US 2413537 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 31, 1946. 1. ABERBACH METHOD AND MEANS FOR TREATING FINGERNAILS Filed May 20, 1943' INVENTOR flew/v6 ABEPBACH ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 31 1946 METHOD AND MEANS FOR TREATING FINGERNAILS Irving Aberbach, New York, N. Y.
Application May 20, 1943, Serial No. 487,734
1 Claim. (01. 4133) This invention relates generally to feminine beauty practices. More particularly my invention is directed toward a novel and improved process and means for providing a tinted and/or polished appearance to finger nails.
One of the objects of my invention is to provide an improved process and means for treating finger nails so they will have a tinted and/or pohshed appearance, which shall be characterized by the ease with which finger nails may be given such polished appearance, without the use of liquid polish, and which at the same time may be accomplished by the average user without the degree of skill required in the hitherto practiced method of painting finger nails with a brush.
Another object of my invention is to provide a novel process and means for treating finger nails so they will have a polished and/or tinted appearance, which shall be relativelyinexpensive to manufacture and which shall be highly efficient for the intended purposes.
Still other objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent in the following detailed description thereof.
In the accompanying drawing,
Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a hand, illustrating the process and means of my invention for imparting a polished appearance to the finger nails thereof;
Fig. 2 is a plan View of a set of finger nail treating articles constructed and arranged in accordance with my invention;
Fig. 3 is a plan detail view of a unit cut away from the set shown in Fig, 2;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken substantially on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken substantially on the line 5-5 of Fig. 7;
Fig, 6 is a fragmentary plan view of a set of finger nail treating articles, similar to Fig. 2, but illustrating a modified form of my invention; and
Fig. 7 is a perspective view similar to Fig. 1, but illustrating the process of treating the finger nails in accordance with my invention.
Referring now in detail to the drawing, I have illustrated the arrangement and process of practicing my novel invention for treating finger nails so that they will have the tinted and/or polished appearance so much desired by members of the female sex today.
In accordance with my invention I provide a set consisting of at least ten finger nail units I0 mounted on a, sheet ll. Each unit I0 is suitably shaped to correspond to the contour of the finger nails and in the manufacture thereof I make use known to the art.
2 of the process known as decalcomania. In other words the finger nail unit If) is printed on the sheet I I by the said decalcomania process and is adapted to be transferred from the sheet II directly to a selected finger mail.
The said units Ill may be made in any desired color customarily employed in nail polish liquids or it may be colorless,
The sheet I l is first coated with the base coating I2 of the type well known in the art, after which the finger nail units It] are printed thereon. Overlying the printed finger nail unit [0 I print a protective top layer M of varnish-like or plastic material as customarily employed and However, I have discovered that in accordance with my invention the best results are obtained when the top and bottom layers I 4 and I2 are made coextensive with the printed nail unit H1, so that no part of the plastic layer will extend beyond the printed design, as occurs in the decalcomania designs currently in use for ornamenting purposes.
With my invention the user need only select a card containing the 00101 with which she desires to ornament her nails. With a shears a small area A, surrounding a nail unit H! as represented by the dot and dash line in Fig. 2, it cut out from the sheet II. This cut-out area appearing as in Fig. 3 is immersed in water for a short time in accordance with the accustomed practice of transferring decalcomania after which, as illustrated in Fig. 7, it is slidably transferred onto a selected nail.
It is thus seen from the foregoing description that a user may do her nails in a relatively short time, without possessing any high degree of skill, and without the danger of having any of the color running over to undesired portions of the fingers. It is also noted that with my invention, when traveling, it is not necessary to carry a bottle of liquid nail polish, which is always attended by the danger of spilling and thereby causing damage to clothes, nor is one required to handle a brush with the expertness of an artist. It is merely necessary to carry a supply of cards I l in an envelope or similar container.
In Fig. 6, I have shown a modified form of my invention in which the bottom edges 20a of the nail units 20 are concaved to conform to the shape of the white moon portions of the finger nails to disclose them .to view while the remainder of the nail is covered with color.
In accordance with the provisions of the patent statutes, I have herein described the principle and practice of my invention, together with the article and method steps which I now consider to represent the best embodiments thereof, but I desire to have it understood that the drawing shown is only illustrative and that the invention can be carried out in other ways and by other means.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
As an article of manufacture, a decalcomania comprising a printed design of a finger nail, a transparent coating protectively covering said printed nail, the periphery of said coating being substantially in register with the periphery of said printed nail so that there will be substantially no overhanging portions, the inner transverse edge of said printed nail being concaved to correspond to the curvature of the moon portion of the natural nail whereby when the said printed nail is superimposed on the said natural nail t'he' said natural moon portion will remain 10 exposed.