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Publication numberUS2395542 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 26, 1946
Filing dateMay 16, 1944
Priority dateMay 16, 1944
Publication numberUS 2395542 A, US 2395542A, US-A-2395542, US2395542 A, US2395542A
InventorsFordon Lee A
Original AssigneeFordon Lee A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stacking and nesting boxes
US 2395542 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 26, 1946. FQRDQN 2,395,542

-STACKING AND NESTING BOXES Filed May 16, 1944 V s Sheets-Sheet 1 Feb. 26, 1946. L. A. FORDON STACKING AND NESTING BOXES Filed May 16, 1944 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR. 15.5 /7. F0500 Y wwflw tion or collapse them to nesting Patented Feb. 26, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE s'mcxmc AND mzs'rnvc noxas Lee A. Fol-don, Detroit, Mich. Application May 16, 1944, Serial No. 535,810 18 Claims. (Cl. 220-91) team! retained in erected position when .the

stacking bars are erected.

Third, to provide a structure which may be readily kept in a sanitary condition, bottom and wall panels of "fiberboard being effectively supported and easily removed or inserted for replacement when they become soiled or broken.

Fourth, to provide a structure having these advantages which is very easily and quickly manipulated to bring the walls to erected stacking posisition.

Fifth, to provide astacking ox adapted for nesting which, while having various metal parts for the sake of durability and to facilitate keeping in a sanitary condition, is at the same time economical and durable in structure. I

Objects relating todetails and economies of the invention will appear from the description to follow. The invention is deflnedin the claims.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. l is a perspective view of a structure embodying my invention with the walls adjusted to stacking position. i Fig. 2 is a perspective view with the wall panels andbottom panels removed, with the parts in nesting position.

Fig- 3' is aperspective view similar to that of Fig. 1 with the wall panels removed thereby facilitating a better illustration of structural features.

Fig. 4 is a bottom perspective view with the bottom and wall panels in position.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal section with the parts in nesting position."

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary side elevational view illustrating a pair of boxes in nested condition.

Fig. 'l is' an enlarged fragmentary plan view illustrating the relationship of the wall connecting straps when the parts are in nesting position.

Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary plan view partially in horizontal section with the parts in erected position.

Fig 3 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevation with the parts in erected or stacking position.

Fig. 10 is an enlarged fragmentary end elevation looking from the right of Fig. 9.

The embodiment of my invention illustrated:

.I is also of wood and is secured to the under side of the horizontal flanges or end members of the bottom frame. A metal cross piece 8 extends between the side members of the bottomframe, being secured to the upper side thereof and resting on the intermediate longitudinal bar.

The side wall frames designated generally by the numeral 9 are formed of wire to provide top members Ill, corner uprights Ii, and intermediate uprights I2. These uprights are welded to the vertical flanges of the bottom frame. I

The end members designated generally by the numeral l3 are also formed of wire and conformed to provide corner uprights I4 and intermediate uprights l5 which are welded to the vertical flanges of the bottom frame. a

The top members iii of the sidewall frames have downward offsets l 6 adapted to receive the stacking bars I1, the stacking bars having camming engagement with the cammed surfaces l8 of the offsets 16, see Figs. 5 and 6.

The stacking bars have arms l9 at the ends thereof pivoted at 20 on the corner uprights of the end members and in spaced relation to the top members of the end wall frames so that when the stacking bars are swung to erected position they swing across the end uprights ii of the side frames to swing the side wallsinto erected position and retain them in erected position. The arms l9 are preferably inwardly offset at 2| to provide a camming action thereby facilitating the swinging of the parts to erected position.

Loop-like straps 22 are pivotally mounted on the corner uprights of the end members and slidably embrace the corner uprights of theside the end wall members.

The corner uprights are preferably outwardly offset at 24 to permit the tongues to lie between the adjacent uprights, as indicated in Fig. 9, these offsets also serving as stops to prevent downward movement of the straps. However, additional stops 25 are preferably provided.

