|Publication number||US2410971 A|
|Publication date||Nov 12, 1946|
|Filing date||Dec 10, 1943|
|Priority date||Dec 10, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2410971 A, US 2410971A, US-A-2410971, US2410971 A, US2410971A|
|Inventors||Hartley Emmett C|
|Original Assignee||Parker Appliance Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (60), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 12, 1946. E. c. HARTLEY SCREW DRIVER Filed Dec. 10, 1945 Patented Nov. 12, 1946 SCREW DRIVER Emmett C. Hartley, Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to The Parker Appliance Company, Cleveland; Ohio, a corporation of Ohio '7 Application December 10, 1943, Serial No. 513,770
The invention relates to new and useful improvements in a screw driver, and more particularly to the handle means for turning the shank carrying the bit which engages the screw.
. An object of the invention is to provide a screw driver wherein the handle or knob for turning the same is connected to the shank by a yielding means which releases so that the handle or knob turns on the shank when the turning torque for setting a screw reaches a predetermined amount.
A further object of the invention is to provide a screw driver of the above type, wherein the means for releasing the knob from the shank is so constructed as to positively connect the knob to the shank when backing out or removing a screw.
In the drawing,
Figure l is a view partly in section and partly in side elevation showing a screw driver embodying the improvements.
Figure 2 is a side view of a portion of a screw driver as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a plan view of one of the ratchet plates.
Figure 4 is an edge view of the same.
Figure 5 is a plan view of the other ratchet plate, and Figure 6 is an edge view of the ratchet plate shown in Figure 5.
The improved screw driver includes a shank I, to which is threadedly attached a chuckZ. Said chuck is held fixed on the shank by means of a set screw 3 of the usual type. The chuck has a recess for receiving the screw engaging bit or tool which is hexagonal in contour. The tool or bit 4 is provided with a portion 5 at its upper end which is hexagonal in shape and dimensioned so as to fit freely in the chuck. The flat sides of the bit and the flat walls of the recess contacting will insure that the bit is positively turned in either direction with the turning of the chuck. Said bit at its upper end has an annular groove 6 formed therein which provides a shoulder 1.
Attached to the shank of the screw driver is a retaining spring finger 8. Said finger is secured to the shank by suitable screws 9 9. The finger is bent outwardly and extends down along the outer face of the chuck. Said finger is bent inwardly at the lower end thereof, as indicated at I0. This finger will spring underneath the shoulder 1 and serves as a means for retaining 1 Claim. (Cl. 145-50) sleeve l5 carried by the upper section of the knob.
the bit in the chuck. There are finger pieces II,
H which may be grasped for the purpose of releasing this retaining means from the shoulder so that the bit can be withdrawn from the chuck.
Mounted on the upper end of the shank is a Mounted in the chamber l3 and contacting with the inner face of the lower section of the knob is a ratchet plate l6. This ratchet platelfi has projecting lugs IT, I! which are disposed diametrically opposite each other and these lugs fit Within recesses l8 provided in the upper knob section so that the ratchet plate [6 is held from turning relative to the knob, by these lugs.
Disposed on top of the ratchet plate [6 is a ratchet plate l9. This ratchet plate 19 has a central opening therethrough 20. The upper end portion of the shank I has flat sides and the opening 20 also has flat sides so that the opening through the ratchet plate is similar in cross section to the shaping of the end of the shank. This secures the ratchet plate H! to the shank so that it turns with the shank or the shank turns with the plate.
Mounted in the chamber 13 is a nut 2| which has a threaded connection 22 with the sleeve l5. This nut serves as an abutment for a spiral spring 23 which bears against the ratchet plate l9 and presses the same against the ratchet plate I6. The sleeve I5 is formed with a flange 24 which seats in a. recess in the upper knob section. Said sleeve has slots 25 formed therein to which a tool may be applied for turning the sleeve. The shank is secured to the knob by means of a bolt 26. This secures the shank to the sleeve l5 and the flange 24 is held seated in the knob recess by the spring 23 bearing against the nut which has a threaded connection with the sleeve. When it is desired to change the tension on the spring, the sleeve I 5 is turned so as to move the nut away from the flange 24 and this will increase the ten-,
which are bent downwardly out of the plane of the main portion of the ratchetplate. The downwardly projecting portions on the ratchet plate l9 are opposed to the upwardly projecting portions 28 on the ratchet plate IS.
The screw driver is used in the usual manner for turning the screw. When turning the screw in, the knob will rotate the shank until the screw resists the turning of the shank to such an extent that the ratchet plates will slip one on the other and the knob will turn free of the shank. This insures that in the setting of the screw, it will not be turned to such an extent as to strip the formed When, however...
threads from the engaged parts. it is desired to remove the screw, then the turning of the knob in the opposite direction will bring the portions which are bent out of the plane of by the shank for rotation in both directions, a knob loosely journaled on the shank and having a central chamber receiving the inner end of the shank, means to hold said shank against axial displacement with respect to said knob, a plate fixedly held within the chamber, a series of struck-out raised portions on said plate directed upwardly and all having the same inclination and abrupt end faces, a second plate within the chamber above said first-named plate and. slidably yed to the shank, said second plate having a series of struck-out raised portions directed downwardlyand all having abrupt end faces and inclinations oppositely directed with respect to those of the raised portions on the first named plate, an externally threaded sleeve journaled in the knob, a flanged nut in said chamber threadedly engaging said sleeve, a compression spring betweenthe flange of said nut and the second mentioned plate, and means on said threaded sleeve, accessible from the outside of the knob, to turn said sleeve, thereby axially displacing said flanged nut and regulating the tension of said compression spring.
EMME'I T C. HARTLEY.
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|U.S. Classification||81/475, 464/39, 81/438, 279/79|
|International Classification||B25B23/14, B25B23/143, B25B23/142|