|Publication number||US2394264 A|
|Publication date||Feb 5, 1946|
|Filing date||Apr 7, 1943|
|Priority date||Apr 7, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2394264 A, US 2394264A, US-A-2394264, US2394264 A, US2394264A|
|Inventors||Robinson Harold E|
|Original Assignee||Robinson Harold E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (23), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 5, 1946. RQBINSON 2,394,264
CARRYING APPARATUS Fild April 7, 194:: 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 1946 010 5 l/VJ'O/Y Feb.-5, 1946. H. E. ROBINSON CARRYING APPARATUS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 7, i943 fliiorne y Patented Feb. 5, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CARRYING APPARATUS Harold E. Robinson, Astoria, Long Island, N; Y. Application April 7, 1943, Serial No. 482,103
My invention relates to improvements in carrying-apparatus for sick, disabled, unconscious or injured persons generally and more particularly to carrying-apparatus adapted to enable the safe handling of fracture cases as well'a-s various other types of cases.
Heretofore injured persons and particularly fracture cases were carried on one of many varying types of stretchers to an operating room in a hospital and then independently lifted therefrom to an operating table, bed or the like. This independent secondary handling at times re- 'sulted in dislocations, discomfort and injury to the patient, a highly unsatisfactory conditicn. Also most former stretchers were adapted to handle special cases only and were unsatisfactory for the carrying and subsequent handling of more than one type of case.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide carrying-apparatus adapted for general use in carrying patients having all types of injuries such as are usually received at fires, explosions, disasters, accidents and in war, and particularly is adapted not only for safe initial carrying of the patient but for subsequent supported transfer of the patient Without the usual discomfort of unsupported lifting by hand.
Another object is to provide a carrying-appa ratu which combines in one device all the advantages of the conventional stretcher and fracture-board, and which is convertible from one type to the other immediately and is capable of independent or conjoint use in accordance with the requirements of a given situation.
Another object is to provide an apparatus having many of the advantages of the rigid and flexible types of stretchers.
Other objects include the provision of appa ratus that may be stacked or stored with economy of space and may be readily stacked when loaded with patients; that provide for comfortable rigid transportation; that is sanitary; that will permit a patient to be comfortably carried or moved in vertical or horizontal positions or in inverted position to permit oral eruption and prevent strangulation; to permit the stretcher in field op erat'ion to be easily drawn over rough terrain o1 rubble without hazard or injury to the patient and may be readily moved vertically to permit transfer of the patient from a shell hole or from a roof down the side of a building or from other heights to level ground without danger to the patient; that is of sturdy, economical construc- 'tion witha minimum ofp'ri'ority material and has a low initial cost of manufacture and minimum cost of maintenance.
With these and other objects in view my ve'ntion comprises, in its preferred embodiment, the construction shown in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a perspective View in stacking con dition of my apparatus assembled as a combined fracture board and stretcher with the straps out of sight beneath the fracture-board; Fig. 2 is a similar View partly broken away of the fracture board alone; Fig. 3 is a similar view of the stretcher removed from the fracture board Fig. 4 is a perspective view similar to Fig. 1 withthe straps fastened shown above the st'retcher; Fig. 5 is a perspective view or the reverse or bottom side of the apparatus; Fig. 6 is a perspective fragmentary View of the middle strap connected to the stretcher poles Fig. 'l is a perspective View of one of the corners of the apparatus showing the means for fastening the stretcher tothe fracture board at the corners; and Fig. 8 is a fragmentary View showing a loaded apparatus stacked in a conveyance.
Like reference characters indicate similar arts in the figures. v
Referring now to these drawings, I indicates a built up fracture board comprising a supporting structure composed of a series of -five sup o'ro ing struts la extending transversely and spaced from each other, and each strut having an upper or top edge portion intermediate its ends of arcuate conformation These spaced struts are suitably mounted and fastened by rivets 2 orthe like between the ends of a pair of longitudinallydispo-sed runners 2 comprising, as illustrated, metal strips reversely or reentrantly bent at opposite ends into U-shaped conformation first to provide handles 21) at the four corners and also to permit fastening of each strip terminal to the end struts by rivets 2a. The arcuate edge portions of the struts register with each other to form a support for slats 4 mounted on said arouate top edge portions of the struts to produce an elongated arcuate rigid-surface or bed of the fracture board I.
