US 2414334 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan.' 14, 1947. l E, F, sci-"LD 2,414,334
SHELVING Filed Oct. 23, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Jan. 14, 1947 SHELVING Edwin F. Schild,l Elmwood Park, lli. Application October 23, 1945, Serial No. 623,986 2 Claims. (Cl. 2li-137) My invention relates to shelving for use in selfservice food stores, ofllces, storage, or any other place in which open shelves are desired.
Among the objects of my invention is to provide shelving in which the shelves are held in position without the use of bolts or the like, and which can be simply and quickly assembled and disassembled without any particular skill, thereby resulting in the saving of labor costs; to supply shelving in which the shelves will not tip in front or fall down in the back; to create shelving having a rigid construction which will not sway or rattle. l
My invention also contemplates such other objects, advantages and capabilities as will later mor'e fully appear and which are inherently possessed by my invention.
While' I have disclosed herein a preferred embodiment of my invention, yet I wish it understood that the same is susceptible of modification and change without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Referring to the drawings;
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of assembled shelves embodying my invention on shelving; Fig. 2 is an elevational view of my rear wall; Fig. 3` is an enlarged, detailed, sectional view on line 3-3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is an elevational view of my upright showing perforated slots. Fig. 5 is an elevational view of my formed upright; Fig. 6 is a detailed, sectional view on line 6 6 of Fig. 5; Fig. 7 is a side elevational view ofv my bottom gusset: Fig. 8 isa top edge view of my bottom gusset; Fig. 9 is a front edge view of my bottom gusset; Fig. 10 is a side elevational view of one of my upper gussets; Fig. 11 is a front edge view ofone of my upper gussets; Fig. 12 is a bottom plan view of my shelf; Fig. 13 is a front elevational view of my shelf; Fig. 14 is an enlarged, detailed, sectional view of my shelf as seen on line II-Il of Fig. 13; Fig. 15 is a detailed,- sectional view on line I5I5 of Fig. 14; Fig. 16 is a side elevational view of my lower shelf and; Fig. 17 is a detailed sectional view on line I1-I1 of Fig. 16.
The embodiment selected to illustrate my invention comprises a shelf III, having a, iiat bodyportion II, downwardly extending sideanges I2 with inwardly extending horizontal angle portions I-3, front flange Il extending downwardly with an inwardly extending horizontal angle portion I 5, and a downwardly extending rear flange I6.
My front flange I4 extends below the side flanges I2 so that angle portion I5 is at a lower level than side flanges I2.
The structure to which my shelves III are removably attached comprises rear wall I1, `having a plurality of spaced cut lugs I8, forming seats to receive and support the lower end of rear flange I9 of shelf III. A plurality of spaced uprights I9 is provided. Each upright has a body `portion 20 with a vertical member 2| contacting the rear wall I'l and attached thereto by suitable means such as nuts and bolts 1I. l
A plurality of vertically spaced gussets 22 are attached to uprights I9. Each gusset 22 has a body portion 23 and an extension 24. Each of' said extensions 24 extends through an opening 25 in folded over portion 26 of uprights `I9 and is spot welded or otherwise suitably attached thereto.l The lower end 14 of the body portion 23 of each gusset 22 is curled over, except those gussets at the bottom of the structure.' To the top portion 21 of each gusset 22 is attached by spot welding, or other suitable means, a bracket I 28. Where there are shelves on either side of the upright, bracket 28 has a pair of channels 29. When there is a shelf only on one side of the upright, bracket 28 has only one channel 291. Side anges I2 of the shelf I0 nt within channels 29 and angles I3 are of suiiicient width to substantially ll said channels to prevent rattling and side-sway and provide a rigid construction.
'Ihe inner horizontal angle I 5, of shelf III, being at a lower level than side flanges I2, and the bottom of channel 29, is adapted to slide under channel 29 and prevent undesired lift of the shelf at its front portion.
In use, let us assume that the uprights I9 are attached to the rear wall I1 and it is now desired to 'add the shelves III. The user takes one of the shelves l0 in his hands. with the rear portion inclined upwardly and the front portion inclined downwardly.' He fits the side flanges l2 and horizontal angle portions I3 into channels 29. With the shelf still inclined, he then slides the shelf backwardly in channels 29 until the inner horizontal angle I5 is positioned under channel 29. 'I'his backward movement also causes the rear iiange I6' of the shelf I0 to approach rear wall Il. He then presses downwardly on the top surface of the rear portion of the shelf until the back vflange I 6 is seated and supported within lugs I8, and side flanges I2 and horizontal angles I3 are completely fitted within channels 29.
In this position, the shelf I0 is firmly anchored in position and cannot be inadvertently displaced.
Accidents upward contact on the front of theft shelf I0, which might occur in commercial use, will not lift the shelf out of position. Downward pressure will not move the shelf out of position.
` In order to remove the shelf I0, it is necessary I for the user to first apply upward pressure underneath the shelf, at its rear portion, to raise the rear flange I8 out of contact with the lugs Il. This brings the shelf I0 into an inclined angle and in this position the user then slides shelf II forwardly with side flanges I2 and angles Il moving in channels 29 until inner horizontal angle IB is forward of and free from contact with the bottom of channel 29. By lifting shelf I0, the user then raises side flanges i2 and angle portions II out of channel 29 to complete the removed of the` shelf.l 4
A platform. is provided for the bottom of the rear wall I1 by a right angle portion. A
similar construction is provided for the lowest gusset 22. 'I'his provides sumcient support on the ground or floor for holding the construction in upright position.
Having thus described my invention, I claim: 1. Shelving comprising a plurality of "shelves, each of said shelves having a fiat body portion, downwardly extending side flanges with inwardly extending angle portions, a downwardly extending front ange with an inwardly extending angle portion, and a downwardly' extending rear flange, a rear wall, and a, plurality of spaced uprights attached to said rear wall and having brackets ywith channels, the side flanges with inwardly extending angle portions of said shelves removably positioned within the channels of saidbracketsfand the inwardly extending angle portions of the downwardly extending front flanges of said shelves removably positioned below the.,I
bottoms `of the channels of said brackets, said rear wall having a plurality of cut-out lugs forming seats, the downwardly extending rear flanges of said shelves removably supported on said seats.
2. In shelving, a pair of uprights, a bracket attached to each side of said uprights. said brackets each having a channel portion, a shelf having a channels so that its linwardly extending anglel portion may be removably positioned below the bottom of said channels to prevent undesired lift of said shelf from said channels.