Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2402463 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 18, 1946
Filing dateAug 6, 1945
Priority dateAug 6, 1945
Publication numberUS 2402463 A, US 2402463A, US-A-2402463, US2402463 A, US2402463A
InventorsMiles V Sullivan
Original AssigneeWilliam C Clay
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Novelty device
US 2402463 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 18, 1946. M. v. SULLIVAN NOVELTY DEVICE Filed Aug. 6, 1945 311mm- V uZZ {Wan Patented June 18, 1946 NOVELTY DEVICE Miles V.-Sullivan, Washington, D. 0., assignor, by mesne assignments, of one-half to William C.


Application August 6, 1945, Serial No. 509,114

6 Claims.

This invention relates to a power device useful in actuating amusement and advertising devices and the like.

Power devices usually require considerable attention or expenditure of fuel or electricity for their operation whereas this invention appears to the casual observer to be an example of perpetual motion. Actually, this device requires no attention and requires no fuel in the ordinary sense, as its operation may be effected by atmospheric phenomena associated with ambient air. The power, therefore. is created by the inherent characteristics of this invention, and the principle may be utilized for supplying power to various articles or devices where movement of the whole device or parts thereof is desired.

Specifically this device is shown as adapted to a bird form that rotates about a support and dips in and out of a container of water, which operation is effected by evaporative cooling in common ambient air, arranged in such manner as to maintain a temperature differential of the parts.

The entire hollow structure is shaped into a bird form with two divided spaces arranged so that the head and body may be maintained as cool and warm portions respectively. An elongated hollow member, in the form of a tube, extends from the boundary of the head at the point of juncture with the body to an appropriate distance into the interior of the body. A beak, attached to the head, is maintained in a wetted state by constant dipping into a dish of water with each oscillation of the device. may be formed of separate wicking material that extends over the head or it may be formed as a part of the head structure and surfaced with an absorbent medium, or the surface of the beak and head may be granulated so as to serve as a wick and thus maintain the head in a wetted state.

Evaporative cooling will then maintain the head at a temperature lower than that of the ambient air depending on the relative humidity. The body of the bird, being not subject to evaporative cooling but having a relatively large area exposed to the ambient air will be maintained approximately at the temperature of the ambient air, Thus a temperature diiierential will be maintained between the two parts and the device will operate as described.

With the above and such other objects in view, as may hereinafter more fully app ar, the invention consists of the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts, as will be hereinafter more fully described, and illustrated in This beak 2 the accompanying drawing, wherein are shown embodiments of this invention, but it is to be understood that changes, variations and modifications may be resorted to which fall within the scope of the invention, as claimed.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of a device constructed according to an embodiment of this invention.

Figure 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary side elevation of the head or beak of the device.

Referring to the drawing the numeral l0 designates generally a hollow body which, in the present instance, is formed in the configuration of the body of a bird, which includes a neck portion l I, having a hollow head I2 extending therefrom and a beak IS. The body I ll has extending lengthwise therein a tube M which terminates at its rear or lower end at a point within the body Hi, and suitably spaced from the rear end thereof so as to be positioned below the level of a pool of liquid Id at the beginning of each cycle of operation. The tube i8 terminates at its upper or forward end at the entrance to the head i2 and is firmly sealed, as at l5 as shown in Figure 1, in the neck I I in such manner as to provide the only means by which the interior of the head 02 may communicate. with the body it.

The interior of the body ill and the head It is initially substantially evacuated of air and is charged with a quantity of vaporizing medium in excess of the amount necessary to maintain vapor saturation at normal room temperatures. The vaporizing medium may be any suitable fluid which will readily vaporize and condense at ordinary room temperatures and within reasonable working pressures, such as ethenalcohol, carbon tetrachloride or chloroform.

The body In is also charged with a pool of liquid l6 of a kind that does not materially affect the vapor pressure of the vaporizing medium and in sufiicient quantity to effect a seal at the bottom of the tube M between the head and the body during the initial cycle of operation and to effect the desired change of balance of the device throughout the operating cycle.

The head being the cool end of the device will have a "lower vapor pressure than the body It), so that this pressure diflerential effects movement of the liquid 16 from the body I!) to the head I 2.

The body I0 is rockably supported on a pair of laterally extending trunnions I! carried by plates I! which are fixed to the outer side of the body ID, in any suitable manner such as by adhesive or the like, and the trunnions l I are so positioned relative to the length of the body and. head that the liquid forced upwardly into the head l2 by the vapor pressure in body I will over -balance the body and cause the same to rock downwardly to substantially the dotted line position shown in Figure 1.

The body I0 is rockably supported on a pair of bracket arms l9 including a. pair of horizontal arms 20 having vertical arms 2| extending from the outer ends thereof and the vertical arms 2| are formed at their upper ends with arcuate saddles 22 within which the trunnions I! are adapted to rockably engage.

The arms 20 have secured to the inner ends thereof vertical supporting bars 23 which are formed at their upper ends with hooks 24 for engagement over the upper end or rim of a liquid receptacle 25.

The vertical bars 24 are also connected together by a, horizontal connecting bar 26. The receptacle 25 is adapted to have a cooling medium in the form of liquid, such as water or the like, disposed therein which is at a level, as indicated at 21, so that when the bird rocks downwardly the beak l3 will dip into the water or liquid. At the time the beak I3 is immersed at least partially in the liquid in the receptacle 25 the tube H is at an angle slightly above the horizontal, as shown in dotted lines in Figure 1, so that the seal between the tube H at the bottom thereof and the liquid in body ID will be broken and the liquid in the head l2 can readily flow downwardly through the tube I! back into the body In of the bird.

