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Publication numberUS2390475 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 4, 1945
Filing dateFeb 24, 1943
Priority dateFeb 24, 1943
Publication numberUS 2390475 A, US 2390475A, US-A-2390475, US2390475 A, US2390475A
InventorsThomas Milfred King
Original AssigneeThomas Milfred King
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Antifreeze device
US 2390475 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 4, 1945. n M. K. THOMAS 2,390,475

ANTIFREEZE DEVICE Filed Feb. 24, 1943 Patented Dec. 4, 1945 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ANTIFREEZE DEl-JCE Mllfred King Thomas, Birmingham, Ala.

Application February 24, 1943, Serial No. 476,953

1 can. (ci. 21a-a9) This invention relates to new and useful im provements in means for preventing the freezing of pipes and like structures.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide an electrical device for automatically subjecting water pipes and like structures to the application of heat when temperature drops to a freezing degree.

Another important object of the invention is to provide a device of the character stated which is automatic in operation and which is of simple construction and of low cost of manufacture.

These and various other important objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent t o the reader of the following description.

In the drawing: y

Figure 1 represents a front elevational view of the device.

Figure 2 is a front elevational view with the door in open position.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view showing the heating unit.

Figure 4 is a cross section on the line l-I oi' Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view through the thermal switch.

Referring to the drawing wherein like numerals vdesignate like parts. it can be seen that numeral l denotes a water pipe or the like to be protected against freezing weather. Numeral 6 generally refers to the electrical apparatus for automatically heating the pipe B in the event temperature drops to a freezing degree.

The apparatus l embodies a box l having a front door 8 and a suitable latch 0 therefor.

The door I has an opening therethrough, through which partly projects a thermostatic indicating and switching unit. This thermostatic and switching unit is composed of a case III having a front dial Il with suitable degree graduations thereon, this dial being visible from the front of the door l. A shaft i2 is disposed through the case Ill and inside of the case is an anchor I3 from which extends a coiled bi-metal element M and the other end secured to the shaft On the shaft I2, at the iront of the dial I i, is a hand I5 and on the dial Il is a contact element i8 disposed through a bushing Il of insulation.. The contact I8 in the path of the hand i5, and the contact I6 and hand Il have conductor wires i8, i9 connected thereto.

Around the pipe 5 and within the connues of the box 1 is a heating unit generally referred to by numeral 20, this unit consisting of a tube of insulation 2l embracing the pipe 5 and around which is an electrical heating element Il. En veloping the heating element 22 and the tube 2i is a case or Jacket 23 of some refractory material, such as plaster or the like. The conductor Il from the hand I5 is in fact a jumper which extends to one end of the electric heating element 22, while the other conductor I9 and a conductor 24 which extends from the other end of the heating element on the opposite sides of an electric circuit, which may be interrupted by a plug 25, for use in conjunction with the usual commercial electric current supply.

While the foregoing specincation sets forth the invention in specific terms. it is to be understood that numerous changes in the shape, size and materials may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed hereinafter.

Having described the invention. what is claimed as new is:

Apparatus for preventing pipes from freezing comprising a closed casing adapted for extension of a pipe into the same and having a side door. a hollow electrical heating element in said casing adapted to receive therein a pipe extended into the casing, a thermal indicator mounted on said door and including an indicating hand and a heat responsive device for actuating the hand, a contact on said door for engagement by said hand, and lead lines from the hand and contact to opposite sides of the heating element and arranged in said casing to be extended out of the same when the door is open.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2593459 *Jul 13, 1948Apr 22, 1952 Sheetsxsheet i
US3120600 *Jul 2, 1962Feb 4, 1964True Cecil WFreezeless water supply
US3482080 *Nov 13, 1967Dec 2, 1969William J KassenHeater assembly
US4212425 *Feb 27, 1978Jul 15, 1980Vdo Adolf Schindling Ag.Electrically heated windshield washer spray nozzle assembly
US4927993 *Nov 30, 1988May 22, 1990Simmons Ray ALocking cylinder heating
US5153410 *May 28, 1991Oct 6, 1992Paccar Inc.Method and apparatus for heating the cylinder of a vehicle door lock utilizing timing means
U.S. Classification219/535, 219/546, 219/534, 219/507
International ClassificationF16L53/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16L53/008
European ClassificationF16L53/00B6D