US 2388528 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov.- 6, 1945. J, s. CURWSS, JR 2,388,528
DIES AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME A Filed April 7, 1944 lill/1 ATTORNEY Patented Nov. 6, 1945 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE DIE AND METHOD 0F MAKING SAME John s. Curtiss, Jr., Belmont, Calif. Application April 7. 1944, Serial No'. 529,985
This invention relates to dies and method of making same, and more particularly relates to such dies and method wherein a first die member of a complementary pair of die members is employed to cut the other or second die member, or have said second die member shaped by the first die member as by pouring or molding thereabout. In its illustrated and preferred form herein, the invention relates to dies and method of making same wherein a die member having a. relatively hard working face may be rst formed and the other die member shaped therefrom, the latter of which may be a softer die member than the first or hard die member. The invention also relates to' dies in which a spacing is provided between respective working faces of complementary die members, one of which is of harder material than the other, and providing in said space between the working faces of the complementary die members a plating of hard material on the working face of the softer die member, and in which the plating is of substantially the same thickness as the space between Athe working faces and substantially fills such space, with allowance in the case of forming dies for the thicknessof the work-piece upon which the dies are to operate.
For illustrative purposes and to characterize the present invention comparatively with known dies and methods of making same, it may be stated that it is Well known to employ complementary dies, of which one is relatively hard and the other is relatively. soft, and forming the softer die member from the harder die member. As compared with cutting and finishing two die members of equal hardness this method has obvious advantages of economy and operative fit of the working faces. It also has disadvantages because of relative softness of one die member.
The die member of the hard metal is made with care as a perfect die of the desired shape, whereas the die member of the softer metal is only roughly cut to general conformity with the shape of the hard die member. whereupon the two members are mounted in a press and the hard die member is employed to complete the cut in the soft-die member by vso-called breaching or shearing of the remaining rough edge material of the soft die member. Thus the soft die member is out to exact size and conformity with the hard 5 and efficiency of the soft die member is relatively short.
One of the objects of the present invention is to provide die members one of which is cut by the other or formed by it, such as by pouring or molding against or around it. Another object is to provide a space between co-operating worklng faces of complementary die members, wherein a coating may be disposed upon the effective co-operating working face and edge of one of the die members for regulating a predetermined desired clearance between the co-operating working faces of complementary die members. A further object is to provide for-forming a soft die member from a hard die member, provide a hard working face for the soft die member, yet maintain the exact predetermined relationship and conformity between the die members.
With the foregoing and other objects in View, 1
as will more'fully appear from this description, one exemplification of the invention consists of the steps of the method and the die apparatus described herein and exemplified in the accompanying drawing, wherein like reference characters designate corresponding parts in the sev.Q eral views, it being understood that changes in form, degree, size and proportions of the dies, as l well as variations of steps of the method, may be resorted to within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
Referring to the drawing showing one exempliflcation of the invention and by Which the method may be illustratively described.
Fig. 1 is a cross-section transversely vertical of a circular force or male blanking die for cut ting rings shown in Fig. 4.
Fig. 2 is a cross-section transversely vertical at one stage of manufacture of a receiving die complementary to the force die of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a cross-section transversely vertical at a completed stage of manufacture of the receiving die of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a plan view of article out by the dies of Figs. 1 and 3.
Fig. 5 is a modification showing in cross-section a transversely vertical circular force or male die for forming plates shown in Fig. 8, showing stages or production and completion..
Fig. 6 is a cross-section transversely vertical of a receiving forming die complementary to the force die of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 -is a cross-section transversely centrally of a plate formed by dies of Figs. 5 and 6.
Fig. 8 is a plan view of obverse face of plate sholvgn by Fig. 7 and formed by dies of Figs. 5 an Figs. 9, 10 and i1 are fragmentary sectional views of a modified form of practice of the invention.
Referring to Figs. 1 to-4, inclusive, of the drawing, let it be assumed that it is desired to stamp vout the ring member I of Fig. 4then the male or force die generally indicated il in Fig. 1 is prepared and finished as a master die. preferably of hard metal, having its cutting or working face I2 of the same size and connguration as the design to be cut or formed, such as the plan view of ring I0 in Fig. 4. The working face il and its adioining walls I8 are then plated, preferably by the well-known electrolytic process, with a coating of relatively hard plating metal such as chromium plate as at I4, providing it with what may be termed an oversize buildup of its shearing edges. The hard force die 'is then ready to cut the receiving die generally indicated i5 in Fig. 2 and lia in Fig. 3. The receiving die il, IIa is preferably of relatively softer metal than the force die, since this usually results in economy of time and expense in die making. The receiving die Il, lla is in usual practice first roughly cut by any suitable means so that there remains around and about the 'walls of the intended die opening a this body of surplus material indicated, The force die member Il, including plating i4 and the softer receiving die member il, including surplus metal i.. are then placed in a die press (the hammer block A being illustrated only), and the surplus metal i8 is broached out of the receiving die openings I1 so that the openings I1 are of the same size and configuration as the shearing face of the force die Il, including its plating i4, as indicated at Il, thus allowing operating sliding clearance only between the two die members.
