US 2411129 A
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Nov, 12,, A9466 v c. DAPRILE GARMENT 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 26 .INVENTOR Carmen 14 9f?! BY a QLM ATTORNEYS Nov. 12, 1946. c. DAPRILE 2,411,129 GARMENT Filed April 26, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Carmen dflprile flmvMM ATTORNEYS.
Patented Nov. 12, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I Carmen dAprile, New York, N. Y., assignor to Panty-Zip, Inc., a corporation of New York Application April 26, 1945, Serial No. 590,336
' 9 Claims. l
The present invention relates to garments which fit about the waist and encompass the individual legs near the crotch and which I define as trunks.
It is among the objects of the invention to provide trunks which inherently fit fairly snugly without ungainly bagginess, but yet permit freedom of vigorous movement without binding at the crotch, and which snugly embrace the legs and guard against exposure, yet without constriction of blood circulation, the garment requiring a minimum of fabric and being attractive in appearance, both on display and in wear.
The invention in its broader aspects is applicable to a variety of trunk-type garments,.including drawers for men, women and children, trunks for sportswear, male and female, such as tennis and swimmers trunks and playsuit pants, as well as trunks for theatrical performers such as acrobats and ballet dancers.
In important special embodiments disclosed herein, the invention has particular utility as a trunk-type garment worn over an absorbent pad, bandage or diaper, as for-example, for sanitary pants, for hopsital use and for babies pants.
According to the invention the garment comprises a sac-like trunk having front and rear portions with a transverse horizontal connection such as a fold line therebetween, the leg open- 'ings being in the front panel at a substantial distance above the transverse connection and preferably also at a substantial distance inward from the, sides of the fiat garment. As a, consequence, the garment in wear will be under tension at the front from the waist band to the leg openings, the borders of which latter extend obliquely upward from the rear to the front of the leg, while the rear portion of the garment hangs substantially without strain from the waist band to the leg openings and afiords excess material adJacent the leg openings for freedom of movement, and in the pad, diaper or bandage holding embodiments affords a trough in which liquid may collect without leak, whether the user is in upright or reclining position.
In the accompanying drawings in which are shown one or more of various possible embodiments of the several features of the invention:
Fig. 1 is a front view of one embodiment of the garment shown in flat position;
Fig. 4 is a view of another embodiment in distended position:
' openings and drawing the waist-band upward,
Fig. 2 is a side elevation showing the garment upon the upright body as worn;
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2, showing the relation of the garment to the body in a sitting or reclining position;
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4, showing one of the wings in open position and folded rearward;
Fi 6 is a detailed view in longitudinalsection on a larger scale taken on line 8-6 of Fig. 4;
Fig. 'l is a plan view showing the fabricated blank from which the garment of Figs. 4 made;
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 'l of a modification; and l Fig. 9 is a view showing the modification of Fig. 8, with one wing separated and thrown back.
Referring now to Figs. 1 to 3, the garment has a waist-band Ill from which depends the trunk T which is sac-like, inasmuch as the lower end thereof is continuous and uninterrupted like the bottom of a sac and is preferably a transverse fold line H between the preferably continuous uninterrupted rear portion I! of the garment and the front portion l3 thereof. The leg openings H are wholly in the front portion of the trunk, and are wholly above the lower end or transverse fold II, the lower. edge of the leg-hole being to 61s spaced from the bottom or transverse fold line by a distance desirably at least one-half inch, but preferably as much as an inch or more. The leg openings are preferably separated by a wide interval, as shown, which forms the crotch span IS. The outer edges of the leg openings are preferably well inward from the sides of the flat garment, that is, they are spaced from the edges l8, preferably to the same extent as they are spaced above the transverse fold ll. openings are preferably oval in form, as shown, with the major axes a-a diverging outwardly and downwardly, as appears most clearly in Fig. 1.- Each leg opening has a binder II, which may be a binding stitch or which may be of any suitable covering fabric such as silk, cotton or rayon ribbon connected in wise. v
The garment as thus far described,- if sufficiently elastic, for instance, if of knitted fabric, might be put on by stepping through the leg until arrested by the fit of the leg opening binders II. If of knitted or other elastic fabric, the
garment will fit securely and resiliently about the waist. The garment, if not of elastic fabric, may be provided with one or more releasable lines of fasteners such as hookless fasteners along the height of the side, front or rear, as shown in the embodiments of Figs. 4 to 9 to be described here- The leg.
place by stitching or other- Figs. 1 to 3 may be provided, if desired, with a buckle or other adjustable fastenin means for secure fit about the'waist.
