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Publication numberUS2387522 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 23, 1945
Filing dateDec 29, 1943
Priority dateDec 29, 1943
Publication numberUS 2387522 A, US 2387522A, US-A-2387522, US2387522 A, US2387522A
InventorsMaurer Frank W
Original AssigneeMaurer Frank W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Goggle
US 2387522 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

` Oct. `23,` 1945. F. Yw.` MYAURER 2,387,522

GOGGLE Filed Dec. 29; 1943 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Patented oet. 23, 1945 t 2,387,522

` `S'IETJELS .OFFICE .oo GGLE p Frarik'W.`=lVaurer, 1Newton-HiiglilanlsfMass.

Application-December 29, 1943, .Serial N0,.516,02,8 A -5 Claims. (claras-14%) :invention .relates .tofgoggles, .fand itis one .particularly .in Eig. 2, :face-.engaging .portions 12 lohg'eotof theiinvention toprovideanew `andsim- .and :t4 :may be .formed into .-a .resilient roll `to ,proved goggle which 'will i-be proof against .inrfacilitate :their int with .the Wearers face. There ftennajllfogging of the-lens portion .undersu-bstan- Ais zalsoprovided.anoseereceiving space Eor chamtiall-yallaser-vioeoorlditions.` y.z5 =ber -I-.5rfde1redfby extended vlips or flanges |15 and ,.QAnother `.object `is to provide .suoli a fgoggle 4:6 which `are radapted 4.to .seal the nose .of the wherein the .natural ,breathing of ,the wearer wearer from the main interior portion of -the tthereof` dserves .to A.provide a system tof :foro-ed goggle .for .reasons .which will become apparent ventilation ffor .the ,interior `or eye Lportion fof hereinafter.

` `tliegoggleaandanore;partioularlylto providesuoh .10 Erame LD is preferably .formed .to enclose .a

aytgoggle wherein .Jmeansare provided Vfor `caus- .single lens 1aperture land .a .unitary .lens blank inhaled bythe mearerthereof -to .pass .20 adapted .to engage atslot `22 withinirame .|.0. irst ,between lthe lens ,portion .and the eyes oi" If desired, there .may be provided .also a `unitary .said wearerand thereby tofprovide Vforced yentiweb ,24 .on ithe front .of `frame |0 .adapted .to '.lationfor .the interior .of the ngoggle, .and wherein i5 `-rnaintain the upper .and lower Iportions .thereof means `.are also provdedlforfpreventing pair ex- .in the `proper .spaced relationship. Web `24 will haled Iby .said wearer from re-.enterin-g the ^inin general be found ,desirable in view of the-rela- `teriorofltl'le goggle; i tively heavy .construction of .the vnose .portion of lalfur'ther .objectisto provide ra goggle having .the goggle, .but .other lens-fastening and .sup- 'the .above .advantages and .comprising a sub .go sportngmeans .may 13-substituted thefefl', Suh stantiallynnitary trame .of .rubber orlike :ma- .for ,example as .a plurality of rivets or .similar terial provided .witha system ,of simple valves elements JOling `the top .and 10017110111 edges -Of Operated by thenatural .breathing .of .the `wearer lens `(2l) .to `frame ,l0 `and preferably vpositioned `flthe goggle itolproduee ventilation in thermanapproximately adjacent the .ends `0f Web 14.

ner outlined above. 25 Ilhe .above-,described general .features .o'f .the

Still further A.objects `are nto provide a `goggle kgoggle .of the .'inventionare subject to .considern "having the .above .advantages .wherein ,meansare able modioation. .The V.essentials .of .those .por- "providedfor .the.str.eam =of..air` 4entertions .of `the ,goggle lare ,principally .only that in .ngfthe inter'ior of the gogglesandinaddition .to `the -first place .the :eyes .of the wearer are .sealed provide air-diffusing means which will also ,be 30 fromlhsnose .withthetexception ofa valve-conoapable `of rendering the .interior `of the goggle .trlled lopening `.described hereinafter, and .in

proof against dustor other undesirable .foreign thesecondp'laee that the .nose 0f the Wearerfbe "matterwhich it may be desirable to exclude,.and Vsealed iiromthe outer atmosphere .eXCeDt-01ad- Whichwill also belight and .convenient as well tional valve means, Aalso described hereinafter. ajs 'easy *to cleaner replace. 35 As has alreadyfbeen pointed out, .itis one .ob-

