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Publication numberUS2388482 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 6, 1945
Filing dateJan 16, 1943
Priority dateJan 16, 1943
Publication numberUS 2388482 A, US 2388482A, US-A-2388482, US2388482 A, US2388482A
InventorsHaynes Herbert H
Original AssigneeHaynes Herbert H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical screw
US 2388482 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. H. HAYNES SURGICAL SCREW Nov. 6, 1945.

Filed Jan. 16, 1945 Patented Nov. 6, 1945 UNITED. STATES PATENT OFFICE SURGICAL SCREW Herbert H. Haynes, Clarksburg, W. Va.

Application Jan!!! 16, 1943, Serial No. 472,649

2 Claims. (Cl. -140) This invention relates to surgical apparatus and has for its primary object to provide a simplified means for firmly securing skeletal splints, such as shown in my United States Patent #2,238,8'70, in position in an expeditious manner.

More specifically, it is an object of the invention to provide a skeletal'screw which is adapted to pierce the outer cortex of the bone, cross the medullary canal, and. imbed its point in the opposite cortex, without the necessity of using finders. flanged sleeves, etc.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a skeletal screw having drilling and self-tapping features, whereby the screw can be firmly anchored in the bone in a'single operation, thus reducing the time involved in applying the splint, which is of course a major factor.

A further object of the invention consists in providing a skeletal screw havim the foregoing features, and which is also so constructed as to provide for the discharge of the fine particles cut engaging portion 8 for use in rotating the shaft when the screw is to be applied to a bone.

Formed on the lower end of shaft 5 is a drill portion I, the widest dimension of which is somewhat less than the diameter of shaft 5, as shown in Figure 3. Spaced slightly above the drill I are four radial arms 8 separated by longitudinal grooves 9. The outer ends of the arms 8, are provided with threads III which are interrupted by the grooves 9; these threaded'sections serving as taps to cut threads in the bone to receive the continuous threads ll formed on the shaft 5 immediately above the thread-tapping porion.

The grooves 9 extenddownwardly below the tapping sections 8-8. and provide passages for the upward travel of the cuttings to prevent their entrance into the medullary canal, and also to prevent clogging of the screw; the grooves 9 are of sufficient length to receive the bone cuttings from the bone by the drill, thereby not only re- Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentarysection.

one of the screws in through a bone and showing its final position.

Figure 3 is an enlarged elevational view of the lower portion of one of the screws.

Figure 4 is a view similar tol 'lgure 3, but taken at a 90. angle, and l Figures 5 and 6 are enlarged horizontal sectional views taken on line H and 8-6 respectively of Figure 3.

Referring to the drawing in more detail and particularly to Figure 1, the numerals I and 2 indicate the two sections of a broken bone which is to be set," and the numeral 3 indicates the splint blocks. These blocks, which form a part of the ambulatory splint described in the abovementioned patent, are firmly secured to the bone fragments I and 2 by means of the novel selftapping screws 4.

Each screw 4 comprises a shaft portion I on the upper end of which may be formed a tooland permit the exit of some of them, thereby leav. ing the tap threads Ill free to out clean and well defined threads in the bone structure.

The lower portions of the arms 8 are preferably tapered downwardly as indicated by the numeral H to facilitate movement of the screw into the bone.

The operation and advantages of the novel screw are believed to be apparent. After an incision is made in the flesh at the desired point the drill point is inserted and then rotated by an implement attached at the point 6. This rotation, with the desired pressure, causes the drill 'I to initiate an opening in the outer cortex of the bone, such opening being of slightly smaller diameter than the shaft 5. Continued rotation of the shaft causes the interrupted threads on the arms or tapping portion 8 to cut threads on the walls of the opening provided by the drill 1. The threads II on shaft 5 are then readily received in the opening upon continued rotation of the shaft. The rotation of the shaft is continued until the point of the drill is imbedded slightly in the remotecortex of the bone as shown in Figures 1 and 2. This final position of the screw becomes apparent to the surgeon through increased resistance presented to the screw when the drill contacts the opposite cortex of the bone.