In wear, the leg openings will extend, as best shown in Fig. 2, obliquely downward fromthe front to the rear, tension existing over the belly from the front of the waist-band to the front of the leg opening binder strips l1, and thence obliquely along said strips against the rear of the legs, the oval leg, openings thus becoming elongated and their lengths being, therefore, pressed against: the sides of the legs. The rear of the trunk hangs from the waist-band, as shown, with slack provided in the trough-like dependent portion l8 determined by the area 1. of the front portion It which extends below and rearward of the leg openings. As seen, there is a greater length of material in the garment that intervenes from the rear edge of the leg openings to the rear than to the front of the waist-band. The tension from the front of the waist-band being taken by the leg openings atbinder l1, no tension can be transmitted to the crotch span I5, which moreover has adequate width for desired slack at the crotch and hangs loosely at its rear from the trough.
Thus the garment has no ungainly slack, it
,flts securely about the waist, and it fits about the legs without the constriction of blood circulation incurred where elastic bands are used; and it is yet proof against exposure. It affords ample slack at the trough l8 in the back for forward bending and permits vigorous motion, all without strain or binding at the wide crotch span. The trunks described are, therefore,-useful as drawers for ordinary wear or as trunks for sportswear, such as for tennis, swimmers and play suits, and also for theatrical performers such as acrobats or ballet dancers.
In the specific embodiments shown in Figs. 4 to '7, the garment is illustratively shown as a pair of baby pants desirably made of a generally rectangular blank of suitable fabric. This fabric may be of a single ply i2 of waterproof fabric, or if desired there may be also an outer ply 20 of silk, rayon or the like. Preferably the generally rectangular blank has a pair of lateral notches 2| in its side edges, connected at their peaks 2| by a transverse fold line H which is preferably midway between the ends of the blank, thereby to sub-divide that blank into a rear panel I2 which is preferably continuous or uninthe wing section, is at a distance of one-half to one inch from the extreme edge and on the outer face thereof, so that when the garment is closed the border 28 intervenes between the metal fastener 28' on the plaque edge and the body, diaper, pad or bandage.
The blank, as shown in Fig. 7, has a waist line element l0 along its upper end and the composite section making up the front panel has waist line segments ill on the extreme transverse edges of the wings 22 and waist line section Iii at the extremity of the plaque 23.
The fabric blank as shown in Fig. '7, is converted into the garment by simply folding along the transverse line H with the waterproof fabric I2 at the outside, and stitching together the registering-lateral edges I 6 of the front and rear panels clear to the point 2| of the respective notches. In this operation the segments Iii of the waist-band are secured to the ends of the waist-band segment ill. The assembly is then turned inside out so that the ply 20 of silk, rayon or the like is at the outside and the material beyond the seam at the lateral edges It extends terrupted, and a front panel l3. In the front I6 of the front panel as above described. About the openings are the border strips l1 above described.
The front panel is desirably symmetrically slit from the leg openings i! to the waist-band, thereby. determining identical wing sections 22, and a plaque 23 therebetween. Preferably lines of releasable fasteners are provided along the lengths of both sides of the slit that is along the inner edges of the wings 22 and along the lateral edges of the plaque 23, such fasteners cooperating to close the garment, as best shown in Fig. 4. Preferably hookless fastenersare used for the purpose, and these are of the severable type, as shown. Desirably, the two coacting hookless fastener elements are not both at the extreme edges to be connected thereby, but one of said members, illustratively fastener element 25 on inward, as best shown in Fig. 6.
It will of course be apparent that after the diapered infant has been laid on the back panel of the open garment, the separated hookless fasteners at the leg holes are simply brought together and then drawn upward to the waistband to close the garment, as shown in Fig. 4. Thus the front of the garment is under tension between the waist band and the leg holes and that tension is distributed about the borders of the leg holes which are elongated, as shown, and are spanned obliquely across the width of the leg, as best shown in Fig. 2. The garment permits freedom of movement, freedom from binding at the crotch and security against exposure, exactly as in the case of the generalized garment previously described.
In addition, however, since a trough I8 formed by the portions b of the front panel in combination with the lower edge of the rear panel frames each leg opening from below as well as laterally of the body, moisture that escapes from the diaper, pad or bandage will collect therein. The wide crotch span l5 between the leg holes will fold and droop between the legs and preclude leakage fromv the inner sides of the leg holes. The protection from leakage is afiorded, as will be readily apparent in Figs. 2 and 3, regardless whether the wearer is in upright or reclining position.
