Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2403676 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 9, 1946
Filing dateAug 3, 1944
Priority dateAug 3, 1944
Publication numberUS 2403676 A, US 2403676A, US-A-2403676, US2403676 A, US2403676A
InventorsModlinski Michael
Original AssigneeModlinski Michael
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heat and cold applicator
US 2403676 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


1944 3 Sheets-Sheet l M/Cf/A E1. M001. "vote/v July 9, .1946.

MJMQDLINSKI v 2,403,676 HEA'TYAND COLD APPpIcAToR I F iled Au 5, 1944 I a Sheets-Sheet 2 .112 53 7 24 59 M1 can EL MOQL /N 8K7 July 9, 1946, M. MODLINSKI HEAT AND COLD APPLICQTOR Filed Aug. 3, 1944 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 fects.

Patented July 9, 1946 UNITED "STATES" PATENT OFFICE HEAT AND COLD APPLICATOR Michael Modlinski, Chicago, Ill.

Application August 3,:1944, Serial No. 547,906

. 1 Claim.

1 This invention relates to a heat and cold ap plicator, and more particularly to a device for applying a heat unit such as a hot water bottle, ice pack, or electric heating pad, to the portion of the body where it is desired to apply heat or cold, and for retaining the hot, or cold application at that portion of the body regardless of movement thereof. 1

It has been a common difiiculty to apply hot water bottles or other heat units to the body of a sick or hurt person with sufilcient security to retain the same in place, since even very slight movements of the body will cause the heat unit to move to a location where it is ineffective or even positively harmful. In many case's 'moreover, even when the heat unit can be satisfactorily maintained in place, it is necessary; for-the patient to assume and maintain an uncomfortable and strained position. Furthermore, in the case of an ambulatory patient, it is necessary to lie or sit quietly during the period of application of the heat unit, often causing inconvenience and fretting or other undesirable emotional ef- A busy hospital nurse may apply a hot water bottle to 'a patient, only to find upon completion of her rounds that it' became dislodged immediately after she left the patient and that no benefit has been gained therefrom.

The present invention overcomes these difliculties, enabling heat or cold to be applied to any portion of the body desired, and maintained at that portion regardless of the position or movements of the patient.

An additional feature of this invention is that it permits multiplying the heating or cooling units applied to any particular portion of the patients body, thereby increasing the heating or coolingcffect and prolonging the effective period of the hot orcold application, as well as permitting variation in the quantity of heat or :cold applied. Y

It is an object ofthisinvention to provide a heat or cold applicator which will hold a heat unit in desired relation to a selected portion of the human body.

It is another object/of this invention to provide a heat or cold applicator accommodating heat units in different portions thereof to hold a unit 7 at a desired portion of the body. g

It is a further object of this invention toipro ble heat unit carrier which may be secured in.

various. positions on the applicator, so. that a videa heator cold applicator having a detachai It is an additional object of this invention to provide a heat orcold applicator for selectively producing a desired heat effect on the body, the applicator being so secured to the body as to prevent shifting of the heat effect from the portion being treated. I

Still-another object of the invention. is to provide a. heat or cold applicator so constructed that .one or more heat units may be applied to the same or different portions of the body.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a heat or cold applicator'having a detachable carrier for heat units which may be separately applied to portions of the body.

Other and further objects and advantages of this invention will be apparent to those skilled in theart-from the following description and the appended drawings.

On the drawings: v

Figurel is a rear elevational view of the applicator of this invention;

Figure 2 isa rear elevational view, with parts broken, of the heat unit carrier;

Figure 3 is a front elevational view of the carrier;

Figure 4 is a rear elevational view of the applicator, with the carrier secured thereto in one relation;

Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4, but showing the carrier'in another relation; 7 V

Figured is a viewsimilar to Figures 4 and 5, but showing the carrier in' still another relation on the applicator;

Figure '7 isa cross-sectional view, with the carrier in elevation, taken on the line VII--VII of Figure 4=; I

Figure 8 is a view similar to Figure 7, the line VIII- VIII of Figureb;

Figure 9 is a view'similar to Figures .7 and 8, but

showing the carrier twice folded; Figure 10 is a horizontalcross-sectional View taken on Figure 14 is anillustration of one modification of this invention.

