|Publication number||US2402820 A|
|Publication date||Jun 25, 1946|
|Filing date||Sep 26, 1942|
|Priority date||Sep 26, 1942|
|Publication number||US 2402820 A, US 2402820A, US-A-2402820, US2402820 A, US2402820A|
|Inventors||Kitchen William H|
|Original Assignee||Kitchen William H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (19), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
' 16.25, 1m. KWCHEN 2,402,820
WELDEWS MASK Fil ed'Sapt. 26, 1942 FIG. 4
WILLIAM H. KITCHEN INVENTOR BYMW ATTORNEYS Patented June 25, 1946 um'rso s'rA'rss PATENT OFFICE WELDERS MASK William H. Kitchen, Seattle, Wash.
Application September 26, 1942, Serial No. 459,868
4 Claims; 1
The present invention relates to improvements in a welders mask and in more particular to improvements in welders masks which will provide at all times fresh clean air to the welder using the mask.
In the process of welding with either gas or an are, there are liberated various gases that are disagreeable and harmful to the"operator. This condition may be further aggravated when the process of welding is being done in close quarters such as in the double bottom of a ship or in similar places. In the past, the time which a person could spend in such a place would be but about fifteen minutes in an hour. This in spite of the fact that blowers would be provided for ventilating the compartment. welder's masks have been in the form of a face shield with a v window arranged therein to give him a view of his work. A head frame has been provided to closely fit the crown of the wearer's head, and to this frame has been attached the mask in a manner to allow it to be pivoted up and oil the face or the worker. This construction has meant that the mask was open and that the air-borne noxious gases could easily be drawn into the mask and breathed by the worker. It has not been practicable to entirely enclose the mask to form a closed helmet because of the discomfort to the worker. Attempts have been made to provide a welder's mask with a fresh air supply, but the devices have been objectionable because of physical discomfort to the wearer. 'Ihe provision of a nose piece and an air supply thereto is objectionable when worn for long periods. A simple air opening connected to a source 01' pure air has been objectionable in that the inlet of air from a nozzle has induced air currents from outside of the mask and sucked in objectionable gases that made the situation as bad or worse than before.
Having in mind these defects of the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide a welders mask with ventilating means that will allow the mask to remain open and yet will not induce air currentsinto the mask.
A further object of the present invention is the provision of an air supply pipe to a welder's mask that will deliver the air to the welders face without inducing outside air into the mask.
Another object of the present invention is the provision in a welders mask of an air supply that will not impinge directly upon the head or face of the welder.
Still a further object of the present invention is the provision in a welders mask of an air sup- 2 ply that will prevent the window from fogging and keep the interior of the mask dry.
A welders mask that remedies the abovementioned defects of the prior art, and achieves the before-mentioned objects and others is had by taking the conventional mask and arranging an air supply connection at the rear of the mask and attached to the head frame. This air supply connection is adapted to be coupled to a suitable air supply. Air from the supply is delivered by a small air tube to the front portion of the head band of the head frame and distributed through a plenum tube extending along the head band from one side to the other of the wearer. This plenum tube is provided with two series of small openings, one series directed upwardly and the other series directed downwardly. The individual holes of one series are staggered with respect to the holes of the other series;-
A device accomplishing these objects and constructed in accordance with the above outline is shown in the accompanying drawing, in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective of a welder's mask embodying the present invention, themask being shown in phantom.
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the device shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a sectional plan view of the device dow 2 that is composed of one or more thicknesses of glass. This window provides a view of the material being operated upon, and the various glasses are for strength and the filtering out of undesirable light rays from the arc or flame. The shield is supported on the head by means of a head frame I that is pivoted to the shield at the sides by bolts or pins 4, 5. The head frame has a head band 6 that is adapted to pass across the brow and around the back of the head of the wearer. Crown straps l, 8 pass across the top of the head from side to side, and front to back, and have their ends secured to the head band. The pivot pins 4, 5 usually are arranged to pass through the ends of the side crown strap 1 and through the head band. The back portion of the crown strap I has secured thereto an air hose I! from an air supply. This air hose is secured to the frame by means, of a coupling I i that is in turn fastened to a supply tube l2 secured directly to and running forwardly along the crown strap 8. This supply tube connects to a plenum tube l3 at the front portion of the head band B. This plenum tube l3 extends alon the front portion of the band from about one end of the crown strap 1' to the other end. The plenum tube I! has formed therein two series of small openings. One series H is arranged along the upper side of the plenum tube so that air under pressure in the tube will leave and be directed upwardly in a series of small jets which will merge together to form a sheet of upwardly directed air. The other series I5 of openings are on the under side of the plenum tube and are. directed downwardly. This second series will also supply air to form a downwardly directed sheet of air. It is to be noted that the holes of one series are in staggered relation to the holes of the other. This staggering of the holes, while not necessary, is desirable in that it reduces the eddy currents formed of induced air from the outside, if any. The eddy current space is broken by the opposite air opening.
