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Publication numberUS2414158 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 14, 1947
Filing dateAug 18, 1939
Priority dateAug 18, 1939
Publication numberUS 2414158 A, US 2414158A, US-A-2414158, US2414158 A, US2414158A
InventorsFrank C Mock
Original AssigneeBendix Aviat Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fuel supply system with vapor separator and booster pump
US 2414158 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan" M, 3%?

F. C. MOCK FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH VAPOR SEPARATOR AND BOOSTER PUMP.

Filed Aug. 18, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Jan. 14, 1947. F. c. MocK 2,414,158

FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH VAPOR SEPARATOR AND BOOSTER PUMP Filed Aug. 18, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. ,5 FQQNK MOCK ATTORNEY.

C. aawwm Patented Jan. 14, 1947 FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH VAPOR SEPARATOR AND BOOSTER PUMP Frank 0. Mock, South Bend, Ind., asslgnor to Bendix Aviation Corporation, South Bend, Ind., a corporation of Delaware ApplicatlonAugust 18, 1939, Serial No. 290,730

28 Claims. 1 This invention pertains to fuel supply systems for internal combustion engines and more particularly to a fuel system adapted to supply fuel under pressure to an aircraft engine.

The fuel system herein disclosed is adapted for use in aircraft engine installations particularly when the engine is equipped with a charge forming device of the pressure feed type such as, for example, is disclosed in my copending application, Serial Number 202,206, filed April 15, 1938 and which became Patent No. 2,390,658, on Dec. 11, 1945. With carburetors of this or similar types in which the carburetor fuel system is entirely closed, as contrasted to a floatbowl type Another difficulty resulting from vapor formation is sometimes referred to as a vapor lock of the fuel pump and is experienced when a considerable amount of vapor is present in the pump intake line. Under these conditions the pump, although handling its normal volume of fuel, is receiving so much vapor. that the weight of fuel delivered to the carburetor is reduced below that required at the existin engine operating conditions. The resulting leanness of the mixture causes loss of power and overheating which may damage the engine.

since aviation fuels vaporize at temperatures and pressures not far removed from those n01j-' mally prevailing at sea level, the reduction in atmospheric pressure accompanying a rapid ascent often results in the fuel in'the fuel supply tanks becoming highly charged with vapor. Although part of the vapor which should form 1111-, der the existing conditions of pressure and temperature will form and collect as bubbles which rise through the fuel in the tanks and escape through the tank vent, a considerable portion will remain as liquid until agitated as in passing through the fuel supply line or until the pressure is further reduced as it is in the suction intake line of the fuel pump; As a result a considerable amount of vapor is formed in the line leading from the tank to the carburetor and unless eliminated will interfere with the normal operation of the engine as hereinabove noted.

In early airplanes the rate of climb was suf ficiently low that the decreasing temperature experienced as altitude was attained cooled the fuel in the supply tanks. The vapor forming tendency resulting from a decreased barometric pressure was therefore at least partially compensated for by the decreased fuel temperature.

Modern high-powered airplanes, however, have such a rapid rate of climb that they can attain anp altitude of 20,000 feet, at which the atmospheric pressure is approximately one-halfof that at sea level, beforethe fuel in the supply tanks has cooled more than a few degrees. It is obvious that a maneuver such as this will greatly asgravate the fuel vapor problem.

An object of the present'invention is to provide an improved means for supplying fuel to an internal combustion engine while eliminating fuel vapors therefrom.

Another object of the invention is the provision of means within the carburetor anterior to the metering jet for eliminating any vapor which is delivered to or formed within the carburetor.

A further object is to provide a novel arrange- I Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear more fully from the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure l is a diagrammatic partial view show-- ing the application of my invention to an engine equipped with a carburetor of the type disclosed in my copending application, Serial Number 202,206, filed April 15, 1938, which became Patent No. 2,390,658 on December 11, 1945;

Figure 2 is an enlarged sectional view of the:

vapor venting chamber and the engine driven fuel pump;

Figure 3vis a diagrammatic view of the primary metering system of the carburetor showing the carburetor vapor vent valve;

Figure 4 is an alternative means for controlling theoperation of the auxiliary fuel pump.

