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Publication numberUS2404996 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 30, 1946
Filing dateJul 24, 1944
Priority dateJul 24, 1944
Publication numberUS 2404996 A, US 2404996A, US-A-2404996, US2404996 A, US2404996A
InventorsThrush Marquis O
Original AssigneeH A Thrush & Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable supply tau
US 2404996 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

. T-RUH ADJUSTABLE SUPPLY TEE Filed July 24, 1944 Patented July 30, 1946 ADJUSTABLE SUPPLY 'E Marquis 0. Thrush, Peru, Ind., assigner to H. yEhrush & Company, Peru, Ind.

Application July 24, 1944, Serial No. 546,372

(Cl. .H7-69) 6 Claims. 1

This invention relates to iluid systems, for example, hot water heating systems, particularly of the type disclosed in Patent No. 1,931,419 of October 17, 1933, reissued as No. 19,873 of February 25, 1936, or the like, in which it is desired to control the flow of water or other heat transmiting vehicle or fluid.

This invention particularly relates to a control in the form of a variable valve or adjustable supply valve or T for location in the line through which the heated water or other heating medium passes to the house heating radiators.

In hot water heating systems hot water heated inthe boiler of the furnace circulates through a pipe and after heat has been extracted, is nally returned to the boiler of the furnace for reheating. Water is taken from the supply line through a riser pipe to each of the radiators and returned from each of' the radiators to the supply line, or to the return line where separate return pipe is used.

Due to physical conditions it is desirable to supply a greater amount of hot water through some of the radiators than through others in order to obtain the desired heating and uniform temperature in diflerent parts of a building and to avoid one room of a building being cold while another is hot. While control devices of this general character are old in the art, they have been subject to criticism for various reasons including cost, difculty of manufacture, their complicated or cumbersome construction, as well as unsatisfactory operation.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a variable control for the amount of heating fluid diverted from the supply line of a heating system made of simple, inexpensive, easily accessible materials, simple to manufacture, and eflicient and dependable in operation.

A further object of the invention is to provide an adjustable supply T for use between the supply line of a heating system and each branch by means of which the diversion of heating fluid may be accurately controlled or completely shut off.

A further object of the invention is to provide an adjustable supply T which requires no special skill to install and is simple in adjustment so that the ordinary home dweller can make the adiustment.

A further and very important object of the invention is to provide an adjustable T of a casting-of low-grade, inexpensive metal cn which few machine operations are necessary, and with the movable valve element of sheet metal thus avoiding any ground joints.

Further objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 is a side elevation of an adjustable T in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 2, a vertical, longitudinal section on the line 2 2 of Fig. 3 showing the branch outlet closed by the valve; and

Fig. 3, a vertical, longitudinal section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.

Referring to the drawing, the adjustable supply T comprises a body lil of low-grade, inexpensive iron or other material cast in a conventional manner. The body is provided with a horizontal bore adapted to form part of the supply line oi a hot water heating system. The bore is provided with threaded or other inlet and discharge connections li and l2 respectively and an upright or vertical branch connection I3 through which water from the horizontal supply line may be diverted for heating a radiator.

Between the horizontal bore and the vertical branch connection the cast body is provided with a substantially horizontally disposed cylindrical portion IA forming within the same cylindrical valve chamber l5. The cylindrical Valve chamber l5 has its axis at right angles to both the horizontal bore and the vertical branch connection or in other words is disposed transversely at the intersection of the bore and the branch connection and communicates therewith. A portion of the body which encloses the valve chamber I5 is preferably of two outside diameters, the smaller of which is the closed end i6 of the cvlindrical chamber and the opposite end of which is Provided with screw threads Il for reception of a closure plug i8 having screw threads lil for engaging the screw threads il. On the threaded end face of the body Us are spaced stops {i5-3E for a purpose to be described.

The closure plug il is of a size to afford full access to the valve chamber and is of a different and slightly higher grade type of metal such as brass or bronze in order that it will not corrode and may be easily screwed into ple ce or removed. The closure plugr i Si has a central boss 2i] provided with a threaded counterbore therein. the bottom wal-l of which counterbore is integral with the closure plug i8. A plugr or bushing 22 with screw threads on its circumference is threadedly mounted in the counterbore of the closure plug la,

The inner end of the bushing 22 forms in cooperation with the bottom wall 2l of the counterbore, a space for packing 24 when the bushing Iengagement by a suitable wrench to facilitate insertion in and removal of the bushing from the counterbore in the closure plug I3. The bushing 22 and the closure plug I8 are formed with aligned bores 25 and 21 of the same diameter and in which there is journalled a stub shaft 28.