Removably mounted on the fracture board 1 in such position as to extend from one side or the 'arcuate surface to the other while tautly spanning said surface to form a cushioning element thereon is a stretcher member 5 comprising a flexible fabric 5 and carrying poles 5a.
Th stretcher is preferably mounted in the following manner:
The supporting struts are provided at each side of the slat-covered intermediate arcuate 'ceive and-seat the stretcher poles to which are fitted within sheaths 51) formed at the sides of the flexible fabric stretcher member and having handles 5a projecting at opposite ends. Ihe stretcher poles 564 when fitted and fastened within the end notches ic cause the flexible fabric member 5 to be stretched across the arouate rigid bed surface of the fracture board so as to furnish a covering for the slatted surface which, though providing a more comfortable cushioning effect will not detract from the necessary rigidity requirements of a fracture board.
The stretcher member 5 is securely though removably or demountably fastened to the fractureboard member preferably by mounting sliding ferrules 3 on reentrant portion of the handle portions 21) and providing said ferrules with engaging ring portions 3' adapted to embrace the handles 5a of the stretcher member and securely to lock the same to the metallic handles 2b of the fracture-board member I. In order to brace the poles intermediate their ends, I provide short straps 6 fastened to the surface of the notches in the middle strut and arranged to engage the middle portions of the poles, apertures 8 being made in the fabric for this purpose. By loosening the straps 6 and sliding the ferrules 3 outwardly, the stretcher member may be readily and quickly demounted from the fracture board member either for independent use in emergencies where the requirements of a situation make such use necessary or for the preferable conjoint use in transferring a patient from the fracture-board to an operating table, after initial carrying of the patient on the combined fracture-board and stretcher.
My combined fracture board and stretcher is provided with a series of straps for securely fastening a patient to the same and the stretcher member is provided with a series of openings to permit effective fastening. As illustrated, th
fracture board is provided at its head with a headi rest 1 and a head-strap I is preferably anchored intermediate its ends to the slats and passes up between slats and through openings in the stretcher fabric to permit embracing and fastening of the head of the patient as shown in Figs.
4 and 8. The feet of the patient may be likewise fastened by a strap 8 and intermediate straps 9 are provided for the legs and breast of the patient.
The combined fracture board and stretcher takes up little storage space when not in use and when in use carrying patients several devices may be stacked readily, quickly and securely in small space in proper position Within ambulances or small trucks by providing simple stacking apparatus such as shown in Fig. 3 comprising uprights In having rollers H suitably mounted therein so that the bottom of the runners may be slid along the same. Also, in use, patients having all type of injuries may be safely and comfortably carried. to a, hospital and then transferred to the operating table or the like by demounting of the stretcher and the movement of the patient thereon without change to such oper-- function as handles for the fracture-board member, a flexible fabric stretcher member comprising a body of fabric and carrying poles connected to said body at the side edges thereof, said fractureboard member having side-edge seats for said poles, and means for demountably securing said poles in said seats comprising sliding'ferrules on the projecting handles of the fracture board passing over the handles of the flexible stretcher.
2. A combined fracture-board and stretcher comprising, in combination, a supporting rigid fracture-board member comprising a pair of longitudinally-disposed runners, a built-up supporting structure mounted on and fastened at the opposite side edges to said runners and composed of a series of spaced transverse supporting struts having a top-edge of arcuate conformation and pole-seats at opposite sides thereof, rigid bed members mounted on and fastened to said transverse struts to provide a bed portion having a rigid arcuate surface, a separable stretcher member comprising a pair of longitudinal poles and a flexible fabric mounted on said poles, said stretcher poles being adapted to fit into said pole-seats and to stretch said fabric over said bed portion. and means on said fracture-board member for demountably securing said stretcher poles in said seats.
3. A combined fracture-board and stretcher comprising, in combination, a, supporting rigid fracture-board member comprising a pair of longitudinally-disposed runners, a built-up supporting structure mounted on and fastened at the opposite side edges to said runners and composed of a series of spaced transverse supporting struts having a top-edge of arcuate conformation and pole-seats at opposite sides thereof, rigid bed members mounted on and fastened to said transverse struts to provide a bed portion having a rigid arcuate surface, a separable stretcher member comprising a pair of longitudinal poles and a flexible fabric mounted on said poles, said stretcher poles being adapted to fit into said p01eseats and to stretch said fabric over said bed portion, and means on said fracture-board member for demountably securing said stretcher poles in said seats, said runners having portions projecting longitudinally in opposite directions beyond said arcuate bed portion to function as handles for the fracture-board member and stretcher.
