|Publication number||US2408189 A|
|Publication date||Sep 24, 1946|
|Filing date||Nov 10, 1942|
|Priority date||Nov 10, 1942|
|Publication number||US 2408189 A, US 2408189A, US-A-2408189, US2408189 A, US2408189A|
|Inventors||Baker Arthur W|
|Original Assignee||Hercules Powder Co Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept., 24, E946. A. w. BAKER ZAQ WATERPROOF EXPLOSIVE CARTRIDGE Filed Nov. l0, 1942 erro/wry Patented Sept. 24, 1946 WATERPROOF EIQLO SIVE CARTRIDGE Arthur W. Baker, Lookout Mountain, Tenn., assgnor to Hercules Powder Company, Wilmington, Del., a corporation of Delaware Application November 1o, 1942, serial No. 465,105
2 claims. (c1. 1oz- 2.4)
l This invention relates to an improved cartridge for blasting explosives and, more particularly, to a Waterproof cartridge of large diam- `eter which Will aiTord protection against water penetration for blasting explosives containing large amounts of Water-soluble salts so that these explosives may be used in wet holes and under reasonable heads of Water.
For submarine and other blasting operations Where it is necessary to use explosives under Water, the industry has made use of highly waterresistant gelatinsand gelatinized dynamite instead of the cheaper, equally eiiective, ammonium nitrate dynamites which are easily destroyed by Water. Attempts have been made to develop a waterproof cartridge but these eiorts have failed to produce a container which would permit the economical use of Water-soluble explosives under severe Water conditions. There have been various methods employed to achieve this purpose, but, so far, they have not proven entirely satisfactory.
Cartridges have been made of various materials, such as, paper, rubber, metal, and combinations of waterproofed extensible paper and libres` These cartridges have been closed with folded crimps, rolled crimps and Wire ties. They have been dipped in latex, waxes, asphalts, etc., in order to provide protection from water penetration. However, none of these schemes havev been truly effective because, generally, they were diicult to manufacture and easily damaged either during the course of manufacture or during usage in the field.
The greatest disadvantage of most of the pre'- .vious practical Waterproof cartridges is the fact yWaterproof explosive cartridge.
A further object of this invention is t provide a waterproof explosive cartridge of sulicient strength to withstand rough usage.
A further object of this invention is to provide a means of sealing the ends of large sized explosive cartridges in s, Waterproof manner.
A further object of this invention is to provide a Waterproof semiflexible seal for the crimped end of large diameter explosive cartridges. I 'I'he specic object of this invention is to provide an inexpensive and effective, large diameter,
waterproof explosive cartridge so that ammonium nitrate dynamites and other water-soluble explosives may be used under Water in place of more costly gelatin explosives.
Other objects will appear hereinafter.
To accomplish these objects in accordance with this invention a Waterproof cartridge has been produced which will protect Water-soluble explosives. The cartridge comprises in general a cylindrical body, made of manila and laminated waterproof paper, the ends of Which are crimped and sealed with a suitable semiflexible compound to form a Water-tight end closure.
More particularly, the .objects in accordance With this invention are accomplished by preparing an explosive cartridge which includes a tube of paper either spirally or convolutely Wrapped, a covering on this tube consisting of a laminated asphalt paper wrapped completely around the inner paper tube and sealed to itself so as to form a Waterproof envelope surrounding the explosive, and superimposed on this laminated paper is another tube of paper either spirally or convolutely Wrapped. The ends of the tubular cartridge are crimped by known means such as a iiuted crimp, a rolled crimp, or the like, and under this crimp is placed a disc of paper or cardboard which is snugly fitted and positioned to prevent a sealing compound which is subsequently added from contacting'the explosive in the cartridge. The sealing compound which is a semiiiexible solidat room temperatures may be a wax or resin-like material that -is Waterproof and adhesive to the cartridge. The Water-impervious sealing compound has the property of pouring at temperatures which are safe for explosive operations and has the further property of being a hard but semiexible material at temperatures encountered under explosive storage conditions.
This Waterproof dynamite cartridge of the present invention consists of a strong paper tube, having one or more of its central layers Vcbnsisting of a laminated Waterproof paper, closed at both ends by a crimp over a disc of paper or cardboard and sealed with a thick layer of Wax or similar substance.
In order to more clearly indicate the structure of the cartridge of the present invention, preferred embodiments are presented in the attached draw ing in which:
Fig. 1 is a part elevational, part sectional view of a cartridge;
Figs. 2 and 3 are fragmentary sectional views of uted and rolled crimps, respectively, sealed with a desirable sealing compound; and
Fig, 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of the construction of the side wall of the cartridge.
