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Publication numberUS2403042 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 2, 1946
Filing dateAug 10, 1944
Priority dateAug 10, 1944
Publication numberUS 2403042 A, US 2403042A, US-A-2403042, US2403042 A, US2403042A
InventorsBogoslowsky Boris
Original AssigneeBogoslowsky Boris
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for making collapsible tubes
US 2403042 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

2, B. BOGOSLOWS} Y 2,403,042

APPARATUS FOR MAKING COLLAPSIBLE TUBES Filed Aug. 10, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTO p Y n ATTOREY y 1946- B. BOGOSLOWSKY 2,403,042

APPARATUS FOR MAKING COLLAPSIBLE TUBES 7 Filed Aug; 10, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY Vii- fv w v I Z 2 5. 0v 5 W 9 Patented July 1 nous Bogoslowsky, Jackson Heights, N. r. Application. August 10, BM, Serial No. 548,895

. 8 Claims. 1 g g This invention relates to methods and apps-- ratus for making collapsible tubes.

In my copending application, Serial No. 473,322, flied January 23, 1943, I have described a method of making collapsible tubes in which a tubular blank is shaped to form an embryo tube having a shoulder and elongated neck integral with the (on. esas) tubular body, and in which the neck of the embryo tube is thereafter compressed to form a finished tube having a shortened, thickened neck of substantial strength and rigidity.

It is an obiectfof the present invention to provide an improved method and apparatus for compressing the neck of an embryo tube to form a finished tube having a shortened, thickened neck of substantial strength and rigidity. The invention is particularly well adapted for use in cases where the neck is externally threaded to receive the customary threaded closure cap Other objects and advantages of the invention 4 Will ppear hereinafter.

A preferred embodiment of the invention se looted for purposes of illustration isshown in the accompanying drawings, in which,

Figures 1, 2 and 3 are similar front elevations,

partly in section, showing successive stages of the method, Figure 1 showing the embryo tube placed in the forming apparatus, Figure 2 showing the first stage of the forming operation and Figure 3 showing the final stage. Figures 4, 5 and 5 are enlarged fragmentary sectional views, showing the stages of Figures 1, 2 and 3, respectively, in somewhat greater detail.

Referring to the drawings, theapparatus comprises a cylindrical mandrel 1 having an enlarged upper portion 2 and a conical end surface 3, which said end surface is preferably covered by a gasket i of elastic material such as rubber. As shown in operating position, the mandrel projects into the cavity 5 in the die d. In the preferred embodiment said die consists of two matching parts hinged together-at l, but only one of said parts is shown in the drawings.

The mandrel i and die 8 are located between opposed plates 8 and B of a suitable press, the die i being initially spaced from the press plate 8' by springs a as shown in Figure 1. The press plate 8 also carries a bushing it secured thereto in any suitable manner, as by welding. which'said "bushing extends into the lower end of the cavity ii of the die which forms an extension of-the larger cavity 5 before referredlto.

The cavity 5 has slightly tapering walls i2 and the bottom of the cavity has a conical surface l3 adapted to cooperate with the conical end surface 3 of the mandrel to apply pressure to the shoulder of the tube. The upper part of the smaller cavity ii is internally threaded at It for purposes hereinafter described.

A spindle it extends through the axial bore it of mandrel I, said spindle having a portion lea provided with rack teeth il adapted to cooperate with the teeth of pinion I 8 mounted in the enlarged upper portion of the mandrel, the

said pinion being secured to a shaft is adapted to,

be rotated inany suitable manner, as by a lever it. The portion 65a of thespindle terminates in a shoulder 2i adapted to engage the shoulder 22 of the bore of the mandrel to limit the axial travel of the spindle.

Below the shoulder ii the spindle has a portion lbb of reduced diameter which terminates in a shoulder 23 having smoothly rounded edges 2d.

Below the shoulder 23 the spindle has a portion the of additionally reduced diameter which prolectsinto the center bore of the bushing it.

