|Publication number||US2397800 A|
|Publication date||Apr 2, 1946|
|Filing date||Mar 20, 1944|
|Priority date||Mar 20, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2397800 A, US 2397800A, US-A-2397800, US2397800 A, US2397800A|
|Inventors||Mcarthur Graham S|
|Original Assignee||Mcarthur Graham S|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 2, 1946. G. s. Mc ARTHUR GUN Filed March 20 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 JMWWWM mw\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\mM INVENTOR.
,q'rTo/A/Ey April 2, 1946.
`G. s. Mc ARTHUR GUN Filed March 20, 1944 Ilm. YQ..
2 Sheets-Sheet 2 M .,Ewmmm M ESN M Mlllll RA im 5T Mfww INVENTOR.
BY 36u47( ,q-v-TOiNEY Patented Apr. 2, 1946 GUN v- Graham S. McArthur, Portland, Oreg.
Application March 20, 1944, Serial No. 527,237
(c1. ssi- 8) 2 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in guns and has for its principal object the provision of means attached to or built into a gun for progressively ring a projectile with successive charges of powder in addition to that used to start the pro-jectile on its way through the gun barrel. By this arrangement the velocity of the bullet through the barrel is maintained at a maximum since the additional charges of powder supplement that used in the cartridge in the initial iii-ing of the projectile and part of which is wasted in overcoming the inertia of the projectile in getting it started.
The foregoing and other objects will appear as my invention is more fully hereinafter described in the following specification illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and finally pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of a gun made in accordance with my invention.
Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional detail view.
Figure 3 is a sectional end elevation taken on the line'3-3 of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is a longitudinal sectional side elevation of a modified form of the invention.
Figure 5 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of a further modied form of the invention.
Figure 6 is a sectional end elevation taken on the line 6--6 of Figure 5.
Figure 7 is a sectional view taken on the line l-l of Figure 6.
Referring now more particularly to the drawings:
In Figure 1, reference numeral I indicates the barrel of a gun, of any caliber, provided at one of its ends with any approved form of breech mechanism, not shown. Between the breech and the muzzle 2 of the gun, I attach a body member 3 which is bored as at 4 to receive a breech block 5 which is removably secured in place within the bore 4 by any approved means as indicated at 6. The breech block 5 is formed with a right angular bore i adapted to receive a needle valve 8. Also within the bore 4 and in spaced relation to the breech block 5 is a slide valve 9 adapted to open and close a duct II) extending from the bore 4 to the interior of the gun barrel I. One end of the valve 9 is reduced in diameter as at I I and is slidably mounted within a reduced portion l IA of the bore 4 which is closed by a plug I2 securely threaded into the body member 3. The valve 9 is backed by a spring I3 of sufficient resistance to return the valve to a position to close the duct I0.
Between the inner end of the valve 9 and the breech block 5 I place a charge of gun powder I4 in any approved form or shell IIIA. The body member 3 is bored as at I5 to communicate with a duct I6 in open communication with the interior of the lgun barrel as shown.
With further reference to Figure 1, reference numeral ISA indicates a projectile which has been fired from the breech of the gun in the conventional manner and has passed over the duct I6 which permits the gas following the projectile to enter the duct, bore I5, then to pass through the breech block -5 to explode the charge of gunpowder I4 within the bore 4. The exploding of the charge drives the valve 9 away from the lower end of the duct I0 to enablethe gases from the exploded charge to pass therethrough and to follow in behind the projectile which at this time is in the approximate position shown in dotted lines and indicated at I1 within the bore of the gun. 3y this arrangement the projectile is driven by twice as much gun powder as ordinarily provided within the shall casing.
In Figure 4 I illustrate a duplication of the lform of the invention shown in Figure 1 and wherein the projectile after its original firing is followed up by two additional explosions of gun powder instead of one. In this form of theinvention the body member I8 along the bottom of the barrel is identical with that shown in Figure 1 and so is that shown on the top thereof. But the two body members are so arranged that the gas intake ducts I9 and 20 and the explosion ducts 2| and 22 overlap. By this arrangement the pro- J'ectile is red from the breech block 23 in the usual manner and as it passes the entrance to the duct I9 the gas following the projectile enters the duct, passes through the second breech block 24 and explodes a charge of gun powder 25. This explosion drives the valve 26 away from the entrance to the duct 2| to allow the gases from the exploded charge 25 to pass therethrough to follow in behind the projectile which has reached the position indicated at 21. After the projectile has passed the entrance of the second intake duct 20, a portion of the gas enters it and passes through a third breech block 28 to explode another charge of gun powder 29 which moves the valve 3U and discharges through the duct 22 in behind the projectile which has now reached the position as indicated at 3| within the gun barrel.