=The waist line of the trunks may be provided with a more or'less conventional adjustment strap 21 with two or more button holes 21' to be closed selectively over buttons 28 on the waist-band, excess material being taken up by oblique fold 29 in the tighter setting. Thus the garment may afford the desired pressure against the enclosed diaper, pad or bandage to confine the same and its free contents against shifting.
The embodiment of Figs. 8 and 9 is generally similar to that of Figs. 4 to 7 and will, therefore, be briefly described. The plaque 30" is rectangular rather than triangular, and only one line of fastener 3| is used. Preferably the reinforce strip 36 at one side of the plaqueis duplicated at 31 at the other side thereof. Illustratively, darts 32 are stitched transversely inward from the sides in th back panel for enhanced fullness. The present embodiment is more especially suitable as sanitary pants and to this end is made of single ply with only a middle strip 33 oi? waterproof material for retaining the sanitary napkin. The strip 33 extendsfrom immediately below the waist-band 34 to the middle of the length of plaque 30. The user-steps into the closed leg hole-35, draws the garment upward about the napkin until arrested by the'bor'der of leg-hole 35 and then connects and closes the hookless fastener. I
Obviously the embodiments shown are more or less interchangeable iffmade'of :smtablesise, but
in general the form' of Figs. 4 iteflfis preferred for, babies pantsrandof Figs. 8 and 9 for sanitarypants.
As many changes could-bemade in the above construction, and many apparently widely different embodiments of this invention could be made without departing from the scope of the claims, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure'by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. Trunks having a waist-band, a sac-like body connected thereto, the latter having a pair of leg openings wholly in the frontflthereof the "entire areav of each of said openings being well above the lower edge of the flat garment.
2. Trunks having a waist-handle sac-likebody connected thereto, the latter having apair of leg openings wholly'in the'front thereof the entire area of each'of said openings being well above the lower edge and well inward from the lateral edges of the flat garment.
3. Trunks having a waist-band and a sac-like body dependent therefrom, including a continuous rear panel and a front panel of substantially the same length and width as said rear panel, said frontpanel having a pair ofleg openings therein spaced inward from the lateral edges of the flat garment and spaced upward from the lower common edge of front and rear panels, and a releasable connector extending .from at least one leg opening to the waist-band, for facility of application and removal of the garment.
4. Trunks having a rear panel and a front panel joined together laterally, said panels bein transversely connected, the front panel having a pair of leg openings therein with the rims thereof substantially above said transverse connection.
5.Trunks having a. rear panel and a front panel Joined together laterally, said panels being transversely connected, the front panel having a pair of leg openings therein with the rims thereof 6 substantially above said transverse connection and substantially spaced inwardly from the lateral edges of the trunks.
,Trunks comprising a rear panel, lateral wings thereon,; a crotch span extending fromtthe lower ends thereof, a plaque constituting .an1uprightextension on said crotchspan, thegarment presentin a;,curvedi--1ength-=-of border-extending 7. end; or each-=wing'and:along the scorresponding lateral edges of thecrotchmeans for releasably connecting the lateral edge alongzthe lows of each wingto the corresponding lateral edge of the plaque,..thereby closing the curved length ing a forward. part and a rear part connected at their lower ends and of liquid-tight fabric, said forward part having a pair of leg ope n therein above the lower end thereof, said openings presenting borders and extending obliquely and upward in wear, the material bordering the rear and outer part ofthe leg openingsforminga trough.
. an blank. fora pair of trunks, said blank be- .ing generally rectangular in shape and'having a pair-of notchesin the middle of 'itslateral edges defining 'therebetween a transverse fold line, said blank defining a continuous rear panel to one side of the said fold lineand a front panel of substantially the", same area and to the other side of said foldline, said front panel having a pair of leg openings therein. spaced substantially from said transverse fold line and from the lateral edges thereof and defining a crotch span therebetween, said. front panel being sub-divided and comprising a pair of lateral wing sections and 'an intervening plaque beyond the crotch span, said blank having releasable fasteners including complementary elements along the length of the plaque and along the corresponding lengths of the wing sections.
9; Trunks having a waist band, a sac-like body connected thereto, the latter having a pair of leg openings wholly in the front thereof, well above the lower edge and well inward from the lateral edges of the flat garment, each of said leg openings having a substantially non-elastic border thereabout.
, CARMEN D'APRILE.