|Publication number||US2407031 A|
|Publication date||Sep 3, 1946|
|Filing date||May 17, 1945|
|Priority date||May 17, 1945|
|Publication number||US 2407031 A, US 2407031A, US-A-2407031, US2407031 A, US2407031A|
|Inventors||Morcaldi D Rosaria Forlano|
|Original Assignee||Morcaldi D Rosaria Forlano|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Sept. 3, 1946 TIED Rosaria Frlano. Morcaldi D, East Boston, Mass. ApplicationlMay 117, 19457,= Serial No.` 594,344 s This invention isa furtherrdevelopment orlimprovement of -my'pending previouspatent application, Serial No. 570,574, led December 30,.
1944, which-consists nproducng a basic net,- work of the fish-net type in` which a series of loops are arranged `within some orV alloi theopenings to form certainpatterns by securing each loop to a knot, while its other end is free and unattached. My present invention now differs from the product of said application by providing loops without free ends, that is to say, each loop is attached in the net to the two opposite knots of one diagonal in the square opening of the network, while in the said application one loop end remains unattached.V
As in my previous application, this needlework may be produced by hand by the use of a single,
straight smooth-faced needle, such as a darn-` ing needle, but for manufacturing in quantity a fish-net machine may be employed by fitting the same with a special fixture suitable for this kind of work.
The resultant knotted-loop work has practically unlimited uses for garments,` curtains, tablecloths, bed covers or any other flat Work; also for lace collars, sweaters, vests, trimmings and last but not least hosiery and materials sold by the yard.
It must be understood that the resultant material is runproof, so that a hole in a stocking or garment will not spread or run, and flat work cut to lengths does not ravel, but is limited to the line cut, so that the material may be cut into shapes and sewn together into coats, etc., by a tailor.
A hole in a stocking or a coat can thus easily be mended, without showing. The knotted needlework may be made from ordinary cotton, silk, wool yarn, linen, nylon, plastic thread, etc.
The patterns into which this work may be fashioned are unlimited and only a few are illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein the same numerals indicate the same details in the different views.
Figure 1 is a pattern of rosettes or groups of three loops, forming continuous horizontal lines across the work, separated by open network.
Figure 2 is a pattern wherein every square of the network is provided with a loop tied at both ends;
Figure 3 is a `pattern similar to Figure 2, but wherein every other square of the net is open, while the others have loops, tied top and bottom, thus forming alternate open and filled vertical lines;
j5` claims. (crisi-11) I 2 Figure 4, onthe other hand, has alternately open. and lled `horizontal lines;
Figure 5 is an enlarged net squareto illustrate the formation of a tied loop.
Referring rst'tofthe enlarged `Figure 5` show--` ing a. single square YIll of the net or mesh produced from a single, continuous strand by a single needle, a loop` I3 is formed from the same strand by knotting at point II on the thread I2, while its other end is left open or unattached. When the next line of thread I4 comes along, the open end of loop I3 is knotted at I5 on the thread I4 and this is repeated wherever a loop I3 is encountered.
On this general principle, any of the patterns here illustrated can be produced.
The pattern in Figure 1 most suitable to handkerchiefs, collars, etc., consists of a series of rosettes I6 arranged in horizontal lines or bands I'I running from left to right, each group or `rosette I6 containing four squares I0 having a loop I3, each knotted top and bottom. Between these bands I'I is a row I8 of open squares III.V
These alternating lled bands and open rows consttute a horizontally striped pattern along the edge of the fabric I9, while a vertically striped pattern is illustrated in Figure 3.
In the same, the lled bands are represented by numeral 20 in which each square contains a loop I3 secured by knots at top and bottom.
In Figure 2, a close work pattern is illustrated without any open rows, all bands 20 containing filled squares I0, each with a loop I3 knotted at top I5 and bottom II running vertically.
In Figure 4, on the other hand, the pattern is produced by having a horizontally running band 22 consisting of two adjacent lines of squares III, each square containing a loop I3, knotted at top I5 and bottom II, as before and between each such double band 22 a single row 23 of open squares is provided.
With these patterns as foundations, it is evi dent that other patterns may be composed by increasing or decreasing the number of open and lled lines. So, for instance, a lighter fabric may be produced by increasing the open rows I Il and 2| between the filled bands I'I and 2I of patterns Figures 1 and 3.
Instead of using a yarn of thread of one color for a pattern, a variation may be produced by having the network of one color while the loops are made of yarn of another color.
The patterns of Figures 2, 3 and 4 are most suitable for Work for manufacture in great lengths of uniform width and intended for sale by yards.
Clearly, instead of providing one loop in each square, two or three loops similarly knotted may be provided in each square, each loop knotted at both ends.
It is to be understood that the invention as here disclosed is not limited to the details here described and shown but that the same may be varied without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined by the subjoined claims.
1. An article of manufacture from a single,
continuous strand consisting of a foundation Y,
continuous strand consisting of a foundation needlework of tightly knotted meshes forming open squares, running diagonally of said foundation and loops within certain of the squares secured between opposite knots in such squares, such open squares and looped squares being arranged in relation to each other to provide specific pattern bands running horizontally across said foundation.
4. An article of manufacture from a single, continuous strand consisting of a foundation needlework of tightly knotted meshes forming open squares, and loops within certain of the squares secured between opposite knots insuch squares, such looped squares being arranged in uniformly spaced bands running across said foundation.
5.,An article of manufacture from a single, continuous strand consisting of a foundation needlework of tightly knotted meshes forming open squares, running diagonally of said foundation, and loops running vertically of said foundation within certain of the squares secured between opposite knots in such squares, such open squares and looped squares being arranged in relation to each other to provide specific patterns.
ROSARIA FORLANO MORCALDI D.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2511057 *||Feb 13, 1947||Jun 13, 1950||Guthrie Charles L||Shrimp trawling net|
|US5752459 *||Nov 14, 1995||May 19, 1998||Rexroad; John||Net with flattened surface members connected at sewn intersections|
|US5860350 *||Jan 29, 1997||Jan 19, 1999||Rexroad; John||Flat braid with web core|
|US6021702 *||Feb 9, 1998||Feb 8, 2000||Rexroad; John||Aesthetic barrier/debris system and material|
|US6076448 *||Jan 22, 1998||Jun 20, 2000||Rexroad; John||Method of using barrier material and system|
|US6408732||Nov 17, 1993||Jun 25, 2002||John Rexroad||Climbing net|