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Publication numberUS2400294 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1946
Filing dateJul 21, 1944
Priority dateJul 21, 1944
Publication numberUS 2400294 A, US 2400294A, US-A-2400294, US2400294 A, US2400294A
InventorsDavid Firth, Fast Marion L
Original AssigneeDodge Mfg Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable sheave
US 2400294 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

"Ma 14, 1946. I FIRT HAL 2,400,294

ADJUSTABLE SHEAVE Filed Jill 21, 1944 IN V EN TORS.

Patented May 14, 1946 ADJUSTABLE snnava David Firth and Marion L. Fast, South Bend, Ind, alllgnors to Dodge Manufacturing Corporation, Mishawaka, hit, a corporation of Indiana Application July 21. 1944, Serial No. 545,948

1: Claims. (01. ii-230.17)

This invention aims to provide an improved variable pitch sheave of the type in which adjustment is controlled by an adjusting nut coaxial with the sheave. An example of the type of sheave referred to is disclosed in the Hylan Patent No. 2,254,045, of August 26, 1941. The present invention seeks to obtain the advantages of the Nylan device in a simpler structure giving additional advantages.

The invention will be best understood by reference to an illustrated embodiment thereof shownin the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig, l is a longitudinal section of the illustrative sheave taken on the line l-l of Fig. 2, and

Fig. 2 is an end view looking at the right hand end of Fig. 1 and indicating in dotted lines the several sets of spacers and tie bolts associated with the two axially shiftable groups of sheave discs.

The illustrative sheave comprises a huh I and facing the others, thereby providing a plurality of V-grooves for the belts of a multiple V-belt drive.

, Corresponding side walls of the several belt grooves are provided by, the group of discs 2, 2

' and 2 and the opposite side walls of said belt grooves are provided by the group of discs I, ii and 3 arranged in alternation with and confronting the others. The discs are slidably fitted on the hub but held from rotation relative thereto by the spline 4. The discs of each group are rigidly connected in spaced relation, and the two groups of discs are relatively shiftable axially for adjusting the pitch diameter of the sheave. As shown, the discs 2, 2 and 2 are spaced by tubular spacers 5, and these discs and spacers are connected by tie bolts 6 shown as long screws screwed into the disc 2 and having heads countersunk in the disc 2 The discs 3, 3 and 3 and a threaded ring 9 coaxial therewith are spaced bv tubular spacers I, and these elements are connected by tie bolts 8 shown as long screws screwed into the 1 .ring 9 and having heads countersunk in the disc 3. For each of the two groups of discs there are several suitably angularly spaced sets of spacers and tie bolts, as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 2.

The spacers i of the group of discs 2, 2 and 2 are vslidable through the intervening discs of the other group, and likewise the spacers 1 of said other group are slidable through said discs 2, 2 and 2. .Thus the adjustable sheave structure comprises two relatively'axially shiftable units, each comprising a group of discs rigidly connected in spaced relation and arranged in alternation with and confronting the discs of the other unit, the belt grooves being provided each by apair of confronting discs. The construction as thus-far described is substantially identical to that of the Nylan patent except that the unit comprising the group of discs 2, 2* and 2 is free V of any additional annular element such as the ring ll of the Nylan patent.

Adjustment of the sheave is controlled by a mechanism now to be described including an ad- I lusting nut l0 screwed on the threaded extension sion I2 enclosing the ring 9.

Said adjusting nut i0 is swivel-coupled to the group of sheave discs 2, 2*, 2 for moving said group axially with the nut in either direction, or in other words is so swivel-coupled thereto as to hold said group of discs in fixed axial relation to the nut while permitting relative rotation of the latter. As shown, the tubular nut extension l2 has an end flange l3, and the flanged end of the nut fits in a circular recess in the outer side of said disc 2 and is held against said disc or in fixed axial relation thereto by a collar or annular member l4 cooperating with said flange, said collar It being rigidly fastened to said disc by screws Thus the nut is swivel-coupled to said group of discs 2, 2, 2" by a direct swiveling of the nut to said end disc 2.