The plating Il is then 'removed in any suitable manner from the force die member Ii, this de-platlng being preferably by commonly used reversal of the electrolytic process. A plating l! of hard metal such as chromium is then applied to the soft receiving die i5. Ila of a thickness similar to the thickness of the plating Il which was originally added to the force die li and later removed therefrom, thus building up the walls of opening l'la as shown in Fig. 3, whereby the working face and edges of the finished openings I'la of the soft receiving die member I5, ila are provided with a hard working face and edge and wear-resisting openings oi the same size and contour as shearing edges I2 of the original finished blanking force die Il, with allowance only for a predetermined desired working clearance between them. By timing and recording the electrolytic plating process in plating the force die Il and allowing for differences and choice of die materials of one die member relative to the other, the thickness of plating of the respective dies may be gauged and predetermined with extreme accuracy. The predetermined desired working clearance will depend on the purpose of the dies, the material they are to work upon, and also the thickness of that material. If the material to be worked upon is thin and hard, there may be only a shearing sliding clearance, but if the material is thick and relatively soft. a great clearance is desirable, or, if a flange is to be formed on the work-piece, a suitable clearance is allowed for thickness of the flanged material.
It will be observed that the invention llbOvt de- .hard die.
assasss scribed contemplates providing or shaping a ilr'st die member, preferably with a hard, eifective or working face, and making a second, and preferably a relatively softer die member from the first or hard die member, so that the two die members have cio-operating working faces to operate upon a work-piece therebetween, and providing a space between said co-operating faces within winch a relatively thin plating of hard material may be interposed for providing a hard working face and a wear-resisting surface to the effective cutting or forming portion of the second, and preferably softer, die member. 'I'he second die member need not necessarily be made by impressing the first die member thereupon, since the second die member may be also made by pouring the metal thereof into contact with the working face of the first die member and thereby moldinC it.
Manifestly, it is not necessary that the force or male die as exemplified in the preceding description shall always be the master or finished the master or hard die and the male die may be made therefrom as the softer die, electrolytically reduced and then plated with a hard metal to build it up to the desired size to allow for the predetermined desired clearance between the die members. Or after both dies are made, one from the other, preferably a softer die from a harder gg die, with correspondingr and similar contour of gg die faces sufficient to allow for a 'hard plating on said effective face of one of the dies to the extent of the thickness removed from the opposing or complementary die.
Alternately, as shown in Figs. 9, l0 and 11, the
40 first die 30 may be completed in its finished size and contour, and its enective face Il be employed y to make the receiving die I2, whereupon the second or receiving die 32 may have its working face reduced, as by electrolysis, to the dotted lines ll in Fig. 10 and 32a in Fig. 11. Then .the reduced die lla is plated with a hard plating 34 of the proper thickness to establish the predetermined desired clearance between the colperating working faces of the complementary When referring herein to the "hard die member, it is not essential that it be made of steel or other inherently relatively hard material throughout its entire body, provided its effective cutting face is hard or hardened sufficiently to be used to make the original cut in the receiving die. Thus, in the die Il of Fig. i. if the shape of the die is irregular and intricate in the configuration of its cutting face I2, then it may be found convenient and more economical in time and expense to cut the force die il from relatively softer material to a size and conguration of lesser dimensions thanthe ultimate or final die desired, apply thereto an extra thick plating Il which will oversize the working face il of the force die, whereupon the receiving die Il may be broached, and thereafter plated to build it up to a predetermined size and contour. Then the extra thick oversizing plating may be electrolytically removed from the force die, and the working face thereof re-plated to a thickness .which will build up the working face thereof to conform to the working face of the receiving die,
which likewise has had the plating II applied4 thereto. Thus,-the working face of the force die The opposite or receiving die may be i would be of the size and configurationintended 4for the completed and finished force die, and
the effective working face of both dies would comprise a hard coat of plating enclosing a softer inner body.
It is to be understood that forming dies may also be made by this method in accordance with the modification exemplified in Figs. 5, 6, 7, and
8. In making forming dies there is normally a sheet or body of material to be fed and formed between the working faces ofthe forming dies. Therefore, allowance must be made notonly for a thickness of hard plating on the softer die, but also forl the thickness of body material to be acted on between the dies.
