US 2388626 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. l. WILSON EYEGLASS, SHIELD, 0R THE LIKE Nov, a, 1945. 2,388,626
Filed Jan. 16, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Nov. 6, 1945. I E, l, wlLsQN 2,388,626
EYEGLASS, SHIELD, OR THE LIKE Filed Jan. 16, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
INVENTOR [c7/gaf' M750/7 Patented Nov, 6, 1945 EYEGLASS, SHIELD, R THE LIKE Edgar I. Wilson, Oakland, Calif., assigner of onethlrd to John M. Wilson and one-third to Larry A. Larson, both of Oakland, Calif.
Application January 16, 1942, Serial No. 426,980
1 Claim. (Cl. 2-14) The invention relates to eye-shields and glasses adapted to be worn on the face of the user.
An object of the invention is to provide shields or glasses of the character described, in which the lenses or shield members may be supported in position on the face and adjusted to any desired angle of tilt, without disturbing or interfering with the means of supporting the glasses or shield members on the face.
Another object of the invention is to permit of a shield, including the means of supporting same on the face of the wearer, being made small and compact yet providing full protection for the eyes and making impossible on account of the positioning of the shield members, any substantial interference with the vision of the wearer.
A further object of the invention is to provide an eye-shield of the character described which may be formed either as an attachment for or incorporated as part of a set of eye-glasses, or made as a complete unit arranged to be supported on the face of the wearer independent of the glasses.
The invention possesses other objects and features of advantage, some of which, with the foregoing, will be set forth in Figures 1 to 4 of the following description of the preferred form of the invention which is illustrated in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the specification. It-is to be understood, however, that variations in the showing made by the said drawings and description may be adopted within the scope of the invention as set forth in the claim.
Referring to said drawings:
Figure 1 is a front view of the means of my invention as applied to an eye-shield.
Figure 2 is a plan view of the shield shown in Figure 1, but with the shield member or visor in a somewhat forwardly tilted position.
Figure 3 is -a vertical sectional view of the shield taken on the line 3-3 of Figure l.
Figure 4 is an emerged fragmentary sectional view of a portion of the shield.'
Figure 5 is a front view of a modied form of shield and shown attached to a pair of eye-glasses.
Figure 6 is a sectional view of the shield and glasses shown in Figure 5, the plane of the section being indicated by the line 8 6 in the latter figure.
Figure 'I is a front view of a further modified form of the shield and showing the same as asso-l ciated with a pair of glasses.
Figure 8 is a fragmentary sectional view of the shield and glasses taken on the line 8 8 of Figure '1.
Figure 9 is a front view of a modied form of shield member.
Figures 10 and 11 are iront views of additional embodiments of the invention.
The means of my invention may be embodied in a set of eye-glasses or it may be formed as an eye-shield independent thereof and arranged either to be removably fitted or positioned upon a set of glasses or made as a complete unit including both the shield and the means of supporting same upon the face of the wearer. In the embod-n iment illustrated in Figures l to 4 inclusive, the means of my invention is of the form comprising a complete unit, that is of a shield and support therefor independent of any extraneous supporting means such as the usual eye glasses, including the supporting frame therefor. As thus formed the unit comprises a frame l2 including a nose rest or bridge I3 having secured thereto shaft sections i4 and i5 which extend generally parallel with the bridge and have mounted thereon an eye-shield or visor member I6.
The shaft or mounting sections Il and I5 are preferably formed integral with each other and are provided at their inner ends with an offset portion ll which is secured to the bridge I3. Formed at the outer ends of the mounting sections are ears I8 to which are pivotally connected a set of temples i9 by means of which the frame is secured in position on the face of the wearer.
Mounted for rotation on the sections I4 and l5 are sleeves 2| and 22 which are desirably held frictionally in any suitable manner against movement thereon. The sleeves are provided with transverse extensions or ears 23 which are secured to th'e visor member I6 so that the latter may hinge or swing about the sections. The portions designated I4 and I5 of the sections are located upwardly of the oiiset portion Il. and in this manner when the unit is properly positioned on the face, the visor or shield may be swung or tilted about a. horizontal axis adjacent but above the level of the Wearers eyes. Preferably the lower edge of the visor is formed with a recessed portion whereby the shield may be moved to or nearly to a vertical position directly in front of the eyes without interfering with the nose.