The invention is illustrated as utilizing a hot water bottle or bag, or an ice pack or bag, as the unit by means of which heat or cold is applied to the body, but it will be understood that the invention is not limited to such means, and that electrical heating units controlled by selective switching means may be employed in this invention. Such electrical units might be integral with the carrier, or might be separate electrical heating pads. The means for heating or cooling the body are referred to herein asheat units, as a matter of convenience.

In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, an applicator 23 is provided in the form of a coatlike garment or jacket having arm holes 2|, and

if desired, pockets 22. On the rear of the applicator 23 are provided fastener elements secured to the applicator at various portions thereof and hereinafter described. These fastener elements are shown as separable slide fasteners, commonly known as zippers, but it will be understood that other fasteners may be used, such as buttons and button holes, hooks and eyes, snap fasteners, tying tapes and the like.

Such fastener elements 23:: and 23b may be secured to the front edges of the applicator to close the same when it is being worn. A fastener element 24 is disposed adjacent the neck portion extending between the arm holes 2|, and another fastener element 25 is secured centrally of the lower portion of the applicator 20 and substantially parallel to the element 24. Extending vertically at the center of the applicator is another fastener element 25, and spaced at each side thereof and at a slight angle thereto so as to extend substantially parallel to the front edges of the applicator 20 are two parallel fastener elements 2! and 23, and 29 and 33.

A carrier 3| is provided to hold or carry the Both the carrier 3| andthe appliheat units. cator 23 are made of any suitable material, and are shown as made of fabric. 'At each side edge of the carrier 3| there is secured a flap 32 with bottom edge of the cover member 340 is secured to the carrier in a separable manner, as by a fastener 33' The pocket 35 is similar to the pockets 34 and 34a, but is formed by two cover members 35a and a third cover member 35b. Each cover member 3560 is substantially. half the width of the carrier 3|, and the cover member 351) isof substantially the same width as the carrier. The upper edge and the side edges of the member 35b are securedto the carrier, and the outer and lower edges of each cover member 350. are also secured to the carrier. The inner or adjacent edges of the cover member 3511 are separably secured together by a fastener 31, and the upper edge of each member 35a is secured to the adjacent portion of the lower edge of the cover member 3517 by a fastener 38. It will be obvious that if desired the pockets 34 and 34a may be constructed in the same manner as the pocket 35, and further that the pockets may each be formed as two pockets, each of half the size of the pockets shown.

The carrier is provided with a fastener element 33 at its upper edge, and another fastener element 43 at its bottom edge. A fastener element 4| is secured to one side edge of the carrier, and another fastener element 42 is secured to the other side edge. Afastener element 43 is also provided extending across the carrier and spaced substantially one-third of the lerigth of the carrier from the top thereof, so as to lie substantially between the two upper pockets 34 and 34a. Adjacent the top of the carrier 3| another fastener element 44 is secured extending substantially across the carrier.

.- Reinforcing strips or tapes 4'! extend longitudinally of the carrier, with a clasp, buckle, or the like 48 held in a loop at one end of each tape 41, and with the other end of each tape left free to form a portion 49 which may be secured in the clasp, buckle or thelike 48. Another securing tape 5|! may be secured across the Width of the carrier 3|, with a central portion thereof left free or unsecured so as to form a convenient loop or handle 5| for holding the carrier 3|. The carrier may also have a loop 52 atone corner thereof, as at the upper left-hand corner as shown in Figure 2, or the upper right-hand corner as shown in Figure 3.

A heat unit 53 is disposed in any of the pockets 34,3411, or 35, or heat units are disposed in two or moreof the pockets. In Figure 2, a single heatunit 53 is shown in the upper pockets 34 and 3411, this heat unit being of a size and shape to substantially fill the pockets. 53 arefshownin the lower pocket 35, each being of a size and shape to substantially fill one-half of the pocket. It will be obvious that other sizes, I

shapes, and'kinds of heat units may be used instead of the particular Junits'illustrated, so long as they" may be securely. retainedin thepockets. Figures 11 and 12 also illustrate the carrier with the heat units disposed in'the pockets, and Fig ures 7 to 9 show the carrier in various arrange- --,be inserted in the pocket orpockets of the carrier soas to overlie a particular portion of the general area of the body It should also be clear that the'carrie'r may belfolded upon itself one or more timeszalong the lines of division between the pockets, and maintained in the folded posh- As shown in Figure 3, there is secured on the Two heat units ments 25 and 45. If heat orcold isnt'obe' appliedv to the portion of the back between-the shoulders, a heat unit is inserted in the upper. pocket 34, and

the other pockets may be'left empty. Similarly,

if heat or cold is to be applied to the smallof the back, or to thelowerportion of the back, a

heat unitis insertedinthe pocket 34d orthe pocket '35, respectively. f course, if heat or cold is to be applied to the'entire b'ack,heat units are insertedin all of the pockets. 4

