|Publication number||US2402996 A|
|Publication date||Jul 2, 1946|
|Filing date||Jan 5, 1944|
|Priority date||Jan 5, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2402996 A, US 2402996A, US-A-2402996, US2402996 A, US2402996A|
|Inventors||Whitcomb Geissmann Gladys|
|Original Assignee||Merry Hull & Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 2, 1946. G. W. GEISSMA'NN 9 2,492,996
SCARF Filed Jan. 5, 1944 INVENTOR. lddys dimmi esma/m BY Patented July 2, 1946 SCARF Gladys Whitcomb Geissmann, New York, N. Y., assignor to Merry Hull & Company, New York,
N. Y., a partnership Application January 5, 1944,v Serial No. 517,029
This invention relates to neckwear and relates particularly to improved forms of scarves of a type to be Worn around the neck.
Prior neck scarves are usually rectangular, square or triangular in shape and are made of many diierent types of material. All such scarves have, in common, the characteristic of being cut from or formed of a at piece of material.
Inasmuch as the human neck and shoulders are not polygonal or fiat, the shape of the conventional scarf results in a number of disadvantages from the standpoint of protection and appearance.
A conventional triangular scarf, for example, is usually placed across the shoulders and wrapped around the neck with the apex of the triangle disposed somewhere in the vicinity of the shoulder blades and with the ends or corners of the scarf crossing the chest and throat. Inasmuch as this scarf must partake of a series of intersecting curves of different length and radii in assuming this position, it either has a tendency to wrinkle and bunch up around the back of the neck causing discomfort and an unkempt appearance or the ends of the scarf tend to slide apart, become disarranged and expose the throat and chest.
The square type of scarf has the same disadvantages as the triangular type inasmuch as when it is Worn as a square even more material tends to wrinkle and bunch up around the back of the neck and it is even more difficult to retain in place. Moreover, the pointed ends, either crossed or knotted, do not furnish full protection for the throat and chest.
The rectangular scarf is similarly unsatisfactory and When it is looped over in front, like an ascot tie, as is sometimes the case, it draws the entire width of the scarf into a narrow thick b'unch around the neck, leaving spaces between v the scarf and coat collar and either side of the ascot. In other words, it is mechanically impossible to cover the throat and the chest by means of a straight piece of fabric that is looped into an ascot. When merely crossed over the chin, a rectangular piece scarf does not protect the throat, rides up on the back of the neck and does not stay in place.
The present invention has as an object the provision of a scarf which overcomes the disadvantages of the prior types of scarves referred to above.
Another object of the invention is to provide a scarf which is tted to the neck and shoulders,
fandntherefore, does not bunchup at the back of the neck, cause discomfort, displace the coat collar, and expose part of the throat and chest. .Another objectof the invention is to provide a scarf which is so shaped and arranged that the depending ends of the scarf, when overlapped over the chest, will remain in such overlapped position in a self-draped manner, thereby pro# viding adequate protection for the throat and the chest and maintaining a neat and well-groomed smoothly and naturally up on the neck and outwardly over the shoulders. l Y More particularly, the center portion or yoke of the scarf is formed of one or more shaped sections of material having suitably curved upper, lower and side or end edges so that it ts closely and conforms to the back of theneck and the top of the shoulders. 'Ihe .end portions ofthe scarfare formed of shaped pieces of material, which are joined to the lateral edges of the center `or yoke portion of the scarf in such relationship that they normally tend to drape downwardlyand across the chest in overlapping relationship. Scarves of the type embodying the present invention have numerous advantages not obtainable with'the prior art scarves.` Inasmuch as the center oryoke portion of the scarf is tted to the curvesl of theneck, it does not bunch up and does not displace the collar of a coat worn over the scarf. Because of this better t, the materialY in this portion of the scarf can be thicker and warmer without being uncomfortable and unattractive and without displacing the coat collarl 3 tection to the throat and the chest inasmuch as its normal tendency is to stay in throat and chest covering position, rather than to fall away from the throat and chest.
In addition to the practical advantages of scarves of the type embodying the present invention, these scarves lend themselves to new combinations of fabrics and colors which render them particularly attractive in appearance. Thus, the scarf may be formed of one type of material such as, for example, velvet or silk and may be lined with another type of material of the same or contrasting color, making a reversible scarf, thus giving an economic as well as a decorative advantage. Such scarves thus may be reversed readily to match or contrast with other garments. If desired, the portion of the scarf which covers the back of the neck may be of a different material or a diierent color than the portion which is disposed over the chest and shoulders. Inasmuch as the scarf fits snugly, it can be formed of a light weight or relatively short pile fur, if desired, without excessively displacing or destroying the fit of a garment worn thereover.
For a better understanding of the present invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawing, in which:
Figures la to 1d are plan views of the sections of material making up a typical form of scarf embodying the present invention;
Figure le is a plan view of a modied form of center yoke portion;
Figure 2 is a plan view of the scarf;
Figure 3 is a front view of the scarf illustrating the manner in which it drapes around the neck and over the shoulders and chest; and
Figure 4 is a rear view of the scarf.
As illustrated in Figures 1a. to 1d, a scarf of the type embodying the present invention may be suitably formed of four sections of material Ii), II, I2 and I3, such as, for example, fabrics, fur or the like. The sections I and II are substantially mirror images of each other and are generally of four-edged shape in which each of the edges is curved. As illustrated, the upper edge Illa of the section I is convexly curved on a relatively long arc, while the lower edge Ib is a shorter concave arc on a slightly longer radius than the upper edge lila. The inner edge Ic of the section I is concavely curved on an arc of relatively long radius, while the opposite edge id is substantially straight for a major portion of its length and then sharply concavely curved on down to its junction with the edge Ib.
