Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2391792 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 25, 1945
Filing dateJan 23, 1942
Priority dateJan 23, 1942
Publication numberUS 2391792 A, US 2391792A, US-A-2391792, US2391792 A, US2391792A
InventorsWilliam S Miles, Paul A Voigt
Original AssigneeJohns Manville
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wall construction and fastener therefor
US 2391792 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 25, 1945. w. 5. MILES ET AL WALL CONSTRUCTION AND FASTENER THEREFOR Filed Jan. 23, 1942 A ORNEY INVENTOR 1 /204 /7 0/ WAA/AM 6 BY/U Patentecl Dec. 25, 1945 WALL CONSTRUCTION AND FASTENER. THEREFQR William'S. Miles, HastingsoniHudsomzand Paul A..Vigt, Bellerose Manor, N.- Y.-, ,assign'ors .to Johns-Manville Corporation,--New York, ,N. Y., a corporation of New York- Application January 23, 1942; S'erial N6:-427,'874

8- Claims.

The instant invention relates to building co-nstructions, and more particularly to improved wall or partition structures and to'means for securing shingles, siding, or the like thereon. It will be understood that the terms "wall and partition are used herein in a-generic sense to denote both side walls and walls such as roofs, ceilings, and the like.

An object of theinstant invention is the provision of an improved wall construction employing fastening elements allowing the use of sheathing which has relatively little ability to hold ordinary nails or other conventional fastening means,the invention being particularly applicable'where-the sheathing is fibre board, plaster board, or the like. Heretofore, it has been proposed to use sheathing of this type and to secure shingles or siding elements thereover by means which pas through the sheathing and are locked on the inner side of thewall. As will be readily understood, in many instances this procedure is objectionable as it necessarily requires the exterior wall to be completed before the interior plaster and lath or other finish may be applied. Also, it has the disadvantage ofrequiririg a multiplicity of operations.- Accordingly, another object of the instant inven-- tion; is the'provision of a construction'and fas-' tener for use therein in which all operations are carried on'entirely from the exterior of thewall and with a minimum number of operations;

A'further object of the invention is the provi-- sion of an improved fastener particularly for use in-constructions of the type referred to above and which will secure covering units or the like under" yielding tension and will be locked against 'Withdrawal.

Our invention will be more fully understood and further objects and advantages thereof will become apparent when reference is made to the more detailed description thereof which is to fol.

low and to the accompanying drawing, inwhich:

Fig. 1 is a face elevational View of a portion of a wall constructed in accordance with the in vention;

Fig. 2 is a sectional View on an enlarged scale.

an enlarged scale; illustrating the fastener final position; and

Fig: '7 is afragmentary;perspective viewon'an enlarged scale'of a fastener applying tool:

Referring now'tothe drawing and particularly to Figs: 1 to 3, there is shown a wall structure; which,-for the'purposes of'illustration, comprises an exterior vertical-{walk However, as-will be understood, theinvention is equally applicable-to roof walls and to-interior walls of various types.- The wall includes'studs' lil to which is-secured sheathing l2. As previously's'tated'; sheathing 12 may comprise material sl-lohas fibre board plaster board, or the like, which; though readily adapted to receive' ordinary shingle securing nails, does not have sumcient nail-holding properties to permanently retain them.

overlying sheathing I2 .are covering elements M which, for the purposesofillustration, have been depicted as siding shingles. These may be of any suitable type; forexample, asbestos-cement shingles, and include preformed perforations I51 for the reception of fasteners-. Here again it will 'be understood: that the invention is in no way limited toshingled constructions and:

that any suitable-11 type: of "material may be socured :to :aJsheathing orthe like.. .Iniaccordance with the-invention;fasteners I8 are employedfor: securing the covering zelementssto :the sheathing; each comprising ahelical or.corkscrew .portionf2ll havingra pointedend .21 PortionaZB is integrally united to a shank 22, which, in turn,:.is :preferaloly integrally united to a head 2d. The fastener maybe formed of-xany'suitablezmaterial; for example, steel m're, and-is preferably 1 plated with' a rustprooffing material, such as zinc,'cadmium,. or thelike: The head ofthe fastener, in-the-pre ferred form, comprises a partially closed ring 25 connected to shank 22- by means of bar 26.

