|Publication number||US2413610 A|
|Publication date||Dec 31, 1946|
|Filing date||Feb 6, 1943|
|Priority date||Feb 6, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2413610 A, US 2413610A, US-A-2413610, US2413610 A, US2413610A|
|Inventors||Donelson William W|
|Original Assignee||Fed Flooring Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 31, 1946.
w. w. DONELSON SPARK-PROOF moogme AND THE LIKE Filed ieb. e, 1943 Patented Dec. 31, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,413,610 SPARKPROOF FLOORING AND THE LIKE William W. Donelson, Boston, Mass, assignor to The Federal Flooring Corporation, Boston, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Application February 6, 1943, Serial No 474,953
' purposes which require very extensive floor areas and the cost of production, inbth material and labor, is therefore ofprime importance as is also the character of the flooring .to comply withvarious requirements. My invention embodies a novel flooring of this'nature which can not only be produced with greateconomy but which is furthermore adapted to serve these several requirements most efficiently.
'These floors embody a supporting sub-floor which can be newly constructed, but which frequen'tly i an old and used floor, and very often such floorsv rest directly on or so adjacent to the ground that dampness would ordinarily seep through and deleteriously affect the top flooring. One embodiment of my invention contemplates the employment of a substantial layer of electroconductive material on the sub-floor and of a nature to damp-proof the top flooring thereon in addition to serving as a ground conductor for electrostatic charges from the top flooring.
Furthermore, old and used floors are frequently so uneven that their top surfaces are not adapted to serve the requirements with any degree of satisfaction. My invention contemplates the em- .ployment of a conductive material which is also of a plastic nature that can be applied to these floors and the top surface smoothed to a flat and ,level contour.
The conductive layer can be in the nature of 40' a plastic composition or it can be a pre-fabricated sheet of metal, conductive linoleum, rubber, etc. In any event it is adapted to receive thereonto, and preferably in bonded relation, a top flooring of material most suitable to serve the required 4-5 purpose. The invention contemplatesthe employment of conductive nails to serve as conductors for directing static charges away from the top surface of the top flooring, the nails having shanks extending. downwardly through the top flooring and into the conductive material and having the heads in contact with and exposed at the top. face of the top flooring, and. the nails beingin such close relation that an object resting on the top flooring contacts with at least one 2 Claims. (Cl. -264) of the nail heads. It will be apparent that the driving of such nails into the flooring provides a most convenient and economical means for serving these conductive functions. The production of an improved flooring embodying the above features-comprises an object of the invention.
These and other features of the invention will be best understood and appreciated from the foliowing description of preferred embodiments thereof selected for purposes of illustration and shown in the accompanying drawing wherein,
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary view of an electro-conductive flooring embodying my invention,
Fig. 2 is a like view of-a modified construction.
In my Patent No. 2,323,461, dated July 6, 1943, I have disclosed sparkproof flooring of the same general nature as the invention herein described. My present invention, however, includes features of economy a'nd utility hereinafter described and not contemplated or disclosed in flooring heretofore known.
. In Fig. 1 of the drawing I have illustrated a sub-floor ID on which is spread a layer l2 of plastic electro-conductive material which is also preferably of a waterproofing character. I have successfully employedasphalt and ground coke as the conductive composition in this improved flooring, the asphalt serving as a binder or vehicle for holding the conductive coke. It isalso contemplated that other suitable vehicles as Portland cement and gypsum can be employed as well as other fillers such as ground coal, graphite, conductive carbon black, etc.
The conductive material i 2 is applied to the sub-flooring In in plastic form and is leveled off as illustrated to provide a fiat top surface Hover the uneven top surface it of the sub-floor. The
now in use are blackiand thus are not well adapted 4 to serve this function.
i The flooring is completed by driving conduc tive nails or studs through the top flooring 20 and into the conductive layer V2 to a position in which the nail heads contact with and are exposed at the top surface'of the top flooring and the shanks serve as conductors to the conductive layer. The nails are disposed in such close relation that at least one of the heads is adapted to be contacted by a shoe or like article coming in Fig. 1, or it can be prefabricated and thereafter laid in place, as in Fig. 2. Such prefabricated sheets can be of metal or conductive linoleum, rubber, asphalt tile, etc., which include such filler materials as ground coke or coal, conductive rubber, graphite, conductive blacks, etc., in a binder of gum, asphalt or other suitable vehicle.
In Fig. 2 I have illustrated a sub-floor 30 having prefabricated conductive sheet strips 32 thereon and grounded at 38. A top flooring of tiles or blocks 40 of rubber or asphalt tiling or any suitable composition are bonded to the top face 34 by a layer of cement 42. Conductive nails 44 driven through the tiles and into the conductive sheet provide conductive paths for grounding static charges coming in contact with the nail heads at the top surface of the top flooring.
' Metal staples 33' can be driven into the strips 32 across the joints to assure grounding conductivity.
It will be apparent that, since the top flooring need not be of a conducting character, it can be constructed from the material most suitable for the particular purpose required. For example, in some cases the flooring must be oil and grease proof, resistant to acids or alkalies, etc.
Having thus disclosed my invention and described in detail the best embodiment thereof now known to me I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1. A sparkproof flooring or the like comprising a sub-floor, a layer of conductive material thereon, a top flooring on and covering said layer, electro-conductive nails having sharpened shanks driven-downwardly through the top flooring and into the conductive material and having heads driven into contact with and exposed at the top face of the top flooring, and means grounding the conductive material. 2. The flooring defined in claim 1 in which said layer of conductive material is formed from plastic waterproofing composition rendering the top flooring substantially free from dampness from beneath.
WILLIAM W. DONELSON.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2851639 *||Mar 27, 1952||Sep 9, 1958||Mosaic Tile Company||Electrically-conductive ceramic floortile units and floors composed of such conductive units|
|US2876392 *||Dec 9, 1953||Mar 3, 1959||Sanders Associates Inc||Electrical components|
|US3101291 *||Aug 12, 1960||Aug 20, 1963||Lalick Michael J||Artificial christmas trees|
|US3264127 *||May 24, 1963||Aug 2, 1966||Conley John P||Asphalt composition and process|
|US3308462 *||Oct 2, 1962||Mar 7, 1967||Conductron Corp||Magnetic laminate|
|US5043839 *||May 26, 1989||Aug 27, 1991||Ltv Aerospace And Defense Company||Electronically monitored and controlled electrostatic discharge floor structure|
|US5257159 *||Apr 29, 1991||Oct 26, 1993||Loral Vought Systems Corporation||Electronically monitored and controlled electrostatic discharge flooring system|
|US7400486 *||Nov 10, 2006||Jul 15, 2008||Jervis B. Webb Company||Grounding device for automated guided vehicles|
|WO1988005105A1 *||Jan 12, 1988||Jul 14, 1988||Ole Frederiksen||A floor covering of electrically conducting type|
|U.S. Classification||361/216, 52/181, 106/284.5|
|International Classification||E04F15/02, H05F3/02|
|Cooperative Classification||E04F15/02, H05F3/025|
|European Classification||E04F15/02, H05F3/02B|