Referring now to Fig. l, there is shown an explosive cartridge I made up of three layers of material designated as 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Layer 2 is a manila paper wrapped on itself either spirally or convolutely. Layer 3 is a laminated asphaltic paper wrapped on itself either spirally or convolutely and in either event sealed to itself to form a water-impervious tube. Layer 4 is a manila papel' similar to layer 2 and is similarly i wrapped. An explosive composition I is positioned Y in the cartridge and is sealed therein by crimps 9 and a water-impervious sealing compound IB. A paper or cardboard disc I I is disposed beneath the .crimps 9 at each end of the cartridge I. This disc sustains the explosive composition during the sealing operation and prevents the sealing compound from contacting the explosive composition. The sealing compound I6 in liquid form is poured into place and solidies to form a seal of semiflexible material and this seal binds and waterproofs the cartridge. The movement encountered in normal handling, transportation and loading 4will not cause the semiflexible seal to crack.
In Figs. 2 and 3 are shown methods of crimping and sealing the ends of the cartridges. Thus, the crimp may Ibe uted (Fig. 2) or rolled (Fig. 3). In either instance, the water-impervious sealing compound forms a layer I0 which waterprooy closes the cartridge. The sealing material is disposed on each side of the crimped end section forming upper and lower layers and having a con- 4outer layers 2 and l are manila or kraft paper and may be either of a single or plurality of layers of paper.
The following examples are illustrative of the present invention:
Example I A shell for packing a x 16 cartridge of dynamite was prepared. The paper tube for the body of the shell was a four-ply, spiral-wrapped container composed of three plies of manila paper and one ply of an asphaltic laminated kraft paper. This tube was manufactured by spirally wrapping two plies of the manila paper on a fixed mandrel, then covering these with -a ply of laminated paper which was wider than the manila so that it overlaps itself at the joint. Finally, the third ply was covered by a ply of manila paper which was the same width as the inner plies. The various plies were glued together with glue applied to the paper before wrapping the tube. 'Ihe spiral tube was continuously formed and lengths suitable fo-r the iinal shell were cut off. The manufacture of the tube was performed in the same manner as similar tubes for mailing, etc., and is not part o-f this invention.
d The completed tube was closed at one end with a folded, uted crimp formed by a mechanical crimper. When the glue dried, the shell was passed through a paraflin spray to saturate the 5 manila paper to prevent water and explosive oil penetration. A snug-fitting cardboard disc was inserted in the closed end of the shell which then was packed with dynamite. After this another disc was inserted and a second crimp was formed in the same manner as the rst.
The loaded, crimped cartridge was then sealed by pouring a mixture of a micro-crystalline wax and paraffm into the crimped ends. A sufficient quantity was added to form a complete layer betweentlie cardboard disc and the crimp and to cover the outside of the crimp, so that al1 of the foldedpaper was effectively sealed. After sealing, the entire assembly was dipped in the usual manner in a paraiiin bath to further protect the outer ply from water penetration.
Example II In 4another example of this invention, one set of 5 x 16" cartridges were prepared by spiral Wrapping and gluing 5 plies of 90# manila paper. Another set of 5" x 16 cartridges were prepared by spiral wrapping and gluing 2 plies of .90#
manila paper, then 1 ply of waterproof laminated paper, and then 1 ply of 90# manila paper. These cartridges were treated with parain spray,vthen packed with uncoated ammonium nitrate and crimped. They were then sealed with micro-crystalline wax and dipped in a paraii'in bath, as described in Example I. The cartridges were immersed in water for two hours at a pressure of 5 pounds per square inch and at a temperature of from 64 to 66 F. The following table shows the results of this test.
Per cent of plies No. of glalihl? explosive tests averag goodggver.
5 plies 90# manila (none laminat- Grams c 4 201 51 2 plies 90# manila, l ply laminated, l ply 90# manila 8 24 100 Example IV In still another example of this invention, a set of 3" x 16 cartridges were prepared by spiral wrapping and gluing 3 plies of 64# manila paper, then 1 ply of waterproof laminated paper,
and then 1 ply of 64# manila paper. These cartridges were packed with a semigelatin explosive, crimped and 'then dipped in parain. Some of the cartridges were redipped in parailin only, While some others were sealed with a micro-crystalline wax composition, consisting of a blend of '75% parain and 25% of Product 2300, arid then redipped in paraffin. These cartridges were immersed in water for two hours at a pressure of 5 pounds per square inch and at a temperaannie@ ture of about 62 F. The following table shows the results of this test.
It is readily seen that the waterproof cartridges of Examples III and IV as prepared in accordance with the present invention were far superior to the cartridges not prepared in accordance with the invention. This is shown by the dilerences inthe percent of explosive which was good after the immersion tests. The percent of explosive good means that portion of the explosive which was unaffected by moisture penetration, thereby remaining readily detonatable and capable of propagation in its full strength. .It has been found in packaging some explosives which have little or no water resistance that as low as .2% moisture content will deleteriously effect the detonation and propagation properties of the explosive, therefore, the cartridges must be absolutely moisture irnpervious.