With specific reference to Figure '1, there is shown a fuel supply tank ll having a filler and vent cap generally indicated at i 2. A fuel line l4 connects the tank ll near the bottom thereof with a T fitting I6, one outlet of which leads to a closed chamber l8 and the other to the inlet 20 of a centrifugal pump 22 which, as shown, is;

arranged to be driven byan electric motor 24. A source of electrical energy diagrammatically indicated. at 26, which is preferably the generator-battery system of the engine, supplies current to the motor by means of a circuit comprising the source 26, conductor 28, a switch having terminals 30 and 32. conductor 34, motor 24, conductor 36 and source '26. The terminals may be insulated from each other and from the chamber I 8in any known manner.

A bellows 40 positioned within the chamber I8 is adjustably connected at its lower end -to the wall of chamber I8 by means of the threaded extension 42 of the bellows closure plate 44. The

. bellows may be locked in place and leakage past is responsive both to the temperature and absolute pressure of the fuel entering the pump 22.

By controlling the degree of evacuation of the bellows, or by using a given amount of volatile liquid within the bellows, its responsiveness to changes in pressure and temperature can be so correlated that the pump motor circuit will be completed when the vapor forming tendency of the fuel reaches a predetermined degree, irrespective of whether the tendency to form vapor is brought about by decrease in barometric pressure, increase in fuel temperature, or a combination of the two.

A discharge conduit 60 of the pump 22 leads to the inlet of a hand operated pump 62, of any conventional design, which is generally mounted in the pilots cockpit. Where the charge forming device is of the pressure feed type in which the fuel is delivered to the induction passage of the engine under superatmospheric pressure, a hand pump is generally required for creating sufficient fuel pressure to accomplish delivery of fuel to the engine durin the cranking operation. With some types 0 charge forming devices sufficient fuel for starting is drawn into the engine manifold from the fuel reservoir of the device merely by the-suction created during cranking, in which case the hand pump 62 may be eliminated. The pump 62 preferably includes check valve means (not-shown) whereby very little resistance is offered to the'fiow' of fuel therethrough once the engine is started and the fuel is being supplied by an engine driven pump.

allowing the excess vapor to escape through the the essential features thereof are shown pletely described in my copending application serial Number 202 206 above referred to and which became Patent No. 2,390,658 on Dec. 11, 1945, but at Figure 3 and described below.

A conduit I04 connects the fuel metering unit with the vapor conduit 14 for removal of vapor from the metering unit as will be described hereinafter. I The chamber 68, shown inFigure 2, consists of a main body H0 and a cover II2 tightly secured thereto by means of bolt H4 and gasket I16. The interior of chamber 68 is divided into two compartments I24 and I26 by a relatively, fine mesh screen I28 which is positioned below the fuel inlet 61.

The engine driven fuel pump 10; comprising rotor I30 and sliding vanes I32, is positioned in the bottom of main body IIO of the chamber 68 and receives fuel from compartment I26 through passageway I34 and delivers it under substantial pressure to the conduit 84. A bypass passage I is provided from the discharge side of the pump to the fuel compartment I24 above the screen I28. A valve I42, urged against its seat by the tension spring I44,- variably controls the bypass passage I40 to maintain a substantially constant fuel pump discharge pressure in the known manner.

A float I46 having a lever I48 rigidly attached thereto and pivoted at I50 to the cover II2 controls a valve I52 which cooperates with a seat I54 provided in the vapor outlet 16. The float and valve are arranged toclose off the conduit 14 when the fuel level is approximately at the line X-X. Collection of vapor within the chamber 68 will obviously result in a lowering of the fuel level thereby permitting valve I52 to open and vapor vent conduit 14. A float stop and a valve A conduit 66-connects the outlet of pump 62. 1

with the inlet 61- of a vapor venting chamber indicated generally at 68 which is here shown integral with thecasing of an engine driven fuel pump 10. A vapor conduit 14 leads from an outlet 16 in the uppermost portion of chamber 68 to the fuel supply tank, passing through the wall thereof near the top of said tank and extending downwardlywithin the tank as at 18 to a point near the bottom thereof. Details of the chamber 68 and pump 10 are described more fully hereinafter.

