US 2412404 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. l0, 1946. A, JAcKsoN' WALL STRUCTURE FOR B`UILDINGS AND THE LIKE Filed Dec. 16, 1944 l2 Sheets-Sheetl' 4 ---....l N d E @A w i,.h m n C CIIITdHUWUUNNUHNUNHHHNHII* [L n l i n Y -No I` .M L 1 5 A Dec. l0, 1946. A. 1 m .JACKSON WALL STRUCTURE FOR BUILDINGSvAND THE LIKE Filed Dec. 16, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOA ,4L FHEDLJqcKso/v ATTOR N E Y l ing the invention.
Patented Dec. 10, 1946 WALL STRUCTURE Foa BUILDINGS AND THE LIKE Alfred L. Jackson, New York, N. Y. Application December 16, 1944, Serial No. 568,483
1 Claim. l
'I'he invention relates to new and useful improvements in wall structures for buildings and the like and is particularly adapted for use in partitions and sheathing employed in buildings, bulkheads in ships and the like.
An object of the invention is to provide a, wall structure, partition, bulkhead or sheathing, which may be easily erected, demounted and re-assembled as desired.
A further object of the invention is to provide a wall or partition which is lire resistant and affords maximum protection against buckling or failure when subjected to re.
A further object of the invention is tol provide a sheet metal faced'wall or partition which may be erected without bolts, rivets or welding.
A further object of the invention is to provide means for fastening together sections of walls, partitions and the like in such manner that they are flrmly held in position and may be demounted as desired.
A further object of the invention is to provide a wall or partition which will accommodate itself to irregularities in the floor or deck surface upon which it is erected.
A further object of the invention is to provide a new and useful clamping element adapted to clamp and hold infposition sections or panels of walls, partitions and the like. Y
Preferred embodiments of the invention are shown in the accompanying drawings which are intended to illustrate the invention and not to limit the same.
It is to be understood that changes and modifications may be made in the several forms andv details of the structures shown in thc accompanying drawings Without departing from the scope or spiritof the invention. Referring to the accompanying drawings: Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a panel and clamping structural element embody- Fig. 2 is a horizontal section of a partition showing panels and clamping structural element assembled. Y
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section of a partition showing insulating material on the panels.
Fig. 4 is a sectional detail showing the clamping structural element engaging the panel.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a partition with insulating lining.
Fig. 6 is a detail of a portion of a partition erected on a supporting cradle.
Fig. 7 is a horizontal section of a modified form of the clamping structural element.
(Cl. 18S-34) Fig. 8 is a further modied form of the same. Fig. 9 is a detail of the flange of a panel.
Fig. 10 is a view of a modified form of the panel constructed of wall board or the like,l and Fig. 11 is a View of a sheet of material with the bends indicated by dotted lines illustrating the lines on which the same is to be folded to formthe clamping element.
Similar characters of reference refer to like so that the panels may slide longitudinally within the limits of the cut out space 4.
The panels I are held in position by means of clamping members adapted to receive and hold the anges of the said panels.
These clamping members are preferably of sheet steel or the like folded onlongitudinal lines as shown in Fig. 11. The fiat median portion between the parallel lines a, a forms the base 5 of the clamping member. The blank is folded at the lines a, a to form the sides B, 'I of the clamping member which sides preferably lie at an angle of less-than to the base 5. l
The blank is then folded on the parallel lines b, b and the sections 8 and 9 are set in a plane parallel to the plane of the base 5. The blank is then folded back on tle lines c, c forming the sections I0, II Which lie against the sections 8 and 9 and form the outer wall of the said clamping member. 'Ihe outer marginal edge sections I2 and I3 are then folded inwardly and inclined toward each other to form clamping lips I 4, I5 which grip the flanges 2 of the panels I.
The panels I may be set up in parallel spaced relation as shown in Fig. 2 to form a. wall or partition with an internal air space or chamber 2i or the like as shown vin Fig. 61s
, an intermediate web section I9.
The panels may be constructed of wall board in Fig. l0. In this form of the device, the panels 2i are provided with marginal holding plates 22.*v having flanges 23 adapted to enter and to be engaged by the clampu ing members as above described.
Panels set up as above described may slide longitudinally on each other within the limits allowed by the cut out sections and pimples 3 of the adjacent anges so that irregularities of surface inl the deck or floor upon which the wall is erected may be accommodated.l
It has been found desirable, under certain conditions, to provide a cradle 24 as shown in Fig. 6 to support or level up the partition. The cradle 24 is preferably fastened, in any desired. manner, to the oor or deck 25. The form shown concrete or the like.
rivets, welding the like The wall or partition base board, and lintel 21 to be attached to g the ceiling for decorative purposes.
It hasbeen found by experiment that a wall or partitionconstructed as above described provides a. high degreev of insulation against the transmission of heat which is highly desirable in v places where vai re hazard may exist, as. in
adapted particularly to be laid in l a screw driver or like body of the panel of shipping and the like. It is desirable to so set the partition that space may be provided to permit expansion without buckling when'the wall is subjected to high temperature or direct name.
When it .is desired to demount the panels, iiat tool may be inserted between adjoiningV panels and the iianges i2 and I3 thereby spread apart to permit the withdrawal of the anges 2, 2.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:
In a device of the character described, the
combination cil a pair of panels veach having marginal flanges positioned at right angles to the which it forms a part, the anges of adjacent panels being set together, projections on the said anges extending therefrom into the plane of an adjacent flange, cut out sections in the said anges positioned to receive the .projections of an adjacent iiange and to permit limited longitudinal movement of the said panels with'respect to each other, and spring means for clamping the said flanges together.`
y ALFRED L. JACKSON.