US 2400356 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Ma 14,1946 V u EoEsT T S PAT NT CE f MAN'rFoLomo ASSEMBLY wrrrranssuns J ames Gordon Kerr and ton, D, v(l assign Paul Scott, Washing-- ors to. Moore Business Forms,
Inc., a corporation of Delaware This invention relates 't j-iin m enems' in v and easily detached and separated from interleaved relation ing a transfer inscription, I I v It is ageneral'fobject of the invention to provide a manifolding assembly of the class mentioned having'an improved arrangement where-- by an original' or upper record leaf may be sep arated from the binding and'from a lower recordleaf when the assembly is in the course of of one of the binding stubs; anupper or original record: leaf together with" an attached transfer I leaf may be quickly and easily turned backwardly as a unit sojastoexpose the surface of an underlying record; leaf for the" purpose of making inspections, erasures, or other alteraith the recordleaves followin a manifolding assembly of the character menmanifolding Or, record assemblies," more'friarticularly those of thetype lmpodying a sinfgie set of record and transferieaves'bound tos'etherin a unitary manifolgling assembly in"whichjthe; carbon'or transfer leaf orjleaves may beflquickiy ap icati n May l z jisigs r auqo. 536,762 V .5 Claims; (Cl.282 g4) ingthe manner of detaching oneof, thebinding stubs so as to 'release an overlying for, original record leaflso' that it may ,be turned backwaird'lyf with its attached transfer leaf to eirposeian underlying record leaf;
Fig. 3 is, a .perspectivelview showing 'the 'manner of detaching andremoving the record leaves from interleaved; relation with a, transfer leaf Fig. 4 i a fragmentary enlarged partially jdiagrammatic side elevation sho'winifthe binding of the record and transfer leaves. V
' Referring to the accompanying drawing for adetailed disclosure of the embodiment'of the invention'there shown, acomplete manifolding'as; sembly 5. embodies an upper or original record leaffi and a lower copy or duplicate record leaf 1. Interleaved in transfer relationbetween the original and jcopy record leave is thetransfer leaf 8 providedwith carbon or similar transfer material on itslo'wer surface so that inscriptions form on the surface of the copy record leaf.
made-upon the blank form 9 01 the original record leaf willQbdtransferred; to a similar blank WhileQfor illustrative purposesan assembly embodying' two record leaves and a single inte'rf leaved transfer leaf is shown, itwill be understood thata larger number of ,record leaves may be employed withas many interleaved transfer cleaves sis-necessary to transfer the inscriptions to eachc'opyrec'ord leaf. It will be understood tions, when the assemblyis in 'writing position in a writing machine and without distiirbi'ngit from its writing position.
' Other objects of the invention will be in part" pointed out in the following'detailed disclosure of an illustrative but preferred embodiment of I disclosure proceeds. g I
Th invention accordingly comprise the features of construction, combinationof elements, and arrangement, of parts, which will be exem-' plified in the construction hereinafter set forth the'inve'ntion, and will be in part obvious as the and the"scope of the application of which" willi be indicated'in the claims. i
For a'more comprehensivev disclosure of the" "nature, objects and advantages of the invention,
reference is hadto the following'gdetailedfie scription and" v the accompanying rdrawing; in
:Fig. 1 is a'partially diagrammaticperspective thatthe "showing of the drawing notably 'that V ofFig. 4-,i's partially diagrammatic, the leaves beingrshown as abnormally separated to reveal the'structure'. Innormal condition the leaves lie in contact with each other intransfer rela tion. As shown in the illustrative embodiment, each recordleaf 6 and 1 is provided near'oneedge' por tion"or" end thereof "with two longitudinally spaced transverse weakened severance-lines l0 ,andll-=longitudinally spaced apart short distancesfso as toform two outer leaf .sections or binding stubs' li and i3 atthe' ends of the recordleaves and two inner binding 'stub r l4 and l5.'- These severance lines Ill and 'll' may be substantiallyparal1e1 and of any known form fonweakening the leaves for severance thereof view of a manifoldinz assembly embodying the i invention; V r
Fig. 2' is a fragmentary perspectiveview showsuch. for example; as providing: perforations in the paper-for other material orby elongated slits or cutsior s'coring. The outer binding "stubs i2 a and are adjacent to each' other in superposed or overlapping relation and arebound together in any preferred manner as, forexample, by,
after thelmain .binding'stub, has been removedr and r a ations, additions,
means of an adhesive it which may be either in the form of a strip of adhesive surfaces of the stubs, or in the form of small spots of adhesive spaced apart along-the length of the binding stubs. Similarly the inner stubs i4 and i of the superposed record leaves are preferably a shown arranged in superposed overlapping relation. The transfer leaf'8 at its ends adjacent to the terminal binding l2, l3 terminates short of said binding and preferably substantially at or inside of the weakened everance lines II). It is attached to the under surface of the binding stub H in any convenient known manner, preferably by Spots of adhesive l1 spaced along the length-of the binding stub l4. While the underside of the transfer leaf is coated with transfer material to as shown to transfer the inscriptions, the outer or attaching extremity of the leaf is preferably free of transfer material to provide an uncoated marginal band as indicated at 8b.