As shown i'nJFigures 5,-8 andS, the heat units applied to a particular portion of the bodymay be doubled. ontripled' by folding the carrier 3| with the heat units in each of the pockets thereof. Thus, if it is desiredto apply more heat or cold to the small of the back than can be supplied by heat units in the pocket 34a, the carrier may be folded on the line between the pocket 34a and the pocket 35, and the fastener elements 49 and 43 interengaged to hold the heat unit or units in the pocket 35 superimposed on the unit or units in the pocket 34a. The upper pocket 34 may or may not have a heat unit or'units inserted therein, depending upon whether a heat effect at the upper portion of the back is desired or not. Again, if an unusually concentrated heat effect is desired at a portion of the body, such as at the upper portion of the back, heat units may be inserted in all of the pockets and the carrier first folded to the position shown in Figures 5 and 8 and already'described. The carrier is then further folded on the line between the pockets 34 and 34a, with the fastener element 46 interengaged with the fastener element 44,'so that the carrier will be in the position illustrated in Figure 9. The fastener elements and 45, 'of course, are disengaged to permit the second fold. It will be obvious that if only a double instead of a triple application of heat or cold is desired at the upper portion of the back, one of the pockets is left empty, so that although the carrier 3| is folded twice there will be only two and notthree heat units superimposed on each other.

In Figures 6 and 10 there is illustrated another position in which the carrier 3| may be secured to the applicator 29, as when a side of the torso is to have heat or cold applied thereto. Assuming that a heat effect is to be produced on the left side of the torso, the fastener element 44 of the carrier 3| is interengaged with the fastener element 26 of the applicator 29, the fastener elements 48 and 43 of the carrier being interengaged as described in connection with Figures 5 and 8, and the fastener element 46 on the carrier is interengaged with the fastener element 30 on the applicator. Heat units may be inserted in the pockets as desired, depending upon the particular portion of the body where a heat effect is desired, and upon how great a heat effect is desired. If the heat effect is to be produced on the right side, the carrier may be folded as before, and secured to the applicator by means of the fastener elements 26 and 44, and the fastener element 45 on the carrier then interengages with the fastener element 28 on the applicator.

It will be understood that the carrier is secured on the outside or back of the applicator, and the applicator then donned by the patient-withthe body and applicator andsecured in front by interengagement of the fastener elements 33 'on the free edges'thereof. For the sake of clearn'ess, the flap have been illustrated only in Figure 2', since the structure and operation thereof are readily understood from the description. When the carrier 3| is so positionedthat the flaps 32 are not engageable'about the body, the flaps may be readily disposed soas not to interfere with the engagement of the fastening lements or the folding of the carrier.

The securing of the carrier 3| to the applicator 29 with the pockets opening at the face of the carrier away from the applicator 20, as in the position illustrated in Figure 4 and in other'positions, allows ready access to the pockets for .quick and convenient substitution of fresh heat units for units which have lost their effectiveness, without requiring removal of the applicator or otherwise unduly disturbing the patient.

It will also be understood that the carrier and applicator may be made proportionately longer otherwise than as shown and described, and that additional fastener elements may be provided, as

may be desired, and thecarrier secured in other relations to the applicator than those shown and described.

The carrier 3| may be used separately to ap- 7 ply heat or cold to a limb. In this case, the carrier is folded and. the fastener elements 40 and. 43 interengaged, and the carrier then applied about the limb and secured thereon by interengaging the fastener elements and 46. Figure 13 illustrates the carrier applied in this manner to an arm. The carrier might, of course, be similarly applied to a leg. In the case of a leg, the

carrier when folded as described might be too small to permit interengagement of the fastener elements 44 and 46. In that event, the carrier may be secured about the leg by interengaging the free portions 49 of the reinforcing tapes 4'! with the clasps, buckles, or the like 48 carried by the ends of the tapes 41. In the latter case, also, it might be desirable to wrap the carrier about the leg without any folding thereof. In any case, of course, heat units are carried by the pockets of the carrier as desired.

