US 2395006 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 19,1946, A. Y. LESLIE smm. BALLOON Filed Feb. 1, 1 943 ARTHUR ussus U BY a 110mm" s Patented Feb. 19, 1946 UNITED ST-Ar SIGNAL BAL'LooN' Arthur Y. Leslie, Detroit, Mich. Application. Februaryl, 194s,.ser a1.n0. 474,359 3 Claims (01; 206-"1l This. invention relates, generally to signal ballocus. and refers more: particularly to a. signal kit including aballooncapable-of rising in the air to a suitable height or elevation while held captive bya person or. objecton the ground or in a boator raft to indicate. to observers the position of such person, object, boat or raft for rescue purposes.
Oneof thesessentia-l objects of the invention is to provide a signal kit of the type mentioned wherein the balloon in deflated condition and a gas cartridge or other suitable device for inflating the balloon are carried in a bag or container conventional in-construction and is operable to preventaccidentalescape of gas from the balloon A after. it is inflated. If desired, the balloon A maybe-colored or coated with a luminous substancesoethat it'may be more easily and readilyobserved when the balloon is floating in the air during the day or at night.
The-gas cartridge B is preferably in the form of-a-cylinderprovided at oneend with a normally made from or carrying a cord, string or other 7 suitable unravelable material capable of serving as an anchorage line for the balloon after it is inflated and has been permitted to rise as aforesaid. Thus, the kit comprises a compact package which may be conveniently carried or stored before being used.
Another object is to provide a signal kit that is simple in construction, economical to manufacture and eifective in operation.
Other objects, advantages and novel details of construction of this invention will be made more apparent as this description proceeds, especially when considered in connection with the accompanying drawing, wherein:
Figure 1 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the adaptation of the kit for signal purposes;
Figure 2 is an elevational view of the knitted bag containing the deflated balloon and gas cartridge;
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a view of the bag and balloon after the latter is inflated, and showing the gas cartridge applied to the valve of the balloon for inflation purposes, parts of the balloon being broken away and in section;
Figure 5 is a fragmentary elevational view 'of a slight modification; 4
Figure 6 is a fragmentary elevation of another modification.
Referring now to the drawing, A is a balloon, B is a gas cartridge for inflating the balloon so that it will rise in the air, and C is a knitted bag in which the balloon A in deflated condition and the gas cartridge B may be carried before being used.
As shown, the balloon A is a conventional lighter-than-air hollow spherical bag of silk or other tough, light, non-porous material and has a normally closed valve I!) through which it may be inflated or deflated. The valve 10 may be closedpvalve II that is adapted to be engaged in the usual manner with the valve ill of the balloon when the latter is to be inflated. Preferably the cartridge B contains a compressed gas such as hydrogen gas or other fluid that is lighter-thanair to inflate and carry the balloon upwardly into the air.
The bag 0 may be knitted or otherwise made so that it may unravel to provide an anchorage cord or string I 2 for the balloon A. As illustrated in Figure 1 the thread or string from which the bag 0 is made is sufliciently long to permit the balloon to rise a sufficient distance in the air for signal purposes and to hold the balloon captive at such elevation so that it will indicate to observers the position of the person, object, etc., to be found. Preferably one end of the cord or string I2 is fastened to the flap or closure 13 of the bag while the other end is fastened to the balloon. Thus, the flap l3 may be held by a person, as in Figure 1, or anchored to an object on the ground or in a boat or raft after the balloon is released following inflation thereof so that the balloon will be held captive While the cord or string from which the bag C is made unravels and permits the balloon to rise to the proper elevation for signal purposes.
Before being used as aforesaid the balloon A in deflated condition and the ga cartridge B may be carried in the bag C as illustrated in Figures 2 and 3. Thus, the assembly provides a compact package that may be conveniently carried by a person or stored in a boat, raft, or in a motor vehicle, airplane and the like.
In Figures 4 and 5 I have illustrated slight modifications wherein the anchorage line for the balloon is wound or wrapped upon a separate container for the deflated balloon and gas cartridge. In Figure 4 the line I2 is wound upon a substantially cylindrical container C that is closed at one end and open at the other. A cap 20 is provided for the open end of the container, and the line 12 is terminally connected to the container C and balloon A. The gas cartridge B is received in the container C beside the balloon A. In Figure 6 the container C is conical in configuration and has a removable cap 30. The anchorage line l2 is terminally connected to the container C and balloon A and the gas cartridge B is received in the container beside the deflated balloon. In these kits the lines 12- and m respectively, are adapted to unwind from the containers C and C respectively, as the respective balloons A and A rise. The containers may be made of any suitable sheet material such as cardboard and maybe any size desired.
Thus, from the foregoing, it will be readily apparent that a kit of the type described may be carried by hunters, aviators, seamen andother persons who may become lost, grounded or stranded and that may be used by them when necessary to attract attention of rescue parties.
What I claim as my invention is: r
1. A signal kit having, a normally deflated balloon, a device for inflating the balloon so that it will rise and float in the air, and a container for both said deflated balloon and device made of cord and adapted to be unraveled by the rising action of the balloon when inflated, the balloon being attached to the container by the cord from which the container is made so that the cord is operable when the container is unraveled by the rising action of the inflated balloon to hold the latter captive.
2. A signal kit comprising a normally deflated balloon, a device for inflating said balloon so that it will rise and float in the air, and a container for both said deflated balloon and device, a portion of said container being made of string-like material and adapted to be unraveled by the rising action of the balloon when the latter in inflated, the balloon being connected to the container by the string-like material from which the portion aforesaid of the container is made so that the strin like material is operable when said portion of the container is unraveled by the rising action of the inflated balloon to hold the latter captive.
3. A signal kit comprising a normally deflated balloon, a device for inflating. said balloon so that it will rise and float in the air, a bag for both said deflated balloon and device, said bag having a knitted portion formed from string-like material and adapted to be unraveled by the rising action of the balloon when the latter is inflated, said bag having a second portion connected to one end of the string-like material from which the, knitted portion aforesaid is made, the balloon being connected to the opposite end of the string-like material from which the knitted portion aforesaid is made, the construction aforesaid being such that the string-like material and second portion of the bag are operable when the knitted portion of the bag is unraveled by the rising action of the inflated balloon to hold the latter captive.
ARTHUR Y. LESLHB.