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Publication numberUS2407748 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1946
Filing dateDec 28, 1943
Priority dateDec 28, 1943
Publication numberUS 2407748 A, US 2407748A, US-A-2407748, US2407748 A, US2407748A
InventorsEdward Schmidt
Original AssigneeLombard Governor Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rotary pump
US 2407748 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 17, 1946. CHMID 2,407,748

ROTARY PUMP Filed Dec. 28, 1943 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 I Y 'INVEINTOR BYW ATTORNEY Sept. 17, 1946. E SCHMIDT 2,407,748

ROTARY PUMP I Filed Dec. 28, 1943 3 Sheets- Sheet 2 FIG, 2.

INVENTOR ATTORNEY Sept. 17,1946.

E. SCHMIDT ROTARY PUMP 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Dec. 28, 1943 llllf l rffr k mm 0L N INVE'NTOR .ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 17, 1946 2,407,748 ROTARY PUMP Edward Schmidt, Andover, Mass., assignor' to Lombard Governor Corporation,

Ashland,

Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Application December 28, 1943, Serial No. 515,909

3 Claims. 1

The present invention relates to rotary pumps, and more particularly to pumps of that class used for pumping liquids containing solid matter in suspension, such as paper pulp, although the invention is not limited to such use.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a rotary or centrifugal pump whereby the clogging which occurs in the suction inlet in front of the impeller is eliminated. A subsidiary object is to provide improved means for'locking the impeller to the drive shaft, such means when used with an auxiliary device being effective also to pull or force the impeller from the drive shaft when it becomes necessary to dismantle the pump for repairs or cleaning. A further object is to shorten the overhang of the impeller and its drive shaft and thereby increase the rigidity of the pump. e

Other objects of the invention will appear from the detailed description of the particular embodiment thereof selected to illustrate its underlying principle. The invention consists of the various parts and combinations of parts hereinafter more fully described and defined by the appended claims.

,In the drawings which accompany and form a part of this specification,

Figure 1 is a central longitudinal vertical section of a rotary pump involving my invention,

the plane of the section being indicated by the line l-I on Fig. 4. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the impeller removed from the pump assembly.

Fig, 3 is a perspective view of said impeller. Fig. 4 is an end elevation of the impeller removed from the pumpassembly.

Fig. 5 is a front elevation of a co-operative adjunct known as a horseshoe for use when the locking nut is employed to force the impeller from its drive shaft.

Fig. 6 is a side elevation of said horseshoe. V Fig. '7 and Fig. 8 are fragmentary sectional views used in explaining the operation of the lock nut in securing'the impeller hub to the drive shaft and in pulling or forcing it 01f said shaft. Fig. 9 is a vertical elevation of a conventional impeller, and p Fig. 10 is a section taken on the line l0l|l of Fig. 9, these figures being used hereinafter in l the base or bed to which is attached in any suitable manner the pump housing 2!, provided with the usual suction inlet 22 and volute outlet 23. Within the housing is mounted for rotation an impeller the forward portion 24 of which extends well into said suction inlet and is spaced throughout its entire length from the walls thereof; the rearward end of the impeller is provided with a hub 25 mounted on the drive shaft 26 which rotates in a suitable journal box 21 carried by the bed and preferably provided with ball bearings 28. 'A suitable stufiing box 29 is carried by the housing and interposed between said stufilng box and the impeller hub is a sleeve 30.

By means of the nut 40, the end portions of which are threaded interiorly in opposite directions for engagement with the oppositely directed threads 4| and 42 cut'into the juxtaposed end portions of the drive shaft 26 and impeller hub, respectively, said hub is locked to the drive shaft and held thereon axially immovable with respect thereto. A set screw '43 may be employed to lock said nut to the drive shaft. The hub preferably is keyed to the drive shaft, as indicated at 44.

Referring now to Figs. 9 and 10, wherein I have shown conventionally an impeller of the type now generally in use for the purpose of more fully explaining the problem solved. by the present invention, the impeller vanes 50 are carried down into the eye of the suction, indicated at 5|, 51, with the result that vacuum chambers, indicated at 52, 52, will be formed on the back of the vanes due to the high peripheral velocity of the end portions of the vanes, in consequence whereof the liquid which contains the solid matter in suspension, for example, the water in the pulp, if the pump be employed for pumping pulp, will more readily flow into the impeller than the pulp or other solid matter in suspension and will be pumped through the volute while the pulp and other solid matter will accumulate in front of the impeller eye and forma solid relatively dry mass, thereby requiring the stopping of the pumping operation and the clearing of the suction and sometimes the dismantling of the pump. In order to prevent the clogging of the suction inlet and the attendant disadvantages, I have provided an impeller which might properly be described as having a screw shaped body tapering toward the forward end thereof, the {forward portion of the impeller extending well into the suction inlet and throughout its entire length being spaced away from the walls of the suction inlet by a distance which progressively increases forwardly, and each vane 62 (of which two are volute outlet;

3 shown in the present instance, although it will be understood that one or more than two may be used) being of progressively increasing radius of curvature re'arwardly throughout its entire length.

Each vane at its forward end is substantially. coincident with the axis of the impeller and its forward end is disposeda substantial distancefon wardly of the suction inlet, such distance being shown in the present instance as equal approximately to the maximum diameter of the mid portion of the impeller, as shown in Fig. 1. The forward portion of each vane is of spiral shape from its forward end to substantially the longitudinal center thereof (the line a-b Fig.2) and is .curvie linear, preferably of plane involute curvature, throughout the remainder of its length. The

envelope of the portion of the impeller forward of the line a-b, is preferably paraboloidal or otherwise forwardly tapering. At its rearward end, the vane extends beyond the base portion 63 thereof, as indicated, at '64, and projects into the The base portion of the impeller is provided withan annular rib '65 at or near the circumference thereof.