As shown in Figure 14, the applicator 20 may have a hood portion 54 secured thereto in order that a heat effect may be produced on the head or neck of the patient. If desired, the hood 54 may be separate from the applicator 20, and used as an entirely independent unit, or be adapted to be detachably secured to the applicator 20. The hood 54 has a slit in the top thereof extending from the face opening to the rear of the hood, which slit may be closed by a fastener 55. On each side of the slit a pocket 56 is formed in the hood 54 in which may be inserted a heat unit 53. The pocket 56 may be formed in any suitable manner, as by the provision of a piece of fabric secured to the inside of the hood with a free edge adjacent the slit so as to provide an opening through which the heat unit 53 may be inserted when the slit is opened by means of the fastener 55. The pocket 56 may extend downwardly about the neck portion of the hood so that heat units may be applied about the neck of the patient.

If desired fastener elements for the carrier may be duplicated on the front and rear of the jacket or applicator, so that two carrier units may be used simultaneously or one may be applied either front or rear without removing the jacket.

It will, of course, be understood that various details of construction may be varied through a wide range without departing from the principles of this invention and it is, therefore, not the purpose to limit the patent granted herein otherwise than necessitated by the scope of the appended claim.

I claim as my invention:

An applicator jacket comprising a coat-like garment arranged to be worn by a patient, a plurality of fasteners on the outside of the garment, a flexible panel, fastening means on said panel for coacting with the fasteners on the garment to selectively attach the panel across an exterior portion of the garment,'said panel having a plurality of pockets for thermal treatment means, said pockets opening on the outer face of the panel, fasteners accessible from the outer face of the panel for closing the pockets, said panel, upon release from the garment of certain of the fastening means, being foldable at one end thereof to provide a plurality of plies each containing one or more pockets and thereby to create a localized stack of pockets on the garment, and means for securing the panel in the desired multi-ply folded orm.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2657387 *Jun 11, 1951Nov 3, 1953Ketcham Gladys LInfant's garment
US2749914 *Sep 17, 1952Jun 12, 1956 braley
US3258065 *Dec 9, 1963Jun 28, 1966Ward David JHeat or cold emitting pack
US3678936 *Dec 3, 1969Jul 25, 1972Mccormick Wayne AIce bag for treating athletes
US3717145 *May 3, 1971Feb 20, 1973W BerndtCold pressure bandage
US3901225 *Jan 2, 1974Aug 26, 1975Jerry W SconceInflatable splint
US4138743 *Dec 13, 1976Feb 13, 1979Acurex CorporationLiquid cooled helmet
US4972832 *Nov 15, 1989Nov 27, 1990Trapini Karen FThermal pack holder
US5302806 *Dec 8, 1992Apr 12, 1994Thermo-Cool Products Inc.Heated vest with pouches for accommodating inserted heating packets
US5305471 *Feb 20, 1992Apr 26, 1994Steele And Associates, Inc.Insulated cooling vest
US5306897 *Jun 23, 1992Apr 26, 1994Turbine Blading LimitedHeat treatment method and apparatus for turbine blades using flexible heater sleeve
US5484448 *May 7, 1993Jan 16, 1996Steele And Associates, Inc.Garment and method for cooling body temperature
US5524293 *May 3, 1994Jun 11, 1996Kung; King Y.Cooling vest
US5605144 *Apr 8, 1994Feb 25, 1997Thermo-Cool Products IncHeating garment with pouch for accommodating inserted heating packets
US5647226 *Jun 11, 1996Jul 15, 1997Mainstream Engineering CorporationPhase change apparatus for animal parts, human body parts, body fluids and culture
US5787505 *Feb 6, 1997Aug 4, 1998Piwko; Margaret M.Cooling and/or warming shirt
US5826273 *Jan 13, 1997Oct 27, 1998Eckes; Mark A.Body conforming article of clothing having multiple heat pockets