When a mask embodying the present invention is placed on the head of an operator, the plenum tube will be in position above the eyes of the wearer, and when the supply air hose I0 is connected to the supply tube I! by the coupling H, and air is supplied from any suitable source to the hose and tubes, air will be delivered through the series of openings I4, I! in the plenum tube It. This air will form an upwardly and a downwardly directed sheet. The inductive effort of one sheet will balance that of the other and prevent the induction into the mask of outside air. This will allow the wearer to breathe air delivered into the mask from the air source without its being contaminated by gases from the welding process. This air will also keep the window from fogging. It is desirable that the air line have means for eliminating condensed moisture so that the air delivered to the mask will be relatively dry. This apparatus and method of air delivery to a welders mask allows the operator to remain in close and cramped quarters for long periods of time without discomfort or impairment of health.
Having thus described my invention, I claim: I
1. An open welders mask having attached thereto air supply means including a plenum tube extending across the inside face of said mask and having therealong two series of openings. one directed upwardly and one downwardly, and the individual openings of one series being staggered with respect to the individual openings of the other series.
2. An open welders mask having a shield and a head frame for supporting the shield on the head of a wearer, said head frame having a band for'encircling the upper part of a wearers head, and a plenum tube attached to the front part of said head band; said plenum tube being adapted to be connected to a suitable source of air, said plenum tube being arranged along said band so as to extend from one side to the other of awearers head, and said tube having formed therein two series of openings, one along the upward side and one along the lower side for delivering air in an upwardly and a downwardly directed sheet respectively.
3. An open welders mask having attached thereto air supply means including a plenum tube arranged inside of said mask and so as to extend across the face of a wearer from one side to the other, and said tube having formed therein two series of openings, one along the upward side and one along the lower side in opposition to the series along the upper side; said series of openings being adapted for the delivery of air in an upwardly directed sheet from the holes on the upward side and a downwardly directed sheet from the holes on the lower side, and for the delivery of such sheets in opposition across the face of a wearer.
4; An open welders mask having attached thereto air supply means including a plenum tube arranged inside of said mask and so as to extend across the face of a wearer from one side to the other, and said tube having formed therein two series of openings, one along the upward side and one along the lower side; said series of openings being adapted for the delivery of air in a sheet directed upwardly and outwardly from the face of a wearer, and in a sheet directed downwardly andoutwardly from the face of a wearer, respectively and for the delivery of such sheets in opposition across the face of a wearer.
WILLIAM H. KITCHEN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2507705 *||Oct 27, 1947||May 16, 1950||Gaddini Norman E||Face mask|
|US2560215 *||Dec 5, 1946||Jul 10, 1951||Marinus Christensen||Protection mask against poisonous gases and dust|
|US2966155 *||Jul 26, 1954||Dec 27, 1960||Goodrich Co B F||Omni-environment inflatable suit for high altitude flight|
|US3238535 *||Nov 4, 1963||Mar 8, 1966||Hugh Richey Willie||Welding helmet|
|US3467965 *||May 29, 1967||Sep 23, 1969||Chales H Bryant||Welding hood ventilator|
|US3736927 *||May 17, 1971||Jun 5, 1973||Misaqi F||Self-contained air purifier and conditioner unit|
|US4293757 *||Sep 17, 1979||Oct 6, 1981||Niemi Francis J||Automatic welder's helmet having ventilation means|
|US4571741 *||Dec 26, 1984||Feb 25, 1986||Commissariat A L'energie Atomique||Ergonomic helmet means|
|US5993428 *||Oct 9, 1997||Nov 30, 1999||Hardge; Lawrence||Head cover with eye spraying capability|
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|US20070159684 *||Feb 27, 2006||Jul 12, 2007||Mario Roy||Welding mask|
|US20090055987 *||Aug 29, 2008||Mar 5, 2009||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Airflow Headgear for a Welding Helmet|
|US20090210989 *||Feb 24, 2009||Aug 27, 2009||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Welding helmet positive air pressuring system and method|
|US20130160195 *||Dec 24, 2012||Jun 27, 2013||James Thomas Clement||Portable fan and battery box for clearing fog/particles in goggles or for cooling masks and helmets|
|CN101795645B||Sep 3, 2008||May 30, 2012||伊利诺斯工具制品有限公司||Airflow headgear for a welding helmet|
|CN104783394A *||Apr 20, 2015||Jul 22, 2015||浙江海洋学院||Smoke-prevention eye protecting helmet for ship welding|
|EP0147313A2 *||Dec 19, 1984||Jul 3, 1985||Commissariat A L'energie Atomique||Ergonomic helmet|
|EP0147313A3 *||Dec 19, 1984||Feb 25, 1987||Commissariat A L'energie Atomique||Ergonomic helmet|
|U.S. Classification||128/205.25, 248/102, 2/8.6|
|International Classification||A61F9/04, A61F9/06|