A radial valve mounting arm 29 of sheet metal is attached to the inner end of the stub shaft 28 in any suitable manner, such as by forming a shoulder on the stub shaft, a hole in the arm, placing the shaft through the hole and peening over the protruding end of the shaft. An arcuate defiector valve 3E! is carried by, and if desired may be formed integrally with, the radial arm 29. This arcuate deflector valve 30 extends throughout the length of the cylindrical valve chamber I and is wide enough to close the passageway through the branch opening I3, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, when it is in closed position. The length of the radial arm 29 is slightly less than the radius of the cylindrical valve chamber I5, the transverse curvature of the valve correspending to that of the valve chamber. In adjustable T valves of this character for use in hot water heating systems, it is not material whether or not there be slight leakage past the movable valve member since such leakage is negligible and if the temperature of the atmosphere is low enough to have the heating system in operation it is usually not objectionable to have some of the heating medium circulating through any given radiator.

Thus it is possible to use the sheet metal valve construction here disclosed and thereby to avoid the skilled labor and time consuming operations necessary to provide a ground joint between the movable valve member and the body.

The arcuate valve member 39 and integral arm 29 may be stamped with a tongue to form the arm 29 from sheet metal usually brass or bronze of suitable diameter and then the tongue bent to form such arm, or the valve may be formed from tubing. The arm 29 may be provided with an aperture for the stub shaft 28 or such aperture may be punched in the blank simultaneously with the stamping operation.

On the outer end of the stub shaft 28 there is mounted an operating arm 3| having a circular boss or hub 32 with a hole therethrough for receiving the stub shaft. A bushing 33, preferably of brass, is mounted concentrically with and intermediate the stub shaft 28 and the boss or hub 32 of the operating arm. A set screw 34 extends radially through the hub or boss 32 of the operating arm and serves to secure the latter to the stub shaft 28.

As previously described, the outer face of the boss I4 on the valve body Hl is substantially plane and has formed integrally thereon arcuately spaced stops 35 and 36 with flat front faces and rounded rear portions. Each of these stops is arranged to limit rotative movement of the operating arm 3| in one direction.

On the face of the boss M and intermediate the plane faces of the stops 35 and 36 there is cast the legend Branch with adjacent arcuate arrows pointing toward the plane face of each stop. Adjacent the rounded rear portion of the stop 35 there is formed the legend Closed and similarly adjacent the rounded rear portion of the stop 3G there is formed the legend Open Below the boss |11 there is formed on the body I0 an arrow to indicate to the plumber or steam fitter installing the adjustable supply T how the latter is to be connected in the supply main with respect to the direction of flow of the heating medium therethrough.

It should be noted that, While the primary function of the arcuate valve member 30 is to interrupt the iiow through the branch connection i3 when desired, it can also be set by suitable adjustment of the operating arm 3| to some position between the indicated open and closed positions to apportion the volume of the heating medium by-passed through the branch connection |3 with respect to the volume received in the supply connection I. In such intermediate position the leading edge of the valve member 3U will operate as a scoop or defiector baille to divert heating medium from the line of iiow through the supply main and the entrance and discharge connections Il and I2, respectively, and into the branch connection I3.

It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes may be made in the invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof and therefore the invention is not limited by that which is described in the specification and shown on the drawing but only as indicated in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. An adjustable supply T for a hot water heating system for controlling diversion of hot water from the supply line to a radiator, and comprising a valve body of a low grade casting with a horizontal bore for location in the supply line of a heating system, said body having a branch outlet extending upwardly therefrom and with a transversely disposed substantially cylindrical body portion between said horizontally bored portion and said upstanding outlet at the intersection of the same, said transversely disposed cylindrical body portion being provided with a valve chamber the axis of which is above said horizontal bore, said chamber communicating therewith and with said branched outlet, the upper half of said valve chamber being substantially semi-cylindrical in form, said valve chamber being closed at one end and having its opposite end provided with an opening affording access to the valve chamber. the material of said body being thickened about said access opening for reinforcement, and with limiting stops on the face of said body around said opening, a closure plug for said opening, a stub shaft journalled in said closure plug, an operating member on the end of said stub shaft exteriorly of said chamber and disposed in a manner to engage said stops for limiting the movement of said stub shaft. a Valve in the upper portion of said valve chamber curved similarly to the curvature of the wall of the chamber and movable to vary and interrupt iiow through said branch outlet, said valve having an integral mounting arm at one end fixed to said stub shaft and having a relatively narrow extension at the opposite end of the valve of substantially less length than the width of the valve for forming a bearing contact between the valve and the closed end of the valve chamber,

2. In a iiuid ow system including a supply main, adjustable valve means for location in said supply main operable to divert fluid from said supply main, said adjustable valve means comprising a body of a low grade, inexpensive casting having a cylindrical valve chamber with aligned supply and discharge connections and a branch connection, a valve chamber being disposed transversely of said body open at one end and closed at the other end by an integral wall of said body, the axis of said cylindrical valve chamber transversely intersecting said branch connection and said supply and discharge connections and spaced above said supply and discharge connections, said valve chamber being open in its upper portion to said branch connection and being open in its lower portion to said supply and discharge connections, a closure of higher grade easily machinable metal for the open end of the Valve chamber, cooperating screw threads on the periphery of the closure and the wall of the bore forming the valve chamber for fastening said closure therein, a stub shaft mounted in said concentric closure, a radial arm mounted on the inner end of said stub shaft and of slightly less length than the radius of the valve chamber, an arcuate sheet metal deflector valve integral with said radial arm and positioned concentrically of the valve chamber, said arcuate defiector valve being of suiiicient arcuate width to close the passageway through the branch connection in one position and being operable in another position to have its leading edge in the line of ow of the heating medium from the supply to the discharge connection to divert fluid from the line of flow into said branch connection an operating arm on the outer end of said stub shaft, a hub on said operating arm, a bushing between the stub shaft and the hub of the operating arm, and stops formed on the valve body in the path of movement of the operating arm for limiting the travel of the latter in either direction.