The paper tube used in the cartridges described in the examplesv is formed of several plies of manila paper and one or more plies of a waterproof laminated paper. The laminated paper is an essential part of the tube, if it is to be waterproof, and may be one of several types. For instance, the laminae may be creped or other- Wise extensible paper or they may be ordinary kraft or manila paper. The laminant is a Waterproof adhesive binder such as an asphalt, a resin, or a micro-crystalline Wax.
To make the waterproof shell, a tube is formed containing one or more inner plies of manila paper, one or more plies of laminated paper, and finally, an outside ply of manila. The inner plies of manila paper provide rigidity, the laminated paper prevents water penetration, and the outside ply of manila protects the laminated paper from damage by abrasion. In order to obtain maximum waterproofness the laminated paper must form a complete cylinder about the inner plies.
The ends of the shell are closed with cardboard discs and symmetrical fluted crimps. The iiuted crimps are formed so that the ends of the shell have a shallow cup-shape. These are sealed with a quantity of wax sufficient to form a complete layer across the disc and to cover the uted crimp. The purpose of the disc is to prevent the wax from soaking into the explosive with which the shell is loaded and to prevent leakage of the explosive during the manufacturing operation.
The compound used for sealing the cartridge may be any material which will pour at a temperature below the danger point for the explosive used in loading the cartridges and which will be adhesive, tough 'and hard at ordinary atmospheric temperatures and water-impervious. Suitable compounds may be micro-crystalline waxes, resins, and asphalte or mixtures of these and similar compounds. The sealing compound may be illustrated by a number of commercial resinous or wax-like products such as the Flexo resins, Flexo Wax C, Ceroflux, and Adheso Wax of Glyco Products Company and described in their booklet, Chemicals by Glyco, copyright 1941, and the microcrystalline (amorphous) petroleum wax products P. D. 300 and 2300 of Socony-Vacuum Oil Company.
For cartridges of larger size the same general scheme, as outlined in the above examples, should be followed except, if desirable, more plies can be added to increase the strength of the shell.
While the waterproof explosive cartridge described in the above paragraphs is preferable for packaging any explosive, which in itself may have little or no water resistance, to protect said explosive from water penetration when used in or around water, it may also be used for the more water-resistant explosives, if desired.
What I claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
l. A rigid blasting cartridge comprising a substantially cylindrical explosive charge of a water-soluble material and a substantially rigid water-resistant tubular envelope therefor and having water-resistant crimped end closures; the tubular envelope comprising a tube of a Waterproof laminated paper sealed to itself and overlapping itself at opposed edges, a paper lining for said laminated tube and sealed thereto, a paper covering for said laminated tube and sealed thereto; the tubular envelope having a cardboard disc at each end interiorly thereof and having an end section crimped over each disc, and a seal for each end section comprising an adhesive Waxlike material disposed on each side of the crimped end section forming upper and lower layers and having a contiguous central portion passing through the crimped end section thus joining the two layers.
2. A rigid blasting cartridge comprising a substantially cylindrical explosive charge of a watersoluble material and a substantially rigid Waterresistant tubular envelope therefor and having water-resistant crimped end'olosures; the tubular envelope comprising a tube of an asphaltic laminated paper sealed to itself and overlapping itself at opposed edges, a paper lining for said laminated tube and sealed thereto, a paper covering for said laminated tube and sealed thereto; the tubular envelope having a cardboard disc at each end interiorly thereof and having an end section crimped over each disc by means of uted crimps, and a seal for each end section comprising an adhesively waxlike material disposed on each side of the crimped end section forming upper and lower layers and having a contiguous central portion passing through the crimped end section thus joining the two layers.
ARTHUR W. BAKER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2461539 *||Mar 16, 1945||Feb 15, 1949||Fletcher Edward C||Cartridge case|
|US2733658 *||Sep 8, 1950||Feb 7, 1956||Explosive assembly|
|US2887954 *||Apr 4, 1956||May 26, 1959||Du Pont||Explosive cartridge|
|US2930275 *||Nov 15, 1955||Mar 29, 1960||American Cyanamid Co||Method of sealing spirally wound dynamite containers|
|US2953093 *||Aug 22, 1956||Sep 20, 1960||Hercules Powder Co Ltd||Metal end for explosive cartridge and cartridge containing same|
|US3424087 *||Mar 3, 1967||Jan 28, 1969||Dynamit Nobel Ag||Black powder charge|
|US4036138 *||Dec 17, 1975||Jul 19, 1977||Indian Explosives Limited||Rigid waterproof container for slurried explosives in small diameters|
|US4390291 *||Dec 10, 1980||Jun 28, 1983||Spectro-Systems, Incorporated||Thermal indicator for wells|
|U.S. Classification||102/314, 229/5.6, 229/5.85|