A fuel conduit 84 leads from the discharge side of the pump 10 to a fuel inlet 86 of the charge forming device, which device comprises an induction passage having an air inlet 90, a throttle guide may be provided to maintain the valve I52 in alignment with seat I54 at such times as the level is below the line X-X.

Because of surface tension, a relatively fine mesh screen will offer considerable resistance to the passage therethrough of a bubble of vapor, hence screen I28 will effectively prevent vapor delivered with the fuel through the inlet 61 from reaching the intake passage I34 of the pump 10 In order to provide a further precaution ments I62, I63, I64, I65 and I66 by the large Unmetered fuel chamber I66 communicates with chamber I62 by means of the passage I82 in vthe control rod I16 and with the metered fuel chamber I65 by means of the passage I86, metering jet I88 and passage I90. Y

The metered fuel chamber communicates with the fuel discharge nozzle 98 by means of passages I90 and I 92. The fuel nozzle is comprised of a valve I94 attached to the diaphragm I66 and urged toward closed position by compression spring I86. Fuel under superatmospheric pressure delivered to the nozzle fuel chamber I88 exerts a force on the diaphragm thereby opening the valve and permitting the fuel to discharge into the induction passage posterior to the throttle 92. It is obvious that the fuel discharge pressure can be controlled by varying the design of spring I96.

The chamber I63 communicates by means of passage 266, annular chamber 262 provided in the large venturi 264, and tubes 266 with the air entrance 96. Chamber I63 is therefore subjected to the pressure of the air entering the induction passage. Chamber I64 communicates by means of passage 268 with an annular chamber 2 I 6 opening into the throat of the small venturi 2I2.

The operation of this type of charge forming device does not enter into the present invention and need not be further discussed since it is fully presented in my above identified copending application.

In the uppermost portion of unmetered fuel chamber I66 there is provided a vapor collecting chamber 226 in which the float opera-ted valve I66 is located, being maintained in position by the spider 222 cooperating with the float pin 224.

The float valve I66 will rise to close off the vapor conduit I64 at such times as the fuel in chamber 226 reaches a predetermined level. Any .vapor which is delivered to, or formed in, the unmetered fuel chamber I66 will rise and collect in chamber 226 thereby displacing the fuel therein and permitting the float valve I66 to open and allow the escape of vapor, A screen 226 is preferably provided at the entrance to passage I86 to prevent any vapor bubbles present in chamber I66 from entering the passage I86.

During periods of operation when the fuel temperature and pressure are such as to preclude the formation of fuel vapor the motor circuit will'be broken by the bellows operated switch and hence the pump 22 will be inoperative. Under these conditions fuel will be drawn into chamber 68 by the normal intake suction of pump I6 in installations having the fuel supply tank II below the level of the pump and will flow in under the force of gravity in installations having the tank above the pump. In the former case suction created in the chamber 68 may draw fuel through the vapor vent conduit 14 as well as through the normal inlet conduit 66. It is essential therefore that the vapor conduit extend downwardly into.

the fuel tank as indicated at 18 to insure that fuel rather than air will be so drawn into chamber 68. It is obvious that check valve means could be placed in the conduit I4 to prevent flow in the direction of chamber 66 in which case the conduit 18 could terminate above the level of the fuel in the tank, if so desired.

When the fuel temperature and pressure are of such value as to close the motor circuit, the pump 22 will deliver fuel to the chamber 68 under some relatively low pressure. Under these conditions any unstable vapor-forming constituents in the fuel will be converted to vapor b the agitation or beating action of the pump 22, and the vapor so formed will collect in the uppermost portion of chamber 66. When the vapor here collected exceeds a predetermined amount the float operated valve I52 will open and permit the vapor to be forced through the conduits "I4, 18 into the fuel tankwhere it will rise and escape out the tank vent.

Any vapor which does reach the unmetered fuel chamber I66 oi the charge forming device will collect in chamber 226 and be forced therefrom through the vapor conduits I64, 14, 76 whenever the quantity of vapor in chamber 226 equals or exceeds the amount at which the valve I66 opens.

