|Publication number||US2386692 A|
|Publication date||Oct 9, 1945|
|Filing date||Apr 5, 1944|
|Priority date||Apr 5, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2386692 A, US 2386692A, US-A-2386692, US2386692 A, US2386692A|
|Inventors||Walter E Kuenstler|
|Original Assignee||Walter E Kuenstler|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (17), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 9, 1945. w, KUENSTLER 2,386,692
CRYSTAL Filed April 5, 1944 I N VEN TOR.
Patented Oct. 9, 1 945 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CRYSTAL Walter E. Kuenstler, Cllflslde Park, N; 3.
Application April 5, 1944, Serial No. 529,610
(Cl. 171-327) I 4 Claims.
I mounting of the wafer-like crystalbetween electrodes and the structure of the casing itself are such that both the crystal, and its associated "elements, are often subjected to the eilects of vibration, climatic conditions, dampness and other factors, all of which tend to create deficiencies in operation, raise or lower the natural frequency of the crystal, or render the crystal completely inoperative.
The present invention contemplates the provision of a crystal, the mounting therefor, .and the employment of. an enclosing means by which the crystal and its associated parts are permanently enclosed in a dielectric or non-conducting plastic material preferably moulded or otherwise formed about the crystal and its connections, whereby permanence of relationship of the enclosed parts is assured as well as complete and lasting protection irom climatic conditions, moisture, vibration and other factors normally iniurious or destructive to,crystals of conventional construction.
In the accompanying drawing, wherein several embodiments of the invention are shown, Fig. 1
is a perspective view of a crystal and mounting structure, constructed in accordance with the invention; Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view through the same; Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view; Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view, taken at right angles to that of Fig. 2; Fig; 5 is a perspective view of a modified structure; Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view through the structure oLFlg. 5, and Fig. '1 is a vertical sectional view through the structure of Fig. '5.
With reference to the construction shown in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive, the crystal is indicated at l, the same being of the conventional flat,
I, wafer-like shape, the thickness of which produces the desired-frequency, as is well understood in the radio art. The crystal is of quartz, tourmaline or any other piezo-electric mineral or any other material possessing the piezoelectric phenomena.
At the opposite faces of the crystal l are the electrodes 2 and 3, which may be metallic plates unattached to the crystal and between which the crystal is located, Or the electrodes may consist of metallic layers or coatings, such as gold, chrome or other non-corrosive metal, applied in such a manner as to be adherent to the opposite faces of the crystal.
Attached to each of the electrodes, whether the electrodes are separate metallic plates or are metallic coatings as abov described, are the lead wires 4 and 5 which extend, and are connected, by soldering or otherwise, to contact pins 6 and i.
The parts in the relationship illustrated and described, are embedded in a moulded block 8 of hard plastic dielectric or non-conducting material in such a manner that all of said parts,
with the exception 01' projecting portions of the contact pins 8 and 'l, are wholly enclosed in and surrounded by the plastic block 8 which forms a one-piece, solid, waterproof and airproof enclosure around the crystal and its connections, thus maintaining the crystal, electrodes and connections in their original relationship and affording -maximum protection against moisture, climatic conditions, vibration and other factors which normally greatly affect crystals and mountings oi conventional construction.
The hard and solid block of plastic material in which the crystal and its associated parts are contained is easily provided by merely moulding it around the parts, with the result that crystal assemblies constructed as above described may be made speedily, accurately and inexpensively, and the resultant product will maintain its characterlstics indefinitely.
While I have herein described the crystal and its assembly as being of a certain structure, it is obvious that it may be varied in many ways. For example, in Figs. 5 to '7 inclusive, the contact pins 8 and I are each shown as being provided with a square shank portion 9 embedded in the plastic block 8, and secured to each of the square parts 9 is a metal strip l0 having anintegrally formed, resilientofl-set finger portion H, provided with a plurality of projections or points II. In this construction, the crystal I, provided with the electrodes 2 and 3, either as separate plates or applied'coatings, is placed between the two spring project for reception in the conventional socket provided for them in the radio apparatus.
