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Publication numberUS2408713 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 1, 1946
Filing dateFeb 5, 1944
Priority dateFeb 5, 1944
Publication numberUS 2408713 A, US 2408713A, US-A-2408713, US2408713 A, US2408713A
InventorsWebb Wesley L
Original AssigneeAmerican Viscose Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Extrusion device
US 2408713 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 1, 1946. w, L, WEBB 2,408,713

E-XTRUSION DEVICE Filed Feb. 5, 1944 OOOO OOOOOOQ ()ooQOoQO 'QOooooOOO 0000000000 0000 000 0000000000 Q ooo'OOQ OOoooOOO @OOO-OOO @OOO E21?ISMMMENRRIME; 40 gfilmslslslslslslalamii 1 F 8 BY away 40 w. 4

2 l ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 1, 1946 2,408,713 EXTRUSION DEVICE 'Wesley L. Webb,

American Viscose Glen Moore, Pa., asslgnor to Corporation, Wilmington,

-Del., a corporation of Delaware Application February 5, 1944, Serial No. 521,221

Claims.

This invention relates to extrusion devices for simultaneously forming a plurality of filaments and the like.

When forming filaments ment-forming material'through a plurality of orifices in'a common spinneret in which the orifices are disposed in an area ably larger than the cross-section of the supply duct for the'filament-formingv material, there is hampered by the tendency'of'such spinneretsto favor the centrally disposed orifices.

It has heretofore been proposed to alleviate this difiiculty by introducing the filament-forming material tangentially into the side wall of the spinneret so that it is caused to swirl first about the outer portions and then into the central portions of the spinneret, but this has the tendency in large spinnerets to favor one side of the spinneret, near the entrance of the filament+forming material. s

In accordance with thepresent tribution controlling means comprising an apertured member is inserted in'the extrusion device between the spinneret orifices and the supply duct for introducing the filament-forming material.

by extruding the filawhich is considerorifices to become invention, a dis-' This means for controlling the distribution; may

comprise a member arranged to fit Within the spinneret proper, spaced back of the face thereof, and provided with apertures which are much larger in cross-sectional area than the passages of-any filter that may be associated with the spinneret and larger even than the orifices of the spinneret and which serve to impart a back pres sure or flow resistance to the stream of filamentforming material which increases from an outer annulus of the member to the central portion I thereof and thereby compensates for the normal the extrusion tendency of the central orifices-of device to be favored. The invention will larlywith reference to be explained more 'particuextrusion device showing the general arrangement of a simple form of the invention; 7

r the drawing'which is illus-' trative of preferred embodiments on an enlarged Figure 2 is a face view of one form of apertured member of the invention;

Figure 2a is a cross-section taken on line II--II of Figure 2; I s

Figure 2b is a cross-section of a modification of the apertured member of Figure 2;

Figures 3 to 6 are face views of other modifications of apertured members;

Figure 7 is a view similar to Figure 1, showing a modified general arrangement; and

Figure 8 is a view similar to Figure 1, showing another general arrangement.

In Figure 1, a spinneret I provided with a plurality of orifices 2 (greatly exaggerated in diameter) is shown secured in conventional manner to a supply'head 3 by means of a coupling 4, a gasket dbeing provided to seal the structure. The supply head 3 has a threaded'recess for receiving a conv duit 6 connected to a source of supplyof filament forming material through a pump, not shown. 7 A passage or duct 1 in the head 3 communicates with the conduit 6 and the space Within the spinneret proper. Arranged within this space there is provided a means for controlling the distribution of the filament-forming material in the form of a rigid plate "8 having apertures 9. a ring l0 serves to'spa'ce theplate a short distance back of the inside face of the spinneret, but preferably not so far back that this distance is greater than the distance between the plate 8 and the inside face of the head 3. g

The size, spacing and arrangement of the apertures- 9 in the distributor 8 may take various forms In Figures 2 and 2a, the apertures are of the samesize and are substantially uniformly distributed throughoutthe area of the member 9.- A further refinement giving improved results is shown in Figure 3, in which all the holes are of the same size, but the number of holes per unit area of member 9 increases with increasing distances from the center. In Figure 4,. a modification is provided in which the holes increase in I the distributor member is cut out at portions about its periphery to form a scalloped outline;

A central hole is surrounded by a'plurality of somewhat larger holes.

I Figure 2b shows a in which a distributor still further modification, having a substantiallyuni- 3 form distribution of holes of the same size (and having the same face view as shown in Figure 2), has a decreasing thickness from the center to the periphery thereof. This increases the resistance of the holes in proportion to their distance from the periphery.