hdditionai objects .and advantages 4Willian ,part .J'e't 0I the invention .toprovide means ASue'h that 'appear and :in part `be pointedrout .in .theoourse a`l1.a`ir inhaled'by the nose .of the wearer .of the jor't'he following description df `one Qr Amoreemgoggle pass first .through 'the vspaoeenc'losed by l*bodirnents of the invention, which are given as the I.g 1g.g1"1I1S, and SC0I1d,.'hlt all ail" exhaled non-limiting examples, in Vconnection .with rthe 4o lby the nose of the Wearerbe preventedrom reaCCOmpanying drawings, in which: entering said space. Itis also desirable .that vthe "Figure 1 Alis `a lfront elevation, partly bmken stream of .air entering .the ,goggle be .broken up Laway, of "a 'goggle "eomprising an embodiment l(5f 'or dilfnsed relatively thoroughly, and 'the .means `the invention; l for producing these results are shown particu- "fligure2 is aseotionfongtheiine Qinpg 1; `A45 larly'in Figs. 2 and 4. .In each end `portion |'4 'gure `3`is alsideievation of the toggieshown of Jframe l0 there .'.is provided an aperture .in in Fig. 1; 1Which there is mounted Aan element 25 of any "Figure 4 :iS a top p1an,wpart1y in section Aon suitable-material suoh .as a metal orplas'ti.o,1hav theline 4. 4-'finFi-gg1; and y `ing mounted `therein a cloth :'26 .or similar ele- Figure f5 is a bottom-view ofthe goggle shown 5D .ment capable of .diffusing .air .passing thereiniliigrl.` through. fAs v"is 'shown .particularly in Fig. 4, *Inthe drawings, `thema'in `frame or "body ln 'element-,2.5 may advantageously .comprise a4 pair o'f ithe vgoggles preferably comprises a, unitary of complementary parts .28 .and 3D adapted .to structure formed Vas bymolding of .a relatively .engage Lthe material .of frame .IOandWhioh mat7 llexib'le @material 'such as rubber. Preferably ff' Ibe lsecured 'together in any `suitable way fas `by `ifrarrre` |0iwilliinitiallybeprovided with a curved means .of cement. An additional .retainer rim formlos-shown particularly in Figs, 4 and "5 in 32 is also provided for .the .purpose of Vsecuring liolfiertoadapt ittoithe'acefof'the wearer, and cloth 126 jinyelemen't25, andboth-o'f lements itis `extended 'along'itsrearward side I2 and 1.4 .and )32 .may be .provided witha .pluralityof .re-

dorm face-engaging portions. As is shown no 'infore'ing ribs"33.and3.4.

Cloth 26 serves other useful purposes in addition to `diffusing the ow of air into the interior of the goggle and thus minimizing the wearers consciousness of the incoming air. It also acts asa filter for dustor any other foreign material which it may be desirable to exclude from the wearers eyes. Furthermore, if the goggle is to be used for dark adaptation purposes, in which case lens 2i) will comprise dark red material, y

cloth 26 should be of such color and texture as to exclude all undesired light. It should be pointed out, however, that the invention is in no way limited to the use of diffusing means or to the particular mounting means therefor shown in the land the interior portion of the goggle, but not to nose chamber I5 and the wearers nose. The means for accomplishing the latter result are shown particularly in Figs. 1, 2 and 4. Shield 35, preferably of the same material as the remainder of frame Ill, is mounted on the front thereof as by means of a suitable cement, and forms with the front of frame I an additional chamber 36. Shield 35 is provided with a plurality of internal nubs 33 adapted to maintain it in spaced relation with frame I0. A plurality of apertures lil in the upper part of nose-engaging portion I6 provide communication between the interior of the goggle and air chamber 36. Communication between chamber 36-and nose chamber I 5 may be provided by means of any suitable one-way or flutter valve, and an example of a satisfactory valve device is shown particularly in Figs. 1 and 2.

Frame I0 is molded initially with valve-mounting means comprising a plurality of ribs 42 interspersed with apertures 44 and connecting with a central rim 45. Valve stem 46 of valve 55 is adapted to engage in rim 45 and is provided with an enlarged head 48 which will prevent its withdrawal therefrom. Valve 50 is preferably made of a relatively thin, flexible material such as rubber and should be sufficiently light and flexible to offer minimum resistance to the passage of air through apertures 44 during inhalation by the wearer of the goggle, but should at the same time be sufficiently firm to seal said apertures at all other times.

