|Publication number||US2412242 A|
|Publication date||Dec 10, 1946|
|Filing date||May 26, 1944|
|Priority date||May 3, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2412242 A, US 2412242A, US-A-2412242, US2412242 A, US2412242A|
|Original Assignee||House Maurice Beaud & Fils|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (37), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 10,' 1946. E, BEAUD DSMOUNTABLE BARRACK 'Filed may 2e, 1944 g l f f Patented Dec. 1946 the upper purlins.
UNITED STATES 2,412,242 DISMOUNTABLE BARRACK Switzerland,
a firm of Switzerland Application May 26, 1944, Serial No. 537,401
This invention relates to barracks which can be taken to pieces. Different constructionsof dismountable wooden barracks have become known up to date but the same are either not assembled solidly enough or the parts are combined to a very stable construction which, however, can only with diiculty be taken to pieces. Besides this, there are too many details.
The invention remedies these inconveniences in that |the wall of the barrack consists of elements capable of being fitted into one another. These elements have a frame and a panel carried by the same; this panel may also comprise a Window or a door. These elements have a very great supporting capacity and can very easily be taken to pieces owing to the fact that they can be tted into one another by means of groove` and tongue. The erection of a wall is carried out very simply in that between the corner posts of the barrack one element after the other can be fitted into one another. The corner posts prevent the walls from going to pieces.
The roof, too, consists of elements which are detachably connected with one another by clamping pieces. It can be suspended on lists fixed to The accompanying drawing illustrates, by way of examples, different embodiments of the object of invention.
Fig. 1 is a horizontal section through the ends of two wall elements connected with each other by means of groove and tongue.
Fig. 2 is a section corresponding to that shown in Fig. 1,'the one element, however, comprising a window.
Fig. 3 is a vertical section showing portions of .the wall, roof and sill.
Fig. 4 illustrates a first and Fig. 5 a second manner of connecting the roof elements with one another.
Fig. 6 shows the connection of two roof elements at the gable.
Fig. 7 is a horizontal section view through a corner post.
The frame of the elements is formed of two vertical parts I (right part I in Fig. 1 and left part I in Fig. 2 belong to the same element), a lower horizontal part 5 (Fig. 3) and an upper horizontal part 29 (Fig. 8). This frame I, 5, I, 29 carries a panel formed of boards 3. On the right side of Fig. 2 the panel consists of portions 4 and the window 30. The tongues 2 are glued to one element and, the elements being assembled, enter grooves 3I of the adjacent element. The lower frame partl 5 is guided in a groove of the sill 6 Switzerland May 3, 1943 (Cl. .Z0-2) (Fig. 3), the upper part 29, however, in a groove of the purlin 26 in order to secure the wall against lateral deflection. The erection of a wall, therefore, takes place in a simple manner by fitting groove and tongue 3l, 32 into one another. The corner posts of the barrack one of which is indicated at 35 prevents the walls from going to pieces. The sill 6 is chamiered in order to form a water channel 1.
In Fig. 4 the rafters 9 and I0 carry the boards 32, thereby forming roof elements. The rafter I0 has a bead I4 entering a corresponding groove of the rafter 9. Adjacent roof elements are thereby prevented from going asunder. By the bolt screws I5 the outer strap Il and the inner strap I2 are firmly pressed against the roof elements. The drain I3 allows any penetrating water to be conducted away.
In Figs. 5 and 6 the rafters I6 are simpler than in Fig. 4. The manner of connection with screw I5 and straps I'I and I2 is the same. Any penetrating water is conducted away through the drain I9.
Fig. 3 illustrates how the two roof-halves 23 are pressed against the ridge purlin 22 by means of bolt screws I5 and the ridge strap 2I.
A chamfered list 24 is fixed to the purlin 26. The roof is held in place by engaging the list 24, in a space 28 provided on panel 23 in such a way that the chamfered edge 21 engages the list 24. Straps I2a and Ila are also provided to hold the parts of the roof together.
What I claim is:
1. In a dismountable barrack, corner posts, grooved sills connecting the lower portions of the corner posts, grooved purlins connecting the upper ends of the posts and a ridge purlin supported above the iirst mentioned purlins, elements each including a frame comprising side parts and lower and upper parts, fitted respectively into the grooved sill and grooved purlin, the side parts having internal and external grooves, panels composed of boards tted in the internal grooves, connecting tongues carried by the outer grooves in the side parts of one element for fitting within corresponding grooves on the contiguous element, lists iixed to the first mentioned upper purlins and a roof having the upper edges supported on the ridge purlin and the lower portions provided with chamfered edges for engaging the lists.
2. In a dismountable barrack as claimed in claim 1, a ridge strap recessed to receive the upper adjacent edges of the roof sections and arranged in spaced alignment with the ridge purlin and means for fastening saidridge section to said ridge purlin so as to clamp the upper edges of the roof sections in position.
3. In a dismountable barrack as claimed in claim 1, wherein a window frame is carried by one of the wall elements.
4. In a dismountable barrack as claimed in Y claim 1, wherein the roof sections include grooved rafters for carrying away water in cooperating Y Y straps, interengaged with the rafters and means for fastening the straps together so as to clamp 5 the rafters therebetween.
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|US2787812 *||Mar 15, 1954||Apr 9, 1957||Long Charles A||Interlocking wall structure|
|US2791003 *||Feb 4, 1952||May 7, 1957||Berger Joseph J||Building structure interlocking mechanism|
|US2872710 *||Aug 5, 1954||Feb 10, 1959||Cox Henry C||Construction panel providing sound and heat insulation|
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|U.S. Classification||52/92.2, 52/463, 52/461, 52/276, 52/592.1|
|International Classification||E04B1/02, E04B1/10|