In the operation of the apparatus, an embryo tube 25 of any suitable material, and roughly shaped in any suitable manner, as for example, by the method describedin my copending. application before referred to, to provide a shoulder 26 and an elongated tubular neck 21 integral with the tubular body, is placed on the mandrel i and the two pieces of the die 6 are closed around the mandrel and the. tube with the elongated neck projecting into the cavity H, as shown in Figures 1 and 4. The shoulder and neck of such an embryo tube will consist of overlapping plies of folded material which are subjected to pressure in the manner hereinafter described to form a finished tube.

For this purpose, pressure is first applied through the press plates 8 and t to cause the parts to assume the positions shown in Figures. 2 and 5. Under these conditions, the shoulder 26 is subjected to pressure between the surfaces 3 and it, which said pressure is cushioned, however, by the gasket d which accommodates itself to the irregularities of the folds and piles of the shoulder, thus tending to equalize the pressure and thereby minimizing any tendency to rupture the folded material of the shoulder. At the same time, the elongated neck 27 is'subjected to longitudinal pressure by the bushing it to compress the neck material into the upper portion of the cavity H, thus shortening and thickening the same. It is to be noted, however, that due to the springs Q, which should be relatively still", the shoulder 26 of the tube is gripped tightly between the opposed surfaces 3. and is of the man- 3 drel and die respectively, as soon as pressure is applied through the press plates 8, 8', thus confining the elongated tubular neck in the cavity receive the end of said ll while longitudinal pressure is applied to the neck to shorten and thicken the same. The final forming pressure is applied to the shoulder after the springs 9 have been compressed and the press plate 8 is in contact with the die i Then, while continuing to apply pressure through the press plates 8 and 8', the spindle I5 is moved to the position shown in Figures 3 and 6 by operation of the lever 20. This subjects the material of the neck to additional compression, but the compressive force is exerted radially through the internal wall of the neck, thus causing the neck material to expend radially into the threads M of the die cavity to increase the density of the tubular neck, and to increase the'perfection of the thread formation of the neck by forcing the material laterally into the threads of the die.

After longitudinal and radial pressures have been thus applied, the plunger i5- is raised, the pressure applied through the press plates 8, 8' is relaxed, the die 6 is opened and the finished tube may be removed from the mandrel.

In many cases, the application of pressure alone is sufficient to compress the overlapping folds of the shoulder and neck so tightly as to resist subsequent separation of the folds, and to maintain the conformation of the shoulder and the threaded neck during ordinary usage of the tube. However, when using thermoplastic or heat sealing materials, the die 6 and/or the plunger I5 may, if desired, be heated in any suitable manner, as by electrical heating elements, with provision for temperature control at the required level for sealing the selected material, and with provision for cooling the die 'and/ or plunger prior to removing the finished tube from the die.

It will be understood that the invention may be variously modified and embodied within the scope of the subjoined claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. Apparatus for making 'a finished collapsible tube from an embryo tube having a tubular body and a shoulder and elongated tubular reck integral with said tubular body, comprising a mandrel adapted to support said embryo tube internally, means for pressing the shoulder of the tube against said-mandrel, means for applying longitudinal pressure to said neck to compress the neck material and shorten and thicken the neck while maintaining the pressure on the shoulder, and means for applying internal radial pressure to said neck to additionally compress the neck material.

2. Apparatus for making a finished collapsible tube from an embryo tube having a tubular body and a shoulder and elongated tubular n'eck integral with said tubular body, comprising means including opposed surfaces, at least one of which is lined with elastic, yielding material for applying pressure to said shoulder, means for applying longitudinal pressure to said neck to compress the neck material and shorten and thicken the neck, and means for applying lntemal radial pressure to said neck to additionally compress the neck I material.

4 mandrel while support said tube and a smaller cavity adapted to receive the elongated tubular neck of the tube supported on said mandrel, said smaller cavity having a threaded portion. adjacent said larger cavity.

means for applying longitudinal pressure to said elongated neck to shorten and thicken the same and confine the same in the threaded portion of said cavity. and means for applying, internal radial pressure to said neck to additionally compress the same and force the neck material laterally into the threads, of the cavity.

