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Publication numberUS2405326 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 6, 1946
Filing dateMar 13, 1944
Priority dateMar 13, 1944
Publication numberUS 2405326 A, US 2405326A, US-A-2405326, US2405326 A, US2405326A
InventorsLouis Plotsky
Original AssigneeLouis Plotsky
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ear muff
US 2405326 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

L. PLovTsKY Aug. 6,'

EARMUFFS Filed March 13, 1944 Patented Aug. 6, 1946 UNlTED STATES PATIENT GFF ICE EAR MUFF Louis- Plotsky, Kansas City, Mo.

Application -March 13, 1944, SerialNo. 526,202

4 Claims; 1

This invention relates to wearing apparel and particularly articles of manufacture in the nature of ear muffs formed of fabric material and contoured through the employment of uniquely-disposed andtinter-related parts, to the end that the ear-receiving areas assume a concave-convex condition permitting quick application, immediate and snug adjustment, and assurance that a normal position will be maintained through the perid of use.

One ofthe important aims of this invention is to provide ear muifs of the aforementioned character, having in combination, unique reinforcing elements associated with elastic securing sections and servingv to maintain the contour of the ear engaging areas tol insure a, snug tting'against the head, both in front of and behind the ears.

A- further airn of this invention is to provide ear muifs formed in an unique manner, from initially flat fabric through the employment of specially disposed reinforcingr tape to make -a pair of concavo-convex areas that will conform to the shape and contour of the wearers-ears to effectively seal them against blasts of air.

Other objects of the invention will appear during the course of the following specification; referring to the -accompanying drawingwherein:

Fig. l is a perspective view of ear muifs embodying this invention, showing the same in place to protect the ears of the wearer.

Fig. 2 is another perspective view of theear muffs from a different angle and illustrating'the same entirely removed from the-operative position.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary stretch-out plan view of the body section of the earmuffs,y illustratingthe manner in which the par-ts are assembled; and

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view through one of the concavo-oonvex areas-of the ear muifs, taken on line IV-IV of Fig; 2.

It has heretofore been a problem of substantial concern to produce ear muffs that will-snugly conform to the contour of the wearers head andV yet completely shroud the ears so that no blasts.

of air will pass beneath'the edges of the ear muifs. Pre-formed, rigid or semi-rigid ear containing pockets in ear muffsr are objectionablebecause of the vast range of different physical characteristics that are encountered, and thereforaa flexible, self-conforming area hasbeen found desirable. Likewise, the use of rigid. or semi-solid securing means for the ear muffs are objectionable for many reasons, and therefore, the use of elastic bands disposed in a particular fashion In the drawing, the numeral In designates an initially flat piece of fabric having a straight longitudinal edge I2. and a longitudinal marginal portion along the opposite longitudinal edge formed to present two spaced apart arcuate lengths. I4, the proximal endswhereof merge into an intermediate stretch I6 that is relatively narrow and has a concave edge I8A which snugly fits beneath the chin when the article is completed and worn.

After the initially flat piece of fabric l!) is out from selected material, the tape 20 is applied along the arched marginal edge by stitching the same to one side of piece IB. This stitching is specially performed in that gathers22 are created in the convex widest portion.

After tape 20 is applied, 'a lining of soft fabric 24 is superimposed upon piece i0 and stitched thereto along the longitudinal and transverse marginal edges through the medium of binding 26. Binding tape 26 extends throughout the` length of piece l0 and lining 24, and serves to present a smooth edge, which incidentally, may be established by serging as is now conventional practice inthe construction of fabric garments or the like.-

Before the lining 24 is stitched to the piece lll it is gathered along the convexv widest portion in thesame mannerv as-piece l0 to insure the formation of twoconcavo-convex areas 23 that are substantially diametrically opposed whenthe ear muifs are completed and that engage the ears of the wearer, as illustrated in Fig. 1.

From the above it will be clear that the length of thev arched edge created by edges i4! and I8, is initially greater than the length of tape 20, for tape 20 is not gathered along the convex arcuateportion of the said edge, and therefore, when the article is applied to the head of the wearer, areas 28 become self-conforming as the contour engaged requires;

An elastic section comprising two strips ofv yieldable material 30 is established when. these strips are stitchedto the ends of the body of the car muffs comprising piece i0, tape 20, lining 24- ear muffs, passes through the liningr 24, into the ends of tape and thence through piece i0 for the purpose of imparting a longitudinal pull thereupon that tends to straighten tape 20 and thereby draw the same taut against the head of the wearer behind the ears. Similarly, the ends of the other strip 30 are stitched to tape 28 by stitching that passes through the entire body of the ear inuifs, which tape 26 forms the binding for the straight longitudinal edge 2, and therefore, this'binding 2B and its embraced marginal edges of piece Il) and lining 24, are likewise drawn taut and snugly against the face of the wearer in front of the ears and below the chin.

