Child s carriage
US 240860 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
( No Model.) I
" W. X. STEVENS.
N0. 24 0,860. Patented May 3,1881.-
I72 van for:
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
W'ILLIAM X. STEVENS, OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 240,860, dated May 3, 1881.
Application filed November 22, 1880.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM X. S'rEvENs, of Louisville, Kentucky, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Childrens (larriages, of which the following is a specification.
The Object of my invention is to make childrens carriages easy to the rider, readily adjusted to ward off the sun and wind in any direction, strong, durable, and cheap, which I accomplish by means of novel supports for the carriage-body and for the canopy, as hereiual'ter more fully described and claimed.
Figurel of the accompanying drawings is a longitudinal vertical section, part inelevation, of my invention. Fig. 2 is a perspective of the canopy-securing device. Fig. 3 is a horizontal projection of the same; and Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the carriage complete.
The body of the carriage A is supported upon two straps, B, passing longitudinally beneath it, near its side edges. The straps B are hung like bow-strings to the bent springing-bows G, or to the cross-bars O, which connect the ends of these bows. These cross-bars O are the pushing-handles, and, there being one of them at each end of the carriage, it may be pushed either way. The body is secured to the straps, at points below where the straps hang'tangent to the curve of the body, so that it may roll a short distance lengthwise upon the straps to overcome jolts, on the thoroughbrace principle. These straps are either flexible or jointed, to accommodate the form of the body and the motion of the spring-bows O, and they support both ends of every bottom board of the body, so that a load resting on any board of the bottom cannot part it from the body. The body is attached to the straps by adjustable clamps, so that it may he slid along the straps, for the purpose of changing the childs bed from a reclining to a horizontal position by canting the carriage-body, and suitable clamping-devices, as set-screws, are provided to fasten the body to the straps at any point desired. The bows G, bent of tough elastic wood, secured midway to the wheelaxles, serve as springs, active, strong, and durable. The back D of the seat is held upright by a brace, E, resting its foot on the bodybottom. This brace maybe set at different angles, to hold the back at any inclination desired.
The canopy H is supported upon the curvedbar I, upon which it may be adjusted longitudinally, becoming tipped as it moves fore and aft to serve as a shield from sun and wind in those directions. The bar I is a spring supported upon the middle of the cross-bars 0 (one cross-bar would hold it, but not so well) from side to side, for the purpose of turning the canopy to either side. This bar 1 is retained vertically, horizontally, and at angles of forty-five degrees by means of the plate L, having grooves across its face in which the bar may rest, trusting to its own spring and the weight of the canopy to keep it in place. The bar I may be pressed out of one groove and turned to another for the purpose stated. The plate L is fastened firmly to one of the cross-bars 0.
While my carriage-body rolls upon its strapsupports like the common thorou-ghbrace coach, my spring-bows supporting these straps are very different in operation from the old thorough-braces, whose office is to resist contractile motion of the straps. My plan of hanging the carriage combines the advantages of both the thorough-brace and the spring.
My bow-springs, made of bent wood, are as rior to them in strength, durability, and cheapness, These bows, serving also to support the pushing-handles, simplify the construction of childrens carriages.
It is evident that a carriage might be hung on this principle by making the body with square lower corners and raising ledges along the sides in a curved form to rest on the straps. It is evident that each of my bows C may be substituted by springs and frame made up of separatepieces, fastened together but I prefer the bent bows, as described, being more simple and effective. i
I am not aware that a canopy has before been supported by the pushing-ban dle, leaving the carriage-body to rock freely while it remains fixed.
I prefer to secure my bow-sprin gs directly to the wheel-axles, but other pieces, such as bolsters, may intervene to vary the design;
Having fully described my invention, what 1 claim, and wish to secure by Letters Patent,
by means of bolts K, on which it may oscillate elastic as metal springs, and are greatly supe- 1. The combination, in childrens carriages, of the bow-shaped springs O, resting upon the wheel-axles, with the flexible or jointed straps B, supporting the carriage-body, substantially as described.
2. In childrens carriages, the body supported by two straps, by means of the bottom boards resting at or near-their ends on said straps, substantially as described.
3. In childrens carriages, the body resting in the curve of two straps hung by their ends, and secured to said straps by means of adjustable clamps, allowing said body to be slid along the straps and to be made fast at any point on the curve, for the purpose of cantin g the body endwise to give the childs bed a horizontal position or any inclination desired, substantially as described.
VILLIAM X. STEVENS.
J. GUSTAV MUELLER, GEORGE BRUDER.