US 2392351 A
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Jan. 8, 1946. 1 WOLF CAMPAIGN BAR AND MOUNTING THEREFOR Filed Jan. 29, 1944 INVENTOR. JOSEPH WOLF.
rok/)Ex Patented Jan. 8, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I 2,392,351 IcAMPAmNBan AND MOUNTING 'rnsasroa 'Joseph Wolf, BeverlylHills, Calif., assigner to Sylvan Wolf ,Los Angeles, Calif.
Application. January L29, 1944, Serial No. `520,231
(,Cl. l-15) 1 Claim.
The present invention relates to new and `usefulimprovements in the methodofvconstructing laminated ribbon campaignbars and to provide for their interchange'ability of Vpositionon mounting bars when necessity requires their removal from yone mounting bar to another, 'or when a change of position on the same V'bar is necessary to maintain their order of'precedence.
Both the Army andthe yNavy use-service ribbons for their decorations and medals during'wartime. The Army K4decoration service ribbons 'are worn in one or `morelines `'inthe sequence of -their importance vstarting on the top rowtoward the center of'thebody and'reading leftwa-rd, followed bymedal service ribbons in the sequence earned. Whenmore than one line of `ribbons are worn,
' such lines will overlap.
Since the `most distinguishing decorations for valor are sometimes awarded subsequently to those of a less distinguishing character, it becomes necessary to adjust the arrangement from left to right'in vorder to conform to the Army and Navy requirements of wearing decorations, service medals and badges in the prescribed order of precedence.
The primary object of my invention is to provide a service ribbon or campaign bar that is protected against wear and soil and at the same time may be removably attached either as a single unit or in multiple units to a mounting bar without supplemental fasteners.
Another object of my invention is to provide a laminated service ribbon or campaign bar resulting inria single unitary article provided with means for interchangeably mounting the same on a supporting bar without additional fastening elements.
Still other objects, advantages and features of invention will hereinafter appear.
Referring to the accompanying drawing which illustrates further improved embodiments of the invention over that shown in said copending application,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a triple emblem bar in which one bar has been removed.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of a parent bar from which individual bars are cut, a portion of said bar being broken out in order to contract the length of the View.
Fig. 3 is a section taken on line 3-3 of Fig. l.
Figs. 4, 5, are sections of modifications.
Fig. 6 is a longitudinally extending transverse section of a single emblem bar on an increased scale showing one form of means whereby the bar may be fastened to the garment.
Referring -in detail -to the drawing, therein is shown in'Fig. 2 alaminated parent unit I, comprising parts l2, 3 `and 4, of any desirable length from 'which the individual emblem bars of the charactershown in'Figs. 1, 3, 4, 5 are'cut.
The plates or laminae 2 and 4 are constructed of clear transparentvplastic materialfsuchas cellulose'acetate or Lucite, and ofa'size coextensive in area Vwith that oftheribbon 3 ginterposedbetween-them.
The manner oisealing the ribbon 3` between theplastic plates2 and 4to Vconstruct the `unitary article `I is ,wellknown inthe art Vand the expired patents 'to Goodsell et al. 1.071226, August 26, 1913, and Segal 1,322,631, November `25, 1919, disclose `representative sealing means. For vthe purpose of this applicatiomvarious other means may be employed to seal the ribbon kin the plastic, it being merely necessary .that thevribbon be protected .by sealing .or embedding-the same in the plastic platesto form the Aunitaryarticle I having substantial rigidityand thickness.
After .the "laminated strips .5 shown in Figs. r1,'3, 4, `5 and 6 have been cut to the `desiredlength from the parent strip to form emblem bars of the required facial area therein shown, such strips are placed in suitable heated dies to form the particular beaded bar shown in Figs. 1 and 3 or the alternate type of bars shown in Figs. 4 and 5.
Bars of the type shown in Figs. 1, 3, may be constructed of much thinner laminations 2 and 4 since the added strength is to be derived from curving the material.
In Figs. 1 and 3, the bead 6 resulting from curling in the longitudinally extending edges is clearly shown. These curled beads 6 provide for yieldably holding the emblem bar in place, when once adjusted to their proper positions on the mounting bar 1, and their yieldability provides for slipping the laminated emblem bar over the mounting bar from either end or snapping it over the edges of the supporting bar in a atwise manner by yieldably spreading the beads apart sufficiently to override the beveled edges 8 or 9 of the supporting bar with which they cooperate.
Within the province of the invention as hereinafter claimed, if found expedient, instead of forming the curled beads 6 on the laminated bar, this construction may be modified in conformity with the showings in Figs. 4 and 5 where, instead of a bead the longitudinally extending edge portions IU are roundedly bent as shown in Fig. 4 to slidably embrace the rectangularly shaped supporting bar Il` or are squarely shaped, as indivice, which are in addition to those set forth in the already referred to co-pending application,
may be briefly summarized aslfollows:
After the parent strip has been completed and rightangularly subdivided' into strips of the proper size for. the individual emblem bars, then their edges where thus cut areprocessed by subjecting them to a bung operation to remove any projecting ribbon fibers and to smooth 01T the plastic. Thisbuiing operation is not so importantgwhen thev edges ofthe strip arecurled as shown in' Fig. 3; because the `curls cause the edges ofthe ribbon to be nearly concealed, but it is important in the remainingrembodiments of the invention. y
In Yconstructing theV emblem bar, after the individual sections have been severed from the parent strip, they are put into a heateddie, constructed to deform the bar to the shape shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 5, after which they are ready to be' applied to the mounting bar in the manner already stated. l :This inventionis intended to cover broadly any single pair'or plurality of ribbon-protected bars utilizing Va medal'decoration service ribbon be-` stowed for Avalor and servicel achieved in any campaign, Whether itbe in the Army, Navy or any other'branch of the armed or other government service; Although the decorative service bars are shown as being interchangeably mounted in an endeto-end relation to' each other, yet itis considered to be within the province of theinvention, as hereinafter claimed, to apply them detachably tothe supporting bar inV any manner required, to obtainthis end-to-end relation.
The emblemv bars or service ribbons thus formed are sheathed in transparent plastic which protects them against wear and soiling in use. The sheath thus formed is deformable as described to form on the back of each bar a trackway created by the turned edges 6, I0 or I2. This trackway is substantially rigid and is mounted on the supporting bars 1, II or I3, as shown, so the bars may bepositioned thereon without supplemental fasteners. f
The portions of the formed ribbons that engage the mounting bars have a normal frictional binding contact and longitudinal push-pull slidable contact with Vthe engaged face, top and bot tom edges, and adjacent portions of the opposite face of-the supporting bars which permits the formed ribbons to be interchangeably mounted by sliding contact yet securely held by frictional contact when in position.
' What is claimed is:
The combination with an appropriately decorated normally flexible ribbon vadapted to bepersonally worn to designatea theater rof military service or award, o f asingle protecting and interchangeable securing means for the eXible ribbon comprisingV relatively thick plates of transparent plastic between which the ribbon is sealed to form a unitary article vof substantial rigidity and thickness, a flat bar adaptedto be personally Worn, against one side of which` the sealed ribbon is adapted to be mounted, and thetop and bottom edges of the sealed ribbon being bent upon themv selves Vin such a'manner Withrespect tothe bar that the formed article 4hasa Vnormal frictional binding contact and longitudinal `push-pull slidable contact with the engagedA face, top and bottom edges, and adjacent portions .0f the opposite face of the flat bar to permit the sealed ribbon to be removably positioned on said bar and securely held by the frictional contact Vwhen in po-` sition. I Y
,Y JOSEPH WOLF.