' The partial imbedding of the drill point in the or the usual ilnders, flanged sleeves. and the like which were deemed necessary in the ordinary attaching means. Moreover, the longitudinal grooves I provide for the outward discharge or cuttings produced by the drilling and thread-cutting operations, and the screw is in.

stalled in sterile condition and in a minimum of time. I v 1 In accordance with the patent statutu I have described what I now believe to be the preferred form of construction, but inasmuch as various changes may be made in the structural details without departing from .the spirit of the invention it is intended that all such changes he included within the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

l. A device of the character described comprising a surgical screw for securing skeletal splints, said surgical screw including a shaft, a drill portion formed on an end of the shaft, said drill portion provided with relatively shallow grooves and terminating in a tapered point, screw threads i'ormed on the shaft above the drill portion and extending a suiiicient distance to permit the threads to engage the adjacent cortex of a bone when the drill point is lmbedded ln-the opposite aeeaaaa 2. A device or the character described comprisportion provided with relatively shallow grooves and terminating in a tapered point, screw threads i'ormedonthesbaitabovethedrlllportionand adapted to engage the adiacent cortex when the drill point is imbedded in the opposite cortex 01' a bone, the threads adjacent the drill portion being interrupted to provide a self-tapping POI- tion,andoneormorelongitudina1groovesin said shaft. said groove or grooves being parallel totheaxisottheshattandterminatingina surtace having a radiu of curvature. the interrupted thread of the self-tapping portion being formed by said longitudinal groove or grooves, said groove or grooves extending to the drill portion on the end 0! the shait.

- HERBERT H. HAYNES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2440123 *Oct 7, 1946Apr 20, 1948Smith Chester HRemovable bone plate
US2494229 *Jul 8, 1946Jan 10, 1950John G CollisonBone surgery
US2532296 *Nov 9, 1948Dec 5, 1950Giesen Joseph HBone screw and method of fastening
US3094893 *Nov 27, 1959Jun 25, 1963Elco Tool And Screw CorpDrilling and tapping screws
US3103926 *Jan 13, 1961Sep 17, 1963Orthopaedic Specialties CorpSurgical bone pin
US3238836 *Mar 25, 1964Mar 8, 1966Harry W JohnsonDrilling reaming work extruding self-tapping screw
US3241426 *Nov 8, 1963Mar 22, 1966Illinois Tool WorksDrilling and tapping screw with ragged cutting edges
US3318182 *Nov 3, 1965May 9, 1967Textron Ind IncSelf-thread-forming screw with drill point and method of making same
US3923046 *Sep 4, 1974Dec 2, 1975Milton D HeifetzSkull tong
US4028987 *Dec 5, 1975Jun 14, 1977Illinois Tool Works Inc.Self-drilling screws
US4414966 *Apr 9, 1981Nov 15, 1983Ace Orthopedic Manufacturing, Inc.Fixation pin
US4537185 *Jun 10, 1983Aug 27, 1985Denis P. StednitzCannulated fixation screw
US4787792 *Mar 16, 1987Nov 29, 1988Usm CorporationDrill screw
US4862881 *Jun 20, 1988Sep 5, 1989Shea Jr Cyril EOrthopaedic appliance
US4978350 *Jan 23, 1990Dec 18, 1990Jaquet Orthopedie S.A.Transcutaneous pin for fixation of a bone part or fragment
US5098435 *Nov 21, 1990Mar 24, 1992Alphatec Manufacturing Inc.Bone stabilizing system
US7507240Mar 18, 2005Mar 24, 2009Ron Anthon OlsenAdjustable splint for osteosynthesis
US7575575Mar 18, 2005Aug 18, 2009Ron Anthon OlsenAdjustable splint for osteosynthesis with modular components
US7588571Mar 18, 2005Sep 15, 2009Ron Anthon OlsenAdjustable splint for osteosynthesis with modular joint
US7699569 *Jan 17, 2007Apr 20, 2010Taiwan Shan Yin Int'l Co., Ltd.Self-drilling screw
US7731738Dec 9, 2005Jun 8, 2010Orthopro, LlcCannulated screw
US7931650May 8, 2003Apr 26, 2011Zimmer Technology, Inc.Adjustable bone stabilizing frame system
US8696668Mar 28, 2011Apr 15, 2014Zimmer, Inc.Adjustable bone stabilizing frame system
EP0011258A1 *Nov 9, 1979May 28, 1980ORTHOFIX S.r.l.Device for the external fixation of the fragments of a broken bone
EP0230856A1 *Nov 24, 1986Aug 5, 1987Jaquet Orthopedie S.A.Transcutaneous fixation pin for fragments or elements of bones
EP0657142A1 *Nov 21, 1994Jun 14, 1995Synthes AG, ChurElement for osteosynthesis
WO1996041573A1 *Jun 4, 1996Dec 27, 1996Robert FriggSelf-drilling bone securing component
WO1999039653A1Jan 29, 1999Aug 12, 1999Alex SchaerEndo-osseal dental implant with a self-cutting screw
Classifications
U.S. Classification411/387.4, 606/54, 408/216
International ClassificationA61B17/86, A61B17/68
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/8635
European ClassificationA61B17/86B4