US 2388542 A
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NW0 6 1945. w. v. HQBBS PRESSURE MEASURING DEVICE Filed May 15, 1944 Patent d Nov. '6, .1945
PRESSURE MEASURING DEVICE Walter V. Hobbs, Columbus,,0hio, assignor to Banco Incorporated, Columbus, Ohio, a'corporation of Ohio Application May 15, 1844, Serial No. 535,655
This invention relates to measuring apparatus and is particularly directed to instruments for measuring pressure in the determination of altitudes, depths oi liquids and similar conditions.
An object of this invention is to provide an instrument for measuring pressure and indicating that pressure atla remote location.
Another object is to provide an instrumentfo measuring pressure and transmitting the measurements to another location electrically so that it will merely be necessary to extend one or more wires from the point where the measuring operations are performed to the point where'the indications are recorded or read.
Another object of the invention is to provide a measuring device embodying a cell which is responsive to the pressures to be measured and to ge means adJacent the cell to tend to maintain the cell in a predetermined condition in opposition to potential changes caused bypressure variations, the cell also having associated with it suitable means responsive to the force necessary to maintain the condition to transmit indications to an indicator located remotely from the cell.
Another object is to provide a measuring device having a hermetically sealed expansible cell con taininga gas or vapor which is ail'ected by temperature changes and locating a heat exchange element adjacent the cell, movement of the cell in response to volumetric changes due to temperature variations caused by theoperations oi the scription, reference being had to the accompanylngdrawing wherein a preferred form of embodiment of the invention is clearly shown.
In the drawing:
The figure is a" diagrammatic view of a pressur measuring instrument embodying the features the present invention.
In carrying out this invention, it is proposed to provide a cell which may be formed 01' any suitable material and is provided with asubstantially rigid section 2| including an end wall 22 and side walls 23. Preferably, the side walls 21 are portions oi a cylinder 1'or convenience in manufacture of the cell. At one end, the side wall is secured to the end wall 22 and at the other end has a movable wall section 24 secured thereto. In the present instance, the movable iv'all section is formed to include a bellows 25 which'may expand and contract in response to variationsin internal or external pressure. The bellows 2! is so secured tov the side wall that a hermetic seal results which will retain a gas or vapor within the cell, the gas or vapor being expan'sible in response to increases in temperature. 1
thereto from which a resilient arm 21 projects ,toward the center 01' the cell 20. This arm carries a contact 28 at its outer end which contact is enheat'exchanger serving to control the supply of an operating medium tothe heat exchange ele-' cell with a stationary wall and a wall which is movable in response to the expansion and contraction of a gas or vapor within the cell, cooperating contacts being actuated by the movable wall to control the supply of current to a resistance heater employed toexpand' the vapor within the cell, the amount of heat necessary to elect such expansion being measured to show the magnitude of the force tending to resist such expansion.
Further objects and advantages 0! the present invention will be apparent from the following degaged when the cell is subject to normal conditions, by a similar-contact 29 carried at the free end of a-flnger III projecting from the end wall 25A of the bellows 25. The contacts 20 and 20 are arranged in an electric circuit 1| which includes a resistance heater 32 and a source of electrical energy such as the battery 33. when the contacts are engaged, as illustrated in the'drawing, and the main switch 34 is closed, the circuit '3! is completed and current will flow from the battery to the resistance heater causing it to generate heat. This heat will be transmitted to the cell 2| due to the close proximity of the heater 32 thereto, causing the gas or vapor in the cell 28 to expand. When suiilcient expansion has occurred, the bellows 25 will. be extended causing the finger 30 and contact 29 to move away from the contact 2!. When these contacts 2| and 29 separate, the circuit 3| will be broken and the heater 32 will cease to operate. The gas-will then cool and contract causing the bellows 25 to collapse and move the finger 3| and contact 2! toward contact 22.
on the-mess element 36.