Figure 7 shows 'an assembly in which a distributor I9 having a'conical base is spaced from the spinneret face by a ring 20. This is a modification of the distributor shown in Figure 2b, and it may have a uniform distribution of holes of the same size or the holes may become more or less numerous per unit area and/or they may become of larger or smaller diameters as well. Inother Words, distributors may be designed which utilize a combination of all of these variations and serve to produce more uniform distribution of flow through all of the orifices of the spinneret regardless of position.

In Figure 8, there is shown an extrusion device comprising a spinneret 2, extrusion head 3, and two distributor members 29 and 39 spaced from each other, from the head and from the spinneret face by rings 40 each of which are of approximately the same thickness. The distributors may be the same or different. In the latter case any two of the varieties shown in Figures 2 to 7 may be associated together. For example, distributor 39 may take the form shown in Fig. 6 while 29 may take the form shown in Fig. 2.

While the drawing shows only a single duct associated with a spinneret, the invention contemplates the design of distributor means which serve in the same advantageous fashion with a multiple-duct supply. In such cases, consideration is taken of the positions of duets with respect to the face of the spinneret and the need to reduce the resistance to fiow through the distributor at the various regions thereof in proportion to the distance such regions are offset from the direct lines of flow from the ducts.

The apertures in the distributor may vary widely in size. They should in no event be as small as the interstices of filters that are sometimes associated with the spinneret nor should they be as small as the spinneret orifices since holes of such size would build up pressures to a needless extent. Holes much larger than spinneret orifices and filter interstices are used in the present invention, and preferably the smallest of such holes should not be less than 0.03 inch in diameter. The holes may be-square, rectangular, elliptical or of any other cross-section, but are preferably circular. The thickness of the distributor plate may 'vary widely, such as from 1: to inch, more or less.

The distance of the distributor means back of the spinneret may vary widely from as low as about T13 of an inch up to /4 inch or more. It is preferable that the distance between the supply head and the distributor be at least as large as and, most advantageously, considerably larger than the distance between the spinneret face and distributor plate.

The present invention is applicable to spinnerets which are intended for all types of spinning, whether wet-, dry-, or fusion-spinning.

In the claims the term row is intended to refer to a group of orifices disposed along a line which may be straight or curved whether the space in between orifices along such line be strict- 1 uniform or somewhat irregular.

While preferred embodiments of the invention have been disclosed, it is to be understood that changes and variations may be made'without' de- 4 parting from the spirit and the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

I claim:

1. An extrusion device for simultaneously forming a plurality of filaments comprising a supply duct, a spinneret arranged to receive filament-forming material from the duct and having a plurality of rows of orifices disposed generally throughout an area considerably larger than the cross-section of the duct, and means comprising a rigid member having a plurality of apertures each larger than any one of the spinneret orifices disposed between and being spaced from each of the spinneret and the duct, said apertures facing the orificed area of the spinneret and being disposed over an area substantially c0-extensiVe with that occupied by said plurality of rows of orifices, said member being constructed and arranged to provide for substantially the same rate of flow through each of the several orifices independent of location with respect to the duct whereby the pressure and distribution of the material to the spinneret is controlled.

2. An extrusion device for simultaneously forming a plurality of filaments comprising a supply duct, a spinneret arranged to receive filamentforming material from the duct and having a plurality of rows of orifices disposed generally throughout an area considerably larger than the cross-section of the duct, and means comprising a rigid member having a plurality of aper- 1 ures each larger than any one of the spinneret orifices disposed between and being spaced from each of the spinneret and the duct, said apertures facing the orificed area of the spinneret and being substantially uniformly distributed over an area substantially co-extensive with that occupied by said plurality of rows of orifices, said member being constructed and arranged to provide for substantially the same rate of flow through each of the several orifices independent of location with respect to the duct Wherebythe pressure and distribution of the material to the spinneret is controlled.

3. An extrusion device for simultaneously forming a plurality of filaments comprising a supply duct, a spinneret arranged to receive filament forming material from the duct and having a plurality of rows of orifices disposed generally throughout an area considerably larger than the cross-section of the duct, and means comprising a rigid member having a plurality of apertures each larger than any one of the spinneret orifices disposed between and being spaced from each of the spinneret and the duct, said apertures facing the orificed area of the spinnert and being substantially uniformly distributed over an area substantially co-extensive with that occupied by said plurality of rows of orifices, said apertures generally having larger diameters at greater distances from a portion of the member directly in line with the duct and said member being constructed and arranged to provide for substantially the same rate of flow through each of the several orifices independent of location with respect to the duct whereby the pressure and dis tribution of the material to the spinneret is controlled.