Although the operation of the pump 22 is herein described as being controlled by an element responsive to the temperature and absolute pressure of the fuel, it is to be understood that other means could be utilized such as a manual switch operable at the will of the operator; or. as shown in Figure 4, thepressure and temperature responsive element could be merely exposed to the atmosphere; or the motor could be arranged to operate whenever the engine is operating, in which case the pressure and temperature responsive switch would be eliminated.

It is also pointed out that although an electric motor is herein shown and described for operating the pump-22 other means are equally applicable, such as a hydraulic motor operated by a motivating fluid under pressure, or even a remote type of mechanical drive from the engine itself. The pressure and temperature responsive element could be utilized to operate a valve controlling the flow of the motivating fluid in the former case or a clutch member in the latter.

While I have illustrated and described only a few embodiments of my invention, many others will be apparent to those skilled in the art and I contemplate the use of any which properly falls within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a fuel feeding system for an internal com bustion engine, a charge forming device, a fuel supply tank, a vapor eliminating chamber having an inlet and an outlet, a low pressure fuel pump positioned below the level of the fuel in the fuel supply tank receiving fuel therefrom and delivering it to said inlet, and a high pressure fuel pump receiving fuel under pressure from said outlet and delivering it to the charge forming device, said chamber including a previous partition betweensaid inlet and outlet, a vapor outlet anterior to said partition and means responsive to the fuel level in the chamber for closing said vapor outlet.

2. The invention defined in claim 1 together with a conduit connecting said vapor outlet to the fuel supply tank.

3. Theinvention defined in claim 1 comprising in addition means responsive to changes in altitude for controlling th operation of one'of said pumps.

4. In a fuel feeding system for an internal combustion engine, a fuel supply tank, a charge forming device, and means for supplying liquid fuel free of vapor and air to said device from the tank comprising a separating chamber having an inlet, a liquid fuel outlet, and a vapor outlet. means responsive to the level of fuel within the chamber for controlling the vapor outlet, a conduit from the tank to said inlet including a centrifugal pump adapted to agitate the fuel received to convert unstable liquid fuel to vapor and deliver the liquid fuel and vapor, to said chamber under an increased pressure to thereby prevent the vaporization of additional fuel, and a fuel passage from said fuel outlet to the charge forming device including a fuel pump adapted to deliver fuel under a relatively higher pressureto the charge forming device. 7

5. The invention defined in claim 4 wherein the centrifugal pump is of a type permitting relainoperative during some periods of engine operation.

6. The invention defined in claim 4 wherein the centrifugal pump is of a type permitting free fiow of fuel therethrough during periods of inoperation of the centrifugal pump and means responsive to variations in barometric pressure for controlling the operation of said centrifugal pump.

7. In a fuel feeding system for an aircraft engine, a fuel supply tank, a charge forming device, a fuel pump positioned adjacent and below the fuel tank to receive fuel therefrom under a gravity head, said pump being of a type adapted to permit relatively free fuel flow therethrough during periods of inoperation, a vapor separating chamber receiving fuel from said pump, a conduit from said chamber to the tank adjacent the bottom thereof for transmitting vapor separated from the fuel back to the tank, and an engine driven pump receiving fuel from said chamber and delivering it to the charge forming device.

8. The invention defined in claim 7 comprising means responsive to variationsin barometric pressure for'controlling the operation of the first mentioned pump. I

9. In a fuel feeding system for an aircraft engine, a fuel supply tank, a charge forming device, means for supplying fuel from the tank to the charge-forming device comprising a pair of fuel pumps, one of said pumps being of the centrifugal type and adapted to permit free fuel flow therethrough during periods of inoperation thereof, and means responsive to variations in barometric pressure for controlling said centrifugal type pump.

10. In a fuel feeding system for an aircraft engine, a fuel supply tank, a charge forming device, means for supplying fuel from the tank to the charge forming device comprising a pair of fuel pumps, and means responsive to variations in the temperature and absolute pressure of the fuel in the supply tank for controlling one of 7 said pumps.