As will be clear, the visor is formed wide and deep enough to amply cover both' eyes of the wearer, and preferably angular portions 2t are provided at and extend inwardly from the ends of the visor so as to form additional eye shielding means thereat without the necessity of adding appreciably to the width of the visor. The visor is desirably formed of a flexible sheet material,
and may be either transparent or opaque. Wh'en the visor is formed of an opaque or translucent material, a stop means is provided on the unit so as to prevent the visor from being swung downwardly to a position interfering with the wearers eyes. Such a means is indicated in Figure 4, where as illustrated, the sleeve and mounting sections are provided with cooperating stop portions 21 and 23 which limit the downward positioning of th'e visor. As will be clear from Figure 2, the sleeves are formed with cut-out portions 29 so as to accommodate and permit relative movement of the sleeves with respect to the ears I8 and preferably surfaces of such ears and sleeves provide the stop portions aforesaid. A change in position of the visor against the irictlonal resistance in the connection between the same and the mounting sections, may be readily effected by means of knurled collars 3l provided on and xed to the outer ends of the sleeves.
In the embodiment illustrated in Figures 5 and 6, the means of my invention is in the form of a shield unit arranged to be simply iltted upon the glasses or lenses of a pair of spectacles. As here shown the unit comprises a visor mounting 33 supporting a visor member 34 and designed to provide for attachment to the spectacle glasses. The mounting 33 includes a shaft or rod 36 and has xed thereto ears 3l which are in turn secured to the upper edge portion of the visor. Also mounted on the shaft 36 are a pair of ears 33 which are rotatable about the shaft and held in yielding frictional engagement therewith by means of screws 39 or the like. 'I'he ears 38 are adjustable longitudinally on th'e shaft and are provided with a U-shaped spring clamp Il which is arranged to slip over and grip the upper edge portion of lenses 42 of a spectacle frame 43 upon which the shield is to be supported. The visor corresponds in general with that shown in the iirst described embodiment but in this instance is preferably formed of a colored transparent material so that the visor may be positioned directly in front of the lenses and still permit the user a more or less unimpaired vision while affording hlm a full shield against undesired light rays. This form of the invention arranges for the pivotal mounting of the visor in an extremely simple manner, and as will be evident is very convenient for persons who wear glasses, since it can be readily tted thereon when needed and quite as easily removed when the use of the shield is not required. A further advantage of this type of shield is that it can be usually kept and stored in a conventional spectacle case togeth'er with the glasses.
In the form of the invention illustrated in Figures 7 and 8,-the shield is incorporated as part of the spectacles. As here illustrated the visor member 5I is attached directly to the lenses 52 of the spectacles by means of cooperating ball and socket members 53 and 54, one of which members is secured to th'e lenses by extending directly through a suitable hole formed therein. By reason of the particular type of connection used for the shield, the visor member may be swung not only on a horizontal axis, but partially about a vertical axis as well, thereby enabling the user to tilt the opposite portions of the visor at somewh'at different angles, as illustrated in Figure 7.
In Figure 9 the unit, instead of being formed with a single 0r one-piece visor as a shield, as shown in the first described embodiment, is formed with two sections 56 and Il, each of which is positioned and arranged for use separately with the individual lenses of the spectacles. The visor sections are mounted independently of each other so that the user may adjust the separate sections each independently of the other. With this arrangement, the user may position the individual sections most suitably for the different eyes, and thus a more effective protection may be afforded under some circumstances.
If desired, as shown in Figures 10 and 11, the shield or visor member may be enclosed in a casing similar to the conventional casing for spectacle lenses. Where a single shield is used, as in Figure l0, a casing 6| large enough to embrace the entire shield is provided and such casing is pivotally attached to the mounting sections 62 and 63 in substantially the same manner as the visor member described in connection with the iirst embodiment. Where separate visor sections are preferred, as shown in Figure ll, the casings 65 therefor are preferably secured to the mounting portions in the same manner as in Figure 9 previously described.
While I have discussed the various embodiments of my invention as in connection with an eye shield, it is to be understood that the units, particularly as shown in Figures l0 and l1, may be used as spectacles, that is the shields may be replaced by optical lenses. Such an arrangement is particularly advantageous in that it permits of spacing the lens or lenses at diilerent distances from the eyes, without in any way changing the mounting unit.
An eye shield adapted to be worn on the face comprising a, visor member of sufficient depth and width to cover both eyes of the wearer, hinge means connected to said member with the axis of the hinge adjacent and parallel with the upper edge of said visor said means including a tube fixed to said member and a shaft extending through said tube, cooperating means comprising temple pieces xed to said shaft and extending through circumferential slots in said tube to limit the upward movement of said member and the downward movement of said member by co-action of said temple pieces and slot ends about the hinge axis to a position with the opposite edge of said member substantially below the eyes of the wearer, and gripping means associated with said hinge means for rotating the visor member about the hinge axis.
EDGAR I. WILSON.