Strips 3B are slightly spaced apart at their points of connection with the fabric portion of the article and when in the normal worn position, these strips 30 are spread apart at the top of the head to not only insure the comfort of the wearer, but to preclude displacement and securely hold the concave-convex areas 28 in a place where the ears of the wearer are fully covered.

The concave edge I8 lies below the chin and against the throat without exerting undue pressure, and because of the snug fit at this point, areas 28 will assume a greater or lesser degree of curvature, as required by the shape of the ears.

In any event, the depth of the concavo-convex areas progressively increases as the arched edge I4 is approached from edge l2, all because of the unique manner in which piece IB is gathered at 22 and the positioning of tape 20, with respect to this gathered marginal edge and the elastic strip 30 to which it is stitched.

Ear muffs made in accordance with this invention are attractive because of the simplicity and ease of manufacture, the minimum amount of material required, the speed with which the same may be moved to and from the worn position, and the possibility of using a wide range of fabric, both with respect to material and color.

Ear muffs having physical characteristics different from those illustrated and described may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

l. Ear mus of the character described, cornprising an annular fabric body having an elastic section therein for resting against the top of the head; a chin-engaging portion substantially diainetrically opposite to the elastic section; and a concavo-convex, relatively wide area integral with the chimengaging portion at each side thereof, adjacent to the elastic section for receiving the ears of the wearer, said areas each having a straight longitudinal edge and a convex longitudinal edge to create the relatively wide area, the convex edge being gathered to establish the said concavo-convex contour, the marginal portion of the body along the opposite edge of each area being smooth whereby to establish concavoconvex areas progressively increasing in depth as said convex edge of the area is approached.

2. Ear muffs of the character described, comprising an annular fabric body having an elastic section therein for resting against the top of the head; a chin-engaging portion substantially diametrically opposite to the elastic section; and a concavo-convex, relatively wide area integral with the chin-engaging portion at each side thereof, adjacent to the elastic section for re- Cil ceiving the ears of the wearer, said areas each having a straight longitudinal edge and a convex longitudinal edge to create the relatively wide area, the convex edge being gathered to establish the said concavo-convex contour, the marginal portion of the body along the opposite edge of each area bein-g smooth whereby to establish concave-convex areas progressively increasing in depth as said convex edge o f the area is approached, said fabric body having a tape along the arcuate edges of the areas to draw the gathered portions thereof against the head of the wearer behind the ears, said tape having its ends stitched to the material forming the elastic section of the body.

3. Ear muffs of the character described, comprising an annular fabric body having an elastic section therein for resting against the top of the head; a chin-engaging portion substantially diametrically opposite to the elastic section; and a concave-convex, relatively wide area integral with the chin-engaging portion at each side thereof, adjacent to the elastic section for receiving the ears of the wearer, said areas each having a straight longitudinal edge and a convex longitudinal edge to create the relatively wide area, the convex edge being gathered to establish the said concavo-convex contour, the marginal portion of the body along the opposite edge of each area being smooth whereby to establish concavo-convex areas progressively increasing in depth as said convex edge of the area is appreached, said elastic section comprising two strips of elastic material in spaced apart relation and havin-g their ends stitched to the ends of the material forming the remaining portion of the body, said fabric body having a tape along the convex edges of the areas to draw the gathered portions thereof against the head of the wearer behind the ears, said tape having its ends stitched respectively to the ends of one of the strips of elastic material.

4. Ear muifs of the character described, comprising an annular fabric body having an elastic section therein for resting against the top of the head; a chin-engaging portion substantially diametrically opposite to the elastic section; and a concave-convex, relatively wide area integral with the chin-engaging portion at each side thereof, adjacent to the elastic section for receiving the ears of the wearer, said areas each having a straight longitudinal edge and a convex longitudinal edge to create the relatively wide area, the convex edge being gathered to establish the said concavo-convex contour, the marginal portion of the body along the opposite edge of each area being smooth whereby to establish concavo-convex areas progressively increasing in depth as said convex edge of the area is appreached, said elastic section comprising two strips of elastic material in spaced apart relation and having their ends stitched to the ends of the material forming the remaining portion of the body, said fabric body having a tape along the convex edges of the areas to draw the gathered portions thereof against the head of the wearer behind the ears, said tape having its ends stitched respectively to the ends of one of the strips of elastic material, the smooth, marginal portion of the body having a binding stitched therealong to form a taut edge, the said binding having its ends stitched respectively to the ends of the other strip of elastic material.

LOUIS PLOTSKY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3184758 *Nov 1, 1962May 25, 1965Maryon Hosiery Mill IncHead bands
US4802245 *Sep 19, 1986Feb 7, 1989Miano Richard JEar protector
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Classifications
U.S. Classification2/209, D29/112
International ClassificationA61F11/06, A61F11/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61F11/06
European ClassificationA61F11/06