3, are up- WardITpiSenteH bifurcated arms l8.for swin "ably accommodating vertical posts I9, thelatter 'being,fat approximatdytheirmidpoints, pro-' vided with outward onset bends, as at b. Ro-
ta'tab'ly and slidablil'miiililted upon the upper endjfofeach post I91 i'sa support block 20 threadedly'iprovided' withfla wing" screw 21 by which it maybe releasably' held in any desired 'position'of adjustment, andslidably mounted in,
and extending horizontally through", the block '20 in forwardlyspaced relation to the post [9, is a head support rod; 22 provided at its inner end :with a" circular "headengaging" disk 23.
Mounted around the rod 22 between the disk23 tioning member in any selected position of adjustment. V
4. A surgical fixture for use in supporting a human patient during the performance of surgical procedures and examinations, said fixture comprising a rectangular frame having spaced parallel side rails and front and rear transversely extending cross rails, a back-supporting panel having depending slide members shiftably mounted in the front cross rail, a height-adjustment screw swiveled at its upper end in the backsupporting panel and extending threadedly through the front cross rail, said screw further being provided on its lower end with a knob for parallel side rails and front and rear transversely extending cross rails, a back-supporting panel having depending slide members shiftably mounted in the front cross rail, a height-adjustment screw swiveled at its upper end in the backsupporting panel and extending threadedly through the front cross rail, said screw further being provided on its lower end with a knob for facilitating manual operation, said side rails be-'- ing provided upon their opposed faces with horizontal slideways, a head-supporting member slidably mounted in the ways and extending upwardly and rearwardly therefrom over the rear cross rail, a cross plate mou ted at its ends on and extending horizontally between the side rails intermediate the back-supporting panel and the head-supporting member, a neck-support having depending slide means mounted shiftably in and extending vertically through the cross plate, a horizontal shaft rotatably mounted in the cross plate, a pinion fixed upon the shaft, a vertical rack rigidly mounted on and depending from the neck-support for meshing engagement with the pinion, a ratchet wheel fixed upon the shaft, and
a spring-pressed ratchet bar releasably engaged with the ratchet wheel. V L. MERNHS.