Itwill now be apparentthat each time the wearer of the goggle of the invention inhales through his nose, he draws air through diffusing element 26 into the interior of the goggle, and thence through apertures 40 into chamber 36, whence it passes by way of apertures 44 and valve 50 into nose chamber I5 and the nose of the wearer. It will also be apparent that the oneway action of valve 50, together with the sealed t of nose chamber I to the face of the wearer, serves to prevent exhaled air from returning to the interior of the goggle and thus insures maintenance of the desired fog-free condition of lens 2U.'

At .the lower part of nose chamber I5, there is provided a further valve assembly similar in function to valve 5I) for purposes of exhalation. Any convenient one-way valve may be used, and the illustrated example comprises ribs 52, apertures 54, central rim 55, valve stem 56 provided with enlarged head 58, and valve 6I) corresponding in construction and action to valve 5D. There will preferably be provided also a protecting rim 62 for valvel which alsoacts to deiiect exhaled air and prevent it from striking the outer surface of lens 20. If the goggle is designed for use at extremely low temperatures, rim 62 may be substantially increased in length in order to lessen the possibility of congealing the moisture in the exhaled air, which might tend to prevent valve from sealing apertures 54 properly during inhalation. It will be noted, however, that valve 60 and its mounting means are necessary only to permit the wearer of the goggle to exhale through his nose, and may be dispensed within a simpler embodiment ofthe invention. In such case, the lower part of nose chamber I5 will be permanently sealed and the wearer of the goggle will have to exhale at all times through his mouth.

Any suitable means may be employed for mounting the goggle of the invention on the head of the wearer, but the arrangement shown in Figs. l and 4 has been found particularly satisfactory. Straps 64 engage in slots 65, preferably T-shaped and lined with suitable grommets 66, in lens 2B, and are provided at their inner ends With a suitable lug or bead 68 adapted to prevent withdrawal through slots 65. If desired, a slotted washer element 69 may be used to insure sealing of slots $5 against the passage of air therethrough during inhalation. Additional support may be provided if desired by means of ears 'Ill at the outer ends of frame, Ii) provided with transverse slots 72 through which straps B4 pass in encircling the head of the wearer. The invention is in no way limited to this mounting arrangement, however, and many satisfactory variations therein will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art.

Since certain changes may be made in the above construction and different embodiments of the invention could be made without departing from the scope thereof, it is intendedthat all 5 matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

It is also to be understood that the following claims are intended to cover all the generic and specific features of the invention herein described,

and all statements of the scope of the inventionY which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall therebetween.

What is claimed is: 1. A goggle of the character described comprising, in combination, lens means, frame means .f comprising rim means holding said lens means and resilient face-engaging means extending rearwardly from said rim means and cooperating with said lens means to define an eye chamber sealed from the nose of the wearer of said goggle, port means in said frame means communieating, with the outside atmosphere, means deiining a chamber enclosing the nose of said wearer and comprising means engaging the upper lip, of said wearer to seal said nose chamber from the outside atmosphereV and from said eye chamber while leaving exposed the mouth and lowerpart ofthe face of said wearer, means securing said last named meansto' said frame means, conduit means providing communication between said eye chamber and said nose chamber, valve means cooperating with said conduit means to permit the passage of gas from said eye chamber into said nose chamber but preventing the passagecf gas from said nose chamber intosaid eye chamber, and further valve means permitting the passage ofV gas from said nose chamber into the outside atmosphere but prel, venting the passage of gas from the outside atmosphere into` said nose chamber.

l 2. A `goggle of the character` described comprising, in combination, lens means, frame means comprising rim means holding said lens means l and resilient face-engaging means extending rearwardly from said rim means and cooperating with said lens means to define an `eye chamber sealed from the nose of the wearer of said goggle, port means in said frame means communicating with the outside atmosphere, supplemental frame means defining a chamber enclosing the nose of said wearer, means dependently `securing said supplemental `frame means to `said first named frame means, said supplemental frame means comprising means engaging the` upper lip of said wearer and sealing said nose chamber from the outside` atmosphere and from said eye chamber while leaving exposed the mouth and lower part of the face of said wearer, `means defining conduit means through said frame means providing communication between said `eye chamber and said nose chamber, valve means cooperating with said conduit means to permit thepassage of gas from said eye chamber into said nose chamber but preventing the passage of gas from said nose chamber into said eye chamber, and further valve means permittingthe passage of gas from said nose chamber into the outside atmosphere but preventing the passage of gas from the outside atmosphere into said nose chamber.