4. Apparatus for making a finished collapsible tube from an embryo tube having a tubular body and a shoulder and elongated tubular neck integral with said tubular body,.comprising, a mandreladapted to support said embryo tube internally, a die having a large cavity adapted to receive the end of said mandrel while supporting reduced diameter extending through said smaller cavity and through said elongated tubular neck into said tubular bushing, means for applying pressure to said mandrel and die to grip the tube shoulder between said opposed surfaces and to cause said bushing to compress the elongated neck to shorten and thicken the same, and means for moving said plunger longitudinally to force the larger portion into said neck to apply internal radial pressure to additionally compress the same.

5. Apparatus for making a finished collapsible tube from an embryo tube having a tubular body and a shoulder and elongated tubular neck integral with said tubular body, comprising, a mandrel adapted to support said embryo tube internally, a die having a large cavity adapted to receive the-end of said mandrel while supporting said tube and a smaller cavity adapted to receive the elongated tubular neck, means including a pair of press plates to apply pressure to said mandrel and die, one of said parts being spaced from one of said press plates by a spring which is compressed as pressure is applied.

6. Apparatus for making a finished collapsible tube from an embryo tube having a tubular body and a shoulder and tubular neck integral with said tubular body, comp rising, a mandrel adapted to support said embryo tube internally, a die having a large cavity adapted to receive the end of said mandrel while supporting said tube and a smaller threaded cavity adapted to receive the tubular neck of the tube supported on said mandrel, and means for applying internal radial pressure to said neck to compress the neck material and force the same laterally into the threads 01' the cavity.

'7. Apparatus for making a finished collapsible tube from an embryo tube having a tubular body and a shoulder and tubular neck integral with said tubular 'body, comprising, a mandrel adapted to support said embryo tube internally, a die having a large cavity adapted to receive the end of said mandrel while supporting said tube and a smaller threaded cavity adapted to receive the tubular neck of the tube supported on said mandrel, a plunger extending axially througnaaid mandrel and having a portion of reduced diameter extending through said smaller cavity and. through said tubular neck, and means for moving said plunger longitudinally to force the larger portion into said neckv to apply internal radial pressure to said neck to compress the neck material and force the same laterally into the threads of the cavity.

8. Apparatus for making a finished collapsible tube from an embryo tube having a tubular body and a shoulder and tubular neck integral with said tubular body, comprising, a. mandrel adapted to support said embryo tube internally, a die id of the cavity.v

pressure to said neck to compress the neck material and force. the same laterally into the threads BORIS BOGOSLOWSKY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2595046 *Oct 12, 1949Apr 29, 1952Lily Tulip Cup CorpMethod of forming paper closure members for paper containers
US2624071 *Mar 30, 1951Jan 6, 1953Unitubo S ADevice for manufacturing flexible containers for synthetic plastic materials
US2745135 *Sep 29, 1950May 15, 1956Anchor Hocking Glass CorpMolding machine
US2788544 *Dec 30, 1952Apr 16, 1957Regoma Company LtdMachine for the manufacture of flexible tubes of thermoplastic material
US2878513 *Oct 22, 1953Mar 24, 1959Extruded Plastics IncCollapsible tube manufacture
US5571540 *Jan 11, 1996Nov 5, 1996Kimberly-Clark CorporationApparatus for crimping, pleating and forming a tip on a hollow tube
US5762854 *Mar 5, 1996Jun 9, 1998Valyi; Emery I.Compression molding process
US6216493 *Mar 24, 1999Apr 17, 2001Weston Medical LimitedMethod and apparatus for making an article from a formable material
US6415631Nov 1, 2000Jul 9, 2002Weston Medical LimitedMethod and apparatus for making an article from a formable material
WO1997032706A1 *Feb 25, 1997Sep 12, 1997The Elizabeth And Sandor Valyi Foundation, Inc.Compression molding process
Classifications
U.S. Classification425/393, 264/320, 222/107, 264/DIG.410, 72/403, 493/293, 425/355
International ClassificationB21D51/36
Cooperative ClassificationB21D51/36, Y10S264/41
European ClassificationB21D51/36