Illustrating and describing by reference to lthe drawing, one example of employment of the method of making forming dies, a hard or force die is formed having its ultimate finished working face 2l conforming to the intended'- single plating, but is shown in the drawing as though it comprised two layers, solely in order to describe the purpose and combined thickness of the plating 22. The thickness 22a represents the thickness of the work-piece to be acted on, and the'thickness 22h represents thickness of plating it is desired to employ as a deposit upon the working face of the softer receiving or intaglio die 23 for purposes `of hardening the face of the latter. (See plating 25 of Fig. 6). The intaglio die having been roughly routed in the indentations 24 thereof. the two die members are placed in a die press and brought into contact under pressure whereupon the hard forming die 20, including the combined plating 22', makes an intaglio impression upon the face of softer die 23, conforming in planar contour t0 the f'ace 2l of die 20, plus the thickness 22a and 22h representedby the indent 24. As previously stated, the receiving die may be molded against the plated face of the force die, rather than being formed by pressure thereagainstlI The intaglio or receiving softer die 23 may then be plated with hard metal, such as chromium plate, to build 'itup with an added hard facial coating 25 of the same thickness as the plating 22h of the hard forcing die 2li, 'said plating 22h representing, as previously stated, the same thickness of plating to be applied to the working face loi receiving die 23. v'I'hus a hard finished face of soft die member 23 is provided conforming to planar face 2l formed similar to the originally finished face 2| of hard force die 20, and have its reverse face 29 formed similar to the plated face 2l of soft die member 23, as shown in crosssection in Fig. '1, and in plan view of the obverse face shown in Fig. 8. l I
Having thus described the "invention, what I claim as subject matter for patent is:
1. A method of making die members comprising the steps" of shaping a first die member to an oversize of a finally desired configuration of eifective die face. forming a second complementary die member by relative contact between the said oversize iirst die member and the second die member. removing a layer of material from the effective die face of the said first die member to reduce the oversize of said effective die face to a' finally desired configuration of said die. and addlngpto the effective die face of the said second diril a layer of material of a thickness such as to provide a` desired predetermined clearance between 'lthe geffeotive working faces of the respective die mem- 2. A method of makingdie members comprising the steps of shaping a' nrst die member to a finally desired configuration of effective die face, adding a layer of relatively hard material to the effective die face to make said face oversize with relation to the finally desired configuration. forming a second relatively softerand complementary die member against the effective die face of the said first oversized die member, removing the added layer of the first die member to -again reduce the effective die face thereof to the finally desired configuration of said die, and adding to the effective die face of said second die a layer of material harder than the body material of said second die member and of a thickness such as to provide a desired predetermined clearance between the effective working faces of the respective die members.
3. A method of making die members comprising f the steps of forming on the effective die face of a ness of plating 25a, which is the same as the thickness 22h. Thus allowance is made for the thickness of material of the work-piece 21, said thickness being represented by the thickness 22a of plating 22. v
The force die 2li having been prepared of an initial size and finish' of its face 2l toconform to the upper or obverse face 2l of the work-piece 21, it is only necessary to remove plating 22 by any suitable means.- such as by reversing the electrolytic process by which the face plating 22 was deposited on hard die member 2,0. Thus sheet of work-piece material 21, having the thickness indicated 22a in plating 22, would, by operation first die member a finally desired configuration,
oversizing `said desired configuration by electrolytically depositing thereon a plating of relatively hard material. forming a second relatively softer and complementary die member by contact against the said oversized first die member, removing the oversizing plating from said first die member andi electrolytically depositing upon the effective die face of said second die member a plating of material of a thickness suicient to provide a desired predetermined clearance between the effective working faces of the respective die members.
4. Aymethod, of making die members comprising the steps of shaping a iirst die member to a ,desired configuration of effective die face, addingl a layer of relatively hard material to the effective die face to make said face oversize with relation to the nnally desired configuration, forming a second relatively softer and complementary die memlber against the'eifective die face of said first over- "sized die member, removing the added layer of the first die member, and depositing upon the respective 1'ei'fective faces of each of said die members a plating ofmaterial the sum of the thicknesses 'of which layers of added material leaves a f desired predetermined clearance between' the two of the forming dies thereon. have its obverse by relative contact between the said oversized first die member and the second die member, removing a layer of material from the effective die face of the said first die member to reduce the oversize thereof to less than its finally desired effective die face. and adding to the die face of each of said dies a layer of material suiiicient to build each of said die faces to a finally desired configuration,`the sum of the thicknesses of which layers leaves a desired predetermined clearance between the effective final working faces of the respective die members.
6. A method of making die members comprising the steps of shaping the female of a pair of die members composed of male and female to an undersize of desired configuration of opening, forming the male complementary die member by rela? tive contact with the undersized working face of the female die, removing'a layer of material from the undersized face of the said female die member and thereby enlarging the opening thereof to a finally desired configuration, and adding to the effective die face of the said male die member a layer of material of a thickness sufficient to pro-l vide a desired predetermined clearance between the final effective working faces of the respective` die members.
'7. A method of making die members comprising the steps of shaping the female of a pair of die members composed of male and female to an undersize of finally desired eonnguration of opening, forming the male complementary die member by relativecontact with the undersized working face of the female die, removing a layer of material from the effective die face of said female die member and thereby enlarging the opening thereof greater than the finally desired configuration of the opening, and adding to the effective die faces of each of said die members a layer of material of a thickness sufficient to provide each of said die faces with its finally desired configuration, the sum of the thicknesses of which layers leaves a desired predetermined clearance between them.
JOHN S. CURTISS, Jn.