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Publication numberUS2391036 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1945
Filing dateMar 14, 1942
Priority dateMar 14, 1942
Publication numberUS 2391036 A, US 2391036A, US-A-2391036, US2391036 A, US2391036A
InventorsRasmussen Osvald E
Original AssigneeBell Telephone Labor Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Armored conductor structure
US 2391036 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 18, 1945. E; RASMUSSEN 2,391,036

ARMORED CONDUCTOR STRUCTURE Filled March 14 1942 /N [/5 N TOR O E RASMUSSE A TTORNE Patented Dec. 18, 1945 ARMORED CONDUCTOR STRUCTURE Osvald Rasmussen, Greenburg, N. Y., assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application March 14, 1942, Serial No. 434,686

8 Claims.

Thisinvention relates .to armored conductor structures and more particularly to structures of this kind intended for burial directly in the ground.

It is an object of the invention to provide an armored cable structure which is simple to produce, easy to lay and which will provide safe protection against attacks by burrowing rodents.

The requirements of a cable of this type capable of answering these objects are as follows: The construction should be as light as possible to reduce cost of material and to simplify transportation and handling; the armoring should cover the insulated wires as completely as possible to give adequate protection against attacks and, on the other. hand, should permit bending of the cable on a comparatively small radius without undue deformation of the armoring, thus permitting the use of comparatively small reels; the structure should be non-tangling and should present a smooth surface to facilitate general handling.

In accordance with the invention a cable structure of this kind is provided which includes a single layer of armoring tape with no overlapping portions. The armoring tape is applied longitudinally on the conductor structure and forms a continuous layer entirely enclosing the insulated conductor Or conductors, except for narrow transverse openings disposed at frequent intervals along the cable to permit bending of the armored structure without appreciable buckling of the tape material. The longitudinal seam between tape edges is arranged to provide similar narrow openings along the seam to permit bending of the structure on a comparatively small radius without buckling of the tape material, thereby avoiding exposure to gopher attacks along the seam.

The openings in the body portion of the tape and along the edges are wide enough to prevent crowding of the tape material on the inside of the bend without buckling, when the cable is bent, and are narrow enough to not unduly expose the insulated conductors when widened on the outside of the bend. The armoring tape furthermore includes small connecting portions across the transverse openings for forming a continuous structure and the connecting portions are crimped to not appreciably reduce the flexibility of the conductor structure secured by the openings. Other features of the invention will appear from the following detailed description. I The invention will now be described as applied in apractical embodiment of its various features and reference will be made to the accompanying drawing in which: v

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an armored cable structure with parts broken away to more clearly show the construction;

Fig. 2 is a plan view of the armoring tape used in the structure of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 3 is a plan view of an armoring tape adapted for use in a structure such as that shown in Fig. 1, but slightly modified from that shown in Fig.2.

The preferred cable structure comprises two conductors l0 and placed in parallel relation throughout the structure and enclosed in insulating material 12, which may form a single continuous body or may comprise two separate bodies of insulation, one about each conductor. The tape armorin surrounding the insulation l2 comprises the single armoring tape 2| of suitable material for protection against gopher attacks. The structure may further include outer wrappings, such as 3| and 32, applied about the armoring tape.

This structure containing two parallel conductors, thus is substantially oval-shaped having two comparatively fiat sides and two rounded sides or edges. Whereas the armoring tape shown in Fig. 1 is particularly adapted for the oval-shaped structure, it may readily be adapted for cable structures of circular or other cross section. The armoring tape is shown more in detail in Fig. 2 in the form it is manufactured before application to the cable structure.

The tape 2|, shown in Fig. 2, presents a flat surface formed of a series of separated transverse strips 21 with two rows of short crimped connecting portions 24 forming a central intermittently corrugated body portion 23 with laterally extend ing edge sections or projections 26. The flat surface is thus interrupted at frequent intervals by the transverse spaces 25 extending the full width of the tape ahd bridged by the connecting portions 24. It will be noted in Fig. 2 that these strip portions 21 are placed at an oblique angle with the central line of the tape and that each strip is terminated at each end by one of the edge projections 26 formed as a triangular tooth. The object of the oblique disposition of the strip portion 21 is to offset the teeth 26 along one edge of the tape relatively to-those along the opposite edge.

The tape material may be iron or steel or any other suitable composition and may or may not have its surface treated as by tinning or galvanization. The material may be non-oxidizing and acid resistant to have a long life in contact with earth or other substances present in the ground.