In the two forms 'of the invention `lust described I slightly relieve the bore 4 around or below the slide valves 9, 26 and 3!) as at 9A, 2SA and 30A, respectively, so that some of the explosion from the gunpowder will partially surround one end of the slide valve and prevent it from binding. |As a further precaution I form a block 32 on the opposite end of the slide valve which is slidable in a groove 33 formed in the body member 3. In addition to this I may also provide a series of rollers 34 as a rolling support for the slide Valve to further reduce any binding tendency.
In the modified form of the invention shown in Figures 5, 6 and '1, the body member 35 is bored as at 36 throughout its length. Within the bore I slidably mount a valve31 formed with a reduced extension 38 around which is wound a compression spring 39 whose one end bears against theV valve 31 and whose opposite end bears against at` hollow plug 40 threaded into the body member 35 to form an adjustable abutmentforthe spring;
39. The plug is bored for a portion Oiitdlgngth to form a slidable bearing for the reduced portion of the valve and is also slotted as at 4| ici-Qontvenience in advancing the plug on its threads. Within the opposite end of the bore 36, I place a breech block 42 similar in construction to theV breech block 5 shown in Figure 1. The breech block is opened to a reduced portion 43 of the bore 36 within which I place a cartridge of gun powder 44 which is in open communication with the adjacent and reduced end portion 45 of the valve 31.
A duct 46 extends from the'interior of the gun barrel into communication with the breech block 42 which as previously stated is in open communication with' the charge of gun powder 44 in accordance with adjustments made bya needle valve 41.
Beneath the reduced endv portion 45 of the slide valve 31 I relieve the bore 36 as at 49 to enable a part of the explosion from the cartridge 44A to surround the slide valve and to resist any tendency of its binding within the bore. I also provide a series of rollers 50 asa rolling supportV for the slide valve to further reduce any tendency offits binding within the bore.
In open communication with the interiorcfthe bore 36 in advance of the charge of gun; powder minate in alignment with each other as they open into the gun barrel. When the charge 44 is fired by the gas from the duct 46, the explosion drives the valve 31 away from the entrance to the three bores and then enters the gun barrel in progressive steps behind the projectile which has reached the approximate position indicated at 54.
While I have shown a particular form of embodiment of my invention, I am aware that many minor changes therein will readily suggest themselves to others skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is: l. A gun barrel, means in the form of a chamber attached to the gun barrel and constructed and arranged to retain a charge of gun powder, Y a'duct in communication with the gun barrel and said chamber for directing the gases from a fired projectile into the chamber for exploding the gun powder therein, a second duct in communication with the chamber and the gun barrel for directing the explosion of the gun powder in behind the projectile in its passage through the gun barrel,Y and valve means actuated by said eX- plosion for opening said second duct for allowing the explosion to pass therethrough.
2. A gun barrel, means in the form of a chamberattached to the gun barrel and constructed and arranged to retain a charge of gun powder, a
Mare three ducts` 5l, 52 and 53 whose. ends terduct in communication with the gun barrel and with said chamber through a breech block for directing the gases from a red projectile into the chamber for exploding the gun powder therein, a second duct in communication with the chamber and the gun barrel for directing the explosion of the gun powder in behind the projectile in its passage through' the gun barrel, spring resisted valve means actuated by said explosion for opening said second duct for allowing the explosion to pass therethrough, anti-friction means supporting said valve, and means for directing a portion of said'explosion beneath the valve.
GRAHAM S. MCARTHUR.
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|US2648257 *||Sep 21, 1951||Aug 11, 1953||Stanley Everett N||Projectile-accelerating mechanism for firearms|
|US3503300 *||Sep 1, 1967||Mar 31, 1970||Trw Inc||High firing rate hypervelocity gun and ammunition therefor|
|US4057002 *||Apr 7, 1976||Nov 8, 1977||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army||Kinetic barrel gun|
|US4088056 *||Nov 12, 1976||May 9, 1978||Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of Defence||Gas initiated cartridges|
|US4336741 *||Jan 17, 1980||Jun 29, 1982||Ford Motor Company||Liquid propellant velocity assistance system for guns|
|US4590842 *||Mar 1, 1983||May 27, 1986||Gt-Devices||Method of and apparatus for accelerating a projectile|
|US4696347 *||Feb 18, 1986||Sep 29, 1987||Michael Stolov||Arrangement for propulsion liquids over long distances|
|US4907486 *||Oct 6, 1977||Mar 13, 1990||General Electric Company||Liquid propellant gun|
|US5322002 *||Apr 30, 1993||Jun 21, 1994||Thiokol Corporation||Tube launched weapon system|
|US7694619 *||Apr 13, 2010||Fabbrica D'armi Pietro Beretta S.P.A.||Low lethality firearm and relative method for shooting a low lethality bullet|
|US20060283068 *||Jul 18, 2005||Dec 21, 2006||Fabbrica D'armi Pietro Beretta S.P.A.||Low lethality firearm and relative method for shooting a low lethality bullet|
|International Classification||F41A1/00, F41A1/02|