By thus arranging matters, the peripheral speed of the impeller is practically nil at its forward end and progressively increases toward its rearward end, with the result that the vacuum pockets above, described in connection with Figures 9 convenience.

and 'ID are completely eliminated and the pulp delivered to the vane proper'fifl andthence to the pu p Outlet without clogging of any sort.

By means of my improved pump, pulp of'a higher stock density than it is now feasible to handle economically canbe pumped efliciently and economically thout d hyd at o an it resulting clogging. Furthermore, the forwardly tapering screw shape of the inlet vane of 'my impeller Will permit a certain amount of slipp ge, so that while said impeller performs the functions of mixing and conveying the pulp to the outlet vanes whereby it is expelled into the pump .outlet, such conveying is markedly different from that effe'ctedby the usual screw conveyor, the action of which is comparable to that of a pump .o the piston type,- As t e r u t of h i p ge.

excessive power consumption when operating with throttled discharges iS eliminated, and when the discharg valve s ed while'th p is op rating there Will "be established a maximum head which cannot be exceeded, with the result that the pressure developed will not injure the ipin thereby eliminating the necessity for the relief valve heretofore employed.

It is to be understood that the impeller herein described is not limited to use with the particular ype of pump shown in the drawings and that it can'be used with good effect on almost every type of centrifugal ump.

, the hub to the position shown in Fig. 8, whereupon the screw 43 will be set to lock the nut in position. The, nut to in .coeoperation with an auxiliary devicefo-rms an effective impeller puller.

When the set screw 43 is loosened and the nut 48 14) turned counterclockwise sufficiently to disengage itself from the threads 42, substantially the position, :shown in Fig. 7, said nut is then turned clockwise to the position shown in Fig. 8, the hub in'suchcase ,not'following, and an abutment, such 5 as a horseshoe '11 is placed over the shaft between the right-hand end of the nut 40 and the lefthandend of the collar 33. The nut 40 is then turnedcounterclockwise, thereby forcing the hub further off the drive shaft and then turned clockwise to its original position shown in Fig. 8.

Another horseshoe "'ll, wider than the horseshoe 1'0, is now'placed over the hub between the nut and collar and the nut turned counterclockwise, thereby forcing the hub still further off the drive shaft, and so on, until the impeller is clear of the shaft. 7

As indicated in Figs. '5 and *6, a plurality of horseshoes, herein shown as two, of varying may be attached to a sin le-shank 12,,focr

Oneadvantage of having the impeller nut placed rearwardly the impeller and notyonthe forward end thereof, as in the case of rotary pumpsnow in use, is that the overhangof the impellenand driveshait, that is to say, the distance between-the longitudinal center of the impe'ller and the longitudinal center of the inboard bearing is reduced and thereby the diameter-of the 3 drive shaft-may also be reduced and. the

40 rigidity of the pump increased,

Having thus described an illustrative embodiment of my invention without, however, limiting the same thereto, what I claim anddesire to sec-u-re by Letters Patent is:

1. A rotary pump, comprising a housing having a suction inlet and an impeller mounted for rotation therein, said impellerconsisting of a body tapering toward the forward end thereof and having'on its periphery'a vane progressively increasing in radius of curvature from its forward to its rearward end, said vane at its forward endbeing substantially coincident with the axis of said body and extending a substantial distance into said suction inlet, the forward portion of said im- Jpellert-hroughout its entire length being spaced away from the walls of the suction inlet by a distance which isprogressivel-y increasing forwardly.

2. In a rotary-pump comprising a housing having a suction inlet, an impeller, the vane of which It will be obvious that with the screw shaped is screw-shaped at its forward-endand-of'involute impeller above described, the usual type of nut securing the impeller to the forward end of'the shaft cannot be used, and for that reason and curvature throughout the remainder of its length, the forward-end portion of the impellertapering forwardly and the. forward end thereof extending a substantial distance into said suction inlet.

" 3. In a-rot-ary pinnp'comprisinga housing having a suction inlet, an impeller having screwshaped inlet vanes and outlet vanesof involute curvature, the forward end of-said inlet vanes-bem disposed'a substantial distance forwardly of lead hammer, or otherwise, on the drive shaft the eye of'said suctioninlet.

to such position thatthe nut 40 is substantially in engagement with the ends of the threaded SCHMIDT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2925043 *Sep 11, 1956Feb 16, 1960 Booster pump
US3156190 *Mar 14, 1963Nov 10, 1964HidrostalPump impeller
US3491696 *Oct 11, 1968Jan 27, 1970Howard Henry HCentrifugal pump
US4648796 *Jun 29, 1984Mar 10, 1987Pompe F.B.M. S.P.A.Centrifugal pump for very thick and/or viscous materials and products
DE1017915B *Jun 2, 1955Oct 17, 1957Bergedorfer Eisenwerk AgKreiselpumpe fuer fluessige Nahrungsmittel
DE1162195B *Jun 1, 1960Jan 30, 1964Martin StaehleEinschaufel-Zentrifugalpumpenrad
DE2924822A1 *Jun 20, 1979Jan 15, 1981Schneider Hans UlrichPumpe mit verdraengerrad
Classifications
U.S. Classification415/72
International ClassificationF04D29/18, F04D29/22
Cooperative ClassificationF04D29/2205
European ClassificationF04D29/22B