event the cell it is exposedto a comp fierce, either through the application of or a mechanical force, the bellows 2E5 tenmto collapse and iorcc the inn-c; to is into the 01 section or the cell. "lhe resiliency oi the 271 will pit this mov to avoid to the mecha. Since the contacts will he in engagement,- however, the heater 82 y will he ener to deliver heat to the cell to caum the gas or vapor to w and counteract the collapse of the hollows 26. As previously mentioned, when the inte pressure is'sufilcient to extend the lcellows is until the contacts sepa ante, the heater will he lie-energised to pet the vapor within the cell to cool. Due to this;
. essence between the it and sea of the lathe pres , and hollows means hermetically joined thereto;
said cell} said a w s a source of current; movement of the movahlewall of 'said cell ca engagement and v disengagement of'said contact to control the open ation of said has meant; and means for measup the perature within said cell. 3. sure measuring mecl.. 1... in combination, acell ha a stationary wall fluid me dispin said cell, said fluid being expansible under the influence or heat; a con tact carried by said stationary wall; a complementalcontact mountedon said bellows means,
arrangement, the cell-will hunt a point of eduilihrium which is illustrated by the arrow the external pressure is hignmore heat will he required within-the cell to cause the mediiun therein to exercise sumcienti'orce to counteract the external pressure. Thereforefhy measuring the heat within the cell, the force tending to col: lapse the cell may he determined. To meamre the heat within the cellthe rigid section is provlded with atemperature measuring element 239 such as a thermocouple or platinum resistance element, the electrical characteristics or which are afiected when the elements are subjected to changing temperatures. The temperature measuring element as is connected by leads ill with i an indicator st ofany suitable type located at any desired point relative to the cell. which indicator 83 will show the eflect of c 411:1: temperatures It desired the indicator 88 may be calibrated in pressure units to show directly the external pressures applied to the Eli. It will be seen that as the external pressures increase; the internal perature must also be increased to maintain the constant distence between the end walls of the cell. it is proposed to operate the instrument at a suff flciently high temperature that it will cool rapidly when the heate'rlll is de-ener.
From the foregoing, it i will "be apparent that since the only impulses transmitted from the cell 253 to the indicator 38 are electrical impulses, it will be unnece to have any connections other than wires extending between these elements.
I e measuring instrument is, therefore, highly suitable for use in aircraft or in other locations where weight, and space are at a, premium.
e the form of-embodimentoi the present invention as herein disclosed'constitutes a pre ierred form, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted, all 1-; within the scope of the claims which follow: p
I claim: p
1. Pressure measuring mechanism comprising in combination, a sealed cell having a stationary and a movable wall; coacting" means carried by said walls; means for heating said cell, controlled k by said'coactingmeans; and means for measur ing the temperature within said cell.
'2. ssure measuring mechanism comprising in combination-a sealed cell having a stationary and a movable wall; coasting contact means carried by said walls; resistance means for has.
said contact ensa and'separating in response to movement of said hollows; electrical heating means adjacent smd cell, said heating means having s circuit inclu s a source of electrical energy and said contacts; and means ior measuring the temperature with n said cell.-
4. Pressure mechanism comprising in combination, a cell having a stationary wall.
and bellows means hermeticaw joined thereto; fluid means disd in said cell, said fiuid being enpansible under the influence of heat; a contact carried by said stationary wall; a complemented contact mounted on said bellows means, said contact engaging and separating in response tomovement of said bellows; electrical heating means adjacent said cell said heating means having a circuit including a source of clectrlcal'energy and said contacts; means in said cell. afiected by temperature changes therein; and means disposed remotely from said cell for measuring the eilect of the temperature changes on said means within said cell.
5. Pressure measuring mechanism comprising in combination, a cell having a stationary wall and bellows means hermetically joined thereto; fluid means disposed in .Lsaid cell, said fluid being ,emanslble under the influence of heat; a contact carried by said stationary wall; a comp1e= mental contact mounted on said bellowsfrneans,
- smd contact e gdsing and separating in response to movement of said bellows; electrical heating means adjacent said cell, said heating means having a circuit including a source or electrical energy and said contacts; means in said cell for generating an electriccurrent in response to tem- 0 nected with said current generating means for perature changes in said colt-and means con-= measuring the current generated thereby.
6. Pressure measuring apparatus comprising, in combination, an expansible cell: means for.
varying the temperature within said cell to tend to change a dimension thereof; means responsive to thechange in dimension of said cell for controlling said temperature -va :1v means; and s m for measuring the temperature within said cell.
7. Pressure measuring apparatus comprising,
in combination, an expansible cell; means for varying the temperature within said cell to cause a portion thereof to move; means responsive to the movement of said cell to control the operation of said temperature varying means; and means for indicating the temperature within said cell'at a remote location having a circuit comprising