11. In a fuel feeding system for an internal combustion engine, a fuel supply tank, acharge forming device, and means for supplying liquid fuel free of vapor to said device from the tank comprising a conduit leading from the tank to the device, a centrifugal pump in the-conduit adjacent its inlet, said pump being of a type adapted to permit free fuel flow therepast during periods of inoperation of the pump and adapted to agitate the fuel received thereby during periods of operation of the pump to beat out bubbles of vapor from the fuel and to discharge the fuel into the conduit under an increased pressure to thereby prevent the vaporization of additional fuel, means for passing back to the tank the vapor beat out by the centrifugal pump, and an engine driven pump in the conduit receiving fuel from th centrifugal pump and adapted to deliver the same under a relatively higher pressure to the charge forming device.

12. The invention defined in claim 11 comprising in addition means for rendering said centrifugal pump inoperative during some periods of engine operation.

13. The invention defined in claim 11 comprising in addition means responsive to variations in the pressure and temperature of the fuel supplied to the centrifugal pump for rendering said during periods of engine operation, means re-' sponsive to variations in altitude for controlling said last named means, and a second pump in the conduit posterior to the first named pump and adapted to operate during all periods of engine operation.

15. The invention defined in claim 14 wherein said controlling means is also responsive to variations in the temperature of the fuel,

16. In a high altitude fuel system for an aircraft engine, the combination comprising a fuel tank, a pump driven by the aircraft engine, a discharge line extending from said pump to said engine, a suction line extending from said pump to said tank, an auxiliary pump in the suction line at the end near the tank, means for driving the auxiliary pump, and automatic means operable by a change in atmospheric pressure to control said driving means.

17, In a high altitude fuel system for an aircraft engine, the combination comprising a fuel tank, a pump, means for conveying fuel under pressure from said pump to said engine, a suction line extending from said pump to said tank, an auxiliary pump in the suction line near the tank, an electric motor for operating said auxiliary pump, and an automatic switch, operative upon a change in atmospheric pressure, for controlling said motor.

18. In a fuel feeding system for an aircraft engine, a fuel supply tank, acharge forming 'device, a centrifugal type pump positioned closely adjacent the fuel tank and receiving fuel therefrom, said pump being of a type adapted to permit free flow of fuel therethrough during periods of inoperation of the pump, an auxiliary motor for driving said pump, means for rendering said pump operative or inoperative during periods of engine operation, an engine driven pump adapted to operate during all periods of engine operation and receiving fuel from the first named pump and delivering it to the charge forming device, and a sealed capsule responsive to variations in barometric pressure for controlling the said means for rendering the pump operative or inoperative.

19. In a fuel feeding system for an aircraft engine, a fuel supply tank, a fuel conduit leading from the tank for supplying fuel to the engine, a vane type of pump in the conduit adapted to permit free fiow of fuel therethrough during periods of inoperation of the pump, means for driving said pump, means for rendering said driving means operative or inoperative during periods of operation of the engine, means responsive to fuel temperature for controlling the means for rendering the pump operative or inoperative, and an engine driven pump in the conduit adapted to operate during all periods of engine opera tion and receiving fuel from the first named pump to permit free flow of fuel therethrough, during supply tank before the level of the fuel therein.

21. In a high altitude fuel system for an aircraft engine, the combination comprising a fuel tank, a main engine-driven fuel pump having an inlet, a fuel metering device receiving fuel under a relatively high pressure from said main pump, and means for supplying pressurized liquid fuel free of vapor to said pump inlet including a conduit leading from the tank to the pump inlet comprising an auxiliary pump assembly adjacent the inlet to the conduit for agitating the fuel to beat out bubbles of gas and vapor from the fuel and for pressuring the liquid fuel supplied to the main pump inlet to prevent vaporization of additional portions of the liquid fuel, and means for passing back to the tank the vapor beat out by the auxiliary pumping assembly.

22. In a high altitude fuel system for an aircraft having a fuel tank, a fuel metering device, a conduit connecting the tank and device,

and a main engine-driven fuel pump in the conduit: an auxiliary pump assembly adjacent the inlet of the conduit for agitating the fuel received thereby to beat out bubbles of gas and vapor from the fuel and for pressuring the liquid fuel toward the main engine-driven pump to prevent vaporization of additional portions of the liquid fuel, means defining a path for the fiow of bubbles beat out by'the auxiliary pump assembly back to'the fuel tank, an electric motor for of the fuel is low.'