4. A combined fracture-board and stretcher comprising, in combination, a supporting rigid fracture-board member comprisin a pair of longitudinally-disposed runners, a built-up supporting structure mounted on and fastened at the opposite side edges to said runners and composed of a series of spaced transverse supporting struts having a top-edge of arcuate conformation, and pole-seats at opposite sides thereof, rigid bed members mounted on and fastened to said transverse struts to provide a bed portion having a rigid arcuate surface, a separable stretcher member comprising a pair of longitudinal poles and a flexible fabric mounted on said poles, said stretcher poles being adapted to fit into said poleseats and to stretch said fabric over said bed portion, and means on said fracture-board member for demountably securing said stretcher poles in said seats, said fracture-board having patientsecuring straps fastened thereto and said stretcher member having holes in its fabric body portion through which said straps pass to contact with a patient. V
HAROLD E. ROBINSON.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2460021 *||Sep 19, 1946||Jan 25, 1949||William Manthey Victor||Low center of gravity sled|
|US2972755 *||Jun 26, 1958||Feb 28, 1961||Albert W Abel||Stretcher|
|US3794340 *||Jul 13, 1972||Feb 26, 1974||United Survey Inc||Adjustable skid for pipe inspection or survey equipment|
|US4183110 *||Mar 6, 1978||Jan 15, 1980||Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence||Casualty transfer system|
|US4347635 *||Jan 30, 1980||Sep 7, 1982||The Eisenhauer Manufacturing Company||Stretcher and litter combination|
|US5090714 *||Feb 11, 1991||Feb 25, 1992||Seekins Barbara H||Cross-country sled kit and assembly|
|US7165278||Apr 11, 2005||Jan 23, 2007||Brian Tomcany||Patient immobilization device|
|US7360264||Apr 11, 2005||Apr 22, 2008||Brian Tomcany||Patient immobilization device with diagnostic capabilities|
|US7426761||Apr 8, 2005||Sep 23, 2008||Brian Tomcany||Patient immobilization device|
|US8539621 *||Mar 12, 2010||Sep 24, 2013||Tamra West||Operating table patient positioner and method|
|US8539622 *||Nov 24, 2010||Sep 24, 2013||Tamra West||Operating table patient positioner and method|
|US8539623 *||Jun 20, 2012||Sep 24, 2013||Tamra West||Operating table patient positioner and method|
|US8667629 *||Jan 24, 2011||Mar 11, 2014||Marion Mohr||Stretcher pad with child restraint system|
|US20050229313 *||Apr 11, 2005||Oct 20, 2005||Brian Tomcany||Patient immobilization device|
|US20050241068 *||Apr 8, 2005||Nov 3, 2005||Brian Tomcany||Patient immobilization device|
|US20060059625 *||Sep 15, 2005||Mar 23, 2006||Herbert Kotitschke||Carrying apparatus for rescuing persons|
|US20060225213 *||Apr 11, 2005||Oct 12, 2006||Brian Tomcany||Patient immobilization device with diagnostic capabilities|
|US20100275377 *||Mar 12, 2010||Nov 4, 2010||Tamra West||Operating table patient positioner and method|
|US20110179572 *||Jan 24, 2011||Jul 28, 2011||Marion Mohr||Stretcher pad with child restraint system|
|US20110219546 *||Nov 24, 2010||Sep 15, 2011||Tamra West||Operating table patient positioner and method|
|US20120255124 *||Jun 20, 2012||Oct 11, 2012||Tamra West||Operating table patient positioner and method|
|DE960032C *||Sep 12, 1952||Mar 14, 1957||Jan Oostwoud||Mit Kufen versehene Tragvorrichtung|
|EP1637110A1 *||Jul 18, 2005||Mar 22, 2006||Voith Paper Patent GmbH||Supporting device for rescuing persons|
|U.S. Classification||5/628, 280/845, 5/626|
|International Classification||A61G1/06, A61G3/00, A61G1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61G1/00, A61G1/06, A61G3/00|