The ringterminates in a preferablypointed end- 28, which is depressed from the plane of the ring. Ring: 25 extends toward its free end in the same direction asshown particularly in Fig. 4.

of rotation as thehelix of portion .26 as illustrated... The-inner. diameterof thering isrpreferaly. at-least as great as the diameterof the-per forati-ons I6 formed inotheshingles or other V- cring elements. -I 4 and may. besomewhat larger, as 1 indicated in Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 6. It will be undertion of the instant invention, a tool is employed, as indicated at 30, comprising a shaft 32 and operating handle 34. Shaft 32 is of a diameter to fit within ring 25 and preferably also within perforations IS. The end of the shaft includes a relatively deep slot 36 of a size to preferably tightly receive bar 26 of the fastener head. An abutment is provided, for example by bending the portions of the shaft 32 as indicated at 31 to prevent the shaft from extending too far into the fastener. Due to the depth of the slot, the shaft portion may exert a resilient holding action On the fastener.

To form the assembly, the covering unit is placed in position upon the sheathing and a fastener I 8 is placed on tool 30 with bar 26 in slot 36, as shown in Fig. 2. The point 2| of the helical portion is then inserted through a perforation in the shingle and by the simultaneous application of rotational movement and forward pressure on tool handle 34, the helical portion is screwed into the sheathing through the perforation in a similar manner to that in which an ordinary screw is driven into a board or the like. Rotation of the fastener is continued until the head 24 is drawn firmly against the shingle or other covering unit, and, in fact, is preferably continued to slightly beyond this point to place the head under spring tension and to cause the depressed, pointed end 28 of ring 25 to become embedded to at least some extent into the surface of the shingle (see Fig. 6).

Owing to the particular configuration of the fastener and the resilience of the material from which it is formed, it holds the covering units firmly against the sheathing, while at the same time permitting slight movements of the units as may result from impacts or concussions without destruction or injury, either to the covering unit or fastener. Any tendency toward reverse rotation of the fastener and consequent release of its holding action is prevented or opposed by the pointed end 28 of ring 25, which gouges into the surface of the shingle (see Fig. 6) under the influence of such tendency.

Having. thus described our invention in rather full detail, it will. be understood that these details need not be strictly adhered to, but that various changes and modifications will suggest themselves to one skilled in the art, all falling within the scope of the invention as defined by the'subjoined claims.

What we claim is:

1. A wall structure comprising a sheathing, covering elements overlying said sheathing, fastener-receiving perforations in said elements, and integral fasteners including shanks extending through said perforations, helical portions integral with said shanks and engaged within said sheathing, and heads integral with said shanks and bearing against said covering elements and including a locking portion engaged in said covering elements.

2. A wall structure comprising a sheathing, covering elements overlying said sheathing, fastener-receiving perforations in said elements, and fasteners each including a shank extending through a perforation, a helical portion integrally connected to said shank and engaged within said sheathing, and a head integrally connected to said shank and including a portion substantially surrounding said perforation, said portion having a free end engaged in the covering element to oppose withdrawing rotation of said fastener.

3. A wall structure comprising a sheathing, covering elements overlying said sheathing, fastener-receiving perforations in said elements, and fasteners each including a shank extending through a perforation, a helical portion integrally connected to said shank and engaged within said sheathing, and a head integrally connected to said shank and including a portion substantially surrounding said perforation, said last-named portion having a free end engaged in the covering element to oppose withdrawing rotation of said fastener and means for cooperation with a fastener-installing tool.

4. A wall structure comprising a sheathing, covering elements overlying said sheathing, fastener-receiving perforations in said elements, and fasteners each including a shank extending through a perforation, a helical portion integral with said shank and engaged within said sheathing, and a head integrally connected to said shank and including a ring-like portion partially surrounding the perforation and having a free end engaged in the covering element, and an integral bar extending within said ring for cooperation with a fastener-installing tool.

5. A fastener for securing covering elements to a sheathing or the like, comprising a. helical portion for engagement in the sheathing and a head integral therewith, said head including a partial ring lying in a plane at substantially right angles to the axis of said helical portion, and said head including a free end depressed from the plane of the ring, said head being constructed and arranged for the receptionof an applying tool.