The adjusting nut is screw-coupled to the other roup of sheave discs 3, 3, 3" by threaded engagement of said nut with the ring 9. As shown, the tubular nut extension I2 has a relatively coarse internal screw thread it engaging a corresponding screw thread on said ring 9, the relation of these threads to those connecting th nut and hub beingsuch that upon rotation of the nut the ring 9 and discs connected thereto move axially relative to the hub for the same distance as the nut in the opposite direction to that in which the nut moves axially. This is accomplished by interengaging screw threads of the nut and ring ll Thus the adjusting nut I0 is swivel-coupled i to the one sheave unit or group of discs 2, 2*, 2' for moving it axially with the nut in either direction, and screw-coupled to the complemental unit or group of discs 3, 3, 3 for moving it axially an equal distance in the opposite direction. The control mechanism though relatively simple in principle gives the same advantageous result as that of the Nylan patent, in that, by rotation of an adjusting nut screwed on the sheave hub, the two groups of sheave discs are shifted axially equal distances in opposite directions, thus adjusting the pitch diameter of the sheave without shifting the belt-groove centers and hence without disturbing the alignment of the belt grooves of the driving and driven sheaves in a drive or power transmission mechanism utilizing the invention. However, with the simpler control mechanism of the present invention there is gained the further advantage that the relative movement of the two groups of sheave discs is twice as great as the axial movement of the nut. Thus a relatively large range of adjustment is obtainable with a comparatively short travel of the adjusting nut, which is a factor contributing to compactness or lessening the room required for the control mechanism.

In Fig. 1 the sheave is shown with its two groups of discs in the relationship assumed at i .contract the sheave to its opposite limit of adjustment, bringing the confronting sheave discs into contact or as closely together as possible. For a range of adjustment of a half inch (which would be ample in many cases), the nut would need to feed only a quarter of an inch.

The feature of swivel-coupling the adjustin nut to the one group of discs 2, 2, 2* by swiveling the nut directly to the end disc 2 is one of important advantage, as it permits utilizing a substantially shorter adjusting nut than would be required if the nut were swiveled to an extra ring connected to said discs and arranged at the outer side of the ring a, besides eliminating the complexity of such an indirect coupling.

Another incidental advantage of the control mechanism of the illustrated sheave is that it can be secured in any given adjustment by very simple means represented in Fig. 2 by radial set screws ll carried by and in threaded engagement in the keyway 20. The sheave disc 3 is rabbeted at 2! so that in the expanded state of the sheave said disc 3 encloses the flange l8, thus reducing the essential length of the hub. With this construction, the sheave discs with the spacers and tie bolts associated with the respective groups of discs must be assembled on the hub before assembling the control mechanism therewith. After such assembly on the hub of said discs, spacers and tie bolts, and while the spline 4 and tie bolts 8 are in partially retracted positions, the control mechanism may be assembled by first screwing the ring 5 into the adjusting nut ID to the position therein shown, then screwing said nut on the hub to the position shown, then forcing spline 4 forwardly to the position shown in which it engages in a notch or keyway in said ring 9, then screwing the tie bolts 8 into the ring 9, and then attaching the collar l4; thus completing the assembly with the several parts in the relationship shown in the drawing. The sheave can then be adjusted to bring its two units or groups of discs 2, 2 2 and 3, 3 3 to any desired relation within the permissible range of adjustment, and secured in desired adjustment by tightening the set screws [1 to bear against its adjusting nut.

While a preferred form of embodiment of the invention has been described, other forms of embodiment may be adopted within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims. Subject-matter of the invention is applicable both to single grooved and multiple grooved sheaves. The huh I of the illustrative sheave typifies a rotatable central support, which term may be construed as applying either to the sheave hub or shaft or to the hub and shaft combined. A sheave may be one having a disc-carrying hub member for application to a shaft as in the case of the illustrative sheave, or one in which the sheave discs are carried directly by the shaft in driving connection therewith.

We claim:

1. An adjustable sheave comprising two oppositely axially shiftable rigid annular units cooperating to form a belt groove, a rotatable central support carrying said units in driving connection therewith, and an adjusting nut screwed on said support and swivel-coupled to one of said units for moving it axially with the nut in either direction and screw-coupled to the other unit for moving it axially in the opposite direction to that in which the nut moves.

2. An adjustable sheave comprising two interarranged and oppositely axially shiftable units each comprising a plurality of rigidly connected spaced discs alternating and cooperating with those of the other to provide belt grooves, a rotatable central support carrying said units in driving connection therewith, and an adjusting nut screwed on said support and swivel-coupled to one of said units for moving it axially with the nut in either direction and screw-coupled to the other unit for moving it axially in the opposite direction to that in which; the nut moves.

3. An adjustable sheave comprising two interarranged and oppositely axially shiftable groups of discscooperating to form belt grooves, the discs of each group being rigidly connected in spaced relation and arranged in alternation with and confronting those of the other group, a rotatable central support carrying said groups of discs in driving connection therewith, an adjusting nut screwed on said support and swivel-coupled to one of said groups of discs for moving it axially with the nut in either direction, and an annular screw rigidly connected to and movable axially with the other group of discs and in threaded engagement with said nut, the interengaging threads of said, nut and-screw progressing in the same direction as and being of a pitchtwice as great as that of the interengaging threads of said nut and support.