23. In a fuel feeding system 'for an aircraft engine, a fuel supply tank, a charge-forming device, a fuel conduit leading from the'tank to the charge-forming device, a vane-type pump in said conduit closely adjacent the tank and receiving fuel therefrom, said pump being of a construction to permit free flow of fuel therethrough during periods of inoperation thereof, power means for driving said pump, means for rendering said power means operative or inoperative during periods of engine operation, an engine-driven pump in said conduit in series with said first-named pump and adapted to operate during all periods of engine operation to deliver fuel under a predetermined pressure to the charge-forming device, and a manually-operable pump interposed in said conduit between said first and secondnamed pumps for pressuring fuel toward the endriven pump in said conduit in series with said first-named pump and adapted to operate during all periods of engine operation to deliver fuel under a predetermined pressure to the chargeforming device, and a manually-operable pump interposed in said conduit between said first and second-named pumps to assist in supplying fuel under pressure to the charge-forming device through the engine-driven pump under certain conditions of engine operation.

25. In a fuel feeding system for an internal 7 combustion engine, a fuel supplytank, a charge forming device, and means for supplying liquid fuel free of vapor to said device from the tank comprising a conduit leading from the tank' to the device, an auxiliary pumping assembly adjacent the inlet of the conduit, said assembly being of a type permitting free fuel flow therethrough during periods of inoperation of the auxiliary pumping assembly and agitating and pressuring the fuel received thereby during periods of operation of the auxiliary pumping assembly to convert unstable liquid fuel to vapor and to prevent the vaporization of additional portions of the liquid fuel by pressurizing the same, means for passing back to the tank the vapor formed by the auxiliarypumping assembly, and a main fuel pump in the conduit receiving the pressured fuel from the auxiliary pumping assembly and delivering the same under a relatively higher pressure to the charge-forming device.

26. The invention defined in claim 25 comprising in addition an electric motor for operating the auxiliary pumping assembly, and switch means controlling the operation 'of the motor for rendering the auxiliary pumping assembly inoperative during some periods of engine operation, such as when the vapor forming tendency I of the fuel is low.

27. In a high altitude fuel system for an aircraft engine, the combination comprising a fuel tank, a main engine-driven fuel pump having an inlet, a fuel metering device receiving fuel under a relatively high pressure from said main pump, and means for supplying pressurized liquid fuel free of vapor to said pump inlet including a conduit leading from the tank to the pump inlet comprising an auxiliary pump assembly adjacent the inlet to the conduit for agitating the fuel to convert unstable liquid fuel to vapor and for pressuring the liquid fuel supplied to the main pump inlet to prevent vaporization of additional portions of the liquid fuel, and means for passing back to the tank the vapor formed by the auxiliarypumping assembly.

28. In a high altitude fuel system for an aircraft having a fuel tank, a fuel metering device, a. conduit connecting the tank and device, and a main engine-driven fuel pump in the conduit:

an auxiliary pump assembly adjacent the.inlet of the conduit for agitating the fuel received thereby to convert unstable liquid fuel to vapor and for pressuring the fuel toward the main en-- gine-driven pump to prevent vaporization of additional portions of the liquid fuel, meansdefining a path for the flow of bubbles formed by the auxiliary pump assembly back to the fuel tank, an electric motor for operating said auxiliary pump assembly, and a switch controlling the operation of the motor whereby the auxiliary pump assembly may be rendered inoperative during the periods of operation of the aircraft when the vapor forming tendency of the fuel is low.

FRANK c. Moor;

Certificate of Correction Patent No. 2,414,158. January 14, 1947.

FRANK C. MOOK It is hereby certified that errors appear in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Column 2, line 6, for anp read an; column 9, line 10, claim 20, for the Word before read below; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with these corrections therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Ofiice.

Signed and sealed this 20th day of July, A. D. 1948.

[men] THOMAS F. MURPHY,

Assistant Commissioner of Patents.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
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Classifications
U.S. Classification137/202, 123/516, 210/436, 417/425, 210/472, 261/DIG.200, 137/565.25, 96/165, 417/200, 96/219, 417/203
International ClassificationF02M37/20
Cooperative ClassificationF02M37/20, Y10S261/02
European ClassificationF02M37/20