The resultant structure as herein described, provides completeprotection and enclosure for the crystal and its associated parts, leaving the crystal and parts wholly unaffected by surrounding conditions, climatic or otherwise, thus greatly increasing the effective life of the crystal.
What I claim is: l 1. A crystal or the character described comprising, a piece of quartz, tourmaline or other aseaeea contact connecting with an electrode and the other end or the electrical contact terminating in a pin extending through and out or the plastic.
3. A crystal of the character described comprising, a 'piezo-electric mineral in a wafer-like iorm having its opposite faces provided with a,
. metallic coating, leads in contact with and expiezo-electric mineral, electrodes in co-operative relation to the piano-electric mineral, electric contacts connected to the electrodes, the crystal,
- electrodes and contacts being embedded in a tending from the metallic-coated faces of the crystal, contact members to which said leads are attached, and a nioulded plastic enclosure extending around and completely enclosing the crystal, the,leads and portions oi. the contact members.
4. A crystal construction comprising, a piezoelectric material inwafer-like form having its opposite iaces provided with an intimately-attached metallic coating, leads in contact with and vextending from the metallic-coated faces of the crystal, the crystal and portions of the leads bein embedded in a formed or moulded insulation with parts of the leads extending through and out of the insulation. 1 1 WALTER- E. KUENSTLER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2480535 *||Mar 13, 1947||Aug 30, 1949||Gen Electric||Enclosure for vibratile elements|
|US2511624 *||Mar 30, 1946||Jun 13, 1950||Hamdi Hadidje Nazli||Piezoelectric element|
|US2512878 *||Dec 28, 1945||Jun 27, 1950||Brush Dev Co||Piezoelectric crystal|
|US2594948 *||Oct 30, 1947||Apr 29, 1952||Brush Dev Co||Electromechanical transducer unit|
|US2811655 *||Aug 4, 1953||Oct 29, 1957||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Stable liquid electrodes for piezoelectric crystals|
|US2814741 *||Feb 10, 1955||Nov 26, 1957||Standard Electronics Corp||Crystal mounting means|
|US2830202 *||Sep 22, 1955||Apr 8, 1958||Sylvania Electric Prod||Uni-directional accelerometer|
|US2833942 *||Feb 5, 1953||May 6, 1958||Ravich Leonard E||Contaminant-proof electrical circuit components|
|US2994844 *||Oct 15, 1958||Aug 1, 1961||Motorola Inc||Filter construction|
|US3167668 *||Oct 2, 1961||Jan 26, 1965||Florence Nesh||Piezoelectric transducers|
|US3619672 *||Sep 11, 1970||Nov 9, 1971||Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd||Piezoelectric ceramic resonator and mounting|
|US3622816 *||Jun 12, 1970||Nov 23, 1971||Electro Dynamics||Piezoelectric crystal assembly|
|US5281885 *||Oct 28, 1992||Jan 25, 1994||Hitachi Metals, Ltd.||High-temperature stacked-type displacement device|
|US5920145 *||Sep 9, 1996||Jul 6, 1999||Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation||Method and structure for embedding piezoelectric transducers in thermoplastic composites|
|US6052879 *||Apr 8, 1999||Apr 25, 2000||Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation||Method for embedding piezoelectric transducers in thermoplastic composites|
|US7235916 *||Jun 3, 2004||Jun 26, 2007||Zippy Technology Corp.||Piezoelectric blades anchoring structure|
|US20050269908 *||Jun 3, 2004||Dec 8, 2005||Chin-Wen Chou||Piezoelectric blades anchoring structure|
|U.S. Classification||310/340, 174/528, 174/59, 174/551, 174/50.52|
|International Classification||H03H9/05, H03H9/10|