In the embodiment illustrated, when the stacking bars are collapsed at the end walls on which they are pivotally mounted, the walls automatically spring out to outwardly inclined nesting position. The adjusting of the balls to stacking position brings the walls to erected or upright position and securely locks them in that position. The ends 26 onthe pivot portions 21 serve not only to retain the pivot portions within the pivot ears 20 but when the parts are in erected position they project inwardly to constitute stops for the side wall corner uprights, see for example Fig. 3. The arms IQ of the stacking bars ride along the straps 22 as the stacking bars are swung to erected position, thus facilitating the erecting manipulation. Handles 28 are provided. The side wall panels 29 are preferably integral with the bottom 30, the end wall panels 3| being preferably separate. The top pieces or bars of the side and end frames are provided with downwardly facing, channels 32 adapted to receive the upper edges of the wall panels. The bottom panel 30 may be longitudinally scored to facilitate the positioning of the bottom and side panels.

After the bottom and side panels are positioned with the upper edges of the side panels within the channels 32 the end panels 3| are inserted with their lower edges resting upon the bottom panel 30 and their upper edges engaged with the downwardly facing end channels. The inner or supplemental bottom 33 is preferably provided as a reinforcement for the bottom panel 30 and also its end edges engage the lower ends of the end panels, as shown in Fig. 5. The panels may be quickly inserted or removed as occasion may require. the side panels are cut away at 34 while the upper corners of the end panels are cut away at 35 to provide openings for the straps 22.

It will be understood that I have used the terms side" and ends" as a matter of convenience in description and while boxes of this type are usually elongated, they may be square and of any'suitable dimension, and opposed sides may be arbitrarily considered as ends and other opposed walls arbitrarily considered as sides.

The feature of the walls automatically springing to nesting position when the stacking bars are collapsed is a very desirable feature but satisfactory results may be had when this automatic adjustment is not present.

I have illustrated and described my invention in an embodiment which I have found highly satisfactory. I have not attempted to illustrate or describe other embodiments or adaptations as it is believed that this disclosure will enable those skilled in the art to embody or adapt my invention as may be desired.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame of angled sec.- tion disposed with the angles thereof facing inwardly and upwardly, the vertical flanges being springable, side and end wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights welded at their lower ends to the corresponding springable The uppercorners of asoauaf flanges of said bottom frame, the top niernbersf of the side frames having outwardly cammed downward offsets therein spaced from the ends thereof and adapted to receive stacking. barsloop-like straps slidably embracing. the corner uprights of the side wall frames and pivotally engaging the corner uprights of the end wall frames, the corner uprights of the end 'wall' frames having offsets adjacent the'upper ends thereof constituting supporting shoulders for the straps, the straps having tongues struck inwardly therefrom to pivotally engage the corner uprights of the end wall frames, stacking bars provided with pivot arms at the ends thereof pivotally mounted on the corner uprights of the end frames below the said straps, the pivot' ends of said arms being downwardly offset, said arms being swingable over said straps and the adjacent corner uprights of the side frames and constituting cam members facilitating swinging the wall frames to and supporting them in -members of the wall frames to receive the upper edges of wall panels arranged within the wall frames, longitudinal side and intermediate bottom bars constituting shoes, the longitudinal side bottom bars being secured to the under sides of the horizontal flanges of the side members of the bottom frame, the intermediate longitudinal bottom bar being secured to the under sides of the horizontal flanges of the end members of the bottom frame, a bottom cross member secured at its ends to horizontal flanges of the bottom frame side members, a combined bottom and side wall panel unit unit disposed with the upper edges of the side wall portions thereof in engagementwithin the channels of said panel receiving members, end wall panels disposed with their end edges abutting the side wall panels in erected position of said wall frames and with their upper edges engaged with-- in the channels of said panel receiving members of said end wall frames, and an auxiliary bottom member arranged within said side and end wall panels with its ends in engagement with the end wall panels for retaining them in erected position.

2. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the

combination of a bottom frame of angled section disposed with the angles-thereof facing inwardly and upwardly, the vertical flanges being springable, side and end wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights welded at their lower ends to the. corresponding springable flanges of said bottom frame, the top members of the side frames having outwardly cammed downward offsets therein spaced from the ends thereof and adapted to receive stacking bars, loop-like straps slidably embracing the corner uprights of the side wall frames and pivotally engaging the corner uprights of the end wall frames, the corner uprights of the end wall frames having offsets adjacent the upper ends thereof constituting supporting shoulders for the straps, the straps having tongues struck inwardly therefrom to pivotally engage the corner uprights of the end wall frames, stacking bars provided with pivot arms at the ends thereof pivotally mounted on the comer uprights of the end frames below the said straps, the pivot ends of said arms being downwardly oflset, said arms being swingable over said straps and the adjacent corner uprights of the side frames and constituting cam members facilitating swinging the wall frames to and supporting them in erected position with the stacking bars in engagement with the said camming offsets in said side frame top members, said springable vertical flanges to which said wall frames are secured being disposed to automatically spring said wall frames to an outwardly inclined nesting position when said stacking bars are swung outwardly, and downwardly facing channel-shaped wall panel receiving members mounted on the top members of the wallframes adapted for removably receiving the upper edges of separate wall panels arranged within the wall frames.

3. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame of angled section disposed with the angles thereof facing inwardly and upwardly, the vertical flanges being springable, side and end Wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights welded at their lower ends to the corresponding springable flanges of said bottom frame, the top members of the side frames having outwardly cammed downward offsets therein spaced from the ends thereof and adapted to receive stacking bars, loop-like straps slidably embracing the corner uprights of the side wall frames and pivotally engaging the corner uprights of the end wall frames, the corner uprights of the end wall frames having offsets adjacent the upper ends thereof constituting supporting shoulders for the straps, the straps having tongues struck inwardly therefrom to pivotally engage the corner uprights of the end wall frames, and stackin bars provided with pivot arms at the ends thereof pivotally mounted on the corner uprights of the end frames below the said straps, the pivot ends of said arms being downwardly offset, said arms being swingable over said straps and the adjacent corner uprights of the side frames and constituting cam members facilitating swinging the wall frames to and supporting them in erected position with the stacking bars in engagement with the said camming'offsets in said side frame top members, said springable vertical flanges to which said wall frames are secured being disposed to automatically spring said wall frames to an outwardly inclined nesting position when said stacking bars are swung outwardly.

4. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the

combination of a bottom frame of angled section disposed with the angles thereof facing in-- wardly and upwardly, the vertical flanges being springable, side and end wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights welded at their lower ends to the corresponding springable' flanges of said bottom frame, the top members of the side frames having outwardly cammed downward offsets therein spaced from the ends thereof and adapted to receive stacking bars, stacking bars provided with pivot arms at the ends thereof pivotally mounted on the corner uprights of the end frames and swingable over the adjacent corner uprights of the side frames and constituting cam members facilitating swinging the wall frames to and supporting them in erected position with the stacking bars in engagement with the said camming offsets in said side frame top members, said wall frames being swingable to an outwardly inclined nestthe channels of said panel receiving members,

end wall panels disposed with their end edges abutting the side wall panels in erected position of said wall frames and with their upper edges engaged within the channels of said panel receiving members of said end wall frames, and an auxiliary bottom member arranged within said side and end wall panels with its ends in engagement with the end wall panels for retaining them in erected position.

5. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame of angled section disposed with the angles thereof facing inwardly and upwardly, the vertical flanges being springable, sideand end wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights welded at their lower ends to the, corresponding springable flanges of said bottom frame, the top members -of the side frames having outwardly cammed downward offsets therein spaced from the ends thereof and adapted to receive stacking bars, stacking bars provided with pivot arms at the ends thereof pivotally mounted on the corner uprights of the end frames and swingable over the adjacent corner uprights of the side frames and constituting cam members facilitating swinging the wall frames to and supporting them in erected position with the stacking bars in engagement with the said camming offsets in said side frame top members, said wall frames being swingable to an outwardly inclined nesting position when said stacking bars are swung outwardly, and downwardly facing channelshaped wall panel receiving members mounted on the topmembers of the wall frames adapted for removably receiving the upper edges of separate wall panels arranged within the wall frames. I l,

6. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame of angled section disposed with the angles thereof facing inwardly and upwardly, the vertical flanges being springable, side and end wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights welded at their lower ends to the corresponding springable flanges of said bottom frame, the top members of the side frames having outwardly cammed downward offsets therein spaced from the ends" them in erected position with the stacking bars in engagement with the said camming offsets in said side frame top members, said wall frames being swingable to an outwardly-inclined nesting position when said stacking bars are swung outwardly.

7. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame, side and end wall frames carried by said bottom frame. said bottom frame and wall frames having resilient connecting means to automatically spring said wall frames to outwardly inclined positions when unrestrained, said side and end wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights, the top members having cammed offset adjacent the ends thereof, straps pivotally engaging the corner uprights of the end walls and slidably engaging the outer sides of the comer uprights of the side walls for limiting the outward movement of the wall frames, stacking bars provided with pivot arms at the ends thereof pivotally mounted on the comer uprights of the end frames below said straps and swingable over said straps and the adjacent corner uprights of the side frames to engage said stacking bars with said offsets and acting to holdthe side wall frames in erected position when the stacking bars are in operative stacking position, the wall frames automatically swinging to outwardly inclined nesting position when the stacking bars are swung outwardly, the top members of said side and end wall frames being provided with downwardly facing wall panel receiving channels, and removable side wall panels notched at the corners to receive said straps, the upper edges of the side wall panels being detachably engageable with said channels.

8. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame, side and end wall frames carried by said bottom frame, said bottom frame and wall frames having resilient connecting means to automatically spring said wall frames to outwardly inclined positions when unrestrained, said side and end wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights, the top members having cammed offsets adjacent the ends thereof, stacking bars provided with pivot arms at the ends thereof pivotally mounted on the corner uprights of the end frames and swingable over the adjacent corner uprights of the side frames to engage said stacking bars with said offsets and acting to hold the side wall frames in erected position when the stacking bars are in operative stacking position, the wall frames automatically swinging to outwardly inclined nesting position when the stacking bars are swung outwardly, the top members of said side and end wall frames being provided with downwardly facing wall panel receiving channels, and removable side wall panels, the upper edges of the side wall panels being detachably engageable with said channels.

9. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame, side and end wall frames carried by said bottom frame, said bottom frame and wall frames having resilient connecting means to automatically spring said wall frames to outwardly inclined positions when unrestrained, said side and end wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights, the top members having cammed offsets adjacent the ends thereof, straps pivotally engaging the corner uprights of the end walls and slidably engaging the outer sides of the corner uprights of the side walls for limiting-the outward movement of the wall frames, and stacking bars provided with pivot arms at the ends thereof pivotally mounted on the corner uprights of the end frames below said straps and swingable over said straps and the adjacent corner uprights of the side frames to engage said stacking bars with said offsets and acting to hold the side wall frames in erected position when the stacking bars are in operative stacking position, the wall frames automatically swinging to outwardly inclined nesting position when the stacking bars are swung outwardly.

10. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame, side and end wall 7 frames carried by said bottom frame, saidbottom frame and wall frames having resilient connecting means to automatically spring said well frames to outwardly inclined positions when unrestrained, said side and end wall frames comprising top members and corner uprights, the top members having cammed offsets adjacent the ends thereof, and stacking bars provided with pivot arms at the ends thereof pivotally mounted on the corner uprights of the end frame and swingable over the adjacent corner-uprights of the side frames to engage said stacking bars with said offsets and acting to hold the side wall frames in erected position when the stacking bars are in operative stacking position, the'wall frames automatically swinging to outwardly inclined nesting position when the stacking bars are swung outwardly.

11. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame, side and end walls connected to said bottom frame, said bottom frame and wall frames having resilient connecting means to automatically spring said wall frames to outwardly inclined positions when released, straps connecting the adjacent ends of the side and end walls to limit the outward swing thereof, and stacking bars pivotally mounted on the end walls to swing to the outer sides thereof and swingable over the side walls, and means including said straps connecting said walls and stacking bars whereby the swinging of the stacking bars to operative stacking position acts to swing the walls to erected position.

12. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame, side and end walls connected to said bottom frame, said bottom frame and wall frames having resilient connecting means to automatically spring said wall frames to outwardly inclined positions when released, and stacking bars pivotally mounted on the end walls to swing to the outer sides thereof and swingable over the side walls, and means connected to said stacking bars and to said side and end walls whereby the movement of the stacking bars to operative stacking position and the movement of the walls to erected position may be simultaneously effected.

13. In a stacking box adapted for nesting. the combination of a bottom frame, side and end walls connected to said bottom frame to swing outwardly to an inclined nesting position, straps connecting the walls to limit the outward swing thereof, and stacking bars mounted on the end walls to swing to the outer sides thereof and swingable over the side walls, and means including said straps connecting said walls and stacking bars whereby the swinging of the stacking bars to erected position acts to swing the walls to operative stacking position, and means including said bottom frame and said side and end walls for automatically swinging said walls to outwardly inclined nesting position when the stacking bars are swung outwardly.

14. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom frame, side and end walls connected to said bottom frame to swing outwardly to an inclined nesting position, and stacking bars mounted on the end walls to swing to the outer sides thereof and swingable over the side walls, and means connected to said stacking bars and to said side and end walls whereby the movement of the stacking bars to operative stacking position and the movement of the walls to erected position maybe simultaneously effected.

15. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination ofa bottom frame, side and end walls connected to said bottom frame to swing outwardly to an inclined nesting position, straps connecting the adjacent ends of the side and end walls, and stacking bars pivotall mounted on the end walls to swing to the outer sides thereof and swingable across said straps to facilitate the swinging of the side walls to erected position.

16. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the combination of a bottom structure, wall structures associated with the bottom structure, said I wall structures being resiliently connected to said bottom structure to automatically spring outwardly to inclined nesting position when released, connections for the adjacent ends of the side and end walls for limiting the outward swinging thereof, and stacking bars adjustably mounted on one pair of opposed wall structures for engagement with the other pair of opposed wall structures when the stacking bars are in operative stacking position, the stacking bars acting to hold the wall structures in erected position when the stacking bars are in stacking position.

17. In a stacking box adapted for nesting, the

combination of a bottom structure, wall structures associated with the bottom structure, said wall structures being connected to said bottom structure to swing outwardly to inclined nestingposition, connections for the adjacent ends of the side and end walls for limiting the outward swinging thereof, and stacking bars adjustably mounted on one pair of opposed wall structures to be adjusted for engagement with the other pair of opposed wall structures when the stacking bars are in operative stacking position, the stacking bars acting to hold the wall structures in erected position when the stacking bars are in stacking position.

18. In a stacking box for nesting, the combina- I tion of a bottom structure, wall structures associated with the bottom structure, said wall structures being connected to said bottom structure to swing. outwardly to inclined nesting position, and stacking bars adiustably mounted on one pair of opposed wall structures to be adjusted for engagement with the other pair of opposed wall structures when the stacking bars are in operative stacking position, the stacking bars acting to hold the wall structures in erected position when the stacking bars are in stacking position.

' LEE A. FORDON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2462693 *Sep 19, 1947Feb 22, 1949Wabshaw Benjamin AShipping box
US2471828 *Jul 4, 1944May 31, 1949Skydyne IncParabolic antenna
US2513693 *Jun 30, 1947Jul 4, 1950Turbyfill Charles WAdjustable container
US2528551 *Oct 30, 1944Nov 7, 1950Ross Allen RShipping box and crate
US2550804 *Apr 27, 1946May 1, 1951Gordon James MContainer
US2563827 *Sep 17, 1949Aug 14, 1951Ertner August CBox
US2569205 *Oct 4, 1946Sep 25, 1951Lee A FordonStacking box or tray
US2598320 *Aug 2, 1948May 27, 1952Turbyfill Charles WAdjustable container
US2688420 *Mar 13, 1950Sep 7, 1954Bishop Ray HTray and box
US2783915 *Oct 12, 1953Mar 5, 1957Gordon James MStacking and nesting containers
US2791365 *Dec 4, 1953May 7, 1957Isadore CohenNestable and stackable fiberboard container
US2801766 *Aug 9, 1954Aug 6, 1957Bishop Ray HTrays
US2807454 *Mar 4, 1955Sep 24, 1957Rolock IncStackable free sledding processing carrier
US2839214 *May 9, 1955Jun 17, 1958Allied Plastics CompanyBasket for berries and the like
US3021959 *Dec 14, 1959Feb 20, 1962Katterjohn Charles MNestable stacking tray
US3458082 *Apr 22, 1968Jul 29, 1969Drader Clarence HNesting and stacking carrier construction
US4079245 *Nov 29, 1976Mar 14, 1978John Geoffrey BakerLamp shade
US6497331 *Jul 31, 2000Dec 24, 2002Metaltex Italia S.P.A.Metal wire shelf with collapsible sides, particularly for trolleys and the like
US7048134 *Jul 18, 2000May 23, 2006Rehrig Pacific CompanyContainer
US20120222983 *Mar 4, 2011Sep 6, 2012Azad SabounjianStackable containers
DE1136269B *Jul 1, 1957Sep 6, 1962Inkeri Manner Geb KuusaloMuellbehaelter zur Verwendung mit einem Einsatz aus Papier od. dgl.
WO2002006128A1 *Jul 16, 2001Jan 24, 2002Hagan John AContainer
Classifications
U.S. Classification206/506, 217/17, 206/517, 220/7
International ClassificationB65D21/06
Cooperative ClassificationB65D21/068
European ClassificationB65D21/06F