The tape 2| is applied longitudinally and is formed about the insulated conductors in such a manner that the two rows of corrugations will be disposed longitudinally of the two opposite flat sides of the cable and the tooth-likeedge sections 26 will be bent about one of the rounded the insulation. Theprojections. 26 are, however,

narrower than the spaces -between them so that, when they are folded in position, a series of narrow transverse openings 28 will be formed of about the same width as the narrow portion .of the. openings 25 separating the strip 21.1 Thus a series of narrow transverse openings will be formed all about the cablecombining along the seam to form a continuous helix throughout the length of the armoring. j

The-openings in the completed armoring should be not more than /3 inch and should preferably average about 1%,, inch in'width. This is to permit laying the cable in the ground with fairly sharp curves .or bends without unduly exposing the in sulation to gopher attackswhen the opening are widened on the outside of the bend. On the other hand, openings ofthis width will also prevent crowding of the tape material on the'inside of the bend, when the cableflis laid or when it is reeled,

jections on the tap Ila will supplement each other in the protection of the insulation and will 7 form an undulating seam in a manner similar to those of the tape shown in Fig. 2. e

As will appear from the drawing, the corrugations are short and straight and thusofier little resistance to the bending of the cable. When the vcable is bent/the corrugations on the outside of Cables oi the type described above may be used for supplying electric light and power or for communication purposes. Since they are particularly adapted for usein rural areas the distances over which such cables will be used are usually quite considerable. It is therefore of great importance that the cost of manufacture and the cost of transportation and laying be as low as possible.

The self- -containe'd cabl structure described above is therefore preferable over cables laid" in conduits, since the cable may be plowed down in so that. the armoring tape will not be unduly'de formed and forced out of position thereby ex-- posing the insulation'to gopher, attacks.

It has been found that by meansof these narrow transverse openings the tape portions forming the main surface of the armoring are free to shift slightly along' the .cable' surface either to widen the openings or to close them up when the cable is bent and therefore the tendency to buckle and expose the underlying cable insulation is absent when small cables are wound on their flat sides on reels as small as 12 inches in diameter.

It has also been found that the introduction of narrow transverse openings in the tape materia1 and particularly of the helical distribution of the openings with a comparatively small pitch is greatly effective in reducing the usual stiffness of. armored cablesof this general type and in easing the handling thereof, both in factory and pings 3|, and 32 may be applied aboutthe armor ing, which will hold the tape looked around the edge of the conductor structure while'the cable isbeinglaid. h

The modified armoring tape structure 21', shown in Fig. 3, is similar to that shown in Fig. 2 but differs from that of Fig. 2 by havingits transverse strip portions 21" disposed at right-angle to the center line of the tape and by having its tooth-like projections, 26' extending at oblique angle relative to the strip portion in order to project into the space between the projections along the opposite tape. edge, where the projections are formed about the rounded side of the cable, with out overlapping of tape material. Thus the proa fast continuous process from reels of reasonable size. The described structure is readily unbent from the reel and laid in sharp curves without danger of the tape buckling and unduly opening along the seam. With one or two wrappings outside the armoring thereisno danger of tangling or catching as the cable leaves the reel and the cable may also readily be, manipulated by hand without danger of injury.

The described structure lends itself particularly to fast manufacturing as compared with cables having helically armored tapes, sincethel'ongitudinal tape may be applied andlocked'in posir tionas fast as the insulated conductor structure can be produced.

Due to the fact that the finished armoring is ineifect broken'up into a large number of small shields or strips separated by narrow openings a degree of flexibility may be secured whichis at least as high as with helioally applied armoring tape. V

The absence of buckling of the armoring is ese pecially important in insuring definite protection against gopher attacks and is attained by the introduction of the transverse openingsin the material which will permit a slight shifting of the armoring material relative to the insulation,- particularly on the inside of the bend, when the cable isbent. The armored cable may there-' fore be wound on reasonably small reels without danger of opening up along the seam; Thus storage transportation and laying is greatly facilitatecl.

' It should be understood that the cable may include more'than two conductors arranged in a I single layer and may contain more than one such layer enveloping said conductor and being formed of a continuous series of transverse separated strip portions and including small connecting portions connecting adjacent strip portions together into a continuous structure without adding appreciable stiffness to said armoring, said strip portions being sufiiciently separated to permit bending of the armored conductor on a small radius without appreciable buckling of the tape material in said strip portions, said tape armoring comprising an armoring tape forming said single generally continuous layer without overlapping portions, said strip portions being disposed at an oblique angle with the conductor to form a substantially continuous helical tape about said conductor. I 2. An elongated insulated conductor, tape armoring placed tightly about and longitudinally of said insulated conductor, the tape of said armoring forming a single generally continuous layer enveloping said conductor and being formed of a continuous series of transverse separated strip portions and including small connecting portions connecting adjacent strip portions together into a continuous structure without adding appreciable stiffness to said armoring, said strip portions being sumciently separated to permit bending of the armored conductor on a small radius without appreciable buckling of the tape material in said strip portions, said tape armoring comprising an armoring tape forming said single generally continuous layer without overlapping portions, said strip portions being disposed at an oblique angle with the conductor to form a substantially continuous helical tape about said conductor, said tape armoring having two series of short crimped connecting portions disposed longitudinally and on opposite sides of said conductor.