3. In a fluid flow system including a supply main, adjustable valve means for location in said supply main operable to divert uid from said supply main, said adjustable valve means comprising a body of a low grade, inexpensive casting having a cylindrical valve chamber with aligned supply and discharge connections and a branch connection, a valve chamber being disposed transversely of said body open at one end and closed at the other end by an integral wall of said body, the axis of said cylindrical valve chamber transversely intersecting said branch connection and said supply and discharge connections and spaced above said supply and discharge connections, said valve chamber being open in its upper portion to said branch connection and being open in its lower portion to said supply and discharge connections, a closure of higher grade easily machinable metal for the open end of the valve chamber, cooperating screw threads on the periphery of the closure and the wall of the bore forming the valve chamber for fastening said closure therein, a, central boss in said closure, a counter bore in th'e central boss, a bearing bushing mounted therein in said counter bore, a packing gland between the bearing bushing and the bottom wall of the closure, concentric aligned apertures in the bearing bushing and the closure, a stub shaft mounted in said concentric aligned apertures, a radial arm mounted on the inner end of said stub shaft and of slightly less length than the radius of the valve chamber, a sheet metal deflector valve integral with said radial arm and positioned concentrically of the valve chamber, said arcuate deflector valve being of sufficient arcuate width to close the passageway through the branch connection in one position and being operable in another position to have its leading edge in the line of flow of the heating medium from the supply to the discharge connection to divert fluid from the line of ow into said branch connection, and operating member for said stub shaft and valve carried thereby, and stops for limiting the movement of said operating arm.

4. An adjustable supply T for a fluid flow system comprising a valve body of a low-grade casting, a iluid passage through said body through which fluid is adapted to enter and be discharged, a branch outlet from the upper portion of said body, a substantially cylindrical hoiizontally disposed chamber the axis of which is located at an elevation above said passage, said chamber communicating with said passage and said branch outlet and having a closed end and an open end through which access is afforded to said chamber, a closure for said open end, a valve in said chamber extending longitudinally of th'e same and having a transverse curvature corresponding substantially to the curvature of the wall of the valve chamber, said valve having a radial arm by means of which it is supported, a stub shaft journalled in said closure and mounting said valve, and a membel` for operating said valve to adjustably control ow through said branch outlet.

5. An adjustable supply T for a hot water heating system for controlling the diversion of hot water from a supply line to a radiator and comprising a valve body of a low-grade casting having substantially horizontally disposed inlet and outlet orifices and a vertically disposed branch outlet, a horizontally disposed body portion providing an elongated transversely disposed valve chamber the axis of which is above the axis of said inlet and outlet orices, said chamber communicating therewith and with said branch outlet, said valve chamber being closed at one end and open at the other and a closure plug removably secured in said open end and having a stub shaft extending therethrough and a sheet metal valve member carried by said stub shaft and extending along in snug relation of the cylindrical portion of the chamber adjacent said branch outlet and operable from the exterior of said valve body for interrupting the flow through said branch outlet or varying the volume of flow therethrough.

6. An adjustable supply T for fluid flow system comprising a valve body, a passage through said body through which uid is adapted to enter and be discharged, a branch outlet from the upper portion of said body, a substantially cylindrical horizontally disposed valve chamber having its axis located at an elevation above said passage, said chamber communicating with said passage and also having communication with said branch outlet, a valve in said chamber having a transverse casting curvature corresponding substantially to th'e curvature of the wall of the valve chamber, and a member for operating said valve to adjustably control flow through said branch outlet.

MARQUIS O. THRUSH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2598148 *Jul 28, 1948May 27, 1952H A Thrush & CompanyDiverter valve
US3126916 *Jan 19, 1960Mar 31, 1964 Diverter valve for a water closet
US3773080 *May 19, 1971Nov 20, 1973Bullard CoAir flow control valve
US4269211 *Feb 5, 1979May 26, 1981Texaco Inc.Steam manifold distribution system for providing equal quality of steam in two lines
US4650404 *Mar 27, 1985Mar 17, 1987Nippondenso Co., Ltd.Motor-driven fuel pump
US6076554 *May 26, 1999Jun 20, 2000H-Tech, Inc.Multiport plug valve with selectable port exclusion
USH1391 *Oct 4, 1993Jan 3, 1995Caterpillar Inc.Hydraulic connection device
Classifications
U.S. Classification251/148, 137/875, 137/556.6, 138/37
International ClassificationF16K27/06
Cooperative ClassificationF16K27/065
European ClassificationF16K27/06C