4. An extrusion device for simultaneously formin a plurality of filaments comprising a supply duct, 9, spinneret arranged to receive filament-- forming material from the duct and having a plurality of rows of orifices disposed generally throughout an area considerably larger than the cross-section of the duct, and means comprising a rigid member having a plurality of apertures each larger than any one of the spinneret orifices disposed between and being spaced from each of the spinneret and the duct, said apertures facing the orificed area of the spinneret and being substantially uniformly distributed over an area substantially co-extensive with that occupied by said plurality of rows of orifices, all'of said apertures being of the same size and said member being constructed and arranged to provide for substantially the same rate of flow through each of the several orifices independent of location with r'e spect to the duct whereby the pressure and dis tribution of the material to the spinneret is controlled. t 11 5. An extrusion device for simultaneously forming a plurality of filaments comprising a supply duct, a spinneret arranged to receive filamentforming material from the duct and having a plurality of rows of orifices disposed generally throughout an area considerably larger than the directly in line with the duct, said apertures gen-- erally having larger diameters at greater distances from said aligned portion of the member, and said member being constructed and arranged to provide for substantially the sam rate of flow through each of the several. orifices independent of location with respect to the duct whereby the pressure and distribution of the material to the spinneret is controlled.

WESLEY L. WEBB.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2879543 *May 3, 1956Mar 31, 1959American Viscose CorpSpinneret coupling assembly
US2906656 *Nov 16, 1956Sep 29, 1959Case James WMethod of producing a glass-reinforced plastic article
US2947027 *Jan 16, 1952Aug 2, 1960Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpManufacture of glass fibers
US2968834 *Apr 22, 1957Jan 24, 1961British CelaneseManufacture of voluminous yarns
US2971219 *Aug 14, 1956Feb 14, 1961Du PontMixer distribution plate
US3050774 *Jul 27, 1960Aug 28, 1962Du PontSpinneret assembly
US3095607 *Jul 10, 1962Jul 2, 1963Du PontSpinneret assembly
US3129458 *May 15, 1961Apr 21, 1964California Pellet Mill CoPellet mill die and method of forming same
US3176344 *Jun 25, 1962Apr 6, 1965Monsanto CoApparatus for spinning filaments
US3182352 *Jun 25, 1962May 11, 1965Monsanto CoSpinnerette
US3205649 *Apr 3, 1963Sep 14, 1965Ici LtdRopes, cordage and twine
US3259938 *Mar 13, 1964Jul 12, 1966Monsanto ChemicalsSpinneret pack
US3516478 *Dec 5, 1967Jun 23, 1970Monsanto CoApparatus for separation of impurities from metal melts in a filament spinning device
US3881984 *Jan 9, 1973May 6, 1975Sekisui PlasticsApparatus for preparation of synthetic wood
US4005962 *Dec 4, 1974Feb 1, 1977Kobee Frank RExtruder for plastic materials
US4217083 *Mar 13, 1978Aug 12, 1980Diepal CorporationExtrusion head
US4276011 *Feb 21, 1979Jun 30, 1981American Cyanamid CompanySpinnerette assembly
US4327050 *Sep 22, 1980Apr 27, 1982Phillips Petroleum CompanyExtrusion and pelleting apparatus and method
US4465452 *Aug 10, 1981Aug 14, 1984The Nisshin Oil Mills, LimitedFood extruder
US5513973 *Jan 18, 1994May 7, 1996Barmag AgMelt spinning apparatus
US5652001 *May 24, 1993Jul 29, 1997Courtaulds Fibres LimitedSpinnerette
US6193498Feb 26, 1999Feb 27, 2001Eastman Chemical CompanyExtended life die plate
US8171973 *Jan 29, 2008May 8, 2012Nordson CorporationNozzle and related apparatus and method for dispensing molten thermoplastic material
US8425821Sep 17, 2010Apr 23, 2013Lubrizol Advanced Materials, Inc.Method of melt spinning an elastomeric fiber
EP1171277A1 *Feb 23, 2000Jan 16, 2002Eastman Chemical CompanyExtended life die plate
Classifications
U.S. Classification425/464, 57/2
International ClassificationD01D4/06, D01D4/00
Cooperative ClassificationD01D4/06
European ClassificationD01D4/06