The section I I is similarly shaped, but, as indicated above, is a mirror image of the section I0. The edges of the section II corresponding to the edges Ia, Ib, Illc and lcd of the section II are identified as the edges IIa, IIb, IIc and IId.
When assembling the scarf, the edges Ic and IIc are joined by means of a suitable seam I4, as shown more particularly in Figures 2 and 4 of the drawing, thereby aligning the curved edges a and IIaI in a substantially continuous arc and aligning the edges Ib and IIb to form a shorter arc at the opposite edge of the scarf. Inasmuch as the edges llc and IIC are curved slightly, the back of the assembled sections or yoke will be rendered slightly concave to correspond to the curvature of the junction zone of the back and the neck. This back section oryoke of the scarf, therefore, normally tends toassume a convex curvature from end to end and' acon-V cave curvature from top to bottom. These 1ntersecting curvatures tend to maintain the yoke in close contact with the neck and shoulders. While a somewhat better nt is attained by forming the yoke in two sections as described above, it will be understood that the yoke may be formed from one piece of material I0' generally of the outline produced by joining the sections I0 and II, as shown in Figure le. Of course, the single piece yoke does not have the transverse concave curvature described above, but this is not serious when the yoke is made relatively narrower and is not intended to extend up as high on the back of the neck. If desired, a onepiece yoke can be used and a, variable width tuck may be taken in the center of the yoke IU along the dotted lines to impart the desired transverse curvature to the yoke.
The depending front or end portions of the scarf are formed of the two sections I2 and I3 of fabric or other material. These sections are provided with downwardly and outwardly inclined upper edges IZa and I'3a and inner edges Ib and I3b that are curved upwardly and inwardly toward the inclined edges I 2a, I3a, respectively. The inner edges I 2b and I3b are straight at their lower ends. As illustrated, the sections I2 and I3 have substantially straight outer edges 12o and I3c and straight lower edges 12d and I3d.
The length of the edges I 2a 'and I3a may be the same as the overall length of the edges Id and IId of the sections i and II of the scarf, or if it is desired to have a pleated Orgalhered scarf, as illustrated in the figures of the drawing, the edges I2a and I 3a. may be somewhat longer than the edge-s lcd and IId. Thev edge 20, of the section I2 is joined to the edge IIl of the section ID, while the edge I 3a of the section I3 is joined to the edge` IId of the section I I, as best shown in Figure 2 of the drawing.
Referring now to Figure 2, it will be apparent that when the scarf is laid out with the sections i?? and I3 in alignment and substantially flat, the yoke formed by the center sections IIl and I I will have a tendency to wrinkle inasmuch as it is formed to provide the akzovve-describedY curved fitted yoke having upper and lower edges of ,un- @qual lengths. When the scarf is draped around the neck, as illustrated in Figure 3, the unequal lengths of the upper and lower edges of the sections iEi and i i of the yoke will cause the yoke to conform closely to the back of the neck and t thereto with the edges id and I Id of these sections coinciding substantially with the top of the shoulders. Inasmuch as the edges l|22) and. I3b of the sections l2 and I3 are curved inwardly, their normal tendency is to overlap with the sections i2 and i3 lying smoothly over the chest.
From the preceding description, it will be ap'- parent that scarves of the type embodying the present invention are .constructed and arranged to conform to the shape of the neck and the shoulders so that they will lie smoothly and fit closely around the neck and shoulders.
It will be understood further'that the shape and dimensions oi' the various sections can be changed in order to t individuals of varying size and to produce varying ornamental eiects. Thus, for example, the sections I2 and I3 need not be provided with square corners, but instead can be tapered, rounded, scalloped, fringed, or otherwise ornamented, or shaped and, if desired, the pleats can. be omitted from the top edgesthereof, `Such scarves may beA formed of one or moreA layers of fabric and the fabrics maybe of the same or dif- 5 ferent kinds and of the same or contrasting colors. Therefore, it should be understood that the form of scarf illustrated herein should be considered as illustrative, only, and not as limiting the scope of the following claims.
1. A neck scarf comprising a plurality of sections of material joined end to end to form a center and two end portions, said center portion having one longer and one shorter edge and converging end edges, and said end portions having inclined edges joined to said converging end edges.
2. A neck scarf comprising a plurality of joined sections of material forming a center portion and opposite end portions, said center portion having one longer convexly curved edge, a shorter con- 6 cavely curved edge and converging end` edges, and said end portions having inclined edges joined to said converging end edges.
-3. The scarf set forth in claim 2 in which said opposite end portions, said center portion having t one longer convexly curved edge, a shorter concavely curved edge and converging concavely curved end edges, and said end portions having inclined edges joined to said converging end edges.
GLADYS VVHITCOMB GEISSMANN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2698942 *||Jun 6, 1952||Jan 11, 1955||Neumann|
|US2942274 *||Nov 29, 1957||Jun 28, 1960||Ross Ethel M||Scarf and method of forming the same|
|US3016544 *||Jun 16, 1958||Jan 16, 1962||Pinkney Agnes C||No-tie bib|
|US6175964 *||Aug 4, 1999||Jan 23, 2001||Mitchell Adler||Multipurpose sport and leisure garment|
|US6360374||Sep 26, 2000||Mar 26, 2002||Mitchell Scott Adler||Multipurpose sport and leisure garment and method for making same|
|US7908669 *||Jun 26, 2007||Mar 22, 2011||Bonnie Amson||Clothing protector scarf|
|US8584262 *||Jul 30, 2010||Nov 19, 2013||Bebe Au Lait Llc||Bib|
|US20090000005 *||Jun 26, 2007||Jan 1, 2009||Bonnie Amson||Clothing protector scarf|
|US20110016600 *||Jan 27, 2011||Bebe Au Lait Llc||Bib|
|U.S. Classification||2/91, D02/500|