At the marginal portion of the assembly opposite to the binding above described, a selective grip formation i provided whereby the record leaves may be gripped without, at the same time, grippingthe transfer leaf. In the embodiment shown this selective grip formation is formed by insetting the adjacent edge iii of the transfer leaf a short distance. from the adjacent edges of the record leaves, thus providing outwardly extending parts IQ of the 'record leaves which form grip extensions.
In use the improved assembly may be inscribed either manually as by means of a pen or pencil or the like, or it may be inscribed in any of the various forms of writing machines. When inscriptions are made in a writing machine as, for.
example, a typewriter having a cylindrical platen, the top or bound end of the assembly is first entered on the platen and the writing made on the top or ner, the inscriptions being transferred to the underlyingrecord leaf .by means of the transfer leaf. If no inspections, erasures, andso forth, are required during inscription of the assembly, the latter. fully inscribed is fed from the machine and the inscribed record leaves are then separated from the binding attachment and from the transfer leaf by gripping the as'sembly'at opposite ends at the binding and selective grip is and exerting a quick pulling action whereupon the record leaves are caused to be severed from the binding along the weakened severance lines ll. When the user thus separates the leaves, the assembly will be gripped at the binding in alignment with the inner binding stubs I4 and I5 so that the severance is confined to the weak-. ened lines ll.
However, it often happens that erasures, alterand so forth, are required .to be made during the inscription of a set of forms. In such a case this can very easily be done by means of this improved structure. If it becomes necessary'to expose the underlying or copy leaf 1 for such purpose, while the assembly is in the writing machine, the outer binding stub I2, I; can be severed as indicated in Fig. 2. This severance releases the overlying or original record leaf 6 from the outer binding attachment whereby it can be turned backwardly as shown, If an erasure. or correction is .to be made only at the upper or end portion of the underlying record leaf it may be unnecessary to completely sever the outer binding stub i2, 13 which may be left partly severed and partly attached as in Fig. 2..
original record leaf in the usual manon the adjacent margin 8b of the In other cases it' may be desirable to completely sever the outer binding stub, thus completely releasing the original record leaf from the binding. In either case the original record leaf can be turned backwardly so as to expose the surface of the copy leaf I'for makira; the alterations thereon.