US5887284 *May 27, 1997Mar 30, 1999Simmons; John J.Removable anterior sweatband assembly for a cap or hat
US5977517 *Jul 9, 1998Nov 2, 1999Grosjean; Douglas MartinElectrically heated vest
US6792624Jan 22, 2002Sep 21, 2004John J. SimmonsTemperature regulating cap
US7065983Jun 6, 2003Jun 27, 2006Albert Long TrinhAdhesive ice bag device
US7096687Jun 6, 2003Aug 29, 2006Albert Long TrinhNon-constrictive ice bag device
US7243509Sep 19, 2005Jul 17, 2007David Lam TrinhThermal therapeutic method
US7766950 *Jul 21, 2006Aug 3, 2010North American Rescue, LlcHypothermia treatment sack
US7784304Dec 7, 2005Aug 31, 2010Dennis Sam TrinhNon-slip ice bag device and method for using same to treat patients
US8015618Aug 6, 2008Sep 13, 2011Leslie Owen PaullEvaporative cooling clothing system for reducing body temperature of a wearer of the clothing system
US8062343 *Oct 15, 2007Nov 22, 2011Augustine Temperature Management LLCHeating blanket
US8105371 *Jan 11, 2011Jan 31, 2012Giocondo Jr Francis JComfort enhancing vest system
US8192476 *Aug 3, 2007Jun 5, 2012Angela ScheberleGarment for therapeutic comfort to women experiencing breast discomfort
US8434163 *Dec 23, 2010May 7, 2013Carmen L. NudoVest system that provides for a targeted heat/cool therapy treatment
US8443463Aug 3, 2011May 21, 2013Leslie Owen PaullEvaporative cooling clothing system for reducing body temperature of a wearer of the clothing system
US8585746Aug 29, 2007Nov 19, 2013Nike, Inc.Article of apparel for temperature moderation
US8671464 *Feb 10, 2011Mar 18, 2014Mark SilverbergTemperature regulating garment
US8864807Mar 11, 2011Oct 21, 2014Medical Thermodynamics LlcThermal regulation blanket and method of use thereof
US20040172734 *Feb 20, 2004Sep 9, 2004Hartbrodt Rick J.Travel garment
US20040244412 *Jun 6, 2003Dec 9, 2004Trinh Albert LongNon-constrictive ice bag device
US20040244413 *Jun 6, 2003Dec 9, 2004Trinh Albert LongAdhesive ice bag device
US20050223465 *Apr 9, 2004Oct 13, 2005Nike, Inc.Article of apparel for temperature moderation
US20060010902 *Sep 19, 2005Jan 19, 2006Trinh David LThermal therapeutic method
US20060081000 *Dec 7, 2005Apr 20, 2006Trinh Dennis SNon-slip ice bag device and method for using same to treat patients
US20060155351 *Jan 11, 2005Jul 13, 2006Matson Matthew CCooling blanket assembly
US20060247745 *Apr 26, 2006Nov 2, 2006Chris ThompsonGarment for the prevention or treatment of hypothermia and methods of treatment
US20060253954 *May 16, 2005Nov 16, 2006Thomas HorneMultilayer thermal garment adapted for emitting heat energy to predetermined targeted regions of the body
US20080021530 *Jul 21, 2006Jan 24, 2008Castellani Robert AHypothermia treatment sack
US20080033517 *Aug 3, 2007Feb 7, 2008Angela ScheberleGarment for therapeutic comfort to women experiencing breast discomfort
US20080103567 *Oct 15, 2007May 1, 2008Augustine Scott DHeating blanket
US20090062892 *Aug 29, 2007Mar 5, 2009Nike, Inc.Article Of Apparel For Temperature Moderation
US20100031428 *Aug 6, 2008Feb 11, 2010Leslie Owen PaullEvaporative Cooling Clothing System for Reducing Body Temperature of a Wearer of the Clothing System
US20110041229 *Aug 18, 2009Feb 24, 2011Michael NiemiHot pox outdoor gear
US20110302703 *Feb 10, 2011Dec 15, 2011Mark SilverbergTemperature regulating garment
US20120260409 *Apr 13, 2011Oct 18, 2012David Ben YairHeat protection suit
US20130131764 *Nov 9, 2012May 23, 2013P. Eric GroveCool fat burner
US20140336544 *May 8, 2014Nov 13, 2014Patrick Darby RansomHot/cold recovery clothing
DE9217834U1 *Dec 30, 1992Feb 25, 1993Hess, Edelgunde, 6000 Frankfurt, DeTitle not available
WO1994014295A1 *Dec 8, 1993Jun 23, 1994Thermo-Cool Products, Inc.Heating garment with pouches for accomodating inserted heating packets
WO1994028834A1 *Jun 16, 1993Dec 22, 1994Jmk International, Inc.Enclosing therapeutic microwaveable heat transfer device
U.S. Classification2/94, 607/108, 2/84
International ClassificationA41D13/005, A61F7/02, A61F7/08
Cooperative ClassificationA61F7/02, A41D13/0058, A61F2007/0238, A61F2007/0001
European ClassificationA41D13/005P, A61F7/02