4. An adjustable sheave comprising two interarranged and oppositely axially shittable'groups of discs cooperating to form belt' grooves, the discs each group being rigidly connected in spaced relation and arranged in alternation with and confronting those of the other group, a rotatable central support carrying said groups 01' discs in driving connection therewith, an adjusting nut screwed on said support and swivel-cow'- pled directly to the adjacent disc for moving the group including it axially with the nut in either direction, and an annular screw in threaded engagement with and operable by the nut for moving the other group of discs axially in the opposite direction to that in which the nut moves, said screw being rigidly connected to said other group of discs and arranged between the ,nut and the disc to which it is swivel-coupled and said disc being between the nut and all of the other discs.

5. An adjustable sheave comprising two interarranged and oppositely axially shiftable groups of discs cooperating to form belt grooves, the discs oi each group being rigidlyconnected in spaced relation and arrangedin alternation with and confronting those of the other group, a rotatable central support carrying said groups of discs in driving connection therewith, an adjusting nut screwed on said support and swivel-coupled directly to the adjacent disc for moving the group including it axially with the nut in either direction, said nut having an interiorly threaded extension abutting the back of said disc to which it is so coupled and the latter being between it and all the other discs, and an axially movable annular member non-rotatable relative to said support rigidly connected to the other group of discs and enclosed by and in screw-threaded engagement with said nut, the interengaging threads of said nut and member progressing in the sam'edirection as and being or a pitch twice as great as that of the interengssilig threads of said-nut and support.

8. An adjustable sheave comprising a rotatable central support, a pair of confronting annular disc's mounted thereon in driving connection therewith and cooperating to term a belt groove,

said discs being axially shiitable toward and away from each other, and an adjusting nut screwedon said support and swivel-coupled directly to the adjacent disc for moving it axially I with the nut in either direction and screw-coufrom each other, an adjusting nut screwed on said support and swivel-coupled directly to the adjacent disc for moving it axially with the nut in either direction, and an axially movable a'nnular member non-rotatable relative to said support rigidly connected to the other disc and in screw-threaded engagement with said nut, the interengaging threads of said nut and member progressing in the same direction as and being of a pitch twice as great as that of the inter-- engaging threads of said nut and support.

8. An adjustable sheave comprising complemental groove-forming components movable axially toward and away from each other, a screw coaxial with said components and in fixed relation to the sheave axis, one of said components being between said screw and the other of said components, a second axially movable screw coaxial with said components and rigid with said other of the components, and an adjusting nut in threaded engagement with both screws and swivel-coupled to said one of the'components for moving it axially with the nut in either direction, the interengaging threads or said nut. and second screw progressing in the same direction as and being of a pitch twice as great as that oi the interengaging threads of said nut and first mentioned screw. 1

DAVID FIRTH. MARION L. FAST.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2618162 *Mar 1, 1949Nov 18, 1952Wyatt Dickerson HenryMultiple groove variable speed transmission device
US2633752 *Dec 18, 1950Apr 7, 1953William I PixleyVariable pitch v-belt sheave
US2900832 *Jan 16, 1956Aug 25, 1959Allis Chalmers Mfg CoDouble drive
US2953033 *Mar 23, 1956Sep 20, 1960Hall William RAdjustable multiple v-belt pulley control mechanism
US3043151 *Feb 19, 1960Jul 10, 1962Browning Mfg CompanyVariable pitch sheave
US3144780 *Jun 20, 1961Aug 18, 1964Dodge Mfg CorpVariable pitch sheaves for multiple v belt drive
US3782211 *Feb 9, 1972Jan 1, 1974Maurey Mfg CorpMultiple groove pulley construction
US5304098 *Oct 28, 1992Apr 19, 1994Emerson Electric Co.Adjustable sheave
US7771300 *May 1, 2006Aug 10, 2010Purdue Research FoundationDevices for electrically assisting and actuating continuously variable transmissions
US7980972Dec 7, 2007Jul 19, 2011Purdue Research FoundationRoller variator for actuating continuously variable transmissions
US7980973Dec 7, 2007Jul 19, 2011Purdue Research FoundationCoaxial electrical actuator for continuously variable transmissions
Classifications
U.S. Classification474/36, 474/42
International ClassificationF16H55/32, F16H55/56
Cooperative ClassificationF16H55/566
European ClassificationF16H55/56S