3. An elongated insulated conductor, tape armoring placed tightly about and longitudinally of said insulated conductor, the tape of said armoring forminga single generally continuous layer enveloping said conductor and being formed of a continuous series of transverse separated strip portions and including small connecting portions connecting adjacent strip portions together into a continuous structure without adding appreciable stillness to said armoring, said strip portions being sufliciently separated to permit bending of the armored conductor on a small radius without appreciable buckling of the tape material in said strip portions, said tape armoring comprising an armoring tape forming said single generally continuous layer without overlapping portions and having a seam parallel with said conductor, said strip portions being long enough in the transverse direction to be return-bent about the conductor and being disposed at an oblique angle with the longitudinal direction of said structure to form with an adjacent strip portion the general pattern of a helically applied tape, said strip portions having tapered edge projections extending across the average center line of the seam to be interspersed without overlapping along said seam.

4. A flexible cable structure and a single armoring tape with toothed edges applied tightly about said structure to form a substantially continuous layer with a narrow longitudinal undulating seam opening, said tape being sectionalized by narrow transverse openings extending entirely around said structure to form substantially continuous series of bands about the cable structure and including short oil'set connecting pieces across said openings, said transverse openings and the offset portions of said seam openings being only wide enough to permit bending of the armored structure without appreciable buckling oi the tape material.

5. A long insulated conductor and tape armoring of a single tape placed tightly about and longitudinally of said insulated conductor, said tape armoring forming a single generally continuous layer enveloping said conductor and having a body portion running longitudinally of said conductor and having edge sections extending transversely of said conductor from the opposite sides of said body portion, said edge sections from each side of said body portion being spaced apart and alternating with the edge sections from the other side whereby to form a longitudinal locking seam together with the edge sections along the opposite side of said seam without overlapping of tape material.

6. A long insulated conductor and tape armoring of a single tape placed tightly about and longitudinally of said insulated conductor, said tape armoring forming a single generally continuous layer nveloping said conductor and having a body portion running longitudinally of said conductor and having edge sections extending transversely of said conductor from the opposite sides of said body portion, said edge sections from each side of said body portion being spaced apart and disposed to form a longitudinal locking seam together with the edge sections along the opposite side of said seam without overlapping of tape material, said edge sections along opposite sides of the seam between tape edges being relatively displaced longitudinally with narrow spaces between them adapted to close up when the armored conductor is bent.

7. A long insulated conductor and tape armoring of a single tape placed tightly about and longitudinally of said insulated conductor, said tape armoring forming a single generally continuous layer enveloping said conductor and having a body portion running longitudinally of said conductor and having edge sections extending transversely of said conductor from the opposite sides of said body portion, said edge sections from each side of said body portion being spaced apart and disposed to form a longitudinal locking seam to- :gether with the edge sections along the opposite side of said seam, said edge sections from the opposite sides of said seam being relatively displaced longitudinally to be interspersed along said seam without overlapping of tape material and being long enough to be return-bent about said conductor,

8. A long insulated conductor and tape armoring of a single tape placed tightly about and longitudinally of said insulated conductor, said tape armoring forming a single generally continuous layer enveloping said conductor and having a body portion running longitudinally of said conductor and having edge sections extending transversely of said conductor from the opposite sides of said body portion, said edge sections from each side of said body portion being spaced apart and alternating with the edge sections from the other side whereby to form a longitudinal locking seam together with the edge sections along the opposite side of said seam without overlapping of tape material, said body portion being intermittently corrugated.

OSVALD E. RASMUSSEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4533784 *Jul 29, 1983Aug 6, 1985Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co.Sheet material for and a cable having an extensible electrical shield
US6114632 *Mar 1, 1999Sep 5, 2000Planas, Sr.; Alberto E.Integrated power and data communication hybrid cable assembly for local area computer network
US6998538Jul 30, 2004Feb 14, 2006Ulectra CorporationIntegrated power and data insulated electrical cable having a metallic outer jacket
US7205480Dec 13, 2005Apr 17, 2007Ulectra CorporationIntegrated power and data insulated electrical cable having a metallic outer jacket
US7208684Sep 3, 2004Apr 24, 2007Ulectra CorporationInsulated, high voltage power cable for use with low power signal conductors in conduit
US20060021786 *Jul 30, 2004Feb 2, 2006Ulectra CorporationIntegrated power and data insulated electrical cable having a metallic outer jacket
US20060021787 *Sep 3, 2004Feb 2, 2006Fetterolf James R SrInsulated, high voltage power cable for use with low power signal conductors in conduit
US20060090923 *Dec 13, 2005May 4, 2006Fetterolf James R SrIntegrated power and data insulated electrical cable having a metallic outer jacket
Classifications
U.S. Classification174/102.00R, 174/117.00R
International ClassificationH01B7/18, H01B7/22
Cooperative ClassificationH01B7/22
European ClassificationH01B7/22