In order to assist in providing arelatively cool head and beak, the outer surface of the head and the beak may be coated with granular particles, as indicated at 28, so that the beak will retain a substantial amount of the cooling medium after the beak is raised to its uppermost or full line position, shown in Figure 1.

It will be understood that, if desired, the beak and head may be coated with a fabric which will serve as a wick in order to retain suificient moisture to provide for forming a temperature diilerential between the head and the body of the device.

Normally the rear end of the body is maintained at substantial room temperature and the head and the beak, which constitute the cool end of the device, are maintained at a slightly lower temperature than the room temperature so that when the liquid is entirely disposed within the body In, the higher vapor pressure in the vapor chamber 29 which is above the liquid l6 in body ID will cause the liquid to flow upwardly into the head cycle.

As the device is normally disposed at an angle to the vertical, a small amount of liquid in the head I! will cause the device to rock downwardly until the lower side of the neck ll contacts the rim of the receptacle 25, at which time the beak I3 is immersed in the water and the liquid seal at the lower end of tube It is broken.

The device may be made as an article of amusel2 and thus repeat the operating pressure differential cycles, the time between each cycle being dependent on the temperature differential between the warm and cool ends of the device.

What I claim is:

1. A power unit comprising a hollow elongated body, a hollow member at one end of said body, a tube within said body and communicating at one end with said member, a volatile liquid in said body, vaporization of said liquid in said body producing a pressure whereby a portion of said liquid will be forced into said member, means rockably supporting said body whereby the latter will rock downwardly to position said tube at the opposite end thereof at least partially out of the liquid in said body whereby the liquid in said member will gravitatingly flow through said tube and back to said body, and means carried by said member for effecting a temperature differential between said member and the opposite end of said body.

2. A power unit, as set forth in claim 1, wherein said last named means comprises moisture retaining means on the exterior of said member.

3. A power unit, as set forth in claim 1, wherein said last named means comprises a fibrous element carried by said member.

4. A power unit as set forth in claim 1, wherein said last named means comprises granular means fixedly carried by said member.

5. A self-contained rocking toy comprising a water receptacle, water in said receptacle, a bird simulatin member, and means rockably mounting said member on said receptacle, said member comprising a hollow elongated, substantially evacuated body, a hollow condensing member at one end of said body, a tube within said body extending lengthwise thereof and communicating at one end with said condensing member. and means carried by said condensing member adapted to periodically contact the water in said receptacle whereby to produce a temperature differential between said condensing member and said body.

6. A novelty device comprising a pair of hollow members, a tube extending between, and communicating with, said members, said tube at one end thereof extending into one of said members and having a free end therein, means rockably supporting said members, a weight carried by the other member, means carried by said weight for effectin a temperature differential between said members, and a volatile liquid normally disposed in said one member, the free end of said tube being normally immersedin said liquid, vaporization of some of said liquid in said one member producing a pressure on the remainder of the liquid whereby a portion of said liquid will be forced into the other member to thereby effect downward rocking movement of said other member to a degree whereby the free end of said tube will be at least partly out of the liquid in said one member, and said tube will be inclined to the horizontal to thereby provide for the gravity flow of liquid from said other member'to said

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2500098 *Apr 30, 1948Mar 7, 1950Mark SossAquatic toy
US2624974 *Mar 31, 1950Jan 13, 1953Fisher Norman ABubble making device
US2638711 *Jul 1, 1948May 19, 1953Burton Tigrett JohnOrnamental sounding toy
US2659215 *Sep 20, 1948Nov 17, 1953John Burton TigrettMethod of making power units for amusement devices
US2708874 *May 9, 1951May 24, 1955Joseph SchultzDampening mechanism for lithographic offset presses and the like
US2759245 *Aug 20, 1954Aug 21, 1956Tigrett Ind IncProcess for making power units for amusement devices and the like
US2867974 *Apr 22, 1952Jan 13, 1959Bonthron & Ewing AbHeat motor pump
US3024567 *Feb 29, 1960Mar 13, 1962Nifke Max RToy
US3736698 *Apr 12, 1972Jun 5, 1973Nesbitt WAmusement device
US3757460 *Dec 30, 1971Sep 11, 1973Marvin Glass & AssociatesDoll having collapsible torso portion with fluent material therein
US5346421 *Jan 24, 1994Sep 13, 1994Thomas YehToy bird capable of drinking water and producing sound
US6012959 *Feb 26, 1998Jan 11, 2000Blonder; Greg E.Thermal- powered rocking device
US7150670Jan 8, 2005Dec 19, 2006Edward DoranEnclosed vapor pressure rotation device
US7686667 *Sep 21, 2007Mar 30, 2010Edward DoranInternal displacement vapor pressure rotation device
US8118635Oct 14, 2007Feb 21, 2012Edward DoranEnclosed vapor pressure oscillation device
US20060154223 *Jan 8, 2005Jul 13, 2006Edward DoranEnclosed vapor pressure rotation device
US20080125003 *Sep 21, 2007May 29, 2008Edward DoranInternal Displacement Vapor Pressure Rotation Device
US20080213737 *Oct 14, 2007Sep 4, 2008Edward DoranEnclosed Vapor Pressure Oscillation Device
CN100479895CNov 7, 2005Apr 22, 2009任文华Self-swinging mechanical device
U.S. Classification446/199, 40/406, 159/906
International ClassificationA63H15/04
Cooperative ClassificationA63H15/04, Y10S159/906
European ClassificationA63H15/04