6. A fastener for securing covering elements to a sheathing or the like, comprising a helical portion for engagement in the sheathing and a head integral therewith, said head including a ringlike portion lying in a plane at substantially right angles to the axis of said helical portion, and said. head including a free end depressed from the plane of said head, and an integral bar for cooperation with a fastener-applying tool.

'7. A fastener for securing covering elements to a sheathing or the like, comprising a helical portion for engagement in the sheathing and a head integral therewith, said head including a bar extending at substantially right angles to the axis of said helical portion and a ring-like portion integrally connected to the end of said bar and substantially surrounding said bar.

8. A fastener for securing covering elements to a sheathing or the like, comprising a helical portion for engagement in the sheathing and a head integral therewith, said head including a bar extending at substantially right angles to the axis of said helical portion and a ring-like portion integrally connected to the end of said bar and substantially surrounding said bar and terminating in a depressed end portion.

WILLIAM S. MILES. PAUL A. VOIGT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3499257 *Dec 29, 1967Mar 10, 1970Johns ManvilleCeiling structure
US3871152 *Oct 29, 1971Mar 18, 1975Illinois Tool WorksSpring fastener
US4520601 *Oct 7, 1983Jun 4, 1985The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics & Space AdministrationMechanical fastener
US4917554 *Mar 29, 1989Apr 17, 1990Cryotherm LimitedScrew unit to join semi-rigid mats together
US5582616 *Aug 5, 1994Dec 10, 1996Origin Medsystems, Inc.Surgical helical fastener with applicator
US5810882 *Dec 20, 1996Sep 22, 1998Origin Medsystems, Inc.Surgical helical fastener with applicator and method of use
US5824008 *Mar 5, 1997Oct 20, 1998Origin Medsystems, Inc.System for applying fasteners to tissue
US5830221 *Sep 20, 1996Nov 3, 1998United States Surgical CorporationCoil fastener applier
US5964772 *Mar 5, 1997Oct 12, 1999Origin Medsystems, Inc.Applicator for attaching fasteners to tissue
US6296656Jul 7, 1995Oct 2, 2001Origin Medsystems, Inc.Surgical helical fastener with applicator
US6562051Oct 1, 2001May 13, 2003Sherwood Services AgSurgical helical fastener with applicator
US6884248Dec 27, 2002Apr 26, 2005Sherwood Services AgSurgical helical fastener with applicator
US7959640 *Feb 13, 2008Jun 14, 2011Apollo Endosurgery, Inc.Method of performing transgastric ventral hernia repair and tissue anchors and deployment devices therefor
US8409226May 31, 2011Apr 2, 2013Apollo Endosurgery, Inc.Method of performing transgastric ventral hernia repair and tissue anchors and deployment devices therefor
US8459524Jun 11, 2010Jun 11, 2013Covidien LpTissue fastening system for a medical device
US8579919Jan 12, 2004Nov 12, 2013Covidien LpSurgical helical fastener with applicator
US8671645Oct 30, 2009Mar 18, 2014Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcSafing insulation with pre-applied smoke sealant
US8683763Oct 30, 2009Apr 1, 2014Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcMethods and apparatuses for positioning and securing safing insulation
US9016014Jan 30, 2014Apr 28, 2015Thermafiber, Inc.Methods and apparatuses for positioning and securing safing insulation
US20040153101 *Jan 12, 2004Aug 5, 2004Lee BolducSurgical helical fastener with applicator
US20110295282 *Dec 1, 2011Tyco Healthcare Group LpFastener and drive method for soft tissue repair
US20150018847 *Oct 1, 2014Jan 15, 2015Covidien LpHernia mesh tacks
EP0142423A1 *Oct 26, 1984May 22, 1985René TredoulatMethod of making a load-carrying wall
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/513, 52/550, 52/543, 411/483, 52/DIG.100, 411/16, 52/712
International ClassificationE04F13/08, F16B25/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16B25/0005, F16B25/0026, Y10S52/01, E04F13/0837
European ClassificationF16B25/00C3, E04F13/08B3A2B, F16B25/00A