3. Agoggle of the character described comprising, in combination, lens means, frame means comprising rim means holding said lens means and resilient face-engaging means extending rearwardly from said rim means and cooperating with said lens means to define an eye chamber sealed from the nose of the wearer of said goggle, port means in said frame means comengaging the face of said wearer and sealing said l nose chamber from the outside atmosphere, port means in said first named frame means providing communication between said eye chamber and said third chamber, and valve meansin said supplemental frame means permitting the passage of gas from said third named chamber into said nose chamber but preventing the passage of gas from said nose chamber into said third named chamber.

`4. A goggle of the character described comprising, in combination, lens means, frame means `comprising rim means holding said lens meansand resilient face-engaging means ex- `tending rearwardly from said rim means and cooperating with said lens means to define an eye chamber sealed from the nose of the wearer of said goggle, port means in said frame means "communicating with the outside atmosphere,

said face-engaging means including a fiange portion overlying the bridge and'sides of the nose of said wearer, supplemental` frame means defining a chamber enclosing the nose `oi said wearer, means dependently securing said supplemental frame means to said first named frame means and spaced from the rearward edge of said nose-overlying fiange portion, said supplemental frame portion comprising means engaging the face of said wearer and sealing said nose chamber from the outside atmosphere and from said eye chamber, shield means secured to the front of `said supplemental frame means and secured to said first named frame means at points spaced from said first named securing means and thereby defining with said supplemental frame means a third chamber overlying said nose chamber, port means in said first named frame means betweensaid shield means and said first nam'ed securing means, said port means providing communication between said eye chamber and said third named chamber, valve means in said supplemental frame means permitting the passage of gas from said third named chamber into said nose chamberbut preventing the passage of gas from said nose chamber into said third named chamber, and further valve means permitting the passage of gas from said nose chamber into the outside atmosphere but preventing the passage of gas from the outside atmosphere into said nose chamber.

5. A goggle of the character described comprising, in combination, lens means comprising a sheet of transparent, organic plastic material providing two eye portions connected by :a nosereceiving portion of reduced area, frame means comprising rim nfeans encircling and holding said lens means and resilient face-engaging means extending rearwardly from said rim means and cooperating with said lens means to dene a single eye chamber sealed from the nose of the wearer of said goggle, port means in said frame means communicating with the outside atmosphere, supplemental frame means comprising a bulbous portion defining a nose enclosing chamber and means engaging the upper lip of said wearer and sealing said nose chamber from said eye chamber and from the outside atmosphere while leaving exposed the mouth and lower part of the face of said wearer, means securing said supplemental frame means to said first named frame means, shield means secured to the front of said supplemental frame means, means securing the upper edge of said shield means to said first named frame means in spaced relation with said means securing said supplemental frame means to said rst named frame means, said shield means and said supplemental frame means thereby defining a third chamber overlying said nose chamber, port means in said first named frame means providing communication between said eye chamber and said third named chamber, valve means in said supplemental frame means permitting the passage of gas from said third named chamber into said nose chamber but preventing the passage of gas from said nose chamber into said u third named chamber, and further valve means permitting the passage of gas from said nose chamber into the outside atmosphere but preventing the passage of gas from the outside atmosphere into said nose chamber.

FRANK W. MAURER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2435653 *Aug 31, 1945Feb 10, 1948H L Bouton CompanyGoggle
US2446048 *Jul 20, 1945Jul 27, 1948Kimball Donald EEyeshield
US2625685 *Jul 20, 1950Jan 20, 1953Parmelee Plastics CoGoggle assembly
US2636171 *May 5, 1951Apr 28, 1953Bausch & LombVentilation means for goggles
US5033128 *Jan 8, 1990Jul 23, 1991Torres Telesford E AGoggles
US7992558Sep 11, 2007Aug 9, 2011Airway Technologies LlcStability medical mask
EP1506758A1 *Aug 12, 2004Feb 16, 2005NPF LimitedGoggles
EP2380537A1 *Apr 19, 2011Oct 26, 2011Salomon S.A.S.Protective goggles for the practice of outdoor sports
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/201.15, 128/206.24, 128/207.12
International ClassificationA61F9/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61F9/028
European ClassificationA61F9/02V