Since theupper end of the transfer leaf is attached to the overlying inner binding stub ll of the original record leaf, this turning backwardly of the original record leaf also causes the transfer leaf to be turned outwardly at the same time. Thus the record and transfer leaves are moved backwardiy as aunit at the same time so that'there can be no obstruction to the process of making the corrections by elther'of these leaves. Accordingly, the corrections are greatly facilitated by means of this improved arrangement. Since the upper inside surface of the end transfer leaf is uncoated with transfer material there is nosoiling, of the fingers during this operation. 7
' In cases where the outer binding l2, [3 has been severed asabove described, the record and transfer leaves'can still be selectively separated from interleaved relation with each other by a single quick action. This method of removal is suggested in Fig. 3 wherein the upper end of. the assembly can be gripped by the operator inline with the binding 14 or at the overlapped'inner stubs l4 and I5, and also gripped at the same 'be interpreted as illustrative and time at the selective grip formation It and a quick pull exerted in opposite directions at the opposite ends of the assembly. Thus, the record leaveswill be severed adjacent to the binding along the weakened lines ll quickly and easily accomplished. During this operation it will be noted that the lower or copy record leaf 1 is not directly attached to the binding ll, but it can be held in tight contact therewith ,by the gripping action of the user. .As an alternative the original record leaf cam-be severed from thebinding H by the quick pulling action described, and the binding stub I! can be separately severed along the weakened line from the copy record leaf 1. V
Since certain changes may be made in the article herein described and different embodiments of the invention could be made without departing from the scope that all. matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall not in a limiting sense. 1
The invention the following is claimed:
1. In a manifolding assembly, in combination, a plurality of relatively superposed record leaves, the upper-or original of said record leaves having a marginal or outer binding stub, said binding stub being overlapped by and attached to a, portion of the adjacent lower record leaf to form a binding in which said record leaves are bound into the assembly, a. transfer leaf in transfer relation with said record leaves and terminatingshort of said binding and having attachment to said up per record leaf inside of. said outer stub thereof, a weakened severance line in said upper record leaf positioned inside of said binding stub and outside of said transfer leaf attachment whereby said upper record leaf may besevered from the binding inside of said outer binding stub, a second weakened severance line insaid upper record leaf inside of said transfer leaf attachment along which the said upper record-leaf may be severed and the removal thereof it is intended having thus been fully described,
, in which said record leaves are bound into the assembly, a transfer leaf in transfer relation with said record leaves and terminating short of said binding and having attachment to. the back of an overlying said record leaf inside of said binding, weakened severancelines in said record leaves respectively positioned inside of said binding ing stubs and permitting said overlying record leaf with attached transfer leafjto be turned backwardly as a unit to expose the surface of the underlying record leaf for making erasures and ,-the like, weakened severance lines respectively positioned in said record leaves inside of said stubs and outside of said transfer leaf attachment whereby said binding may be severed along saidweakened severance lines thus severing said binding stubs and permitting said overlying record leaf with attached transfer leaf to be turned backwardly as a unit to exposethe surface of the underlying record leaf for making erasures,
' and the like, and a second weakened severance line in said record leaf with the transfer leaf attached thereto, saidlast-mentioned severance line being inwardly spaced from the corresponding said marginal bindin stub and positioned inside of said transferleaf attachm'ent'thus forming an inner transfer leaf attaching stub disposed inwardly from the said marginal binding stub whereby severance along said last mentioned severance line effects detachment of the transfer f leaf.
3. In a manifolding assembly,'in combination,
marginal binding stubs thereof and inside of said transfer leaf attachment thus forming a plurality of overlapping detachable stubs to one of which said transfer leafhas its attachment, and a selective grip formation remote from said last-mentioned weakened lines whereby the record leaves may be gripped toth'e exclusion of the transfer leaf while the assembly is gripped and held at said last mentioned overlapping detachable stubs for effecting severance of the record leaves along said last-mentioned. weakened severance lines and at the same time separating the record andtransfcr leaves from each other. V
4. In a manifolding assembly, in combination,
"a plurality of record and transfer leaves in transfer relation, an upper or original of said record leaves havin a plurality of adjacent weakened severance lines spaced apart and the outer f of which is spaced inwardly from the adjacent end of the original record leaf so as to form therein adjacent outer and inner binding stubs severable along said severance lines, binding means binding another of said record leaves to the said outer binding stub in overlapping relation therewith and independently of said inner binding stub, and binding means binding a transfer leaf to said inner binding stub independently of said outer binda plurality of relatively supe p sed record leaves,
each of said record leaves having a marginal or outer.binding stub, said binding stubs being overlapp d and attached together toform a binding in which said record leaves are bound into the assembly, a transfer leaf .in transfer relation with said record leaves, and terminating short of said binding andhaving attachment to the back of-an overlying said record leaf inside of said binding, weakened severance linesin said record leaves respectively positioned inside of said binding stubs, and outside of said transfer leafattachment wh'ereby said binding may be severed alon said weakened severance lines thus severing said bind-.
5. In a manifolding assembly, in combination, a plurality of record and transfer leaves in transfer relation, a plurality of adjacent weakened v severance lines in each-of a plurality of said record leaves forming adiacentcuter and inner binding stubs-in each said record leaf respectively severable along said severance lines, binding means binding together the said outer binding stubs of the respective record leaves independently of said inner binding stubs, binding means binding a transfer leaf to one of said inner bind-- ing stubs independently 'of said outer binding stubs,'and a selective grip formation remote from said binding stubs whereby the record leaves can be gripped independently of said transfer leaf.
JAMES GORDON KERR.